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How to treat a swollen lip from an insect bite

September 23rd, 2016 | Posted by corinne grace in Basic First Aid Skills - (Comments Off on How to treat a swollen lip from an insect bite)

Some individuals might end up with a swollen lip after being stung or bit by an insect especially during the warm spring and summer seasons. When a person is bitten by an insect, it triggers irritation of the skin and an allergic reaction which varies from person to person. This condition can be minor or can become a symptom of a serious condition called anaphylaxis.

A swollen lip can have cuts along with bleeding which makes it difficult for the individual to drink, eat and talk.

Other symptoms that can occur along with swollen lips

  • Pain
  • Difficulty while eating, drinking, talking and opening the mouth
  • Chapped skin
  • Discoloration of the lip
  • Blisters
    Swollen lip

    Apply a cold compress on the swollen lip to relieve and lessen the swelling.

  • Headache
  • Fatigue and tiredness

Treatment

  • Wash the lip with water. Avoid using soap and other cleaning agents to prevent a toxic reaction.
  • Apply a cold compress on the swollen lip to relieve and lessen the swelling. Wrap ice cubes with a clean wash cloth or paper towel and gently apply on the area for at least 10-15 minutes. Take a break for 15 minutes before reapplying the cold compress again until the swelling starts to lessen. Avoid place ice directly on the lips to prevent frostbite that can worsen the condition.
  • Soak a clean wash cloth in a bowl filled with warm water, wring out the excess and apply on the affected area for at least 8-10 minutes. Repeat the process after an hour break.
  • Take the prescribed oral antihistamine to relieve the itchiness and lessen the swelling.
  • If there is facial swelling, difficulty breathing, feeling confused, irregular and fast heartbeat, seek medical help immediately.
  • Turmeric powder has antiseptic properties. Mix turmeric powder with a few drops of cold water and fuller’s earth. Mix well until it becomes a paste and apply on the swollen part of the lip and let it stay on the area until it dries up. Rinse off using warm water. Perform this process at least 2 times every day.
  • Aloe vera gel has anti-inflammatory properties that lessen the burning sensation on the swollen lip. Extract juice or gel from a fresh aloe vera leaf and apply on the affected lip and massage the area gently. Repeat this process at least 2-3 times every day.
  • Take the prescribed over-the-counter pain and anti-inflammatory medications such as ibuprofen and naproxen to minimize the pain and inflammation.
  • Take 1 tablespoon of baking soda and mix with a few drops of water until it becomes a paste. Apply a thick coat of this paste on the affected lip. Leave on the area for at least 10 minutes and rinse off using cold water.

Getting rid of sweaty palms and feet

September 16th, 2016 | Posted by corinne grace in Basic First Aid Skills - (Comments Off on Getting rid of sweaty palms and feet)

Excessive sweating or hyperhidrosis is a condition affects any part of the body, but usually the palms of the hands, soles of the feet, underarm and face are commonly affected. The condition is usually heredity where parents or siblings have suffered from the same condition.

Causes of sweaty palms and feet

  • Certain medications
  • Menopausal hot flashes
  • Substance abuse
  • Overactive thyroid
    Sweaty palms and feet

    Drink plenty of water throughout the day to regulate the temperature of the body and prevent it from raising too high and trigger the need to sweat.

  • Low blood sugar
  • Heart attack
  • Infectious disease such as malaria or tuberculosis
  • Deficiency in nutrition such as an unhealthy diet and unhygienic lifestyle

Treatment

  • Consume a glass of fresh homemade tomato juice every day at least for a week.
  • After taking a bath, pat the feet dry especially between the toes. Massage the area using apple cider vinegar. Tea tree oil is also good for sweating of the foot. Apply tea tree oil directly on the affected area.
  • Minimize eating foods rich in iodine. Vegetables such as asparagus, broccoli, and white onion, beef, liver and meats of turkey should be avoided.
  • Boil a quart of water and put 5 teabags in the boiling water, let it cool and soak the sweaty palms for at least 30 minutes. Tannic acid present in tea has astringent properties that function as a natural antiperspirant.
  • Drink plenty of water throughout the day to regulate the temperature of the body and prevent it from raising too high and trigger the need to sweat. Drinking plenty of water flushes out toxins in the body through urine and also improves the odor of sweat. Drink at least 6-8 glasses of water every day to make the skin smooth and improve digestion.
  • Baking soda and cornstarch can be applied on the sweaty areas that are susceptible to infection such as the feet and below the breasts. Baking soda has antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties suitable for sensitive skin. Another alternative is using baby powder.
  • Take the prescribed over-the-counter zinc supplement or eat foods rich in zinc such as beef, crab, breakfast cereal, baked beans, yogurt and almonds.
  • Apply an antiperspirant at night before going to bed since it takes about 6-8 hours for the perspirant to enter the sweat glands and clog the pores. Antiperspirant is not only for the armpits but can be used anywhere in the body such as the palms, feet and back. Avoid using an antiperspirant on the face to prevent irritation.
  • Wear lightweight clothing such as cotton to prevent the skin from overheating.
  • Place moisture-wicking insoles inside shoes to lessen sweat on the feet.
  • Avoid being stressed. Remember that feeling nervous and anxious can cause sweating in some people.
  • Stop smoking, drinking alcohol and excessive consumption of caffeine to prevent excessive sweating.
  • Avoid being overweight to minimize sweating.

Remedies for flat feet

September 16th, 2016 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on Remedies for flat feet)

Flat feet or pes planus is a condition when the ligaments, tendons and small bones on the side of feet are incapable of supporting the body and eventually collapses. Flat feet are normal in infants and toddlers, but sometimes the tissue under the feet becomes firm with aging and produces a shock-absorbing arch.

Flat feet do not cause symptoms on adults, but sometimes it causes foot pain, leg and back discomfort as well as incapacity to walk, run and engage in sports. Flat feet can cause issues with the ankle and knees where it changes the alignment of the legs.

Types of flat feet

  • Infants and children ages 5-10 with flat feet is normal because it takes time for the bones, ligaments and tendons found on the sides of foot to form a supportive arch. Flat feet in children do not usually cause pain.
  • Tight Achilles tendon from birth or congenital reasons places plenty of pressure on the front area of the foot that prevent formation of the normal arch. It causes the heel to lift off the ground when taking a step while walking and result to pain and tension under the foot.
    Flat feet

    Overpronation or excessive rolling of the feet inwards can result to wearing out of shoes and result to injuries on the foot.

  • Rigid and flat feet caused by bone deformity. It is considered a “true flat foot” because the shape under the foot is unchanged regardless of activity. This type of flat foot is caused by malformation and deformity or fusion that prevents development of the arch during childhood. This condition is present from birth or acquired due to injury on the foot or diseases such as osteoporosis or inflammatory arthritis.
  • Adult-acquired flat feet due to obesity. It is usually caused by overstretching, overuse and damage to the posterior tibial tendon.

Causes

  • Overpronation or excessive rolling of the feet inwards can result to wearing out of shoes and result to injuries on the foot.
  • Problems with the muscles, bones or connective tissues around the area of the feet.
  • The feet and bones were not properly formed in the womb
  • A condition that affects the nerves and muscles such as spina bifida, cerebral palsy and muscle dystrophy
  • Loose connective tissue such as Ehlers-Danlos syndrome or joint hypermobility syndrome

Treatment

  • Wear shoes with good arch support to provide benefits and total relief of the leg, foot and back symptoms. Wear walking or athletic shoes with good arch support, roomy toe box and flexible sole and firm heel to lessen the tension in the posterior tibial and Achilles tendon. Avoid wearing shoes with heels higher than 2 ¼ inches to prevent a short and tight Achilles tendon. Wear shoes with heels about ¼ or ½ inches.
  • Use shoe orthotics if walking and standing for long periods of time. Orthotics are rigid inserts for the shoe for supporting the arch of the foot and for better biomechanics while walking, standing and running. Using orthotics lessens development of problems on the joints such as on the ankles, hips, knees and the lumbar spine
  • If overweight or obese, try losing some weight to take away pressure on the bones, ligaments and tendons in the feet and increase the flow of blood in the area.
  • Seek the help of the physical therapist for specific stretches and strengthening exercises for the feet, Achilles tendon and calf muscles for restoring the arch and making it more functional.

Getting rid of an anal fissure

September 16th, 2016 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on Getting rid of an anal fissure)

An anal fissure is a rip or an open sore in the skin around the anus and causes burning and severe pain during bowel movement. People suffering from constipation are at high risk for developing this condition due to hard and large-sized stools that result to tearing of the anal lining.

Common symptoms of anal fissure

  • Itchiness of the area and followed by intense pain and bleeding when having a bowel movement.
  • Presence of bright red blood on the stool or on the toilet paper.
  • There is a tag of skin called sentinel pile that develops below the fissure usually at the edge of the anus.
  • Smelly discharge and itching of the anus.

Causes

Anal fissures

Itchiness of the area and followed by intense pain and bleeding when having a bowel movement.

  • Anal fissure is usually caused by constipation. The tears in the anal lining and the spincter muscles become damaged due to over straining when passing out hard and dry stool.
  • Sitting for long periods of time in the toilet during bowel movements increases pressure on the muscles and eventually tear and weaken with overstraining.
  • Chronic diarrhea
  • Inflammation of the anorectal area
  • Infection of the skin around the anus area makes the skin susceptible to wear and tear.
  • Some women develop anal fissures during the final trimester of the pregnancy or childbirth.

Treatment

  • Mix equivalent amounts of olive oil, honey and beeswax in a container and warm in a microwave until beeswax is totally melted. Let it cool and apply on the affected area several times every day. Olive oil is rich in healthy fats that lubricate the bowel system for easy passing out of stool.
  • Take a hot sitz bath. In a bathtub filled with warm water, add a few drops of lavender essential oil and mix well. Soak in the bathtub up to the waist for at least 15-20 minutes for 2-3 times every day. Another alternative is applying a warm compress on the affected area after a bowel movement.
  • Coconut oil also helps in treating anal fissures. It is rich in medium chain triglycerides and easily penetrates the skin, lubricates the affected area and for fast healing of the condition. Apply coconut oil on the anal sphincter at least 2-3 times for several times every day. If suffering from constipation, coconut oil can be added to the diet.
  • In a glass of water, mix 1-2 tablespoons of apple cider vinegar. Honey can also be added to the mixture. Drink this mixture at least 2 times every day. Apple cider vinegar is effective for treating constipation. Pectin found in apple cider vinegar improves bowel movement and digestion.
  • Keep the body well hydrated by drinking plenty of liquids to soften the stools and minimize constipation.
  • Perform regular physical activity for at least 30 minutes every day for regular bowel movement and proper blood flow in the area.

How to treat carpal tunnel syndrome

September 16th, 2016 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on How to treat carpal tunnel syndrome)

Carpal tunnel syndrome is a condition that affects the hands and arms. This condition causes tingling and numbness sensation at the early stage. As the condition progresses, the pain becomes severe, the hands weak and damage the nerve. Carpal tunnel can affect both hands and women are more susceptible to this condition than men.

This condition is due to excessive pressure placed on the median nerve that passes through the wrist at the carpal tunnel.

Causes of carpal tunnel syndrome

  • Conditions and illnesses such as obesity, rheumatoid arthritis, diabetes, gout that result to pain in the arm, reduced flow of blood in the area, and soft tissues in the arm.
  • Strong and repeated wrist and hand movement causes the tendons to swell
  • Dislocated bones, broken bones of the wrist, and bone spurs
  • Hand-arm vibrations
  • Working in awkward positions for long periods of time
    Carpal tunnel syndrome

    Numbness or pain in the hand, wrist and forearm usually at night.

Symptoms

  • Numbness or pain in the hand, wrist and forearm usually at night.
  • Tingling, pain, numbness and “pins-and-needles” sensations
  • Severe numbness or pain can be felt when using the hands or wrist especially when gripping an object using the hand or flexing the wrist.
  • Stiffness of the fingers in the morning
  • Severe pain in the forearm between the elbow and wrist

Treatment

  • Rest the affected hand, fingers and wrist. Avoid performing activities that can cause numbness and pain. When the symptoms are lessened, continue with the activity gradually. Keep the wrists straight or slightly bent.
  • Apply cold compress on the affected wrist for at least 10-15 minutes, once or two times every hour. The cold temperature lessens the numbness, swelling and inflammation. Avoid applying an ice pack directly on the skin to prevent frostbite and making the condition worse. Make sure that the ice pack is wrapped with a towel before placing on the area.
  • Take the prescribed over-the-counter non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medication to lessen the pain and swelling.
  • Wear a wrist splint at night to prevent unnecessary movements. It keeps the wrist in a neutral position and minimizes pressure placed on the median nerve.
  • Massage the hands and wrist to lessen some of the symptoms of carpal tunnel syndrome. Rub coconut oil or olive oil on the hands, wrist and fingers and massage using gentle strokes for at least 10-15 minutes. Repeat this process for 2-3 times every day until the symptoms are minimized. Coconut oil and olive oil increases blood flow in the area, relaxes stiff muscles, lessens pain and improves mobility.
  • In a tub filled with warm water, mix 1 cup of Epsom salt until completely dissolved and soak the affected hand and wrist in the solution for at least 15-20 minutes. Repeat this process 2-3 times every week until pain and stiffness are reduced. Epsom salt has anti-inflammatory properties and a natural muscle relaxant that is effective in relaxing tight muscles in the hands and wrists.

How to treat wrist tendonitis

September 16th, 2016 | Posted by corinne grace in Muscle Injuries - (Comments Off on How to treat wrist tendonitis)

Wrist tendinitis or tenosynovitis causes irritation and inflammation of the tendons found around the wrist joint. There are plenty of tendons surrounding the joint and tendonitis usually affects one or several of these tendons.

Symptoms of wrist tendonitis

  • Wrist pain
  • Warmth and redness of the tendons
  • Grinding sensation or crepitus when moving the tendons

Treatment

Wrist tendonitis

Take plenty of rest especially the affected wrist.

  • Take plenty of rest especially the affected wrist. Avoid performing activities such as housework, typing, gardening or using hand tools to prevent stressing the wrist and making the condition worse.
  • Wear a brace for the wrist to prevent unnecessary movements for fast healing of the condition. Use ergonomic support such as keyboards, mouse pads and tools that enable the wrist to rest. Make sure it fits the size and body type. Adjust the chair, keyboard and desktop to lessen the stress placed on the joints and the tendons.
  • Apply an ice pack on the affected area for at least 15-20 minutes throughout the day to lessen the swelling and pain by numbing the area. It also increases the flow of blood in the area. Avoid applying the ice directly on the skin to prevent frostbite and makes the condition worse. Wrap ice with a towel before applying to the area.
  • Elevate the wrist above the level of the heart to minimize the inflammation.
  • Seek the help of the physical therapist for some rehabilitation exercises for flexibility of the joint and making the muscle strong.
  • Take the prescribed anti-inflammatory medication such as ibuprofen, aspirin, and naproxen to lessen the pain, inflammation and swelling of the soft tissues. Another way is applying an anti-inflammatory pain cream or gel on the affected area to lessen the pain and inflammation.

If wrist tendonitis does not respond to rest and basic home treatment, seek medical help immediately.

Tips

  • Adjust the way in lifting or gripping an object to prevent flare-ups of wrist tendonitis.
  • Change the position of the hands when performing activities to avoid placing pressure on a single tendon.
  • Wear a splint when performing activities to prevent irritation on the tendons such as a brace or a simple support wrap to lessen the symptoms.
  • Perform gentle stretching and apply heat before an activity for proper conditioning of the tendon and apply an ice pack to prevent inflammation of the area.
  • Avoid bending the wrist up and down when working with a computer keyboard or mouse and also while driving.
  • Take frequent breaks or alternate household tasks and activities to lessen the chances of excessively moving the wrist in one direction.
  • Avoid performing activities that requires long periods of reaching overhead such as painting a ceiling and if there is a need to perform this work, take frequent breaks.

How to treat uterine fibroids

September 16th, 2016 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on How to treat uterine fibroids)

Uterine fibroids or myomas are non-cancerous growths in the uterus that usually develops during the childbearing years. Fibroids range as the size of seedlings which cannot be seen by the human eye and when they are abundant, they can distort and enlarge the uterus and even reach the rib cage.

Fibroids are classified based on their location. The intramural fibroids develop inside the mascular uterine wall, the submucusal fibroids swell into the uterine cavity while the sub-serosal fibroids develop outside the uterus.

Symptoms of uterine fibroids

  • Pelvic pain or pressure
  • Heavy menstrual bleeding
  • Menstruation that last for more than a week
  • Frequent urination
  • Constipation
  • Difficulty emptying the bladder
    Uterine fibroids

    Fibroids range as the size of seedlings which cannot be seen by the human eye and when they are abundant, they can distort and enlarge the uterus and even reach the rib cage.

  • Backache or pain in the legs

Causes

  • Fibroids contain changes in genes that are different from the normal uterine muscle cells.
  • Two hormones that stimulate the development of the uterine lining during menstrual cycle can cause development of uterine fibroids.
  • Insulin-like growth factors

Treatment

  • Drink plenty of water and maintain normal body weight to control the level of estrogen in the body. Water is important in the proper functioning of all the organs and general health. Drink at least 10-12 glasses of water every day to make the body well hydrated, eliminate toxins in the body and prevent growth of the fibroids.
  • Castor oil has ricinoleic acid with anti-inflammatory properties. Soak a piece of wool flannel and place on the abdomen and cover with plastic wrap. Place a hot water bottle or a warm compress above it and cover with a towel and leave it on for at least one hour. Repeat this procedure 3-4 times every week for a month until there is improvement in the condition. Castor oil stimulates the lymphatic and circulatory systems and increase lymphocytes to eliminate toxins.
  • Consume 2 cloves of crushed garlic with warm water every day. Another alternative is taking a supplement of 500 mg every day to effectively treat fibroids.
  • Milk thistle metabolizes and eliminates excess estrogen which is a reproductive hormone that releases growth factors and cause development of fibroids. Take 10-25 drops of a tincture of this herb at least 3 times every day for 3-4 months.
  • Boil 3 tablespoons of dandelion root in 3 ½ cups of water for 15 minutes and let it precipitate for another 15 minutes before straining it. Drink this tea at least 3 times every day for 3 months. Dandelion detoxifies the liver and eliminates excess estrogen in the body.
  • Green tea has a compound called epigallocatechin gallate or EGCG that prevents the growth of fibroid cells and lessen the severity of the symptoms. Drink at least 2-3 cups of green tea or take 2 green tea capsules every day for several months.

Remedies for keloid scars

September 9th, 2016 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on Remedies for keloid scars)

Keloid scars are hard, fibrous tissue that develops on the skin. When the top layer of the skin is damaged or has tears, collagen will form at the area while it is healing. Keloid scars usually develop when there is a trauma or damage such as chicken pox, acne, minor burns, ear piercings, insect bites, cuts and vaccinations. A keloid scar will develop when there is excessive growth of collagen at the affected area usually growing slowly for years.

Symptoms of keloids

  • Firm, raised and hardened scars
  • Grows over time and the color changes from slightly pink to very dark
  • Keloids become irritated, painful and itchy if rubbed against clothing
  • Becomes dark when exposed to the sun

Treatment

Keloid scars

Keloid scars usually develop when there is a trauma or damage such as chicken pox, acne, minor burns, ear piercings, insect bites, cuts and vaccinations.

  • Mix a teaspoon of baking soda and 3 teaspoons of hydrogen peroxide thoroughly. Using a cotton ball, apply the mixture on the scar and leave it on for at least 15 minutes and rinse off using lukewarm water. Repeat this process for 3-4 times every day for one month to shrink the keloid scars. Baking soda lessens the appearance of the keloid scars and makes the layers of skin healthy. It functions as an abrasive agent, exfoliates the skin and keep the skin free from debris, dirt and dead cells.
  • Use aloe vera to keep the skin moisturized, promote the regeneration of the damage surface of the skin and has a cooling effect that lessens the itchiness. Extract gel from a fresh aloe vera leaf and apply on the affected area. Let it dry on its own so that it is fully absorbed by the skin. Apply 5-6 times every day for several days.
  • Massage the area where the scar is forming. Sometimes, scars form due to insufficient circulation of blood in the area. Massage the affected area to get rid of the dead cells and prevent the formation of keloids in some areas of the skin. Use coconut oil in massaging the area regularly to relax the affected area and prevent the formation of keloids.
  • Use lemon juice in treating keloid scars since it is rich in Vitamin C which is a strong antioxidant that eliminates all types of scars. It also regenerates and repair damaged skin. Extract the juice from one fresh lemon and apply on the scar. Leave it on for at least 30 minutes and rinse it off using lukewarm water. Perform this process 2 times every day for a month to achieve the best results.
  • Take over-the counter scar removal medications such as creams, ointments and gels to lessen the appearance of the scars over time.
  • In a cup filled with 2 teaspoons of apple cider vinegar, mix a teaspoon of water. Dip a cotton ball in the solution and apply on the area and leave it on for at least 30 minutes and rinse off with water. Repeat this process for 3-4 times every day for several weeks. Apple cider vinegar eliminates fatty deposits under the skin, exfoliates and softens the skin and eventually minimizes the appearance of the scars.

How to treat a torn abdominal muscle

September 9th, 2016 | Posted by corinne grace in Muscle Injuries - (Comments Off on How to treat a torn abdominal muscle)

A torn abdominal muscle will result to pain, inflammation and weakness which is usually caused by improper techniques during workouts or lifting of heavy objects. While performing exercises, injuries can happen such as torn abdominal muscle fibers. Injuries caused by sports happens when the person was not properly stretched before an activity or straining a particular muscle.

Symptoms of torn abdominal muscle

  • Severe abdominal pain after performing strenuous activities
  • Pain when stretching the abdominal muscles
  • Stiffness and discomfort
  • Tenderness and spasms of muscles
  • Cramping and spasms of muscle, shooting pain and lack of movement
  • Swelling and bruising
  • Inability to stretch or flex the affected muscle
    Torn abdominal muscle

    Severe abdominal pain after performing strenuous activities

Abdominal tears are classified into grades. Grade 1 tears causes slight discomfort and the person can still perform activity for a short time. Grade 2 tears causes moderate discomfort and the individual cannot continue performing activities that involve the abdomen. The abdomen is sore when touched. As for grade 3 tears, it causes severe discomfort and difficulty performing regular activities. The area is swollen and accompanied by cramping and pain. Take note that grades 2 and 3 tears can lead to bruising.

Treatment

  • Take plenty of rest and minimize performing activities for fast healing of the condition
  • Apply an ice pack on the affected area on the first 48-72 hours for at least 15 -20 minutes to lessen the swelling and pain. Another way is to massage the area using ice in a circular movement for at least 15 minutes at 3 times every day for fast healing of the condition.
  • Eat diet rich in protein content such as fish, lean meats, milk, cheese, poultry and eggs. Protein is required for the repair of damaged muscle fibers.
  • Apply heat on the affected area after 24 hours. Heat relaxes the muscles surrounding the damaged area, lessens the inflammation and promotes fast healing of the area.
  • Take over-the-counter pain medication such as ibuprofen to lessen the inflammation and pain. A muscle relaxant is also good for the condition as well.
  • Begin stretching of the muscles when inflammation and pain is reduced. Gentle stretching prevents scarring of the surrounding tissue and restore proper functioning of the muscles.
  • Avoid lifting heavy objects or performing exercises to prevent the condition from getting worse.
  • Gradually return to normal activities but this should be done with the help of the physical therapist.

Tips

Stretch before performing an activity such as any sports or physical activities to warm the muscles and make them flexible. Warm up the abdominal muscles and bend from side to side to stretch the internal and external oblique muscles. In addition, avoid excessively straining any muscles to prevent tears or sprains.

More Information

The material posted on this page on muscular injuries is for learning purposes only. To learn to recognize, manage and prevent muscular injuries, as well as sprains and strains, register for a standard first aid course with one of our training providers.

Getting rid of ingrown hair

September 9th, 2016 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on Getting rid of ingrown hair)

An ingrown hair is characterized as one that curls around back to the skin instead of rising up from it. This usually occurs among individuals with curly hair. An ingrow hair causes a raised and red bump that looks similar to a pimple. Sometimes, there is presence of pus inside the bump. This condition also causes inflammation, swelling, irritation and pain in the affected area. It can also occur in those who shave unwanted hair in areas such as the legs, beard area, bikini region and the underarms.

Symptoms of an ingrown hair

  • Pain and itchiness of the affected area
  • Darkening of the skin or hyperpigmentation
  • Embedded hair
  • Presence of small and solid rounded bumps or papules
  • Development of blisters filled with pus or pustules
    Ingrown hair

    Pain and itchiness of the affected area

If an ingrown hair becomes a chronic condition, there is unwanted growth of hair or hirsutism and polycystic ovary syndrome, it is best to seek medical help immediately.

Causes

  • Pulling the skin tightly when shaving which makes the hair to go back into the skin and then re-enter the skin without growing out.
  • Using tweezers or plucking the hair can leave behind fragments of hair under the surface of the skin and can end up inflamed.

Treatment

  • Scrub the skin using sugar to prevent ingrown hair. It exfoliates the skin, remove dead cells and make the ingrown hair emerge out the skin as well as making the skin smooth. Mix one cup of white sugar and ½ cup extra-virgin oil and mix 10 drops of tea tree oil and then mix well to create a paste. Apply on the affected area and gently scrub the area in a circular motion for a few minutes and rinse it off using lukewarm water. Perform this process at least once or two times per week as needed.
  • Mix a tablespoon of baking soda and a cup of water. Mix well and dip a cotton ball in the mixture and apply it on the skin. Leave on for at least 5 minutes and rinse it off using cold water. Repeat this process 2-3 times every day as needed. Baking soda has anti-inflammatory properties, lessens the itchiness and exfoliates the skin. It also lessens the redness of the area due to an ingrown hair.
  • Mix ½ teaspoon of table salt to one cup lukewarm water. Mix well until salt is dissolved. Moisten a cotton ball in the solution and gently rub it on the skin and leave it on for a few minutes and rinse it off with water. Repeat this process 2 times every day until the ingrown hair disappears. Salt is an exfoliating agent, increases the blood circulation in the area, lessens the swelling and promotes fast healing of the area.

Tips

  • Wash the skin using warm water and a mild facial cleanser before shaving.
  • Use a sharp razor when shaving and avoid close shaves.
  • Rinse the shave after each stroke.