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Author Archives: corinne grace

Ways of treating a skin flap

October 9th, 2017 | Posted by corinne grace in Basic First Aid Skills - (Comments Off on Ways of treating a skin flap)

A skin flap is a healthy skin that is partly disconnected and moved to cover a wound. It may contain skin and fat or skin, fat and muscle. Sometimes a skin flap is still connected to its original area and one end still connected to a blood vessel. A flat can be moved to a new area and the blood vessel that is still attached to the flap is surgically reconnected which is called a free flap. The area from where the flap is taken is called the donor site. After the surgery, there will be two wounds, the graft or flap and the donor area.

Treatment

  • Clean hands properly before touching the area to prevent the risk of infecting the wound. Wash hand thoroughly using soap and water and wear sterile latex gloves.
  • Stop the bleeding by pressing a sterile pad or dressing over the area. Apply a steady pressure on the wound. Use Telfa dressings or non-adhesive gauze. If bleeding seep through the dressing, place gauze on top of it until the bleeding has stopped.

    skin-flap

    Stop the bleeding by pressing a sterile pad or dressing over the area.

  • In case the wound is on the limb elevate the area to lessen the flow of blood to the affected area. If on the arm, raise the area while placing pressure.
  • Rinse the area around the wound using cool water to remove any debris.
  • Clean the wound using saline solution to make the skin elastic and making it easier to reconnect the border of the wound. Saline solution is made by mixing ½ teaspoon of salt to a cup of water. Boil the mixture for at least 15 minutes. Let it cool.
  • Remove any debris in the wound using a tweezers. Sterilize the tweezers using rubbing alcohol before using them.
  • Before applying dressing on the wound, apply a thin layer of prescribed antibiotic ointment or cream. The cream or ointment keeps the area moist; lessen the risk of developing infection and for fast healing of the condition.
  • Apply dressing or covering over the wound to keep the affected area clean and lessen the risk of developing infections. Use Telfa or the soft silicone-coated dressings. Change dressings regularly at least once every day.
  • Once the wound is already healed and there is no risk of developing an infection, remove the dressing, and leave the area uncovered. Expose the area to the air for fast healing of the condition.
  • Take the prescribed pain medication to lessen the pain and the swelling.
  • If possible elevate the wound above the level of the heart to lessen the swelling. Another alternative is raising the area in couple of pillows to keep it elevated.

Tips

  • Avoid performing movements that cause stretching or injuring the flap or graft.
  • Avoid scratching or picking the wound as it heals to prevent further damage and worsen the condition.
  • When taking a bath or showering, cover the affected area using a plastic bag to keep it dry.

More Information

The details posted on this page on a skin flap is for learning purposes only. To learn to recognize and manage this type of skin wound, enroll in a first aid course with one of our training providers.

Dealing with hypothermia

October 9th, 2017 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on Dealing with hypothermia)

Hypothermia is a condition where the temperature of the body drops down. This condition usually happens due to severely cold temperatures especially during winter season. The temperature of the body is below 95 degrees F and when it becomes severe, it goes down to 82 degrees F. If the condition is not properly treated it will result to total malfunction of the heart, respiratory system, nervous system and eventually death.

Causes of hypothermia

  • Wearing clothes not properly suited, not warm enough for the given cold weather condition.
  • Incapable of getting out of wet clothes
  • Staying in cold for long periods of times
  • Falling accidentally in cold water

    hypothermia

    Wrap the affected person in warm blankets, coats or towels whatever is available.

  • Inadequate heating measures at home

Symptoms

  • Dizziness
  • Shivering
  • Nausea
  • Feeling hungry
  • Confusion
  • Rapid breathing
  • Difficulty speaking
  • Coordination difficulties
  • Weak pulse
  • Fatigue
  • Fast heart rate
  • Drowsiness
  • Shallow breathing

 

Treatment

  • If the person was in the water move the affected person out of the cold gently, avoid excessive movement to prevent cardiac arrest. Avoid rubbing or massaging the body to prevent further damage and worsen the condition.
  • Wrap the affected person in warm blankets, coats or towels whatever is available.
  • Observe the breathing pattern of the person, if it is too slow; begin applying CPR or cardiopulmonary resuscitation immediately.
  • Warming the blood, this is done by taking the blood out, warmed up and then circulated again in the body by using a dialysis machine. Another alternative is using warm intravenous solution of salt water which can be injected to warm the blood.
  • Let the person sip warm, non-alcoholic and caffeine-free liquid such as warm milk, broth, soup and decaffeinated tea to prevent dehydration and is good for the condition. Consume carbohydrate rich foods to give energy into the bloodstream and build up heat as the body metabolizes it.
  • Sip a cup of warm ginger tea to stimulate blood flow in the area and warm the body. Drink ginger tea 3-4 times every day with a gap of time of 30-45 minutes.

Tips

  • Check the weather forecast before going out, but sometimes forecast can be wrong and be prepared for the situation. Set up a shelter.
  • Wear appropriate clothing for the weather. Layering is a way of protecting the body from hypothermia. Wear several layers of clothing and bring extras just in case there is a need for them. Wear layers of socks and gloves to protect the hands and feet from frostbite. Avoid wearing cotton clothes in cold weather, it holds moisture against the body and makes the condition worse.
  • Use sleeping bags for cold temperature.
  • Keep the body dry as much as possible to prevent moisture such as sweating by overexerting the body. It causes dropping of body temperature and becomes cold again and worsens the condition.

More Information

The details posted on this page on hypothermia is for learning purposes only. To learn to recognize and manage this cold-related ailment, enroll in a first aid course with one of our training providers.

How to treat meralgia paresthetica

September 22nd, 2017 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on How to treat meralgia paresthetica)

Meralgia paresthetica is a condition that results to pain, numbness and burning sensation in the outer area of the thigh. It happens due to excessive damage to one of the nerves in the leg.

Symptoms of meralgia paresthetica

  • The symptoms can be mild at first and eventually the pain becomes severe when the condition worsen
  • Sensitivity to mild touch rather than to a firm pressure
  • Sensitivity to heat
  • Pain, numbness, tingling and burning sensation can be felt on the outer side of the thigh.

Causes

meralgia-paresthetica

Pain, numbness, tingling and burning sensation can be felt on the outer side of the thigh.

  • Spasms of muscle
  • Scoliosis
  • Presence of scar tissue near the inguinal ligament, due to injury during surgery
  • Postsurgical complications after hip or lower back surgery
  • Compression of the lateral femoral cutaneous nerves on the pelvis, groin and the thighs.
  • Swelling, trauma and excessive pressure on the affected area
  • Wearing tight clothing
  • Overweight and obesity
  • Pregnancy
  • Injury such as trauma from a seat belt during vehicular accidents
  • Conditions such as diabetes that can damage the nerves, alcoholism and lead poisoning.
  • Standing or walking for long periods of time
  • Repetitive movements that cause irritation on the nerves such as certain movements of the leg such as biking, squatting and walking.

Risk factors

  • Pregnancy where a growing belly puts extra pressure on the groin and compresses the lateral femoral cutaneous nerve.
  • Diabetes related nerve injury
  • Being overweight or obese
  • People between ages 30-60 are at a high risk of developing this condition

Treatment

  • Take the prescribed tricyclic antidepressant medications to lessen the pain.
  • Corticosteroid injection to lessen the inflammation and relieve of the pain.
  • Take the prescribed anti-seizure medications to lessen the symptoms
  • Apply cold compress on the affected area for at least 10-15 minutes to lessen the swelling and the pain. It also lessens the itchiness and the burning sensations. Avoid ice directly on the skin. Wrap ice compress using a towel or a piece of cloth before placing to the area to prevent ice burn and worsen the condition.
  • Apply heat on the area in the form of hot water bottle and heat packs. Apply heat for at least 10-15 minutes to lessen the stiffness and spasms of the muscles.
  • Take the prescribed pain medications such as acetaminophen, naproxen or ibuprofen to lessen the pain.
  • Reduce some weight if overweight
  • Wear loose-fitting clothes especially around the upper front hip area.
  • Seek the help of the physical therapist for some rehabilitation exercises to strengthen the muscles of the legs. It helps relieve nerve entrapment.
  • Avoid walking or standing for long periods of time.

Tips

  • Take vitamin B12 supplements to lessen the burning and the tingling sensation. Increase consumption of meat, eggs and poultry products.
  • Perform exercises regularly.
  • Take a break especially with long periods of walking, standing, cycling and other activities that result to pain.

Ways of treating lumbar spondylosis

September 21st, 2017 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on Ways of treating lumbar spondylosis)

Lumbar spondylosis is an age-related condition which causes degeneration in the joints of the lumbar vertebrae or the lower back. This area is susceptible to become damaged because the lower back function in supporting the upright posture and different kinds of bending and twisting movements and it supports a large amount of body weight.

Symptoms of lumbar spondylosis

  • Disturbance of sleep due to pain
  • Pain can be felt in the lower back, in the buttock or leg
  • Limited movement in the back especially in the morning and after resting for long periods
  • Pins and needles sensations or loss of sensation in the foot or leg

    lumbar-spondylosis

    Pain can be felt in the lower back, in the buttock or leg.

  • When the condition worsens, there is severe weakness in the foot or leg
  • Stiffness of the back especially in the morning

Causes

  • Lack of ergonomic care especially people working in front of computers, driving and traveling. Ergonomic care is high quality aids and supporting appliances that help with the condition.
  • Repeated strains or injuries on the affected area
  • People with ages above 40 years old are susceptible to develop this condition.

Treatment

  • Apply an ice pack on the affected area for at least 20 minutes to lessen the pain and the swelling. Wrap ice using a towel or a piece of cloth before placing to the area to prevent ice burn and worsen the condition. Avoid ice directly on the skin.
  • After a few days of applying ice, apply heat in the affected area in the form of a heat pack to increase flow of blood in the area and lessen the pain. Another alternative is soaking a towel in hot water, wring out excess water and apply the towel to the area is also good for the condition.
  • Taking a hot bath or a hot water shower on the affected area for at least 10-15 minutes will relieve of the pain.
  • Applying alternately cold and hot therapy on the affected area is good for the condition rather than using either of the two.
  • Massage the area to lessen the muscle tension and the pain. Use the prescribed back rub creams and ointment for better relief.
  • Sleep on a hard bed with a firm and comfortable mattress. Use the correct pillow, the spine should be in straight position from the head to the pelvic area. Avoid bending the area.
  • Avoid sleeping on the stomach to prevent further straining the back and worsen the condition.
  • Maintain proper posture to lessen stress placed on the back and feel comfortable. Sit upright and place some support by placing a cushion in the lower back.
  • Take the prescribed over-the-counter pain medications such as ibuprofen, aspirin, acetaminophen and naproxen to lessen the pain and the symptoms.

Tips

  • Perform regular exercises every day.
  • Quit smoking and consumption of alcohol
  • Use the proper techniques in lifting
  • Get plenty of rest and sleep
  • Maintain good posture
  • Lose some weight if overweight
  • Eat a healthy diet and nutritious foods

More Information

The details posted on this page on lumbar spondylosis is for learning purposes only. To learn to recognize and manage this back condition, enroll in a first aid course with one of our training providers.

Dealing with piriformis syndrome

September 12th, 2017 | Posted by corinne grace in Muscle Injuries - (Comments Off on Dealing with piriformis syndrome)

Piriformis syndrome is a neuromuscular disorder. It happens when the sciatic nerve become compressed by the piriformis muscles. The piriformis muscles are found in the small muscles found at the deeper area of buttock. It functions for the rotation of the leg in outward direction. It also stabilizes the joint of the hip and for rotating the thigh away from the body.

Piriformis muscles are used in sports that require all movement of the legs and hips especially while lifting and rotating of things. There are two types of piriformis syndrome, the primary and the secondary.

Primary piriformis syndrome is due to split sciatic nerve which is an abnormal sciatic nerve path or split piriformis muscles. Secondary piriformis syndrome is due to precipitating causes that includes local ischemia, ischemic mass effect, microtrauma and macrotrauma.

piriformis-syndrome

Pain that spread down the back of the leg into the hamstrings and into the calf muscles

Causes of piriformis syndrome

  • Trauma such as falling in the seated posture.
  • Running downhill
  • Carrying heavy objects on the stairs
  • Twisting and bending while picking an object from the floor
  • Excessive performing exercises that involves the gluteal and muscles of the hip.
  • Prolonged sitting in crossed leg position or on a hard surface
  • Poor posture and tightness of the muscles
  • Flat feet and knocked knees

Symptoms

  • Severe pain with prolonged sitting
  • Tenderness in the muscle area
  • Tingling sensation in the buttocks
  • Pain can be felt at the back of foot, calf and thigh
  • Pain when walking up the stairs or any inclines
  • Numbness in the buttocks
  • Pain that spread down the back of the leg into the hamstrings and into the calf muscles
  • Limited range of movement of the joint of the hip especially in internal hip rotation

Treatment

  • Take plenty of rest. Avoid performing activities that cause pain to prevent further damage and worsen the condition. Resting is needed for fast healing of the condition.
  • Use heat therapy on the affected area in the form of a heating pad to lessen the pain and the discomfort due to piriformis syndrome. Wrap heating pad in a towel before placing to the area to prevent burns and worsen the condition. Another alternative is taking a warm bath is also good for the condition.
  • Apply an ice pack on the area for at least 15-20 minutes to lessen the pain and the swelling due to piriformis syndrome. Do not apply the ice pack directly on the skin. Wrap the ice pack with a towel or a piece of cloth before application to prevent ice burn and worsen the condition. Another alternative is using a bag of frozen vegetables such as corn or peas are also good for the condition. Apply ice on the area every four hours to lessen the symptoms.
  • Take the prescribed over-the-counter pain medication such as ibuprofen or naproxen to lessen the pain and the discomforts.
  • Seek the help of the physical therapist for some rehabilitation exercises to improve strength, flexibility, stability and balance of the pelvis and core stability and endurance.

Disclaimer / More Information

The material posted on this page on piriformis syndrome is for learning purposes only. Learn to recognize and manage this muscle condition by taking a first aid and CPR class with one of our training providers.

How to treat otomycosis

September 11th, 2017 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on How to treat otomycosis)

Otomycosis is also called ear fungus which is a type of fungal infection of the ear. It affects the external area of the ear due to a variety of fungal species such as Aspergillus or candida actinomyces and phycomycetes. People with weak immune system or suffering from diabetes are more susceptible to this condition.

Causes of otomycosis

  • Prolonged usage of topical antibacterial agents
  • Contaminated water

Symptoms

otomycosis

Itchiness of the affected area is one of the indications.

  • Redness of the external ear canal
  • Pain
  • Itchiness of the affected area
  • Thick, black and white or yellow discharge coming out of the affected ear or otorrhea.
  • Swelling problems with hearing
  • Plugging of the ear
  • External ear canal becomes narrow
  • Sensation of fullness or blockage in the ear

Treatment

  • Clean properly the affected ear to eliminate the fungus. Another alternative is suction can also be used to clean the affected ear. Clean the ears at least many times every week.
  • Use the prescribed eardrops with antifungal agents such as econazole, ketoconazole and clotrimazole is good for the condition. Another alternative is using eardrops that contain gential violet or thimerosal.
  • Apply hydrogen peroxide to soften crusted or debris that becomes hard present in the ears. It allows anti-fungal and acidifying topical medications to reach affected areas of the ears. Avoid flushing the ears to prevent fungal infections and worsen the condition.
  • Use aluminum acetate or Burow’s solution to lessen the swelling and eliminate debris in the affected area. Burow’s solution is a solution of aluminum acetate used to treat otitis or ear infection and otomycosis which fungal ear infection.
  • Use the prescribed over-the-counter antifungal medication such as clotrimazole to treat skin infections. It eliminates both the candida and aspergillus fungus.
  • Use a hair dryer to keep ear dry. Turn on the hair dryer on the lowest setting and place it at least 10 inches away from the infected ear. It will dry out the moisture inside the ear canal and prevents the growth of fungus. Be careful not to burn the ears to prevent making the condition worse.
  • Mix equal amounts of alcohol and vinegar to lessen the symptoms of otomycosis. Alcohol dries and disinfects the skin and dries out moisture inside the infected ear. Vinegar stops the growth of fungus inside the ear.
  • Apply warm compress on the affected ear. Soak a clean towel in warm water, wring out excess water and place it over the infected ear and let it remain in the area until it becomes cool. Warm compress lessens the pain, for proper flow of blood in the area and for fast healing of the condition.
  • Increase the consumption of vitamin C rich foods which is needed for the repair and proper growth of damaged tissues caused by otomycosis. Take at least 500-1,000 mg of vitamin C every day together with food.

Dealing with aquagenic urticaria

August 2nd, 2017 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on Dealing with aquagenic urticaria)

Aquagenic urticaria a form of physical hives due to when the person comes in direct contact with the water and cause pain and itchiness. This condition develops without any external agents or due to temperature of the water. Women and children in their puberty stage are more susceptible to this condition.

The allergy develops within a minute or after fifteen minutes after a contact with water. It lasts for at least 10 or up to 120 minutes. People with aquagenic urticaria can still drink water, but develops allergies in and around the mouth.

Causes of aquagenic urticaria

  • Exposure to hot or cold water and reaction is severe if there is presence of chlorine or fluorine in the water. Hot water speeds up the development of hives in the affected area.
  • Bathing and walking in the rain

    aquagenic-urticaria

    The skin begins to itch or develop a rash or hives after exposure to the water.

  • Water spilled on the body
  • Sweating and crying
  • Lactose intolerance
  • Diseases including polymorphous, HIV infections, cholinergic urticarial and Bernard-Saulnier syndrome
  • The skin mast cells that becomes weakened interferes with water to produce sensation in the skin.
  • Sometimes, histamine causes burning sensation and itchiness in the skin due to the reaction of the tissues on the surrounding water.

Symptoms

The skin begins to itch or develop a rash or hives after exposure to the water. They usually develop within the first 15 minutes and proceeding hours the lesions eventually causes severe pain and formation of blisters. In severe cases there will be wheezing, difficulty in swallowing or other respiratory conditions. The throat is swelling after drinking water. The eyes become sore and dry after taking a shower.

Treatment

  • Take the prescribed oral antihistamines to lessen the effects of the allergy on the skin.
  • Use the prescribed epinephrine to lessen the appearance of cutaneous vasodilation and prevent mast cell degranulation due to the condition.
  • Use the prescribed capsaicin cream to lessen the pain and inflammation.
  • Apply an emulsion cream to protect the skin from exposure to water especially when cleansing or engaging aquatic activities.
  • Use umbrella or wear protective clothing to prevent contact with water and possibility of an outbreak.
  • Minimize swimming or visiting a water parks to lessen the risk of an outbreak.
  • Before showering apply emulsion creams or petrolatum to the body to lessen the symptoms

Tips

  • Stay away from triggers that includes pet dander, rain, insect stings, latex and foods that cause allergy.
  • Wear cotton clothes that are smooth textured, loose to prevent irritation on skin and worsen the condition.
  • Cover with bandage affected areas of the body and minimize contact with water for a long time.
  • Take prescribed supplementary vitamins is good for the condition.
  • During summer avoid sweating, keep the body cool.
  • Avoid performing any physical activities, keep the body clean and use natural or chemical-free products.

Dealing with pediatric asthma

August 2nd, 2017 | Posted by corinne grace in Breathing Emergency - (Comments Off on Dealing with pediatric asthma)

Asthma is a chronic disorder of the airway characterized by obstruction of the air passages due to inflammation of the bronchial tree. Children ages 5 are susceptible to this condition. The condition can be mild, moderate to severe.

Pediatric asthma can be allergic and non-allergic. Allergic is caused by inhaling substances from the environment that result to inflammation and the air passages becomes tight. Non-allergic can be due to viral infections, exercise, smoke and heredity.

Risk factors for developing pediatric asthma

  • Nasal rhinitis
  • Respiratory infections
  • Inhaling secondhand cigarette smoke
  • Allergy to animal dander increases the risk of developing asthma
  • Exposure to dust, fumes and air pollution
  • Premature birth has a high risk of developing asthma
  • Having a family history of asthma, eczema and allergy
  • Urban areas with a high rate of pollution

    pediatric-asthma

    A wheezing sound can be heard especially when breathing.

Symptoms

  • A wheezing sound can be heard especially when breathing
  • Cough
  • Congestion and chest tightness
  • Pain in the chest in young children
  • Loss of sleep and appetite. Difficulty in sleeping because attacks of asthma usually happen at night.
  • Shortness of breath
  • Rapid breathing
  • Irritability
  • Severe prostration
  • Colds and flu makes the symptoms severe
  • Use of accessory muscles while breathing
  • A severe asthma makes the color of the skin bluish
  • Widened nostrils while breathing

Treatment

  • Use the prescribed inhaled corticosteroids for long-term medication for asthma.
  • Use medication that gives instant relief or rescue medication such as short acting bronchodilators and systemic corticosteroids. Use the inhaled ipratropium together with inhaled bronchodilators when the condition becomes severe.
  • Medications are given using a device that makes the affected child breathe in medication into the lungs such as a metered dose inhaler. It is a small hand device, with metered dose to make sure the child gets the correct dose. A hallow tube or spacer is attached to the inhaler. Dry powder inhalers which need a deep and fast inhalation of the full dose of the medication and nebulizer which changes medications into a fine mist and breathe in through a face mask. It delivers large doses of medication into the lungs and this is the device usually used by children.
  • Massage specific areas in the body of the affected child during episode of asthma attack to lessen the cough, encourage relaxation and lessen the wheezing.

Tips

  • Install a dehumidifier to lessen the humidity at home.
  • Keep indoor air clean by regularly cleaning the air conditioner at home. Change filters in the furnace and install a small-particle filter in the ventilation system.
  • If the child is allergic to dander, avoid pets that have feathers or furs. Bath the pets regularly to lessen the amount of dander in the surroundings.
  • Use air conditioner at home to lessen pollen from grasses, trees and weeds that enters the house. Air conditioner will lower the humidity indoor and lessen the exposure to dust mites.

Disclaimer / More Information

The material posted on this page on pediatric asthma is for learning purposes only. Learn to recognize and manage this respiratory issue by taking a first aid and CPR class with one of our training providers.

Ways of treating scabies

August 1st, 2017 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on Ways of treating scabies)

Scabies is a contagious skin condition with severe itching due to the tiny burrowing mite specifically Sarcoptes scabies. It causes a severe itching where this mites burrows. Itchiness becomes severe at night. Scabies easily spread to other people through direct physical contact.

The itchiness of the skin is due to allergic reaction of the body to the mites and their eggs. Scabies can also be spread by sharing beddings or clothes with an infected person.

Symptoms of scabies

  • Severe and intense itching especially at night.
  • Narrow and irregular tracts of burrow with small bumps or blisters on the surface of the skin. They are usually found in the folds of skin such as in the armpits, between fingers, around the breast, around the waist, inner elbows, insides of the wrist, around the male genital area, shoulder blades, buttocks, knees and soles of the feet.

    scabies

    In children, scabies can be found in the neck, face, scalp, soles of the feet and palms of the hand.

  • In children, scabies can be found in the neck, face, scalp, soles of the feet and palms of the hand.

Treatment

  • Eradicate mite infestation using topical medication such as creams and lotion and applied to the affected areas of the body and keep it remain in the body for at least 8 hours.
  • Use the prescribed medication that includes Permethrin 5% and Lindane. Avoid giving Lindane for children below 2 years of age, pregnant and nursing women and people with weak immune system. These medications eliminate mites but can still experience itchiness for many weeks after the treatment.
  • Severe scabies infestation, take the prescribed oral medication such ivermectin.
  • Apply cool compress on the affected area to lessen itchiness and inflammation. Another alternative is soaking the body in cool water to relieve the itchiness.
  • Use the prescribed over-the-counter comforting lotion such as calamine lotion to lessen the itchiness of the area. Take the prescribed antihistamine to relieve the allergy symptoms due to scabies.
  • Apply Tiger balm which is a topical cream that lessen the inflammation and gives relief from the muscle aches and the pain. It functions as an analgesic because it has camphor and clove oil.

Tips

  • Wash contaminated clothing, towels and bed linens that has been used for at least 3 days using hot water. Then dry them in the dryer at high heat setting. Dry cleaning can also eliminate the mites.
  • Cut nails and clean under them properly to remove mites and eggs that may be present.
  • Avoid scratching the affected area to prevent making the condition worse, and keep the open sores clean.
  • Shampoo hair regularly.
  • Avoid being stressed to prevent the severity of itchiness which result to scratching and cause skin infections. Perform some relaxation techniques such as yoga or taking a long walk.
  • Maintain a healthy diet.

Remedies for retrolisthesis

July 31st, 2017 | Posted by corinne grace in Skeletal Injuries - (Comments Off on Remedies for retrolisthesis)

Retrolisthesis is a rare medical condition usually happens in the lower area of the spine, but can also happen in the cervical area and rarely in the thoracic region. This condition happens when the disc found between the vertebrae is damaged.

Retrolisthesis happens when one vertebra slides and moves back throughout the intervertebral disc under or over it.

Types of retrolisthesis

retrolisthesis

Uneasiness in one area of the back.

  • Complete retrolisthesis, when a vertebra moves backward to the spinal segments above and below.
  • Partial retrolisthesis, when a vertebra moves backwards either to the spinal segment above or below.
  • Stair stepped retrolisthesis when a vertebra moves backwards to the body of spinal segment found above and ahead of the one found below.

Symptoms of retrolisthesis

  • Distortion of the spine or a bulge in the back
  • Uneasiness in one area of the back
  • Limited range of motion
  • Back pain
  • Other forms of pain in area of displacement
  • Numbness, tingling or a severe and pinched pain felt in the buttocks, hips, thigh, neck, shoulder, legs and arms.

Causes

  • Stress and traumatic fractures
  • Birth defects in children
  • Injury to the spine or around the spine
  • Arthritis, osteoporosis and rickets which makes the bones weak
  • Nutritional deficiencies of materials for maintenance of bone strength, and repair of disc, cartilage and nerves.
  • Weak core muscles that do not give stability on the back
  • Infections in the blood or bone

Treatment

  • Quit smoking to prevent further damage and deterioration of the joint.
  • If overweight, lose some weight to lessen the pressure placed on the vertebra and for fast healing of the condition.
  • Take prescribe vitamin supplement with manganese, copper, vitamin A, C and Zinc.
  • Using myofascial release with the help of the physical therapist. It is an applied kinesiology treatment that involves placing pressure on myofascial which result in restorative function. Myofascial release or massages restores the muscle tone and increase blood circulation in the area.
  • Using microcurrent therapy to lessen the pain and repair of the tissue. it utilizes low-level electric currents to lessen the inflammation, the swelling and the pain. It also releases muscle trigger points and improve regeneration of the soft tissue.
  • Apply a warm compress on the affected area for at least 10-15 minutes to lessen the pain.
  • Seek the help of the physical therapist for some proper techniques in lifting, bending and sitting. Exercises and physical therapy helps with losing weight and improve flexibility, mobility, strength and lessen the pain caused by the retrolisthesis.
  • Drink plenty of water. Water is a constituent of spinal disc cartilage and supports the height of the intervertebral disc.