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How to treat meralgia paresthetica

September 22nd, 2017 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on How to treat meralgia paresthetica)

Meralgia paresthetica is a condition that results to pain, numbness and burning sensation in the outer area of the thigh. It happens due to excessive damage to one of the nerves in the leg.

Symptoms of meralgia paresthetica

  • The symptoms can be mild at first and eventually the pain becomes severe when the condition worsen
  • Sensitivity to mild touch rather than to a firm pressure
  • Sensitivity to heat
  • Pain, numbness, tingling and burning sensation can be felt on the outer side of the thigh.

Causes

meralgia-paresthetica

Pain, numbness, tingling and burning sensation can be felt on the outer side of the thigh.

  • Spasms of muscle
  • Scoliosis
  • Presence of scar tissue near the inguinal ligament, due to injury during surgery
  • Postsurgical complications after hip or lower back surgery
  • Compression of the lateral femoral cutaneous nerves on the pelvis, groin and the thighs.
  • Swelling, trauma and excessive pressure on the affected area
  • Wearing tight clothing
  • Overweight and obesity
  • Pregnancy
  • Injury such as trauma from a seat belt during vehicular accidents
  • Conditions such as diabetes that can damage the nerves, alcoholism and lead poisoning.
  • Standing or walking for long periods of time
  • Repetitive movements that cause irritation on the nerves such as certain movements of the leg such as biking, squatting and walking.

Risk factors

  • Pregnancy where a growing belly puts extra pressure on the groin and compresses the lateral femoral cutaneous nerve.
  • Diabetes related nerve injury
  • Being overweight or obese
  • People between ages 30-60 are at a high risk of developing this condition

Treatment

  • Take the prescribed tricyclic antidepressant medications to lessen the pain.
  • Corticosteroid injection to lessen the inflammation and relieve of the pain.
  • Take the prescribed anti-seizure medications to lessen the symptoms
  • Apply cold compress on the affected area for at least 10-15 minutes to lessen the swelling and the pain. It also lessens the itchiness and the burning sensations. Avoid ice directly on the skin. Wrap ice compress using a towel or a piece of cloth before placing to the area to prevent ice burn and worsen the condition.
  • Apply heat on the area in the form of hot water bottle and heat packs. Apply heat for at least 10-15 minutes to lessen the stiffness and spasms of the muscles.
  • Take the prescribed pain medications such as acetaminophen, naproxen or ibuprofen to lessen the pain.
  • Reduce some weight if overweight
  • Wear loose-fitting clothes especially around the upper front hip area.
  • Seek the help of the physical therapist for some rehabilitation exercises to strengthen the muscles of the legs. It helps relieve nerve entrapment.
  • Avoid walking or standing for long periods of time.

Tips

  • Take vitamin B12 supplements to lessen the burning and the tingling sensation. Increase consumption of meat, eggs and poultry products.
  • Perform exercises regularly.
  • Take a break especially with long periods of walking, standing, cycling and other activities that result to pain.

Ways of treating lumbar spondylosis

September 21st, 2017 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on Ways of treating lumbar spondylosis)

Lumbar spondylosis is an age-related condition which causes degeneration in the joints of the lumbar vertebrae or the lower back. This area is susceptible to become damaged because the lower back function in supporting the upright posture and different kinds of bending and twisting movements and it supports a large amount of body weight.

Symptoms of lumbar spondylosis

  • Disturbance of sleep due to pain
  • Pain can be felt in the lower back, in the buttock or leg
  • Limited movement in the back especially in the morning and after resting for long periods
  • Pins and needles sensations or loss of sensation in the foot or leg

    lumbar-spondylosis

    Pain can be felt in the lower back, in the buttock or leg.

  • When the condition worsens, there is severe weakness in the foot or leg
  • Stiffness of the back especially in the morning

Causes

  • Lack of ergonomic care especially people working in front of computers, driving and traveling. Ergonomic care is high quality aids and supporting appliances that help with the condition.
  • Repeated strains or injuries on the affected area
  • People with ages above 40 years old are susceptible to develop this condition.

Treatment

  • Apply an ice pack on the affected area for at least 20 minutes to lessen the pain and the swelling. Wrap ice using a towel or a piece of cloth before placing to the area to prevent ice burn and worsen the condition. Avoid ice directly on the skin.
  • After a few days of applying ice, apply heat in the affected area in the form of a heat pack to increase flow of blood in the area and lessen the pain. Another alternative is soaking a towel in hot water, wring out excess water and apply the towel to the area is also good for the condition.
  • Taking a hot bath or a hot water shower on the affected area for at least 10-15 minutes will relieve of the pain.
  • Applying alternately cold and hot therapy on the affected area is good for the condition rather than using either of the two.
  • Massage the area to lessen the muscle tension and the pain. Use the prescribed back rub creams and ointment for better relief.
  • Sleep on a hard bed with a firm and comfortable mattress. Use the correct pillow, the spine should be in straight position from the head to the pelvic area. Avoid bending the area.
  • Avoid sleeping on the stomach to prevent further straining the back and worsen the condition.
  • Maintain proper posture to lessen stress placed on the back and feel comfortable. Sit upright and place some support by placing a cushion in the lower back.
  • Take the prescribed over-the-counter pain medications such as ibuprofen, aspirin, acetaminophen and naproxen to lessen the pain and the symptoms.

Tips

  • Perform regular exercises every day.
  • Quit smoking and consumption of alcohol
  • Use the proper techniques in lifting
  • Get plenty of rest and sleep
  • Maintain good posture
  • Lose some weight if overweight
  • Eat a healthy diet and nutritious foods

More Information

The details posted on this page on lumbar spondylosis is for learning purposes only. To learn to recognize and manage this back condition, enroll in a first aid course with one of our training providers.

Dealing with piriformis syndrome

September 12th, 2017 | Posted by corinne grace in Muscle Injuries - (Comments Off on Dealing with piriformis syndrome)

Piriformis syndrome is a neuromuscular disorder. It happens when the sciatic nerve become compressed by the piriformis muscles. The piriformis muscles are found in the small muscles found at the deeper area of buttock. It functions for the rotation of the leg in outward direction. It also stabilizes the joint of the hip and for rotating the thigh away from the body.

Piriformis muscles are used in sports that require all movement of the legs and hips especially while lifting and rotating of things. There are two types of piriformis syndrome, the primary and the secondary.

Primary piriformis syndrome is due to split sciatic nerve which is an abnormal sciatic nerve path or split piriformis muscles. Secondary piriformis syndrome is due to precipitating causes that includes local ischemia, ischemic mass effect, microtrauma and macrotrauma.

piriformis-syndrome

Pain that spread down the back of the leg into the hamstrings and into the calf muscles

Causes of piriformis syndrome

  • Trauma such as falling in the seated posture.
  • Running downhill
  • Carrying heavy objects on the stairs
  • Twisting and bending while picking an object from the floor
  • Excessive performing exercises that involves the gluteal and muscles of the hip.
  • Prolonged sitting in crossed leg position or on a hard surface
  • Poor posture and tightness of the muscles
  • Flat feet and knocked knees

Symptoms

  • Severe pain with prolonged sitting
  • Tenderness in the muscle area
  • Tingling sensation in the buttocks
  • Pain can be felt at the back of foot, calf and thigh
  • Pain when walking up the stairs or any inclines
  • Numbness in the buttocks
  • Pain that spread down the back of the leg into the hamstrings and into the calf muscles
  • Limited range of movement of the joint of the hip especially in internal hip rotation

Treatment

  • Take plenty of rest. Avoid performing activities that cause pain to prevent further damage and worsen the condition. Resting is needed for fast healing of the condition.
  • Use heat therapy on the affected area in the form of a heating pad to lessen the pain and the discomfort due to piriformis syndrome. Wrap heating pad in a towel before placing to the area to prevent burns and worsen the condition. Another alternative is taking a warm bath is also good for the condition.
  • Apply an ice pack on the area for at least 15-20 minutes to lessen the pain and the swelling due to piriformis syndrome. Do not apply the ice pack directly on the skin. Wrap the ice pack with a towel or a piece of cloth before application to prevent ice burn and worsen the condition. Another alternative is using a bag of frozen vegetables such as corn or peas are also good for the condition. Apply ice on the area every four hours to lessen the symptoms.
  • Take the prescribed over-the-counter pain medication such as ibuprofen or naproxen to lessen the pain and the discomforts.
  • Seek the help of the physical therapist for some rehabilitation exercises to improve strength, flexibility, stability and balance of the pelvis and core stability and endurance.

Disclaimer / More Information

The material posted on this page on piriformis syndrome is for learning purposes only. Learn to recognize and manage this muscle condition by taking a first aid and CPR class with one of our training providers.

How to treat otomycosis

September 11th, 2017 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on How to treat otomycosis)

Otomycosis is also called ear fungus which is a type of fungal infection of the ear. It affects the external area of the ear due to a variety of fungal species such as Aspergillus or candida actinomyces and phycomycetes. People with weak immune system or suffering from diabetes are more susceptible to this condition.

Causes of otomycosis

  • Prolonged usage of topical antibacterial agents
  • Contaminated water

Symptoms

otomycosis

Itchiness of the affected area is one of the indications.

  • Redness of the external ear canal
  • Pain
  • Itchiness of the affected area
  • Thick, black and white or yellow discharge coming out of the affected ear or otorrhea.
  • Swelling problems with hearing
  • Plugging of the ear
  • External ear canal becomes narrow
  • Sensation of fullness or blockage in the ear

Treatment

  • Clean properly the affected ear to eliminate the fungus. Another alternative is suction can also be used to clean the affected ear. Clean the ears at least many times every week.
  • Use the prescribed eardrops with antifungal agents such as econazole, ketoconazole and clotrimazole is good for the condition. Another alternative is using eardrops that contain gential violet or thimerosal.
  • Apply hydrogen peroxide to soften crusted or debris that becomes hard present in the ears. It allows anti-fungal and acidifying topical medications to reach affected areas of the ears. Avoid flushing the ears to prevent fungal infections and worsen the condition.
  • Use aluminum acetate or Burow’s solution to lessen the swelling and eliminate debris in the affected area. Burow’s solution is a solution of aluminum acetate used to treat otitis or ear infection and otomycosis which fungal ear infection.
  • Use the prescribed over-the-counter antifungal medication such as clotrimazole to treat skin infections. It eliminates both the candida and aspergillus fungus.
  • Use a hair dryer to keep ear dry. Turn on the hair dryer on the lowest setting and place it at least 10 inches away from the infected ear. It will dry out the moisture inside the ear canal and prevents the growth of fungus. Be careful not to burn the ears to prevent making the condition worse.
  • Mix equal amounts of alcohol and vinegar to lessen the symptoms of otomycosis. Alcohol dries and disinfects the skin and dries out moisture inside the infected ear. Vinegar stops the growth of fungus inside the ear.
  • Apply warm compress on the affected ear. Soak a clean towel in warm water, wring out excess water and place it over the infected ear and let it remain in the area until it becomes cool. Warm compress lessens the pain, for proper flow of blood in the area and for fast healing of the condition.
  • Increase the consumption of vitamin C rich foods which is needed for the repair and proper growth of damaged tissues caused by otomycosis. Take at least 500-1,000 mg of vitamin C every day together with food.