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Management of uncontrollable vomiting

March 26th, 2015 | Posted by corinne grace in Basic First Aid Skills - (Comments Off on Management of uncontrollable vomiting)

Vomiting is a reflex response which causes the contents of the stomach to come out through the mouth. This reflex is involuntary and can be caused by different kinds of conditions. In normal circumstances, vomiting immediately stops once all the contents of the stomach are expelled out, but sometimes it can be persistent and uncontrolled. It can be caused by gastric infection or eating contaminated food. On the other hand, uncontrolled vomiting can be caused by certain conditions and can also have a high risk of esophageal tear or internal bleeding. To learn to recognize and manage digestive issues including uncontrollable vomiting, sign up for a first aid class with a credible provider near you.

Causes of uncontrollable vomiting

  • Food poisoning or infection of the stomach results in uncontrollable vomiting and feeling of nausea and can be linked with other symptoms such as diarrhea, loss of appetite and fever.
  • Medications used in chemotherapy and radiotherapy can also cause uncontrolled vomiting and the symptoms linger after the treatment is completed.
  • Pregnant women can also experience uncontrolled vomiting caused by changes in the hormonal profile of females and usually happens during the first trimester or continue throughout the pregnancy. This condition is known as hyperemesis gravid which is a serious condition.
  • Uncontrolled vomiting can be caused by gallbladder disease, appendicitis and Crohn’s disease.
  • Uncontrolled vomiting can be caused by conditions such as a heart attack, injuries in the head, hyperthyroidism, meningitis, throat infection and kidney failure
  • Bulimia nervosa which is an eating disorder, anxiety disorders and even depression can cause uncontrolled vomiting.
  • Cyclic vomiting syndrome or severe dehydration can cause uncontrolled vomiting.

Food poisoning or infection of the stomach results in uncontrollable vomiting and feeling of nausea and can be linked with other symptoms such as diarrhea, loss of appetite and fever.

Treatment and home remedies

  • Eat small amounts during meals at regular duration throughout the day and eat in a slow manner.
  • Eat foods that are easy to digest such as boiled vegetables and avoid heavy foods such as grains, meat, chicken and fruits.
  • Avoid eating foods that are warm instead stick with foods at room temperature or cold.
  • Drink soda or fresh fruit juices when there is an urge to vomit since they help suppress the urge.
  • Sit erect at least half an hour after eating meals and avoid lying down.

Other remedies for uncontrolled vomiting

  • Using ginger is good for the digestive system and it is a natural anti-emetic in preventing vomiting. Mix 1 teaspoon of ginger juice and lemon juice and drink it for several times a day. Another option is ginger tea mixed with honey or use fresh ginger with or without honey.
  • Boil 1 cup of rice in 1 ½ cup of water and strain the solution and drink to lessen the urge to vomit caused by gastritis.
  • Boil 1 cup of water and add ½ or 1 teaspoon of cinnamon powder. Let it precipitate a few minutes and strain the water, then add a tablespoon of honey and sip it slowly. It helps in calming the stomach and treat nausea and vomiting caused by some digestive disorders.
  • Add a tablespoon of dried mint leaves in a cup of hot water and allow to precipitating for 5-10 minutes. Strain and drink the tea to provide relief from vomiting caused by an upset stomach.

Enlarged papillae on the tongue

March 26th, 2015 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on Enlarged papillae on the tongue)

The tongue is the organ of taste and the sense of taste is provided by the taste buds found on the surface of the tongue. Tiny protrusions found on the surface of tongue are called the papillae and contain the taste buds. Papillae help determine whether the food is sweet, salty or sour. Oftentimes, the papillae become enlarged that can lead to discomfort. To learn to recognize and manage mouth conditions including enlarged papillae, register for a first aid course with a credible provider near you.

Types of papillae

  • Fungi-form papillae are found in the side of the tongue. They are mushroom-like shaped and can detect sour and sweet taste.
  • Filiform papillae are scattered all over the tongue and function as an abrasive layer and perceive sour taste.
  • Foliate papillae are positioned at the side areas of the tongue and the circumvallate papillae detect bitter taste. They are found at the back of the tongue and have a V-form appearance.
Enlarged papillae-tongue

Apply an ice pack or cold compress on the affected parts of the tongue in order to minimize discomfort and pain caused by the enlarged papillae.

Causes of enlarged papillae

  • Smoking causes irritation on the tongue especially when smoking excessively and will lead to the broadening of the papillae.
  • An infection of the tongue after a tongue bite
  • A tongue that becomes scald and traumatized by drinking hot beverages which causes the papillae to swell and enlarge.
  • Bumps on the tongue can be caused by canker sores and due to stress.
  • Gastrointestinal issues such as reflux and colitis can lead to an enlarged papillae
  • A sore that does not seem to heal in 2-3 weeks can indicate a serious condition such as cancer.

Treatment and home remedies

  • Apply an ice pack or cold compress on the affected parts of the tongue in order to minimize discomfort and pain caused by the enlarged papillae. Drinking cold drinks can also help.
  • Gargle the mouth with the mixture of salt and lukewarm water, drink plenty of water and eat a balanced diet with a variety of fruits and vegetables.
  • Chewing mint leaves can also help ease the enlarged papillae.
  • Treat thrush infection by eating yogurt on a daily basis and applying yogurt on the affected areas of the tongue.
  • Nutritional deficiencies can be alleviated taking Vitamin B12 and iron supplement and changes in the diet.
  • Avoid biting the tongue and any infection in the tongue can be treated by applying glycerin on the affected area.
  • Avoid eating salty, spicy, acidic and hot foods.
  • Consume low-fat content dairy products
  • Oral infection and enlarged papillae can be prevented by drinking soups made from garlic, ginger and pepper at least two times a week.
  • When dentures are used, they should fit properly
  • Observe good oral hygiene by daily brushing of the teeth and tongue as well as flossing and visiting a dentist at least once a month in order to prevent infection.
  • Stop smoking in order to minimize the enlargement of the papillae and put an individual at high risk for developing oral cancer.

What is cauliflower ear?

March 25th, 2015 | Posted by corinne grace in First Aid Injury Assessment - (Comments Off on What is cauliflower ear?)

Cauliflower ear is a deformed outer ear caused by blunt injury that leads to swelling, bump-like appearance that looks like a cauliflower. The deformity is common among high school and college players, professional wrestlers, boxers and those who playing martial arts. A blunt trauma to the ear causes buildup of blood or blood clots found between the skin and cartilage of the ear while the interruption of blood flow to the affected area can damage the tissues. This condition should be treated immediately and if left untreated, can cause permanent deformity. To learn to recognize and manage the symptoms of ear injuries including cauliflower ear, register in a first aid course with a credible provider near you.

Causes of cauliflower ear

  • It can be caused by direct trauma to the ear and repeated blows on the ear can cause hematoma which is a collection of blood found between the skin and cartilage in the ear and the skin separates from the cartilage.
  • Cauliflower ear can be caused by infection in the ear lobe such as ear piercing.
  • Cauliflower ear typically occurs among people playing contact sports such as boxing, wrestling, martial arts and rugby. A direct blow on the ear from other players and rubbing of heads when playing wrestling.
Cauliflower ear

Place a cold cloth, ice pack or cold cabbage leaves on the outer ear lobe to minimize the swelling for 10-15 minutes at a time at least 2-3 times a day.

Treatment and home remedies of cauliflower ears

  • Use a dry clean cloth and apply pressure directly on the outside part of the injured area. Cover the ear with the cloth and press the upper portion of the outer ear for 15-20 minutes. By applying pressure immediately after the injury, it will help in minimize internal bleeding and swelling of the tissue.
  • Heat 2-3 cloves of garlic until soft and let it cool. Smash the garlic and press it against the affected area of the ear lobe and cover the garlic with a small towel in the ear lobe and keep it pressed for 15-20 minutes. Use the other garlic clove, squeeze and save the juice. Store it at room temperature and rub a little juice on the upper ear lobe at least 1-2 times a day.
  • Place a cold cloth, ice pack or cold cabbage leaves on the outer ear lobe to minimize the swelling for 10-15 minutes at a time at least 2-3 times a day.
  • Apply arnica ointment over the affected area 3-4 times a day for one week. Arnica helps in healing and helpful in treating injuries from sports such as sprains, fractures and tears. In addition, it is also helpful in treating bruises.
  • Wrap tightly a bandage around the head and pressing the injured ear to the side of the head. This will keep the pressure on the ear and encourage healing. Before wrapping the head, apply either garlic juice or Arnica cream over the affected ear lobe. Place a cotton ball on each side of the ear lobe for cushioning inside the bandaging.
  • Avoid further injury to the outer ear by wearing an athletic head gear designed to protect of the ears. Repetitive trauma to the ear can cause permanent damage to the tissue, loss of hearing and vertigo.

Management of sports hernia

March 20th, 2015 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on Management of sports hernia)

Sports hernia is a painful condition that affects the lower abdomen and the upper area of the groin which is caused by injury to the soft tissues in this area. This is caused by playing certain sports. People who play sports that involve sudden change of direction or frequent twisting and turning are susceptible to sports hernia. This condition is common among people who are play high intensity sports such as ice hockey, football, tennis and rugby. There is no visible bulge that can be seen in the groin or the lower abdomen.

The affected person suffers from the pain for a long period of time and when it is left untreated, the condition can result to chronic severe pain that can be felt in the groin area which affects the performance of the individual during sports.

Causes of sports hernia

Sports hernia can be caused by an injury and tearing of the oblique muscles found in the lower abdomen. These muscles are attached to the upper end of the pubic bone, and sometimes the adductor muscles of the thigh can also be injured that are also attached to the pubis. Sudden twisting and an intense force can produce tension on the muscle tendons and they can be injured.

Sports hernia

The affected person will experience severe pain in the groin area after the injury and may spread to the scrotum among males along with one-sided pain in the groin area.

Symptoms of sports hernia

The affected person will experience severe pain in the groin area after the injury and may spread to the scrotum among males along with one-sided pain in the groin area. The pain is minimized when the individual takes a rest, but becomes worse when twisting, turning, coughing and resuming with the sports activities too quickly. If this condition is left untreated, the pain will linger for weeks or even for months.

In sports hernia, there is no visible bulge in the groin area as it is seen in inguinal hernia. The groin is tender when touched. Sports hernia can result to inguinal hernia and a bulge can be seen that is caused by pressure that is produced by the abdominal organs.

Treatment and home remedies

  • Rest is the basic treatment for people suffering from sports hernia at least for 7-10 days after the groin tendon has been injured. Proper rest will allow the damaged tendons and muscles to heal.
  • Apply ice pack at least three times a day for 2-3 days in order to minimize the inflammation. Avoid applying the ice pack directly on the affected area and make sure that it is wrapped in a clean towel before placing on the affected area. If you want to learn more about cold therapy, read here.
  • Physical therapy for 2-3 weeks later should be started in order to restore the full flexibility and strength of the injured muscles of the groin. A physiotherapist will recommend exercises that will stretch the lower abdominal and groin muscles.
  • Deep tissue massages accelerates the healing process of the affected area.
  • Take anti-inflammatory medications to help minimize the pain and inflammation

If pain in the affected area recurs on and off, it is best to seek medical care as soon as possible.

Peppermint tea for stomach bloating

March 6th, 2015 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on Peppermint tea for stomach bloating)

Stomach bloating is a condition that is characterized by abnormal sensation of fullness or tightness in the stomach or abdomen. This condition can be caused by being overweight, overeating, constipation and the unconscious or habitual swallowing of air. Peppermint tea has properties that help relieve bloating symptoms.

People with stomach bloating develop abdominal swelling which is known as “distension”. Other causes of this condition include lactose intolerance, overgrowth of bacteria found in the small intestines, irritable bowel syndrome and gastroesophageal reflux. The symptoms become worse when eating cabbage, lentils, beans, turnips and Brussels sprouts.

Stomach bloating

Stomach bloating is a condition that is characterized by abnormal sensation of fullness or tightness in the stomach or abdomen.

Peppermint tea is made with dried leaves of the plant Mentha piperita which can grow in wet and temperate regions. Peppermint tea and other peppermint preparations have an oil ingredient called menthol. Menthol oils helps in relieving spasms in the smooth muscle tissue. Peppermint tea relaxes the muscles and releases gas or flatulence. Other remedies for boating and gas include chamomile tea, caraway, anise, turmeric, coriander and fennel. Peppermint tea should not be given to small children because it produces a burning sensation inside the mouth.

Important considerations to bear in mind

  • Take over-the-counter medications to relieve bloating and facilitate the passing of gas from the intestines and stomach.
  • Drink plenty of fluids in order to encourage bowel movement.
  • Take anti-inflammatory medications if bloating is caused by premenstrual syndrome such as ibuprofen.
  • Drink peppermint tea since it helps in relieving digestive problems such as bloating. It also helps pass out gas and promote bowel movement.
  • The individual should perform cardiovascular exercise in order to encourage healthy digestion as well as helps in relieving bloating. It is recommended to perform at least 20 minutes of regular exercise daily. If the individual is currently experiencing stomach bloating, he/she should walk to minimize the pressure.
  • Avoid foods that cause bloating such as fatty foods and carbonated drinks as well as beans, cabbage, broccoli, apples and peaches. Take note that these foods also cause bloating and should be avoided.
  • Avoid being stressed and practice meditation techniques.

If you want to learn more about these treatment options, you can register for first aid training today.

How to prevent stomach bloating

  • Eat slowly and avoid gulping food or beverages in large amounts
  • Avoid talking while chewing the food and if possible, avoid drinking with a straw
  • Quit smoking and stop using other tobacco products
  • Avoid drinking alcohol
  • Avoid chewing gums and hard candies
  • Avoid changes in the stomach such as drinking a hot beverage and then a cold beverage.
  • The individual should stay calm because tension and anxiety causes air to be swallowed
  • Wear dentures that fit properly.
  • Minimize the consumption of dairy products if it causes the symptoms.
  • Avoid overeating since large meals will cause a bloated sensation. It is recommended to eat 6 small meals rather than 3 large ones a day.
  • Avoid being constipated since it is a common cause of bloating and avoid using laxatives.

Buckle fracture of the wrist

March 6th, 2015 | Posted by corinne grace in Skeletal Injuries - (Comments Off on Buckle fracture of the wrist)

Torus fracture is also called as a buckle fracture and it occurs when one side of the bone is pushed in and the other side of the bone is bending out but will not cause a break in the bone. Children and older people are more susceptible to torus fracture and it occurs in any bones of the body but it usually affects the long bones such as the radius, ulna, humerus or femur. The recovery from a buckle fracture is quick compared to other fractures where the recovery takes months.

Causes of buckle fracture

Fractures can happen due to a variety of mechanisms, sudden trauma or fall or it can be caused by some conditions such as cancer. The inclinations of some people by putting out their arms in order to break a fall can lead to a buckle break in bones, especially in the radius and the ulna.  Sometimes, a break can also be caused by blunt force trauma or accidents.

Buckle fracture of the wrist

Difficulty in moving or using the injured part of the body

Symptoms of buckle fracture

  • There is warmth that is accompanied by bruising or redness in the affected areas.
  • Pain and swelling of the affected area
  • Difficulty in moving or using the injured part of the body

The young and the elderly are most susceptible to buckle fractures because their bones are still soft and more likely to break due to diminished flexibility. Buckle fractures usually occurs when a child falls and lands with an outstretched arm. Among the elderly, osteoporosis can be a cause of an increased risk of having a fracture. Good nutrition is the key in ensuring bone health and strength.

A buckle fracture can cause the forearm bones to be compressed creating a “buckle” or a bump that can be found in the dorsal surface of the bones that can be seen on an X-ray and the opposite side of the bone is normal.

Treatment and home remedies of buckle fracture

With a buckle fracture, the affected arm can be put in a cast for at least 4-6 weeks. Some individuals prefer splinting of the wrist in order to protect the bones and keep them in place while they are healing.

  • Elevate the affected area above the level of the heart in order to minimize swelling and pain.
  • Place an ice pack or ice placed in a plastic bag that is wrapped in a towel. Leave the ice pack on the affected area for 15-20 minutes at least 3-4 times a day for 2-3 days.
  • If the affected area has plaster or fiberglass cast, you have to keep the cast rested on a pillow for the first 24 hours until fully hardened and instruct the individual to avoid scratching the skin under the cast using sharp objects. Check the skin under the cast every day. You can apply a lotion on any red or sore areas and always keep the cast dry and clean.
  • If the affected area has plaster splint, the individual should wear the splint as directed. Loosen the elastic found around the splint if the fingers become numb, there are tingling sensations or the fingers turn bluish in color.
  • Avoid putting pressure on any part of the cast or splint since it might break.
  • Take over-the-counter or prescribed medications to ease the pain.

If you want to properly manage the symptoms of a buckle fracture, all you have to do is enroll in a class on first aid today.