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Dealing with armpit lumps

April 13th, 2017 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on Dealing with armpit lumps)
pinched-tendon

Armpit lumps form when a lymph node found under arm is swollen and enlarged especially when suffering from an infection. Lymph nodes are small, oval-shaped glands found throughout the body and play an important function in the immune system. Armpit lumps can be caused by infection, cysts and irritation due to shaving or using antiperspirants but can also indicate serious health conditions.

Causes

  • Lipomas or harmless growths of fat tissue
  • Bacterial or viral infections
  • Allergic reactions
    Armpit lumps

    If the armpit lumps are caused by infection from bacteria, take the prescribed antibiotics to lessen pain and inflammation.

  • Fungal infections
  • Adverse reactions to vaccinations
  • Fibroadenoma or noncancerous growth of fibrous tissue
  • Breast cancer reaction
  • Leukemia or cancer of the blood cells
  • Lupus is an autoimmune disease of the joints and organs

Symptoms of armpit lumps

  • Swollen arm
  • Pain
  • Body aches
  • Enlarged lymph nodes
  • Loss of appetite
  • Rashes
  • Flu-like symptoms

If there is redness, tenderness and irregularity of the shape, immediate treatment is required.

Treatment

  • If the armpit lumps are caused by infection from bacteria, take the prescribed antibiotics to lessen pain and inflammation.
  • Maintain proper hygiene by making the skin clean as possible.
  • Drink plenty of water to keep the body hydrated.
  • Apply a warm compress on the armpit for proper blood circulation, reduce the size of the lump and relieve pain. Soak a towel in hot water, wring out excess water and place under the affected area for at least 5-10 minutes at 3-4 times every day for a week.
  • Vitamin E is a strong antioxidant that heals armpit lumps in a few days. It also lessens the swelling and prevents accumulation of fluid in the lymph nodes. It retains moisture and repair of skin. Massage the armpit lumps using vitamin E oil for a few minutes at 2-3 times a week.
  • Consume watermelon since it detoxifies the blood and prevents formation of armpit lumps.
  • Mix equal parts of raw, organic apple cider vinegar and water. Soak a cloth in the solution and place it under the armpit for at least 5 minutes. Rinse the area using warm water and pat it dry. Repeat the process until lump totally disappears.

Dealing with bedsores

April 10th, 2017 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on Dealing with bedsores)
swine-flu

Bedsores or pressure sores are injuries on the skin and underlying tissue due to a prolonged pressure on the skin. Bedsores develop on bony areas of the body such as the ankles, heels, tailbone and hips. People susceptible to bed sores are those with condition that requires them to be confined on a wheelchair or bed. Bedsore develops quickly and can be difficult to treat.

Symptoms of bedsores

  • Stage 1 or the earliest symptoms – pale skin or white, skin is tender and itchy. The area feels firm, cold or warm.
  • Stage 2 – the affected area develops blisters, open sores and abrasions which do not spread through the skin. It has a surrounding skin area with purple or red discoloration and can be oozing or mildly sweating.
  • Stage 3 – the ulcer develops a crater under the surface of the skin.
    Bedsores

    People susceptible to bed sores are those with condition that requires them to be confined on a wheelchair or bed.

  • Stage 4 – the ulcer extends deeper and reaches the tendon, bone, joint and the muscles. Symptoms of infected bedsores include pus draining from the sore, foul-smelling odor, fever and tenderness, redness and heat of the surrounding skin.

Causes

  • When the skin and underlying tissues are trapped between bone and a surface such as sitting in a wheelchair or prolonged lying in bed. It usually happens if the surface is not padded with muscles or fat such as the tailbone, shoulder blades, spine, hips, elbows and heels.
  • Friction occurs when 2 surfaces moves in opposite direction such elevating a hospital bed and the head slides down in the bed.

Treatment

  • Move around regularly to prevent constant pressure on the body. It distributes body weight and increases blood flow in the area. If sitting in a wheelchair, reposition for at least 2 hours or 15 minutes. Place foam wedges or pillows that are good for shifting weight.
  • Perform range of motion exercises for proper flow of blood and maintainance of muscle mass.
  • Use saline water to clean the sores to prevent infection and for fast healing of the condition. In a cup filled with boiling water, add 2 teaspoons of salt. Let it cool down and use it in cleaning the sores at least 2 times every day for fast healing of the condition.
  • Turmeric has anti-inflammatory, antiseptic and antioxidant properties that lessen the risk of infection. Clean sores with water. Apply turmeric powder on sores and cover using a clean bandage. Repeat this process at least 3 times every day until there is improvement.
  • Take vitamin C supplement at least 500 mg every day for a healthy skin, improving the immune system and lessen the risk for infection. Foods rich in Vitamin C include green vegetables, lemons, oranges, and papaya.
  • Massage the affected area to increase the blood circulation and for fast healing of the condition. Massage the body using essential oils at least once every day for best results.

More Information

The details posted on this page on bedsores is for learning purposes only. To learn to recognize and manage wounds including bedsores, enroll in a first aid course with one of our training providers.

How to treat a nose cut

April 7th, 2017 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on How to treat a nose cut)
angular-cheilitis

A nose cut can be complicated to treat and painful. The nose is a sensitive area of the body. It has areas that are enclosed and have limited supply of air. The nose and lining of the nose are susceptible to cuts and scratches.

Causes of a nose cut

  • Careless nose picking such as frequent picking can cause irritation on the lining of the nose and result to slits or cuts and even bleeding.
  • Picking of the nose using sharp objects or nails
  • Inner nose cut due to dry weather that causes the nasal lining to dry up and result to cracks and cuts that causes pain.
    Nose cut

    Careless nose picking such as frequent picking can cause irritation on the lining of the nose and result to slits or cuts and even bleeding.

  • Dry nasal lining due to flu that results to plenty of sneezing, congestion and runny nose.

Treatment

  • Make sure the hands are washed properly to prevent introduction of any bacteria into the open wound. Wash hands using clean, running water and scrub the area for at least 20 seconds. Rinse and dry the hands using a clean towel.
  • If the cut is bleeding and near the edge of the nose, use a clean cloth to apply gentle pressure until the bleeding stops. Avoid blocking the breathing and do not pack the nostrils.
  • If the nose cut is not visible and bleeding, sit up straight and lean forward to lessen the pressure placed on the vessel found in the nose and prevents swallowing blood. Pinch the nose close using the thumb and index finger for at least 10 minutes. Breathe through the mouth. After 10 minutes, release the pinch. If it still bleeds, repeat the process until the bleeding stops. Keep the affected person cool using a damp cloth or suck on ice chips.
  • Remove any debris inside the nose using sterilized tweezers to lessen the risk for infections and possible complications.
  • Rinse the wound using saline solution to deeply clean the wound. In a cup filled with lukewarm water, mix a teaspoon of salt and stir it until it is fully dissolved. Tilt the head backward and pour a tablespoon of the solution into the affected nostril several times. Squeeze the solution into a paper towel. Avoid blowing the ears.
  • Use an anti-infective soap cleanser to clean the mucus membranes or inside of the nose. Dilute chlorhexidine before using on the nose.
  • Place the prescribed anti-infective cream or ointment on the area around the nose cut. Use a cotton swab or a piece of gauze in applying the cream or ointment on the area. Avoid touching the affected area once the ointment is already applied and avoid picking on the scab to prevent further damage and worsen the condition. Repeat the application of the ointment every day.

Disclaimer / More Information

The material posted on this page on a nose cut is for learning purposes only. Learn to recognize and manage nose wounds by taking a first aid and CPR class with one of our training providers.

Dealing with broken ribs

April 7th, 2017 | Posted by corinne grace in Skeletal Injuries - (Comments Off on Dealing with broken ribs)

Broken ribs usually happen due to a direct blow to the chest or torso such as in vehicular accidents, falls and during contact sports. Conditions such as osteoarthritis and bone cancer can cause weakening of the ribs and other bones.

Symptoms of broken ribs

  • Pain when breathing
  • Mild to severe pain near the rib cage
  • Headaches and fatigue
  • Shortness of breath and feeling restless, dizzy, sleepy, anxious and scared.
  • Pain in the rib when coughing excessively due to conditions such as osteoarthritis or cancer.
    Broken rib

    Mild to severe pain near the rib cage is an indication of a broken rib.

Treatment

  • Avoid wrapping the rib cage.
  • Apply an ice pack on the affected area for at least 20 minutes every hour in the first 2 days and reduce it to 10-20 minutes at 3 times every day to lessen the swelling and pain. The cold temperature will constrict the blood vessels to lessen the inflammation and numbs the surrounding nerves. Avoid placing the pack directly on the skin to prevent further damage and worsen the condition.
  • After 48 hours, apply heat on the affected area to relieve the spasms of the intercostal muscles found between the ribs. Apply heat at least 30-minute intervals and let the muscles cool down for 30 minutes and reapply again. Avoid placing heat directly on the skin to prevent burns. Wrap heat using a towel or piece of cloth before placing to the area.
  • Take the prescribed over-the-counter non-steroidal and anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as ibuprofen, naproxen or aspirin to lessen the pain and inflammation.
  • Minimize performing cardio exercises to prevent an increase in the heart and breathing rates that can result to irritation and inflammation of the broken rib. Minimize twisting and lateral flexion of the torso while the rib is in the healing stage. Perform gentle exercises such as walking, driving and desk work.
  • When coughing or sneezing, hold a soft pillow against the chest to provide cushion to the blow and lessen the pain.
  • Sleep on the back or supine position to lessen the pressure on the chest. Another alternative is sleeping in an upright reclining chair for a few days until the inflammation and pain is minimized. Another option is placing pillows behind the back and at the back of the head while sleeping.
  • Eat well-balanced foods rich in minerals and vitamins. Consume whole grains, lean meats, dairy products and plenty of purified water. Take dietary supplements such as calcium, magnesium, vitamin D and K and phosphorus for fast healing of the broken rib.

Disclaimer / More Information

The material posted on this page on broken ribs is for learning purposes only. Learn to recognize and manage rib injuries by taking a first aid and CPR class with one of our training providers.