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How to manage ricin poisoning

February 20th, 2015 | Posted by corinne grace in Poisons - (Comments Off on How to manage ricin poisoning)

Ricin is a byproduct of castor beans which is a toxic plant protein where there is no antidote. Terrorism or other criminal activity can be the source of ricin poisoning. Castor bean contains ricin which is toxic and not intended as food and should not be ingested. Ricin is made from the leftover mash after the castor beans are processed as oil. Castor oil is used for the preparation of leather products or an animal lubricant, but it has been used as laxative and taken orally in the past.

If foods contaminated with ricin or castor oil are accidentally eaten, it can cause internal bleeding, vomiting, nausea, abdominal pain, liver and kidney failure, circulatory failure and a rapid heartbeat.

If castor beans are swallowed, the toxic effects are not severe but it would be severe if the beans are chewed. Breathing the dust of ricin can cause nausea, difficulty breathing, cyanosis, coughing, weakness, muscle aches and chest pain. Just like with any form of poisoning, proper measures must be carried. All you have to do is register for first aid training today.

Ricin poisoning

If foods contaminated with ricin or castor oil are accidentally eaten, it can cause internal bleeding, vomiting, nausea, abdominal pain, liver and kidney failure, circulatory failure and a rapid heartbeat.

Uses of castor beans

The castor bean oil is odorless, quick-drying and water-resistant which makes it a good protectant. This oil is used together with plant-based oil varnishes such as linseed and tung oil. The dehydrated oil is used for coating surfaces of upholstered fabrics, leather as well as insulation and food containers.

Castor oil is the primary ingredient used for the manufacturing of nylon. Castor oil is an effective industrial lubricant particularly in motors and fast moving machinery.

Castor oil is used for manufacturing artificial fruit flavors. The oil is also used as a laxative and purgative in clearing the digestive tract and why taken by a spoonful, it can induce vomiting.

After the oil has been removed from the castor beans, the remaining seed hulls are compacted and formed into “cakes” and made into high quality fertilizers.

Treatment and home remedies of ricin poisoning

  • Wear protective clothing and respiratory ventilators when dealing with individuals that were poisoned by ricin.
  • Evacuate the area if there is presence of ricin and start decontamination procedure immediately by removing the clothing, cutting off the clothing not easily removed and then wash the skin with soap and water.
  • Use rubber gloves in protecting the hands and gather the clothing. Place the contaminated clothing in a plastic bag and seal securely.
  • If ricin was inhaled or ingested, seek medical help immediately. Avoid fluids and do not induce the individual to vomiting.
  • If eyes are exposed to ricin, rinse the eyes with water for 10-15 minutes, remove contact lenses if there are any and dispose them properly. Wash glasses with soap and water before putting them back to the eyes.

Management of neck pain

February 20th, 2015 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on Management of neck pain)

Neck pain can happen anywhere in the neck from the bottom of the head to the top of the shoulders. The pain can also spread to the upper back or arms and limits the amount of movement of the head and neck. Neck pain is common in individuals older than 50 years old.

Causes of neck pain

  • Most cases of neck pain are caused by activities that cause straining of the neck such as slouching, painting a ceiling or sleeping with a twisted neck.
  • Neck pain can also be caused by a fall from a ladder or whiplash from vehicular accidents.
  • Holding the head in a forward or in an odd position for long periods of time during working, reading, watching TV or talking to a telephone.
  • Sleeping on a pillow that is too high or too flat that does not support the neck and sleeping on the stomach with the neck twisted.
  • Spending long periods by resting the head on the upright fist or arm.
  • Work or an exercise that uses the upper body and arms such as painting a ceiling and other overhead activities.
  • Being stressed out and intensely immersed on a particular task can also instigate neck pain. Tension might develop in one of the muscles that are responsible for connecting the head, neck and shoulders. This will eventually lead to tightness and pain.
Neck pain

Neck pain can happen anywhere in the neck from the bottom of the head to the top of the shoulders.

Symptoms of neck pain

  • Neck pain can spread to the upper back, shoulders and arms
  • Pain becomes worse when moving the affected areas
  • The neck becomes stiff and tender which causes headaches that may last for months.

Treatment and home remedies

  • Use a heating pad that is set on low or medium setting for 15-20 minutes every 2-3 hours.
  • Encourage the individual to take a warm shower and use single-use heat wraps that can last for 8 hours.
  • Apply an ice pack 10-15 minutes every 2-3 hours in the affected area. If you want to learn more about cold therapy, click here.
  • Resume normal daily activities as soon as possible since movement will keep the muscles strong but avoid engaging in activities such as lifting and playing sports that will worsen the stiffness and pain.
  • Perform stretching and strengthening exercises in order to keep the neck supple and strong as well as minimize stiffness.
  • Avoid activities that may cause neck pain such as sitting for a long time in front of a computer and overhead work.
  • Massage or rub the affected area in order to relieve pain and encourage circulation but avoid massage if there is pain.
  • Provide the individual with acetaminophen to help minimize pain and inflammation.
  • Avoid being stressed at home and work.
  • Exercise regularly.

With the help of these treatment measures, you can easily provide ease to the neck pain experienced by the individual.

How to treat an abscessed tooth

February 20th, 2015 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on How to treat an abscessed tooth)

A tooth abscess is a bacterial infection found in the center of the tooth or the root of the tooth. Symptoms include severe pain, redness and swelling of the gums. Sometimes, the abscess can result in a boil that can be found in the gums. An abscess tooth is a sign of decay. Tooth abscess can be caused by trauma such as a chipped or broken tooth and gingivitis. These can lead to the formation of openings in the tooth enamel where bacteria can enter and infect the center of the tooth which is called the pulp and spread from the root of the tooth to the bones that supports the tooth.

Symptoms of an abscessed tooth

A toothache is the most common symptom of abscess tooth which is severe and described as a continuous throbbing pain or sharp shooting pain. With the help of pain management measures that you can learn in a first aid class, you can help ease the discomfort. There are other symptoms such as the following:

Abscessed tooth

A toothache is the most common symptom of abscess tooth which is severe and described as a continuous throbbing pain or sharp shooting pain.

  • Pain when chewing along with fever
  • The teeth are sensitive to hot and cold
  • A bitter taste in the mouth and a foul smelling breath
  • Swollen neck glands and there is redness and swelling of the gums
  • Generalized discomfort or feeling sick
  • Swelling of either lower or upper jaw
  • An open sore with drainage on the side of the gum

If the root of the tooth dies due to infection, the toothache will stop but the infection is still active and will continue to spread and destroy other tissues, thus it is important to seek medical help even when the pain subsides.

Treatment and home remedies of an abscessed tooth

  • Take over-the-counter pain medications such as ibuprofen in order to minimize the pain.
  • Heat peppermint tea to a lukewarm temperature and swish it around the mouth for best results.
  • Gargle with warm salt water or an oral rinse in order to provide a relaxing relief and can also reduce inflammation that causes pain as well as help reduce some of the bacteria that causes the problem.
  • Dab some clove oil directly into the infected tooth for a quick relief from pain.
  • Apply a warm compress to the affected area on the jaw line.

Other remedies

  • Encourage the individual to take a garlic supplement three times a day in order to deal with the infection since garlic possesses natural antibiotic properties.
  • Take one 1000mg capsule of vitamin C three times a day in order to boost the immune system in fighting infection.
  • Create a paste with a mixture of half baking soda and half salt. Dip a wet cotton ball into paste and place it inside the mouth between the tooth and cheek. Keep it in the mouth at least 45 minutes in order to draw out the infection out of the mouth.
  • Sprinkle a dry tea bag with salt and place it inside the mouth close to the infected tooth. Allow it to stay inside the mouth at least 1-2 hours to help in eliminating the infection.

How to deal with abdominal pain

February 20th, 2015 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on How to deal with abdominal pain)

Almost everyone experiences abdominal pain from time to time and it can be described as a stomachache or tummy ache. Abdominal pain can be mild or severe and can be contagious or just comes and goes or happens over weeks and months or can be considered chronic. If you want to learn more on how to manage abdominal pain, read here.

Causes of abdominal pain

  • Abdominal pain that is caused by irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is the effect of diarrhea or constipation that goes with this disorder. There is bloating abdominal pain, uneasy pain or sharp harsh pain that can be felt at the lower part of the abdomen.
  • Bladder and kidney stones are the effects of some dietary changes and pain occurs when the stones spread from the kidney to the bladder.
  • A sharp, stabbing pain can be felt at the right of the belly button by those who have appendicitis, but some can feel a dull pain throughout the abdomen.
  • Those who have ulcer experiences burning pain that is linked with vomiting or diarrhea.
  • Stress can be caused by abdominal pain that results to painful gas, vomiting or diarrhea and heartburn.
Abdominal pain

Those who have ulcer experiences burning pain that is linked with vomiting or diarrhea.

Treatment and home remedies

  • Seek medical help if experiencing severe pain and recurs.
  • Take over-the-counter antacid for abdominal pain that is caused by heartburn.
  • Take a warm bath or place a heating pad over the affected area.
  • Avoid taking ibuprofen and aspirin since they can cause irritation of the stomach and lead to abdominal pain. Take acetaminophen since it is less likely to cause irritation.
  • Get plenty of rest and drink plenty of fluids in order to prevent dehydration as well as sticking with small meals throughout the day.
  • Eat mild foods and avoid eating fatty foods, alcohol, caffeine and spicy foods. Take small sips of non-carbonated drinks.

Other remedies to consider

  • Take a sugar cube and place a drop of peppermint oil on it, then suck on the sugar until it is dissolved completely. This is helpful in relieving abdominal pain.
  • Drink ginger beer or ginger soda or suck on a piece of fresh ginger. A cup of ginger tea can also help.
  • Drink a cup of peppermint or chamomile tea if there is stomach upset. Both can help in soothing an upset stomach, minimize gas and help the stomach calm down so that spasms will stop.
  • Mix 2 to 3 tablespoons of activated charcoal in a glass of water, stir and drink it to relieve stomach ache. Activated charcoal is readily sold in health food stores.
  • Lie down in bed and elevate the feet on a couple of pillows, then close the eyes and perform deep breathing. Apply a heating pad to the stomach while lying down in order to relieve stomach aches.
  • Lie on the stomach if the ache feels like gas trapped inside. Placing pressure on the stomach will allow the gas to move around and come out as well as providing relief.

How to treat a child with thigh pain

February 6th, 2015 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on How to treat a child with thigh pain)

Thigh pain is a type of pain or discomfort that affects the area that includes the pelvis up to the knee. The thigh is responsible in providing support and enables movement, and made up of bones, muscles, ligaments, tendons, nerves and blood vessels. The tendons attach the thigh muscles to the bones of the pelvis and the lower legs.

Thigh pain can occur suddenly or gradually along with a dull feeling as well as achiness, throbbing, piercing or tingling sensation. There is a pain-like sensation that can be described as pins and needles, prickling or burning. Take note that thigh pain can be irritating and uncomfortable and there is difficulty in putting weight on the affected leg especially when walking.

Symptoms of thigh pain

  • Joint pain, muscle spasm and swelling
  • Bleeding, bruising, laceration and abrasion
  • A burning or prickling feeling and tingling, pain or other abnormal sensations that can be felt in the toes.
  • Changes in gait such as limping and diminished range of motion.
  • Flu-like symptoms such as fatigue, sore throat, fever, headache, cough, ache and pain.
Thigh pain

Thigh pain can occur suddenly or gradually along with a dull feeling as well as achiness, throbbing, piercing or tingling sensation.

Causes of thigh pain

Thigh pain among children can be caused by cramps and strains. If the child has difficulty moving the legs or cries if the leg is touched, seek medical help immediately. The groups of muscles that are affected include the quadriceps and hamstrings. The quadriceps is found on the front of the thigh while the hamstrings are found at the back of the thigh. Cramping in these muscles can cause intense pain that can last less than a minute. A strained muscle forces the child to walk with a limp or cannot walk at all and sometimes a “popping” sound can be heard or felt when the hamstring is damaged.

Treatment and home remedies

  • You can relieve the cramps by experienced by the child by stretching the affected muscle while performing massage.
  • Apply an ice pack over the affected area if there is soreness after the cramp subsides. You can learn more about cold therapy if you will enroll in a first aid course today.
  • Drink more fluids especially if the cramp occurs on a hot day.
  • In case the quadriceps or hamstrings are affected, it is important to allow the leg to rest for the initial 48 hours and then apply an ice pack over the affected area for about 20 minutes at least four times a day.
  • Switch to warm compress after 48 hours at least twice a day. Cold compress minimizes the inflammation while the warm compress promotes faster healing of the affected area.
  • Once the pain disappears, perform gentle stretching and strengthening on the thigh muscles.
  • Children are comforted by a cuddle from a parent, a massage, hot compress and a having a warm bath before bedtime to help minimize the pain.
  • Provide pain medications such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen to relieve muscle cramps and strain.