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Author Archives: corinne grace

Treatment of ulcerative colitis

January 9th, 2015 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on Treatment of ulcerative colitis)

Ulcerative colitis is an inflammatory bowel disease that causes long–lasting inflammation and ulcers or sores in the digestive tract and affects the innermost lining of the large intestines or colon and the rectum. The symptoms develop gradually. By enrolling in a course on first aid today, you can help ease the symptoms.

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Symptoms of ulcerative colitis

  • Experiencing abdominal pain and cramping
  • Diarrhea, sometimes with blood or pus and experiencing rectal pain
  • Rectal bleeding like passing small amounts of blood together with stool
  • An urgency to defecate and inability to defecate despite the urgency
  • Experiencing loss of weight
  • There is fatigue and fever
Ulcerative colitis

The individual experiences abdominal pain and cramping.

People suffering from ulcerative colitis have mild to moderate symptoms, but some people have long periods of remission.

Ulcerative colitis is classified on how the colon is affected and the condition can be mild and affects only the rectum also known as ulcerative proctitis. If it affects other parts of the colon, it can have more severe symptoms. Ulcerative colitis that develops during a younger age can have more severe symptoms.

Severe symptoms of ulcerative colitis

  • Presence of blood in the stool
  • Abdominal pain
  • Diarrhea that does not respond to over-the-counter medications
  • A diarrhea that disturbs a person during sleep
  • Experiencing fever that lasts for more than a day or two

Causes of ulcerative colitis

  • Diet and stress
  • The immune system does not function normally
  • Ulcerative colitis can be caused by heredity but some people with ulcerative colitis do not have a family history of these condition.

Complications that ulcerative colitis can cause include experiencing severe dehydration and bleeding, a hole in the colon can develop also known as perforated colon, osteoporosis, swelling of the colon also known as toxic mega colon and an increased risk of developing cancer of the colon. People with ulcerative colitis can have increased risk of having blood clots found in veins and arteries and inflammation of the skin, eyes, joints and some sores can be found in the lining of the mouth.

Factors that have increases the risk of acquiring this condition include the age of the person. It usually develops before 30, but it can also happen at any age and some people do not develop this disease until 60 years old. White people are more susceptible to this disease, but it can also happen at any race.

Treatment and home remedies

  • Minimize the consumption of dairy products and avoid eating butter, margarine, cream sauces and fried foods
  • Avoid eating fresh fruits, vegetables and whole grain since they make the symptoms worse. Cook the foods by steaming, baking or stewing them.
  • Avoid eating spicy foods, drinking alcohol and caffeine.
  • Eat five to six small meals a day rather than two or more larger meals a day
  • Drink plenty of fluids everyday especially water.
  • Take multivitamin and mineral supplements
  • Avoid being stressed since it can make the symptoms worse. Stress can be controlled by doing some mild exercises to help relieve depression and for normal functioning of the bowel and doing some regular relaxation and breathing exercises like yoga and meditations to help minimize stress.

How to effectively manage hidradenitis suppurativa

January 9th, 2015 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on How to effectively manage hidradenitis suppurativa)

Hidradenitis suppurativa is a chronic, inflammatory disease of the skin and causes blackheads, cysts and abscesses found in the areas of the body like the underarms and the groins where there are hair follicles and apocrine sweat glands.

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It is a chronic skin condition where there is a presence of pea-sized to marble-sized lumps that can be found under the skin and it is also called as acne inversa. These deep lumps occur where skin rubs together like in the armpits, groin, in between the buttocks and below the breasts. The lumps caused by hidradenitis suppurativa are painful and when they break or open, it will drain smelly pus. Hidradenitis suppurativa begins after puberty and will persist for years and can worsen over time.

Hidradenitis suppurativa

These deep lumps occur where skin rubs together like in the armpits, groin, in between the buttocks and below the breasts.

Symptoms of hidradenitis suppurativa

  • Blackheads which appears as pairs.
  • Red-colored, sore bumps or lesions sometimes enlarged and break up and drain out pus with foul smell. There is itching, burning and excessive sweating together with the bumps.
  • A painful, pea-sized hard lump which occurs under the skin and will persist for years, eventually becoming enlarged and inflamed.
  • Some open wounds that heal very slowly, and can cause scarring and development of tunnels under the skin.

Hidradenitis suppurtiva happens when follicles of hair becomes blocked and are inflamed. It can be also be caused by hormones, genetics, cigarette smoking and being overweight or obese.

Complications that can be caused by hidradenitis suppurativa include the following:

  • Open sores and scar tissue can cause limited or painful movement when the disease affects the armpits and thighs.
  • A severe case of hidradenitis suppurativa can cause rope-like wounds, potholed skin or blotches of skin and the color is darker than the normal color.
  • Some sites of hidradenitis suppurativa also contain plenty of lymph nodes where some scar tissue can restrict the draining system of the lymph which will cause swelling in the arms, legs or genitals.

Factors that increase the risk of having hidradenitis suppurativa are women and considere more susceptible to acquire the condition than men. It usually happens in young adult and the tendency of developing hidradenitis suppurativa can be inherited from family members.

Treatment and home remedies

  • Apply a warm compress or a warm washcloth to the affected area in order to reduce the swelling. You can enroll in a course on first aid today to learn more about this measure.
  • Keep the affected areas clean by washing using antibacterial soap and apply an over-the-counter antibiotic.
  • Avoid being overweight because excess weight increases the number of areas where skin rubs together like folds of the skin which causes friction, perspiration and growth of bacteria.
  • Take zinc supplement every day in order to reduce inflammation and prevent further outbreaks of the infections.
  • Take prescribed antibiotics in order to help minimize the disease from becoming worse and reduce the risk of future outbreaks.

How to manage hemochromatosis

January 9th, 2015 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on How to manage hemochromatosis)

Hereditary hemochromatosis is a condition that causes the body to absorb too much iron from the food eaten. The excess iron is stored in the organs like the liver, heart and the pancreas. This excess amount of iron can be a poison to these organs and can cause certain conditions such as cancer, heart arrhythmias and cirrhosis. Men are more susceptible to this condition. Symptoms occur during mid-life and iron levels can drop to safer levels by regularly removing blood from the body. If you want to learn more about this condition, read here.

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Symptoms

Symptoms of hemochromatosis include fatigue, joint pain and weakness. Symptoms of hemochromatosis with organ damage in men include the loss of sex drive or libido, pain in the joints, diabetes, heart failure and impotence.

Hereditary hemochromatosis is present at birth and the symptoms occur between the ages 50 and 60 in men and after 60 in women, usually after menopause.

Hemochromatosis

Symptoms of hemochromatosis include fatigue, joint pain and weakness.

Causes of hereditary hemochromatosis

Hereditary hemochromatosis is caused by the mutations in a gene that function in controlling the amount of iron the body absorbs from the foods that are eaten. The mutations that cause hereditary hemochromatosis can be passed by parents to children.

Types of hemochromatosis

  • Juvenile hemochromatosis is where iron accumulation begins earlier and symptoms usually happen between the ages of 15 and 30.
  • Neonatal hemochromatosis where iron builds up rapidly in the liver of the developing fetus.
  • Secondary hemochromatosis is a form of disease that is not inherited and the iron build-up is caused by another disease such as anemia, chronic liver disease or an infection.

An untreated hereditary hemochromatosis can cause some complications in the joints and in some organs where excess iron builds up such as the liver, pancreas and heart, and these complications including the following conditions:

  • Cirrhosis involves permanent scarring of the liver and increases the risk of acquiring cancer and other dangerous conditions.
  • Problems of the pancreas that will cause diabetes
  • Hemochromatosis can cause abnormal heart rhythms or arrhythmias
  • Excess iron can cause erectile dysfunction which is also known as impotence and loss of sex drive in men and absence of the menstruation in women.
  • Plenty of iron deposit in the body makes the color of skin bronze or gray.

Treatment and home remedies

  • Avoid taking supplements and multivitamins that contains iron will increase the levels of iron even more.
  • Avoid taking vitamin C supplements especially together with food since it will increase the absorption of iron. Just drink vitamin C-rich juices such as orange juice between meals.
  • Avoid drinking alcohol.
  • Avoid eating raw shellfish since people suffering from hereditary hemochromatosis are susceptible to infection that is caused by bacteria that is found in raw shellfish.
  • Drink tannin-rich tea in order to slow down the build-up of iron in the body.

How to treat acute otitis media

January 9th, 2015 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on How to treat acute otitis media)

Acute otitis media is an infection in the ear that is caused by viral or bacterial infections that affect the middle ear which is the space filled with air found at the rear of the eardrum that includes the miniature vibratory bones of the ear. Children are more susceptible to these infections than adults.

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Ear infections are painful due to the inflammation and the build-up of fluids found in the middle ear. Issues related to ear infections, constant fluid in the middle ear, recurrent infections can result to problems in hearing and other complications. By enrolling in a class on first aid, click here.

Symptoms of otitis media in children

Acute otitis media

An infection of the middle ear can be caused by a bacterium or virus that results from another illness such as cold, flu and allergy that causes congestion and swelling of the nasal passages such as the throat and Eustachian tubes.

  • There is difficulty in sleeping and usually crying
  • Tugging or pulling at an ear along with ear pain during lying down
  • Very irritable and difficulty in responding to sounds
  • Drainage of fluids from the ear, headaches and loss of balance
  • There is loss of appetite and fever of 100 degrees F or 38 degrees C or higher

Symptoms of otitis media in adults

  • Drainage of fluids from the ear and pains in the ear
  • Weakened hearing

Some severe symptoms that needs immediate treatment including the following:

  • Pain in the ear is very severe and the symptoms lasts for more than a day
  • The child has difficulty sleeping and irritable after having a cold or other upper respiratory infections
  • Discharge of fluid, pus or blood coming out of the ear

Causes of otitis media

An infection of the middle ear can be caused by a bacterium or virus that results from another illness such as cold, flu and allergy that causes congestion and swelling of the nasal passages such as the throat and Eustachian tubes.

The Eustachian tubes are pair of narrow tubes that are found in the middle ear at the back of the throat and behind the nasal passages. The tubes functions in regulating the pressure of air in the middle ear, refreshes air in the ear and drains the normal secretions coming from the middle ear.

Inflammation, swelling and some mucus in the Eustachian tubes caused by an upper respiratory infection or allergy can cause blockage. There is accumulation of fluids that can occur in the middle ear and this fluid can be infected by bacteria or virus and will produce the symptoms of a middle ear infection.

Treatment and home remedies

  • Apply a warm or moist wash cloth over the affected area in order to minimize pain
  • Take over-the-counter pain medication like acetaminophen or ibuprofen in order to relieve pain
  • Take prescription eardrops to help minimize the pain for eardrums that are intact, not torn or perforated. You have to warm the bottle by placing it in warm water before administering drops to the child’s ear. Avoid using benzocaine for children below 2 yrs. of age.
  • Let the affected person rest in order to help the body fight the infections and arrange quiet play activities for a child.

How to treat dandruff using cider vinegar and lime juice

December 26th, 2014 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on How to treat dandruff using cider vinegar and lime juice)

Dandruff is a common chronic scalp condition caused by flaking of the skin found in the scalp. Dandruff is not contagious and sometimes difficult to treat.

Mild cases of dandruff needs nothing but daily shampooing with a mild cleanser, but for stubborn cases of dandruff, they can be treated using medicated shampoos. If you want to learn more about this condition, click here.

Symptoms of dandruff

Dandruff

A symptom of dandruff includes white, oil looking flakes of dead skin that are usually found in the hair and shoulders.

A symptom of dandruff includes white, oil looking flakes of dead skin that are usually found in the hair and shoulders. The scalp is itchy, and scaly. It becomes worse during fall and winter due to the indoor heating which causes dry skin and tends to improve during the summer.

A type of dandruff that affects babies is called cradle cap. This condition causes scaly, crusty scalp and is common in newborn babies, but it can happen anytime during the infancy period. Cradle cap disappears on its own by the time the baby is three years old.

Causes of dandruff

  • A simple skin that is dry is the common cause of dandruff and flakes from dry skin are smaller and less oily from other causes of dandruff. The legs and arms can also experience dry skin.
  • Not regularly washing the hair can cause building up of oil and skin cells from the scalp and will cause dandruff.
  • An oily and irritated skin is the most frequent causes of dandruff, where there is a presence of red, greasy skin that is covered with flaky white or yellow scales which is known as seborrheic dermatitis. This condition affects the scalp and areas that are rich in oil glands like the eyebrows, sides of the nose, back of the ears, breastbone, groin areas and the armpits.
  • Other skin conditions like eczema which is a chronic, inflammatory skin condition as well as psoriasis which is a skin condition where there is a rapid build-up of rough, dry and dead skin cells and forms thick scales.

Treatment of dandruff

  • Brush the hair every day in order to improve circulation and remove dandruff flakes. Massage the head using the fingertips before or immediately after brushing to further improve circulation.
  • There are ways of minimizing the build-up of dandruff. One way is diluting cider vinegar with equal amounts of water and dab into the scalp with a cotton ball. Cider vinegar will kill any fungus that are present and helps in restoring proper acid and alkaline balance of the scalp as well as add shine to the hair. For best result, treat the dandruff with cider vinegar at least once a week. Another way is using unadulterated coconut oil. Rub the coconut oil on the scalp using the a brush or fingertips, then wash the scalp using warm that can be tolerated for at least 15 minutes. These methods will keep the person dandruff free for up to six months.
  • Eat a well-balanced diet with a variety of fruits and vegetables.
  • Rinse the hair using a mixture of water and one teaspoon of lime juice during the last rinse when shampooing the hair to make the hair shinny
  • Apply baby oil to the entire scalp at night before going to bed, and then cover it with towel. Rinse it in the morning. Repeat this process every day until the dandruff is gone.

How to treat costochondritis

December 26th, 2014 | Posted by corinne grace in Muscle Injuries - (Comments Off on How to treat costochondritis)

Costochondritis is the inflammation of the cartilage that function in connecting a rib to the breastbone or sternum which is a junction known as the costosternal joint. Pain that is caused by costochondritis imitates that of heart attacks or other conditions.

Other names of costochondritis include pain in the chest wall, costosternal chondrodynia and costosternal syndrome. When pain is accompanied by inflammation, it is called as the Tietze syndrome.

Symptoms of costochondritis

  • It becomes worse when taking a deep breath or coughing
  • It happens on the left side of the breastbone
  • It affects more than one rib

Causes of costochondritis

Costochondritis

It becomes worse when taking a deep breath or coughing

  • An injury such as a blow to the chest could cause costochondritis.
  • Arthritis, osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis and ankylosing spondylitis can cause costochondritis.
  • Lifting of heavy objects and engaging in strenuous exercises can cause costochondritis with severe coughing.
  • Non-cancerous and cancerous tumors and cancers from other parts of the body that spreads to the joints like breast, thyroid and lung can also cause costochondritis.
  • A rib joint that becomes infected by virus, bacteria or fungi like tuberculosis, syphilis and aspergillosis can cause costochondritis.

Treatment and home remedies

  • Costochondritis is caused by an overuse or by trauma. The best thing to do is to rest the muscles and joints that surround the sternum in order for them to heal.
  • Take anti-inflammatory medications like ibuprofen in order to minimize inflammation and pain at least 800mg to be taken three times a day. It should be reduced to 400mg taken at 2-3 times a day if the pain starts to subside.
  • Take pain medication like acetaminophen in order to relieve pain
  • Apply cold or heat compress to the sternal areas, depending which feels better for the person. Ice compress can help in minimizing inflammation. If you want to learn more about this treatment option, read here.
  • Avoid doing exercise that can cause costochondritis and cause irritation of the affected area. Seek the help of a physical therapist on what kind of exercises that can promote healing of the affected area.
  • Pain caused by costochondritis lasts for at least 1-2 months, even up to 6 months, but if there additional injuries such as sternal fracture, bruised bones or muscles as well as strains, the pain might persist for a year or even longer. The quality of care will determine the length of the recovery period.

Prevention of costochondritis

  • Avoid trauma to the chest area, sternum and ribs which happens in a car accidents like when the chest will hit the steering wheel, if there is no airbag in front of the steering wheel, another is being punched in the chest during a fight, and a direct hit in the chest when playing contact sports like football.
  • Wear seatbelt when driving a vehicle.
  • When playing contact sports, wear padding that is placed in the chest in order to minimize a blow to the chest.
  • Maintain a good posture by sitting up straight at work while on a computer and using ergonomically designed chairs can be helpful.

How to treat complex regional pain syndrome

December 26th, 2014 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on How to treat complex regional pain syndrome)

Complex regional pain syndrome is an uncommon form of chronic pain condition that causes intense pain in the arms, hands, legs or feet. It happens after an injury that is caused either to the nerve or to tissues in the affected area. Rest and time can only make it worse.

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Symptoms of complex regional pain syndrome or CRPS

  • An intense burning pain
  • Changes in skin temperature, color and texture
  • There is swelling and stiffness in the affected joints and difficulty in moving the affected areas
  • Extreme sensitivity of the skin
  • There are changes in hair and growth of the nails
  • Muscle spasm, weakness and loss or atrophy
Complex regional pain syndrome

The affected part of the body can become cold and pale along with changes in the skin and nails.

The affected part of the body can become cold and pale along with changes in the skin and nails. The individual will also experience spasms and tightening and when these changes happen, the condition is sometimes permanent. Complex regional pain syndrome can spread from its source to other parts of the body and the pain can be worse due to emotional stress. In some people, the symptoms of CRPS just disappear on their own, but sometimes it persists for months to years.

Causes of complex regional pain syndrome

The syndrome typically occurs in two forms. They have similar symptoms but with distinct causes:

Type 1 – also called as reflex sympathetic dystrophy and develops after a health condition or damage that did not cause injury to the nerves within the affected limb.

Type 2 – also referred to as causalgia and this type causes nerve injury

Complex regional pain syndrome happens after a forceful trauma to an arm or leg like a fracture, crush injury and amputation. Surgeries, heart attacks, infections and even sprained ankles can cause complex regional pain syndrome.

Some complications that complex regional pain syndrome can cause include atrophy which is tissue wasting, where the affected person avoids moving affected arm or leg because of pain or there is difficulty in moving the affected area due to stiffness and the bone will weaken and deteriorate. Another is contracture which is muscle tightening. It is the tightening of the muscles in which the hands and fingers or the foot and toes contracts to a fixed position.

Treatment and home remedies

  • Take over-the-counter pain medications like aspirin, ibuprofen to minimize pain and inflammation.
  • Apply a cold compress in order to relieve swelling and sweating and if the affected area is cool, apply hot compress in order to give relief. If you want to learn how to utilize a cold compress, click here.
  • Apply topical analgesic in order to reduce hypersensitivity like capsaicin cream or lidocaine patches.
  • Perform some gentle and guided exercises for the affected limb in order to minimize pain and improve the range of motion and strength.
  • Apply transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation or (TENS) in order to minimize severe pain.
  • Spinal cord stimulation in which tiny electrodes are inserted along the spinal cord and a small electrical current is delivered to the spinal cord for pain relief.

How to treat a dislocated finger

December 26th, 2014 | Posted by corinne grace in Skeletal Injuries - (Comments Off on How to treat a dislocated finger)

A dislocated finger is a common injury among athletes. The fingers become dislocated when the bones are moved from the usual position, but a finger can become dislocated at any point and happens in the knuckle found in the middle of the finger.

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Dislocated fingers can be a result of accidents like a person may fall and attempts to break the fall with an outstretched hand. Players of basketball experience dislocated fingers if the ball hits them in their fingertip when trying to catch or rebound it. Baseball players sustain dislocated fingers when the baseball hits them on exposed fingertips. As for football players who make tackles are at high risk of dislocated fingers because the fingers can be bent in an awkward manner or be caught in a pad or jersey.

Dislocated finger

Pain is the initial symptom of a dislocated finger.

Pain is the initial symptom of a dislocated finger. The finger may look crooked along with swelling and it can be bent at an odd angle or straight up. A severe dislocated finger causes numbness or tingling sensations and the fingers becomes pale. A dislocated finger that breaks through the skin will require an immediate medical attention. If you want to properly manage this injury, read here.

Treatment of a dislocated finger

  • Watch for symptoms of swelling or joint pain immediately after the accident
  • Separate the area and prevent additional movement by using splints that can be made out of newspapers, magazines, sticks or anything on hand. Do not try to realign the bones by yourself since this can cause further injury to the affected area.
  • Apply ice compress to the affected area immediately and elevate the affected area in order to reduce swelling and pain.
  • Take acetaminophen or ibuprofen for pain relief
  • Seek the help of a physical therapist regarding range-of-motion exercises in order to restore the range of movement and the strength.
  • Avoid eating foods or drinking fluids before the treatment in order to prevent aspiration of foods or liquids into the lungs when the person is sedated.

Exercise for a dislocated finger

  • Stand over a table or against a wall with the palm facing downward and fingers spread. Press the hand against the flat surface and hold for five seconds. Repeat the procedure for ten times for a single set at least three times a day.
  • Curl the fingers into the palm of the hand to make a fist. If the dislocated finger cannot move, utilize the unaffected finger when moving the dislocated finger to make a fist. Hold the fist position for five seconds and repeat the procedure ten times for a single set at least three times a day.
  • Wrap the fingers around the sides of a tennis ball and then squeeze the ball with the hand and fingers as hard as the person can squeeze for five seconds then relax the hand. Repeat the procedure ten times for a single set at least three times a day.

How to treat bone bruise in the ankle

December 26th, 2014 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on How to treat bone bruise in the ankle)

A bruise is an injury to the tissue found below the skin. The injury to the affected area causes blood vessels to break and bleed into the layers of tissues found under the skin. A bruise causes discoloration of the skin such as the purplish-red color that changes to blue and turn yellowish-green before healing. Symptoms of a bruise include tenderness, swelling and pain.

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There are three types of bruises – subcutaneous bruises that just happen beneath the skin, intramuscular bruises which involves the layers of the muscles and bone bruise which causes injury to the bone. A bone bruise takes longer time to heal and it is more painful than the other bruises.

What is a bone bruise?

Bone bruise

Apply ice massage to the affected area at least 5 minutes several times a day in order to minimize the swelling and pain and the start the healing process.

A bone bruise is also known as hematoma or contusion which is a common sports injury. Bruises happen in sports when the body makes contact with a hard surface like falling in the ground, some sports equipment or a bump by another person. The ribs are most susceptible to this injury caused by chest impact in playing contact sports. In order to prevent these kinds of injuries the players wear a protective gear such as shin guards and helmets that is suited for a particular sport.

Vehicular accidents can also cause high velocity impact to the body and the bones, and it is so strong that can cause a bone bruise. Bone bruise can also happen after falling into a hard surface such as slipping on ice and falling from a higher height will increase the risk of having this injury. Direct trauma to the body caused by other people or objects can also cause a bruise.

Some injuries to the body can be caused by traumatic twisting like joint sprains. The bruising will happen when the twisting joints will cause the affected bone found in the joints to bump with each other. The knees and ankles are the most susceptible to these forms of injuries.

Treatment of bone bruises in the ankle

  • Apply ice massage to the affected area at least 5 minutes several times a day in order to minimize the swelling and pain and the start the healing process. If you want to learn more about this treatment option, click here.
  • Use micro current therapy also known as micro current neuromuscular stimulation. It uses a small pulsating current or electricity to the body. The purpose of this micro current is to increase the production of ATP, exchange of ion, nutrients absorption, elimination of waste products, synthesis of proteins and oxygenation. All these processes are used for the fast healing recovery of the patient.
  • Avoid stress on the affected areas by wearing a brace.
  • Avoid tobacco and nicotine because nicotine will cause constriction of blood vessels which slows down the healing process.
  • Take non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) like aspirin and ibuprofen in order to minimize pain and swelling
  • Be patient since it takes several months for a bone bruise to heal completely.

How to treat thumb arthritis

December 19th, 2014 | Posted by corinne grace in Uncategorized - (Comments Off on How to treat thumb arthritis)

Thumb arthritis is the most prevalent type of osteoarthritis that affects the hand. Basal joint arthritis and thumb arthritis happens when the cartilage that functions in cushioning wears out from the adjacent ends of the bones that form the thumb joints or carpometacarpal joints. Thumb arthritis causes severe hand swelling, pain and reduced strength and range of motion and there is difficulty in doing simple household task like turning doorknobs and opening jars. If you want to learn more about this condition, read here.

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Symptoms of thumb arthritis

  • The range of motion is reduced
  • Diminished strength during pinching or holding objects
  • There is inflammation, rigidity and tenderness can be felt at the bottom part of the thumb
  • An engorged, bone-like or out-of-joint appearance of the joints at the bottom part of the thumb.
Thumb arthritis

Basal joint arthritis and thumb arthritis happens when the cartilage that functions in cushioning wears out from the adjacent ends of the bones that form the thumb joints or carpometacarpal joints.

There are factors that increase the risk of having thumb arthritis like being a female with age 40 and older. Those who have hereditary conditions like joint ligament laxity and joints that are not properly formed or malformed joints. Those who also face the risk have diseases that cause changes in the normal structure and function of the cartilage like the rheumatoid arthritis. Those who have experienced injuries to the basal joints like sprains and fractures as well as performing activities and jobs that give an increased stress on the joints also face a high risk.

Treatment and home remedies

  • Do range-of-motion exercises that move the thumb through its full range of motion in order to improve the mobility of the joints.
  • Modify hand tools like buying jar openers, large pulls for zipper or key turners in order to help people with limited hand strength.
  • Apply hot or cold compress alternately to help reduce inflammation and pain and relax the joints.
  • If, avoid clenching using the hands when carrying things instead use grocery bags with handles or boxy paper bags which it can be balanced on the hip and arm.

Other treatment options

  • Perform thumb circles a number of times in a day in order to maintain good range of motion, by making a fist with the thumb, then rotate the thumb in a clockwise manner and then counter clockwise. This must be done at least for one to two minutes.
  • Squeeze a soft ball or a soft rubber ball, using all fingers. Indent the ball gently with the thumb for 20 to 30 seconds.
  • For pain that feels like burning, apply an ice pack in order to minimize inflammation. You can freeze water in a cup and massage the ice over the affected area. For lingering dismal ache, place warm towel in the affected area or immerse the thumb into a warm bath with a mixture of Epsom salt.
  • Paraffin wax dip for the thumb and hands can also help. The hot wax will transfer the heat into the bones and will improve circulation.
  • Use a thumb splint so that the person will find to easier to hold objects minus causing pain and this is helpful if doing monotonous movements such as pinching.