Standard First Aid Training, Courses and Re-Certifications.
Header

How to treat eczema

July 30th, 2014 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on How to treat eczema)

Eczema is a skin condition that results to the development of dense, flaking red patches on the skin and severe itching. It can affect individuals of all ages as well as babies. Some people with eczema are lucky that their condition vanishes once they reach maturity, but others have it all their lives. Eczema can be treated with changes in the lifestyles and applying topical creams. As a common skin disorder, you should learn how to provide the appropriate first aid measures if eczema is suspected.

Treatment for eczema

  • Keep the skin moisturized, even if there are no flare-ups. Use unscented soap and lotion every time when taking a bath. This helps in protecting the skin from irritants and itchiness as well as reduces discomfort.
  • There are foods that should be avoided such as nuts, cow’s milk or fish. Most cases of eczema are aggravated by using strong soaps that strips the moisture of the skin, also the perfumes in cosmetics, detergents and soaps. Other cases that trigger eczema are pet dander or dust mites.
  • Use the prescribed medicated creams if over-the-counter cream is not effective. Some creams for eczema contains corticosteroids, and some new creams contains pimecrolimus or tacrolimus that are good for eczema when steroids do not work or causing bad side effects.
  • If the person who has eczema has difficulty sleeping because of the itchiness, take antihistamines. They are used during severe flare-ups of eczema to help individuals enjoy better sleep and prevent them from infecting the eczema patches with their uncontrollable scratching.
  • If eczema is very severe, use oral steroid under a doctor’ supervision. Oral steroids suppress a serious inflammation.
  • Take immunosuppressant drugs if the eczema does not respond to steroids or changes in lifestyles. The doctor will monitor the patient while using these drugs since it can cause colds, infections and some types of cancer.
Eczema

Eczema is a skin condition that results to the development of dense, flaking red patches on the skin and severe itching.

Eczema can also be treated using sea salt

Using sea salt for skin treatments helps to exfoliate dead skin cells and restores damaged skin. Sea salt helps reduce pain, inflammation, improves circulation and cell regeneration as well as hydrates the tissues.

  • Choose a high quality, unrefined sea salt since it contains the greatest amount of minerals. They can be very expensive, just buy in bulk to save money. A large grain sea salt is good for external use and can be grounded for cooking and seasoning.
  • Make a sea salt scrub to minimize the symptoms of eczema and for exfoliation of dead skin cells. Ingredients for healing sea salt scrub include 4 tbsp. large grain sea salt, 1 tbsp. ground bay leaf, 2 tbsp. sweet almond oil and 10 drops of lavender essential oil. Mix all the ingredients and keep in a jar with a tight fitting cover. Massage the scrub into problems areas and rinsing them with warm water.
  • In a warm bath tub add 1 to 2 cups of sea salt, and soak to help minimize eczema symptoms.  It removes dirt and oils from the skin, then add 15 to 20 drops of lavender essential oils to the tub to add more soothing effects on the eczema.
  • Treat open wounds caused by eczema by mixing ½ tsp. of sea salt with 1 cup warm water.  Soak a clean cloth in the solution and place it over the irritated skin for 10 minutes. Repeat this procedure three or four times every day.

Treating minor wounds with eggs

July 30th, 2014 | Posted by corinne grace in First Aid for Burns - (Comments Off on Treating minor wounds with eggs)

Eggs are nutritious food, but they have healing elements in treating fevers, minor wounds, and bruising, reducing scars and can soothe sunburn and stops bleeding. As part of first aid training, you will learn how to use eggs on wounds and health conditions.

Bruises – place a hardboiled egg in cheesecloth. Gather all the edges of the cheesecloth and tie a knot or secure it with a rubber band. Break the egg, together with shell, into small pieces and put the cheesecloth bag to the bruise. It will reduce the pain and swelling.

Scarring – break an egg, and place all the liquid contents of the egg in a bowl. Peel the inner skin of the egg away from the shell and place it over the wound. It will just stick to the skin even when it is dry. This procedure will prevent appearance of a scar. Replace the egg skin at least two times a day until the wound is completely healed.

Sunburn – treat a sunburn or minor burn with egg whites. Separate egg white from the egg yolk, then whip the egg white into a frothy cream, then add 2 tsp. castor oil and 2 tsp. of vinegar and stir well. Once applied to a burn, you can feel a soothing relief.

Egg whites can be made into a natural clear bandage to aid in the healing of cuts, stop bleeding and reducing scabs. Separate the egg white from the egg yolk, and peel the thin egg skin from the shell, and placing it over the cut and cover it with a thin layer of egg white. If the egg skin becomes dry, peel it off and reapply again the egg white.

Other uses of eggs

Eggs

Egg whites can be made into a natural clear bandage to aid in the healing of cuts, stop bleeding and reducing scabs.

  • Making hair shiny – you have to break three eggs in a bowl and mix them thoroughly with a whisk. Then apply it to your hair by using your hand, make sure the hair is coated evenly. Let it dry on your hair. Then wash your hair with warm to cool water and shampoo. The result is a shiny and soft to touch hair.
  • Egg yolk facial mask – separate egg white from the yolk, then beat the egg yolk in a bowl until it is frothy. Using a cotton pad, apply it to your face, by covering all the skin surfaces, and let it dry completely. Then wash it off using soap and a warm to cool water. Your skin will be tighter and softer.
  • Scalp cleanser – using three eggs, separate egg whites from the yolk, and whip them properly. With your hands, remove the egg yolks and place them on your scalp and carefully massage it. Let the egg yolks dry completely, and wash it out with a shampoo and warm to cool water. The egg yolk will give nourishment to the scalp and moisturizes any scalp dryness and dandruff.

Using vinegar for first aid

July 30th, 2014 | Posted by corinne grace in Basic First Aid Skills - (Comments Off on Using vinegar for first aid)

Vinegar is very useful in many first aid situations. If you will sign up for first aid training, you will learn the usefulness of vinegar. It is the first antibiotic treatment for humans.

  1. Treating abrasions – vinegar is a natural antiseptic that can be used to treat abrasion by mixing ½ cup of vinegar and ½ cup of water. It is used to clean minor cuts and abrasions. It can also be used in reducing the itchiness caused by poison ivy or other insects.
  2. Sunburn – in treating sunburns using vinegar, first thing you do is cover the sunburns with a towel soaked in the mixture of water and vinegar. Another way is putting vinegar and water mixture in a spray bottle and apply it directly on the burned area of the body. To reduce swelling and fluid caused by the sun, you can mix baking soda and apple cider vinegar and apply to affected area.
  3. Stiff muscles – in reducing the stress of over-worked muscles, you have to mix ½ cup vinegar and ½ cup warm water. Then soak a towel, wring out the towel and use it to cover the sore muscles, then cover it with a plastic wrap and leave it overnight. When reducing bruising, mix ½ cup vinegar and ½ cup cold water, use it as cold compress and secure in place with a tape or sports wrap.
  4. Treating diarrhea – cider vinegar is good with digestion and an antiseptic on the intestines and the digestive tract. Mix 1 tsp. of cider vinegar to one glass of water, drink it before meals. This will lessen the intensity of diarrhea.
  5. Hay fever – the symptoms of hay fever are watery eyes, sneezing and runny nose. You can treat hay fever using honey and vinegar. Take 1 tbsp. of honey and a dose of cider vinegar 3 times a day during seasons of hay fever. If you want some extra relief, use local honey and begin the treatment.
  6. A scratchy throat – to relieve sore throat, you have to gargle with apple cider vinegar and water mixture. Mix ½ cup apple cider vinegar and ½ cup water. Repeat this treatment every hour. Rinse your mouth properly to minimize the effect of acidity on your teeth.
Vinegar

It is used to clean minor cuts and abrasions. It can also be used in reducing the itchiness caused by poison ivy or other insects.

Apple cider vinegar can be made into apple cider vinegar bath. It helps heal the skin and restoring the natural balance. Apple cider vinegar can also be a disinfectant in homes, improve your health and can be used for home beautifications. It can also remove stains and buildup of hard water.

Other uses of vinegar

All-purpose cleaner – mixing 2 parts water and 1 part vinegar and place in a bottle spray and add a few drops of liquid dish detergent, then shake it. It can be used for cleaning stainless steel, counter tops, windows, and sinks.

Stinky or slow drainage – pour ¼ cup of baking soda in the drain and then add ½ to 1 cup of vinegar. After a while flush it with hot water.

Fruits fly at home – using a small jar or canning jar, poke holes in the lid. Fill it with ¼ cup vinegar and place it on top of the counter. It will trap the fruit flies.

Natural ways to deal with pain

July 24th, 2014 | Posted by Aris Eff in Uncategorized - (Comments Off on Natural ways to deal with pain)

Consider this scenario: you are in dire pain, and your prescribed pain relievers just won’t do any good. Other pain medications have side effects on your stomach and you very wary of taking stronger doses. You are not the only suffering from chronic pain, because almost everyone had been into this. Chronic pain may result from a wide range of factors, such as stress and certain medical conditions. Pain medications are the usual prescription drugs given for pain, but there are also some natural ways to deal with chronic pain.

Remember that these are just some of the ideas that experts usually advise to try out and their effectiveness may vary from one person to another. The good thing about this is that once you become used to these natural alternatives, you will less likely become dependent on pain relievers.

Some natural ways to manage pain:

  • Massage – This is a simple yet effective way to relax tensed muscles in the body, as well as relieve pain. Therapeutic massage helps the blood flow smoothly, naturally healing and nourishing the body in the process. A high quality massage can also help release endorphins, a type of hormone that acts as the body’s pain relieving and controlling substance.
  • Deep breathing exercises – If you get tensed, and you feel that your pain is escalating, you might become agitated. This could further increase your stress level and contribute to the overall pain you are suffering from. You need to relax and do some deep breathing techniques in order to help ease your tension and regulate your heart beat. Once you feel calm again, you will notice that your pain is slowly declining, as well.
  • Yoga and meditation – These two techniques are some of the natural ways to control pain with the help of relaxation and the ability of the mind to change pain thoughts into reconstructive thoughts.
  • Exercise regularly – Exercise is the natural way to keep your blood pumping and your heart beating healthily. When you exercise, your body becomes physically active, which help release endorphins to help deal with pain. Endorphins are the body’s natural pain relievers, which act by blocking pain signals from reaching the brain. This, in turn, could alleviate depression, stress, anxiety and other factors that likely contribute to chronic pain.
exercise

Regular exercise can help alleviate pain, stress, anxiety and many more.

  • Progressive relaxation – With guided supervision from a professional, this form of therapy helps patients lower stress and pain levels by focusing on the thoughts, things and other imagery that help them feel better.

Important note: these are just some of the most common suggestions for pain management, but it is still important to consult your doctor to know if any of the following techniques is applicable to you.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sources:

“8 Surprising (and natural) ways to beat pain.” Prevention. Retrieved online on July 23, 2014 from http://www.prevention.com/mind-body/natural-remedies/pain-management-natural-remedies-ease-aches

“Exercise and back pain.” Spine Health. Retrieved online on July 23, 2014 from http://www.spine-health.com/wellness/exercise/exercise-and-back-pain

Why should people start riding a bike?

July 23rd, 2014 | Posted by Aris Eff in Uncategorized - (Comments Off on Why should people start riding a bike?)

Engaging in physical activities is one way to become healthy and fit. There are several ways to do this like participating in sports or conducting exercise regularly. But if you are the type of person who wants to become physically active while still maintaining your recreational life, you can simply try out cycling. Riding a bike is also a good way to become healthy and decrease your risk of developing diseases in the future.

What is cycling?

Cycling is a low-impact type of exercise that can be enjoyed by people regardless of their age and gender. The main benefit of cycling is that it gives our blood vessels, heart and lungs a good kind of cardiopulmonary workout. Apart from this, it is also cheap, economical and environment-friendly.

What are the advantages of cycling?

Even with three to four hours of cycling for a week could generally improve our health. Some of the advantages of cycling include the following:

  • It is low impact unlike other types of exercise, which means that it causes less injuries and strains over time.
  • It provides substantial muscle workout – from the muscles of the lower extremities to the muscles of the upper body, almost all major muscle groups in the body is working just by riding and controlling a bike.
  • Easy to master – unlike any other type of exercise or sports, cycling is a relatively easy activity to do. It does not require high level of skills, because you learn how to ride a bike, you can do it for the rest of your life.
  • Cycling also provides good stamina, strength and endurance, which means that it is an aerobic type of exercise for the heart and lungs.
  • Cycling generally helps people living a sedentary working lifestyle, especially if they will use it as a mode of transport to and from the office.
  • Cycling can help cut down calories and cholesterol levels in the body. Cycling can burn a lot of calorie in the body, which means that it can boost metabolism and prevent unnecessary weight gains.

Some tips before you start riding a bike

  • Consult your doctor first if you want to incorporate cycling into your regular fitness program.
  • Start from low-intensity cycling then gradually increase your rate and the number of hours that you ride.
  • Always practice safety when cycling. Prepare all the necessary cycling gear to avoid injury and other untoward accidents.

Related Video on Cycling:

 

Sources:

“Health Benefits of Cycling.” AdultBicycling.com. Retrieved online on July 23, 2014 from http://www.adultbicycling.com/component/content/article/9-bicycling-basics/37-health-benefits-of-cycling-ii.html

“Cycling Health Benefits.” Better Health Channel. Retrieved online on July 23, 2014 from http://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/bhcv2/bhcarticles.nsf/pages/Cycling_health_benefits

First Aid for Drug Overdose

July 23rd, 2014 | Posted by Aris Eff in Basic First Aid Skills - (Comments Off on First Aid for Drug Overdose)

Whenever a person takes too much of a drug – whether it is a prescribed, bought over-the-counter, or taken for recreational purposes – he/she can suffer from drug overdose. Whenever these drugs are taken in excess without appropriate medical supervision, it can be fatal for the health of the victim unless given prompt care.

How does a drug overdose occur?

Overdose or poisoning can have a wide range of effects on the body, but this varies greatly from the type of drug ingested, how much is taken, and the purpose for taking it.  Apart from prescribed and over-the-counter medications that are taken without proper supervision, poisoning from drugs can happen to anyone. But they commonly occur on teenagers attending night parties and taking “recreational drugs” in hopes of staying “high” and active all night. The problem with this is that they do not know the contents and nature of the substance and its possible effects on the body. Sometimes, they even take more than one kind of drug, but this further complicates their health and could be fatal in the long run.

Treatment goals for drug overdose

As first aid providers, the only that you can do is to give as many information as possible to the emergency services once they arrive. So, the first step in providing first aid to a victim suffering from drug overdose is to call emergency hotline, check the patient’s breathing and vital signs, as well as to ask the patient some questions about the type of drugs taken. The main goal therefore is to avoid airway obstruction and maintain circulation and breathing while help arrives.

If the victim is conscious, do the following:

  • Place them in a comfortable position
  • Reassure, talk to, and calm the patient especially when they become agitated
  • Regularly monitor vital signs, particularly the pulse and breathing
  • Assess the surrounding and interview the patient to help you identify what kind of drug has been taken.

If the victim is unconscious:

  • Check breathing and open the airway. Make sure that there are no obstructions
  • Prepare to give rescue breathing and chest compressions if necessary
  • If the victim is breathing normally, though, simply place them in a recovery position as help arrives.
Put the patient in recovery position if he is unconscious but breathing normally.

Put the patient in recovery position if he is unconscious but breathing normally.

Important reminder: there are some drugs that could cause serious overheating or sudden rise in body temperature. Be sure to check the patient’s temperature and remove any clothing if necessary to avoid further overheating of the body.

Learning some practical skills about first aid can help save someone’s life during critical situations. Enroll in a first aid course to know more about the importance of first aid administration.

 

 

 

 

 

Related Video on Drug Overdose First Aid:

Sources:

“Drug Abuse First Aid.” Medline Plus. Retrieved online on July 23, 2014 from http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000016.htm

“First Aid For Poisons and Drug Overdoses.” Howstuffworks. Retrieved online on July 23, 2014 from http://health.howstuffworks.com/medicine/first-aid/first-aid20.htm

Understanding Low Density Lipoproteins – The “Bad” Cholesterols

July 23rd, 2014 | Posted by Aris Eff in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on Understanding Low Density Lipoproteins – The “Bad” Cholesterols)

What are LDLs and HDLs?

There are essentially two types of cholesterols, the high density lipoproteins (HDLs) and the low density lipoproteins (LDLs). HDLs are considered as the “good” cholesterol because it helps in the removal of LDLs to and from the arteries and back to the liver where they are dissolved. LDLs, on the other hand, are the “bad” cholesterols in the body, because they help in the formation of plaque in the arteries. These plaque causes thickening and hardening of the arterial walls that could decrease the blood flow to and from the heart. The bad thing is, this is a contributing risk factor for developing heart diseases in the long run.

Knowing your cholesterol level is important

When there is too much of the bad cholesterol in the blood streams, it does not likely cause any symptoms. This is the main reason why many people do not know that they already have high cholesterol. It is necessary to know what your cholesterol levels are, so you can likely reduce the devastating long-term effects it could have on your health. Take note that lowering cholesterol level is the first line of defense against the development of cardiovascular diseases and mortality.

How can I know my cholesterol level?

By conducting a blood cholesterol test once every five years, you could have an idea about your cholesterol levels. These tests could either be LDL specific or the total number of LDL and HDLs in the blood. Here are some of the important things to know about cholesterol tests:

Overall cholesterol level                                Risk

  • Less than 190 mg/dl                                 low
  • Between 190 and 200                              borderline
  • Above 200 mg/dl                                      high

LDL specific cholesterol level                         Risk

  • Below 100 mg/dl                                      Desirable
  • 100 to 129                                                Above normal
  • 130 to 159                                                Borderline
  • 160 to 189                                                High risk
  • Above 190                                                Very high risk

What can I do to lower my blood cholesterol level?

If in case you have already have your cholesterol checked and you found out that you’re within the high and very high risk limits, there are some things you can do to lower your cholesterol level; that is, diet and lifestyle modification.

Foods that contain saturated fat, too much cholesterol and salt can contribute to increased cholesterol levels. So you have to avoid them as much as possible. Eat foods that are high in fiber and low in fat, instead. Also, having a sedentary lifestyle also contributes to heart diseases, so engaging in physical activities like exercise and sports can help bring your cholesterol level down.

Remember that awareness is the most important thing you can have in order to prevent heart diseases from developing – knowing the basic information about your cholesterol is a must. Read more about some useful tips from our site and increase your health knowledge and awareness.

Related Video on Cholesterols:

 

Sources:

“High blood cholesterol: What you need to know.” National Cholesterol Education Program. Retrieved online on July 23, 2014 from http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/public/heart/chol/wyntk.htm

“Cholesterol & Triglycerides Health Center.” WebMD. Retrieved online on July 23, 2014 from http://www.webmd.com/cholesterol-management/ldl-cholesterol-the-bad-cholesterol

Ways of getting rid of mosquitoes

July 11th, 2014 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on Ways of getting rid of mosquitoes)

Mosquitoes can turn into pests when their breeding area is close by. Mosquitoes can carry dangerous diseases such as malaria and the West Nile virus. Once an individual is bitten by a mosquito, the bite can cause itchiness and irritation.

Ways to eliminate mosquitoes

Always remember that prevention is the better option since mosquitoes are potential carriers of various diseases. If you will enrol in a first aid course, you can learn more about different diseases transmitted by mosquitoes and the appropriate measures to take.

Garlic

For many generations, it has been the practice of many farmers and gardeners to placing whole garlic cloves around their gardens, fields and yards to kill mosquitoes. Garlic is harmless to plants and safe for pets and children.

Placing garlic in those areas will kill mosquitoes and also repels them. The mosquito has an olfactory sense of 10,000 times powerful than the human, thus they can smell the garlic and discouraged by the odor. Garlic can also be placed inside homes to minimize the risk for diseases spread by mosquitoes.

Electric mosquito traps

Mosquitoes

Always remember that prevention is the better option since mosquitoes are potential carriers of various diseases.

It attracts and kills mosquitoes that fly in the area where it is positioned. Today, you can easily find a wide selection of electric mosquito traps that have distinct features.

Non-electric mosquito traps

These can be used in campsites and locations where electricity is not available. Some models of these mosquito traps work by scattering a safe odourless chemical that will drive away the mosquitoes.

Using pesticides and larvicides

There are pesticides that are specifically used on mosquitoes. Pesticides can be sprayed on corners and dark places of the house where mosquitoes usually gather.

As for the larvicides, they can be used on the places where mosquitoes breed.  It is an insecticide used for killing the insect while it is at the larval stage. There are also biological agents that can be used to kill the larvae of mosquitoes. Bacillus thuringiensis or known as BT is a bacterial disease which can affect the larva of mosquitoes.

There are also soil bacteria that are registered as larvicides under the names of aquabac, teknar, vectorbac, larvX and vectoLexCG that are available in granular form. These are sprinkled on the surface of stagnant water where mosquitoes usually breed. Once the larvae ingest the bacteria, a crystallized toxin is produced inside the digestive tract that will destroy the digestive tract of the larvae resulting to death. Just remember that these larvicides can last only two weeks in the water.

Another biological agent that stops or interrupts the growth cycle of larvae until the pupa stage is called methoprene. This is placed in large bodies of water in the form of briquets which can last from one to five months.  Take note that this is not harmful to humans and other animals and will not seep into the ground water supply.

How to handle common eye injuries

July 11th, 2014 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on How to handle common eye injuries)

The eyes are responsible for providing us with vision and uniquely positioned in the head so that they are protected from injuries.  On the other hand, when something is wrong with your eyes, you have to take it seriously. Immediate emergency care must be provided right away.

Common eye injuries

Chemical burn

When an eye is accidentally splashed with chemicals, you have to quickly flush the eye with cool water. This will help dilutes the chemical in the eye, thus reducing the risk for serious eye damage.

Fill a dishpan with water and submerge the face of the individual. Instruct him/her to open and close your eyelids to allow the water to cleanse all parts of your eye.  You can also flush the chemicals in your eyes under running water. Instruct the individual to move his/her eye in all directions during flushing so that all areas of the eye are rinsed.

Scratched eye

This can be caused by getting punched or rubbing the eye with the presence of foreign objects such as dust or sand. It results to redness and sensitivity to light.

Common eye injuries

Scratches on the eye can make the eye susceptible to infection from bacteria or fungus.

Scratches on the eye can make the eye susceptible to infection from bacteria or fungus. There are certain types of bacteria and fungi that can enter the eye through a scratch and can cause serious problems. If an individual has a scratched eye, instruct him/her not to rub and do not put a patch.  Bacteria like to live in dark and warm places and using a patch provides the ideal environment.  A paper cup or an eye shield can be used to prevent infection from developing.

Foreign object in the eye

If something enters the eye, do not rub your eyes since this can cause irritation. You can try to remove the particle in the eye if it is not embedded.  You have to wash your hands first with soap and water to prevent contamination and infection.

Flush the eye with water and use your finger and thumb to pull the upper eyelid down over the top of the lower eyelid.  This will cause tearing but can allow you to flush out the object in the eye.  You have to repeat this several times.

Swelling of the eye

This condition can be due to the building up of fluids in the areas surrounding the eye.  An inflamed eyelid is an indication of an infection and sometimes accompanied by discharge in the corner of the eye due to a bacterial or viral infection.

The individual can also have conjunctivitis in which the membrane lining the eyelid starts to swell and becomes itchy and red in color. You have to instruct the individual to avoid touching the affected eye. A home remedy that you can perform is to place a cool cloth over the affected eye two times in a day to minimize the swelling.