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Lactic acid in muscles

May 27th, 2016 | Posted by corinne grace in Muscle Injuries - (Comments Off on Lactic acid in muscles)
Heat exhaustion

Lactic acid accumulation in muscles causes soreness after performing a workout. Lactic acid is a waste product of glycogen conversion into energy which accumulates when there is a decreased supply of oxygen in the area. This happens when performing anaerobic exercises such as weight lifting or sprinting, untried vigorous exercises and overexerting. This results to the formation of lactic acid in the muscles. By cooling down and performing light activities and motionless stretches, the lactic acid can be minimized.

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Lactic acid

Apply a warm or cold compress on the affected area to lessen the pain and swelling around the damaged area.

Treatment

  • Apply a warm or cold compress on the affected area to lessen the pain and swelling around the damaged area. Heat heals the injury on the muscles and promotes fast healing of the area as well as increases the flow of blood.
  • Massage the affected area to relieve the tension, reduce the pain due to strained or torn muscles and prevent future attacks of cramping.
  • Take the prescribed non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) to lessen the pain and inflammation.
  • Warm up before performing any physical activity to minimize the lactic acid formation. Begin the workout with stretching of the muscles and joints to minimize the risk for injuries. Take a walk, run on a treadmill or pedal on a stationary bike for at least a few minutes. Warming up keeps the blood oxygenated and minimizes the accumulation of lactic acid.
  • Perform aerobic and strengthening exercises regularly at least 20-30 minutes such as walking, rowing, jogging and aerobic dance and 20-minute weight lifting every week to minimize the lactic acid formation in the muscles
  • Cool down after a workout. Cool down at least 5 minutes or until the heart rate returns to normal.
  • After cooling down, perform static stretches by stretching the muscles as far as possible and holding the stretch. Put one foot on a bench and lean over from the waist and then take hold of the foot or as close as can be reached and remain in that position for a slow count of 10. It stretches the hamstring and eliminates excess lactic acid in the muscles.
  • Take a bath mixed with Epsom salts to relieve the soreness of the muscles.
  • Increase the intake of magnesium in the diet to minimize the buildup of lactic acid. Mineral magnesium is needed for the production of energy in the body. It gives energy to the muscles while performing exercises and also prevents build up of lactic acid. Vegetables such as collar beans, pinto beans, kidney beans pumpkin, sesame and sunflower seeds as well as tofu are rich in magnesium content.
  • Consume foods rich in fatty acids to lessen the lactic acid accumulation in the muscles. It also lessens the dependence of the body on lactic acid when performing intense workouts. Salmon, mackerel, walnuts and flaxseeds are rich in essential fatty acids.

Knuckle pain

May 27th, 2016 | Posted by corinne grace in Muscle Injuries - (Comments Off on Knuckle pain)
aquagenic-urticaria

Some individuals have experienced knuckle pain at some point. The fingers and the knuckles are composed of bones, ligaments and tendons. The tendons facilitate the fingers to move and bend while the ligaments keeps the fingers in a permanent position. There are conditions that causes the bones, ligaments and the knuckles to become dislocated or weaken and often related to pain in the joint of the knuckles and stiffness which is due to limited range of movement.

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Causes of knuckle pain

  • Osteoarthritis can cause pain and stiffness in the knuckles.
  • Trauma or minor injury that is caused by a hairline fracture in the finger bones.
  • Rheumatoid arthritis which is the inflammation of the tissue of the joint can.
  • Very cold weather can result to reduced circulation of blood in the extremities.
  • Cracking of the knuckles can damage the bony cartilages
  • Overuse of the fingers such as typing on the keyboard
  • Gout and psoriatic arthritis or complication of psoriasis

Treatment

Knuckle pain

Apply warm or cold compresses on the knuckle at least 30 minutes to lessen the swelling. Apply an ice pack or bag of ice to lessen the inflammation, swelling and pain inside the hand.

  • Soak the affected area in warm salt water for at least 15 -20 minutes to lessen the pain, aches and stiffness of the knuckles and fingers. Salt absorbs pain in the body.
  • Avoid constantly cracking the joint of the fingers to minimize the risk of damage to the bony cartilage.
  • Apply aloe vera on the finger since it alleviates knuckle pain and stiffness of the finger
  • Avoid eating eggs, red meat and processed foods since they can worsen the pain especially among those suffering from rheumatoid arthritis and gout.
  • Massage the affected area to lessen the pain in the knuckles and stiffness of the finger
  • Take antioxidants in the form of fruits and carrots which reduces the pain in the knuckles and fingers. Antioxidants protects the body from free radicals that can damage the cells of the tissue.
  • Apply warm or cold compresses on the knuckle at least 30 minutes to lessen the swelling. Apply an ice pack or bag of ice to lessen the inflammation, swelling and pain inside the hand. If ice is not available, a bag of frozen vegetable can be used instead. Wrap the ice pack in a towel before applying on the affected area. Remember to avoid applying the ice pack directly on the skin to prevent frostbite or making the condition worse.
  • Mix cinnamon and few drops of honey and then mix well to become a paste. Apply the mixture on the affected area to lessen the pain and inflammation.
  • Massage the joints using olive oil since it provides relief to the condition. Olive oil has natural anti-inflammatory properties.

Tips

  • Avoid eating foods that can trigger inflammation such as refined sugars, red meat and breads.
  • Avoid cracking the fingers and knuckles.
  • Give the hands enough time to rest regularly
  • Use a neutral position in typing to reduce strain on the hands.

Poison ivy blisters

May 27th, 2016 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on Poison ivy blisters)
Poison ivy blisters

Poison ivy is a toxic plant that generates urushiol which is a slippery substance that can be found in the stem, leaves and even the roots of the plant. When urushiol comes in direct contact with the skin, some people develop allergic contact dermatitis. Blisters cause itching and ooze fluids from the skin, but will not contaminate others. The blisters can burst and become susceptible to infection if it is constantly scratched.

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Causes of poison ivy blisters-

The leaves, roots and stems of the poison ivy has resin called urushiol which triggers an allergic reaction on the skin called contact dermatitis. This is an inflammation caused by direct contact with a foreign element.  These foreign elements can cause inflammation in two ways such as irritation and an allergic reaction.

Urushiol resin can be transferred using the fingers or fur from animals and remain in the clothing, shoes and tools for months. The urushiol forms a bond with the skin which makes it difficult to eliminate. Wash off the skin immediately after exposure to these oils to prevent the formation of blisters which can be very painful, itchy and uncomfortable.  The blisters can leak and ooze fluids which is considered normal.

Treatment

Poison ivy blisters

Apply a moist and cold compress to provide relief from the itchiness and soften the formation of the hard crust on the blisters and rashes.

  • Apply a moist and cold compress to provide relief from the itchiness and soften the formation of the hard crust on the blisters and rashes. Paper towels, gauze and washcloths can also be used as wet compresses throughout the day for relief from the itchiness. Another remedy is by blowing a fan into the wet compresses which lessens the itching and dries out the blisters.
  • Mix oatmeal, baking soda and a few drops of water and then mix well to create a paste. Apply the paste on the affected area and let it air dry. The paste dries the skin and lessens the itchiness. Another way is taking a bath in cool and tepid water by adding oatmeal and baking soda to the water for relief from the itching.
  • Apply over-the-counter calamine lotion. It cools and dries out the poison ivy blisters. Apply the lotion at least 3-4 every day until the skin stops oozing fluids. Avoid using calamine lotion too long to prevent drying of the skin, increased itchiness and cracking of the skin.
  • Take a hot shower to relieve the pain.
  • Rub a tincture of iodine into the affected area using a cotton wipe. Tincture of iodine is a weak iodine solution and works as a disinfectant that prevents the formation of blisters.
  • In a tub filled with hot water, add 2-3 cups of Epsom salts. Take a bath in the solution to lessen the itchiness and promote faster healing of the blisters. For severe cases, soak of piece of clean washcloth or gauze in the solution of salt and water and then wrap it around the blisters. This procedure minimizes the severe oozing of the blisters.

Botulism food poisoning

May 27th, 2016 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on Botulism food poisoning)

Botulism is a disease that is caused by the bacterium known as Clostridium botulinium. Botulism food poisoning happens when a toxin is consumed improperly in preserved foods. A potent neutoxin produced by the bacteria causes the disease and result to abdominal cramping, blurred or double vision, weakness of the muscles, breathing difficulties and some serious symptoms.

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Some people can be affected by botulism food poisoning by eating home-canned foods or contaminated foods containing honey, corn syrup, baked potatoes and cured fish or meats. Symptoms of botulism food poisoning last for 1-2 weeks or longer and vary for each person. The symptoms appear 12-36 hours after eating the contaminated foods.

Symptoms of botulism food poisoning

Adults

  • Breathing difficulties
  • Double or blurred vision
  • Abnormal size of the pupil or reactivity to light
  • Swallowing and speaking difficulties
  • Abdominal cramping and pain
  • Dry mouth
  • Weakness felt on both sides of the body

    Botulism

    Abdominal cramping and pain in adults.

  • Nausea without vomiting
  • Paralysis on both sides of the body

Infants

  • Dropping eyelids
  • Fatigue
  • Difficulty in controlling the movement of the head
  • Difficulty in feeding or sucking
  • Hypotonicity or flaccid limbs
  • Muscle weakness
  • Irritability
  • Paralysis
  • Weak cry

Treatment

  • If an early diagnosis of botulism food poisoning is given, the doctor will administer an antitoxin injection to lessen the complications and risk for infection. The antitoxin connects to the toxin and prevents the nerves from being damaged by the toxin.
  • If the affected person has breathing difficulties, a medical ventilator is needed to minimize the effects of the toxin in the body. A tube is inserted through the nose or mouth to facilitate the passage of air and provide enough supply of oxygen to the lungs.
  • Yogurt has antibacterial ingredients that eliminates bacteria in the digestive system and prevents botulism and other forms of food poisoning. Mix fenugreek seeds with yogurt and eat a tablespoon of the mixture, there is no need to chew the seeds, just swallow it. It provides relief from the stomach ache and vomiting.
  • Apple cider vinegar disinfects the digestive system. Before eating any solid meals, mix 2 tablespoons of apple cider vinegar in a cup of hot water and then drink the solution. Additionally, it also prevents indigestion. Take this solution at least once every day.
  • Garlic has natural antibiotic and antifungal properties which eliminates any kind of food poisoning. It eliminates bacteria in the digestive tract and minimizes stomach aches and diarrhea. Take garlic juice at least 2 times every day. Another way is to swallow a garlic clove with water at least 2 times every day.
  • Massage the stomach using a mixture of soyabean oil and garlic oil after eating supper.
  • Sip a cup of ginger tea after eating lunch and dinner to relieve the symptoms of heartburn and nausea. Eating raw ginger aids in the rapid digestion of food.

Diaper rash

May 21st, 2016 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on Diaper rash)
Diaper rash

Diaper rash is a form of inflammation of the skin or dermatitis of buttocks or thighs. It can also develop between the folds or surfaces of the skin and usually affects babies and toddlers that have not yet come out of the diaper phase in their growth cycle.

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Symptoms of diaper rash

  • Diaper rash typically occurs in warm and moist places such as the skin covered by the diaper.
  • Reddened splotches on the bottom of the baby
  • Red scales can develop in the genital area

Causes

  • Diaper rash can be caused by exposure to urine and feces in the diaper of the baby.
  • Formation of ammonia moisture, alkalinity and bacterial growth on the skin of the baby.

    Diaper rash

    Diaper rash typically occurs in warm and moist places such as the skin covered by the diaper.

  • Prolonged and increased exposure of skin to wetness and moisture which become more susceptible to irritation and swelling.
  • Chafing caused by friction or rubbing between the diaper and the skin, skin creases and folds and constant wiping and cleaning of the diaper area can cause irritation on the skin.

Treatment

  • Stale urine is alkaline in nature and can burn the soft skin of the baby like an acid. If using reusable diapers or cloth diapers, rinse them using a vinegar solution. In ½ bucket of water, add ½ cup vinegar and use this solution in rinsing the diaper of the baby. The solution eliminates the accumulation of soap and the smell of urine in the diapers. Another way is wiping the bottom of the baby using a mixture of vinegar and water, by mixing 1 teaspoon of white vinegar to 1 cup water. This makes the bottom of the baby resistant to growth of yeast.
  • Baking soda has healing properties that can treat diaper rash. In 4 cups of water, mix in 2 tablespoons of baking soda well until completely dissolved. Before putting a clean diaper, first clean the bottom of the baby using this solution then pat dry the area and put on the diaper. Another way is giving a bath using baking soda. In a tub filled with warm water, add 2 tablespoon baking soda. Bathe the baby in the mixture for at least 10 minutes at least 3 times every day. Make sure the skin of the baby is totally dry after the bath.
  • After removing the soiled diaper, clean the bottom of the baby using warm water. Dry the area well using a cotton towel and then apply petroleum jelly. Perform this procedure every time when changing diapers for fast healing of the affected area.
  • Cornstarch absorbs moisture, makes the skin of the baby dry and lessens friction and prevents diaper rash. Wash the bottom of the baby using lukewarm water, and then pat it dry with a cotton cloth. Sprinkle cornstarch directly on the affected skin before putting a fresh diaper. Perform this procedure until the area is totally healed.

Bunions

May 20th, 2016 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on Bunions)
Achilles-tendon-rupture

Bunions are bony lumps that develops at the base joint of the big toe. Bunions will develop when wearing tight shoes, an injury and an inherited structure of the bone that causes the big toe to be pushed toward other toes on the foot. The big toe becomes enlarged and causes pain and there is difficulty in performing exercises and even walking.

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Bunions are enlargement of bone and tissue on the sides and on the top of the joint either on the big toe or the smallest toe called bunionette. The enlargement can be caused by a combination of bone and joint misalignment with inflammation of the tissue. Bunions can be classified into mild, moderate and severe.

Causes of bunions

  • Repeated use of pointed, narrow and high-heeled shoes that puts significant pressure and stress on the tissues found at the base of the big toe and the little toe.
  • Bunions can be inherited and foot function patterns or biomechanics are also inherited.

Symptoms

Bunions

A severe pain within the joint can be caused by the degeneration of the joint caused by arthritis.

  • Tissues around the joint are swelling
  • Redness, pain and tenderness
  • Adjacent nerve irritation can result to tingling or numbness of the big toe
  • A severe pain within the joint can be caused by the degeneration of the joint caused by arthritis.
  • The affected toe is displaced under the adjacent toe and cause deformity.

Treatment

  • Perform foot exercises to slow down the progress of the bunion and prevent the need for surgery. Stretch the big toes by using the fingers in pulling the big toe to its proper alignment with the rest of the toes. And then stretch the rest of the toes by pointing them straight ahead for at least 10 seconds, and then curl them under for 10 seconds for several times. Another exercise is pressing the toes alongside the floor or wall until they are flexed back and hold this position for about 10 seconds and then release. Perform this exercise several times every day. Practice picking up an article of clothing or a piece of cloth using the toes, then drop it and then pick it up again.
  • Wear a bunion pad or inserts for shoes being used to realign the toes. Inserts for shoes can also help realign the toes when used.
  • Apply tape on the foot and toes to maintain normal alignment for at least a week or two.
  • Lessen the pain caused by bunions by soaking the feet in warm water for at least 20 minutes. The warmth relaxes the joints and lessen pain.
  • An ice pack can also be placed on the bunions. Place ice cubes in plastic bag and cover it with a clean cloth or towel. Apply the pack on the area for at least 20 minutes for several times every day.
  • Take the prescribed non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications such as ibuprofen to lessen the pain.

If experiencing severe pain that becomes worse or the feet does not anymore fit in the shoes, seek medical help immediately.

Gastritis

May 13th, 2016 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on Gastritis)
Internal hemorrhoids

Gastritis is a group of conditions that causes inflammation of the lining of the stomach. The inflammation from gastritis is caused by the same bacterium that causes stomach ulcers. Frequent use of pain relievers and excessive drinking of alcohol can cause gastritis

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Gastritis happens suddenly or develops in a gradual manner. Gastritis can result to ulcer and puts an individual at high risk for developing stomach cancer.

Causes of gastritis

  • Excessive consumption of alcohol
  • Stress
  • Chronic vomiting
  • Medications such as aspirin and other anti-inflammatory medications
  • Infection from helicobacter pylori that can result to the formation of ulcers and even stomach cancer in uncommon cases.
  • Pernicious anemia develops when the stomach lacks a natural substance needed to absorb and digest vitamin B12
  • A backflow of bile into the stomach from the bile tract or bile reflux
  • Infections caused by bacteria and viruses

    Gastritis

    Burning or gnawing sensation felt in the stomach between meals at night

Symptoms

  • Abdominal pain and bloating
  • Vomiting
  • Indigestion
  • Nausea or stomach upset
  • Hiccups
  • Burning or gnawing sensation felt in the stomach between meals at night
  • Black and tarry stools
  • Loss of appetite
  • Vomiting blood or ground-like coffee appearance

Treatment

  • Eat several small meals instead of 3 heavy meals to minimize indigestion.
  • Avoid consuming foods that causes irritation in the stomach especially acidic, spicy, fried and fatty.
  • Avoid alcohol to prevent irritation in the lining of the stomach.
  • Take the prescribed pain medications such as acetaminophen to lessen the pain and minimize irritation on the stomach.
  • Avoid being stressed by performing some relaxation techniques and calming activities such as yoga, meditation and Tai Chi.
  • Ginger has anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties that can lessen the inflammation, heal infection and lessen symptoms such as gas, indigestion, stomach pain, nausea and bloating. In a cup of boiling water, add a teaspoon of freshly chopped ginger root. Cover and wait for at least 10 minutes and strain the mixture and add a few drops of honey. Drink the mixture for 2-3 times every day for a week.

Tips

  • Avoid eating red meats, red peppers, pickles, tea, coffee and sour foods.
  • Avoid carbonated drinks to prevent irritation on the stomach lining.
  • Avoid dairy products until the condition is totally healed.
  • Drink green tea regularly to prevent chronic gastritis.
  • Eat dinner at least 2 hours before going to sleep.
  • Eat slowly and chew food thoroughly to facilitate proper digestion.
  • Eat small meals at regular intervals to minimize excessive accumulation of acid in the stomach.
  • Avoid drinking water with meals since it can cause a delay in the digestion of foods.
  • Drink plenty of water.

Breast pain

May 13th, 2016 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on Breast pain)
hypothermia

Breast pain or mastalgia which is a common problem in women.  There is tenderness of the breast, tightness of the tissue and sharp burning pain. The pain can be constant or happen occasionally. Breast pain can be classified into cyclical and non-cyclical. In cyclical patterns, the intensity of pain changes during the menstrual cycle while non-cyclical are less frequent and the pain during the menstrual cycle remains unchanged.

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Breast pain can range from mild to severe or happen just a few days per month in 2-3 days until the menstrual and can affect both breasts. The pain can be moderate to severe and affects both and last for a week or longer every month. Sometimes, the pain can last for months which is not related to the menstrual cycle. In such cases, it is best to seek medical help immediately.

Causes of breast pain

Breast pain

Breast pain can range from mild to severe or happen just a few days per month in 2-3 days until the menstrual and can affect both breasts.

  • Non-cyclic breast pain is caused by changes that occur in the milk ducts or glands. It can be triggered by the formation of breast cysts and trauma to the breast. Breast pain begins outside the breast such as the chest wall, joints, muscles or the heart and spread to the breast.
  • Breast pain can be caused by the reproductive hormones
  • An imbalance of fatty acids found within the cells affects the sensitivity of the breast tissue
  • Hormonal medications such as infertility medications and oral birth control pills can lead to breast pain.
  • Those who have large breasts are susceptible to pain.

Treatment of breast pain

  • Apply ice pack on the affected breast to numb the tender part and lessen pain and swelling. Place the ice in plastic bag and wrap it with a towel. Apply the ice pack to each breast for at least 10 minutes each. Perform this remedy several times every day. A warm compress can be applied alternately with the cold compress to lessen the tenderness and swelling. Avoid applying ice directly on the breast to prevent frostbite as well as making the condition worse.
  • Self-massage the breast to minimize inflammation and increase blood circulation in the area. Massage also help in maintaining healthy breast tissues and more nutrients for the breast to lessen the tenderness and pain. When taking a bath, apply soap on the breast and then gently massage them for a few minutes starting from the center of the chest going to the armpits. Avoid applying soap on the breast if breastfeeding. Massage the breast regularly to keep them healthy and free from pain.
  • In a glass filled with warm water, add 1-2 teaspoon of unfiltered apple cider vinegar, add a few drops of honey and mix them well. The mixture should be taken at least 2 times every day.
  • Take the prescribed vitamin E at least 200-400 IUs to prevent tenderness and pain during menstruation. Eat foods rich in Vitamin E such as almonds, sunflower seeds, olive oil, spinach, avocados, beet greens and mustard greens.