Standard First Aid Training, Courses and Re-Certifications.

Shin splints after running

December 18th, 2015 | Posted by corinne grace in Basic First Aid Skills - (Comments Off on Shin splints after running)
Dry gangrene

Shin splints is a pain felt along the shinbone or the tibia which is the large bone found in front of the lower leg and quite common in runners, dancers and military recruits. Shin splints is also known as medial tibial stress syndrome and happens in athletes that have intensified and changed their training routines which causes the tendons, muscles and tissues of bone to be overworked due to an increased activity.


  • Mild swelling in the lower leg
  • Tenderness, soreness or pain felt along the inner portion of the lower leg
  • Pain is minimized when the person stops exercising or running but pain can become severe


Shin splints

Tenderness, soreness or pain felt along the inner portion of the lower leg.

  • Shin splints can be caused by tiny breaks in the lower bones or stress fractures
  • Swelling and irritated muscles due to overuse
  • Weakness in the stabilizing muscles of the hips or core
  • Overpronation or “flat feet” in which a strong impact of a step can make the arch of the foot collapse
  • Common in runners such as changing the intensity of the workouts or changing the surface that they are running like shifting from a dirt path to asphalt.
  • Shin splints can also happen in dancers such as changing movements of their legs.


  • Take plenty of rest in order to help fast healing of the condition.
  • Apply an ice pack the affected area in order to help lessen swelling and pain at least 20-30 minutes every 3-4 hours for two to three days until the pain disappears. Another way is applying cold using a bag of frozen vegetables such as corn kernels or peas.
  • Tape shin splints using an elastic bandage or wear a neoprene sleeve over the lower leg in order to give comfort by compressing the affected area which helps minimize the inflammation and support the tissue and for minimized movement of the affected area. Perform gentle movements in order to help in the proper circulation of blood to the area and eliminate excess fluid from the inflammation.
  • Take the prescribed over-the-counter pain medication such as ibuprofen, naproxen or aspirin to lessen swelling and pain.
  • Use orthotics for the shoes such as inserts to help with the arches that flatten or collapse when standing up. It also helps protect the affected area from excessive pounding during jogging or other high-impact and weight-bearing activities.
  • Perform exercise on surfaces such as a running tract, crushed grass or gravel or asphalt road. Avoid cemented road as much as possible.
  • Switch to other types of activities such as swimming, stationary cycling and other activities that do not strain on the shins.
  • Avoid running up and down a hill since it can make the condition worse.


December 18th, 2015 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on Boil)

A boil is skin infection that begins in a hair follicle or oil gland which is also known as abscess of skin. A boil begins with a reddened and tender area and eventually the area becomes firm and hard. The center of the abscess softens and becomes filled with infection-fighting white blood cells that spread into the bloodstream to eliminate the infection. A collection of white blood cells, bacteria and proteins is known as pus, then this pus “forms a head” which can be opened by surgery or drains out through the surface of the skin. Boils usually happen on the armpits, buttocks, shoulders, neck and when it develops on the eyelid it is called a sty.


  • A boil begins as a hard, reddened and painful lump about less than an inch and becomes large, soft and the pain becomes severe. After some time, pockets of pus develop on top of the boil.
  • The skin found around the boil becomes painful, red and swollen and more boils develops around the original boil
  • The affected person will have fever
  • The lymph nodes in the affected area are swelling

    Splinters or foreign material that becomes lodged in the skin and develops an infection.


  • Boils can be caused by bacteria called Staphylococcus which enters the body through small breaks in the skin or travels down to the follicles of hair.
  • Ingrown hair
  • Splinters or foreign material that becomes lodged in the skin and develops an infection.
  • Can be due to acne caused by clogged sweat glands that becomes infected
  • Any breaks in the skin such as a scrape and cut that can develop into a boil or abscess.
  • An inflammation or infection of the hair follicles which is also known as folliculitis can develop into a boil.

The bacterium that causes a boil is very contagious. The infection can be spread to other parts of the body or it can be spread to other people by sharing of personal belongings and skin-to-skin contact with the infected person.


  • Apply a warm compress on the affected area for at least 20 minutes at a time for 3-4 times every day. Heat application helps with the proper circulation of blood in the area and helps the body fight off infection by bringing antibodies and white blood cells to the affected area.
  • If the development of boil is due to shaving, avoid shaving the area until the boil has totally healed and prevent making the condition worse.
  • Boil ½ cup of water and add cornmeal. Mix them well in order to make a thick paste and apply the cornmeal mush on the boil and cover it with a clean cloth. Repeat the procedure every 1-2 hours until the boil drains.
  • Cut a thick slice of onion and place it over the affected area, then wrap it with clean cloth. Change the poultice every 3-4 hours until the boil drains. Onion has antimicrobial properties that helps draw blood and “heat” to the boil.

Mosquito bites on the eyelid

December 18th, 2015 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on Mosquito bites on the eyelid)

One bite from a mosquito can result in severe itchiness and swelling and sometimes can cause diseases such as malaria as well as dengue. Only the female mosquito bites and sucks blood from human and animals while the male get their foods on the nectar and juices of plants.

The mosquito punctures the skin using their needle-like structure called proboscis and during the bite they release a saliva that causes itching and swelling.

Mosquito bites on the eyelids can lead to severe swelling than in any part of the body that is bitten by the mosquito because the skin on the eyelids is loose and sensitive. With only a little bite, it can cause severe swelling and there is difficulty closing the eye. The bites of mosquitoes can cause accumulation of fluid on the eye while the color of the eyelid becomes pale-pinkish. The swelling is soft similar to a water balloon and the eyelid becomes bouncy. There is itchiness of the eyelid but does not cause pain and when the swelling has disappeared, there is a presence of red dot which is the bitten area.


Mosquito bites

Mosquito bites on the eyelids can lead to severe swelling than in any part of the body that is bitten by the mosquito because the skin on the eyelids is loose and sensitive.

  • Apply an ice pack by using a few ice cubes and wrap it in clean cloth and place it on the affected area for a few minutes to lessen the itching and swelling. Apply an ice pack every hour for at least 2-3 times every day.
  • Apply an aloe vera gel to relieve the swelling and itchiness caused by a mosquito bite. Aloe vera gel has natural antibacterial properties that help in preventing infections. Chill aloe Vera gel before applying to the affected area for best result.
  • Using salt helps lessen unwanted symptoms caused by a mosquito bite. Prepare the solution by mixing salt in a glass of water. Wash the affected eyelid using the solution. Salt contains a mild antiseptic and anti-inflammatory property that helps with the condition. Another way is by swimming in sea water because salt water has natural salt properties.
  • Using baking soda also helps to lessen itching and swelling caused by a mosquito bite due to its alkaline properties. The skin is neutralized which helps lessen the itchiness. Make a paste by mixing one teaspoon of baking soda and a few drops of water. Mix them well until it becomes a paste, apply it on the affected eyelid and avoid getting inside the eyes. Rinse the area using lukewarm water after 10-15 minutes.
  • Toothpaste helps lessen the itching and swelling. Take a small amount of toothpaste that contains menthol or peppermint and dab it on the affected area of the eyelid. Toothpaste has anti-inflammatory properties and helps with the fast healing of the infection.
  • If the affected person develops hives, wheezing, shortness of breath, difficulty in swallowing and swelling and the pain becomes persistent, seek medical help immediately.