Standard First Aid Training, Courses and Re-Certifications.
Header

Author Archives: corinne grace

How to treat middle back pain

March 19th, 2018 | Posted by corinne grace in Basic First Aid Skills - (Comments Off on How to treat middle back pain)

Middle back pain is pain and discomfort that can be felt in the middle back area, and also includes the area of the rib cage that is attached to the chest area of the spine also called thoracic spine. The pain can be acute or chronic which will depend on the cause and severity of underlying condition.

Symptoms

  • A burning sensations
  • Dull pain
  • Muscle aches
  • Stiffness or muscle tightness
  • Sharp or stabbing pain

    middle back pain

    Muscle strain or sprain such as regular lifting of heavy weights especially the muscles not properly conditioned.

  • Chest pain
  • Weakness of the arms or legs
  • Tingling or numbness sensations of the arms, legs or chest
  • Loss of bowel or bladder control

Causes of middle back pain

  • Repeated pressure placed on the spine such as poor posture. The ligaments and muscles in the back become stressed to keep the body balance such as slouching.
  • Overweight
  • Muscle strain or sprain such as regular lifting of heavy weights especially the muscles not properly conditioned.
  • Sudden or awkward movement of the body
  • Hard fall down the stairs
  • Vehicular and sports accidents
  • Blunt force trauma
  • Herniated disk
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Fractures
  • Aging

Treatment

  • Keep moving by walking around the house and eventually walking around the neighborhood to prevent making the area stiff and delays the healing.
  • Apply ice compress and heat on the affected area. Wrap ice pack in a towel before placing on the area for at least 10-15 minutes to lessen the pain the inflammation.
  • Apply heat pack on the area to lessen the stiffness and spasm. Place a damp cloth between the skin and the heat pack to prevent further injury and worsen the condition.
  • Take anti-inflammatory medications to lessen the pain and the swelling.
  • Perform breathing exercises such as yoga to strengthen and stretch the muscles of the back
  • Prescribed steroid injections to lessen the pain and the inflammation and for fast healing of the condition.
  • Seek the help of the physical therapist for some strengthening and stretching exercises and restore range of movement of the back without causing pain. Exercises to improve posture, core strength and endurance and mobility of the spine.
  • Massages the area by placing a couple of tennis balls inside the sock and use this to massage the affected area by apply a gentle pressure to lessen the pain.

Tips

  • Avoid slouching and keep the shoulders back when standing.
  • Take a break by standing for a while especially when sitting for a prolonged periods of time.
  • For desk job, adjust the height of the computer, the keyboard and the positioning of the mouse and the chair to prevent a bad posture.
  • Sleep on your side and place a pillow between the knees and sleep in a fetal position to prevent misaligning the spine and result to pain in the back

Overview on Colles’ wrist fracture

March 2nd, 2018 | Posted by corinne grace in Skeletal Injuries - (Comments Off on Overview on Colles’ wrist fracture)

A Colles’ wrist fracture is a condition where the radius bone found in the forearm breaks. This condition causes abnormal bending of the wrist. It causes severe pain and difficulty holding or gripping anything due to swelling of the wrist. This condition is likely to occur among older people and children with fragile bones.

Symptoms of Colles’ wrist fracture

  • Severe wrist pain
  • Swelling and bruising of the area
  • Tingling and numbness sensation in the fingers
  • The extremity or fingers becomes pale

Causes and risk factors

  • Osteoporosis

    Colles’ wrist fracture

    Tingling and numbness sensation in the fingers.

  • Elderly people
  • Diminished muscle strength or lack agility and poor balance makes a person prone to falling.
  • Deficiency in calcium or vitamin D
  • Walking or performing activities on ice or snow that requires plenty of forward motion.

Treatment

  • Avoid moving the affected wrist after the injury. Wear a splint to prevent unnecessary movements and delays the healing. The splint should be as long as the forearm, wrist and the hand. A splint can be in the form of a ruler or a folded newspaper. Place the arm on the splint, leave it at the angle that it was bent. Wrap the lower arm and the wrist using an Ace bandage. A scarf or a bandana can also be used to wrap the affected area. Avoid wrapping it too tight to prevent problems with circulation and worsen the condition.
  • Apply ice compress on the affected wrist. Make ice compress by placing ice in plastic bag and wrap it in towel before placing to the area for at least 10 minutes at a time to lessen the swelling and the pain.
  • Use the given over-the-counter medication to lower the swelling and pain.
  • Consult a physical therapist for a rehabilitation regimen to reinforce the wrist, lessen the pain and restore range of movement.

Tips

  • Increase eating foods rich in calcium, dark and green leafy vegetables and low-fat dairy products.
  • Perform regular exercises to strengthen the muscles and bones such as jogging and weight lifting.
  • Wear a wrist guard when performing activities to prevent the risk of colles’ wrist fracture. It will also protect the wrist when falling.

Disclaimer / More Information

The material posted on this page on Colles’ wrist fracture is for learning purposes only. Learn to recognize the signs of the injury and how it is managed by taking a first aid and CPR class with one of our training providers.

What is iliac crest pain?

March 1st, 2018 | Posted by corinne grace in Skeletal Injuries - (Comments Off on What is iliac crest pain?)

Iliac crest pain is damage or inflammation to the ilium which is the muscle around the hipbone to result to severe and sharp pain. The hipbone is composed of the ilium, ischium and the pubis. The iliac is attached to the largest muscle in the back or lattisimus dorsi, muscle in the hip or gluteus maximus and the abdominal muscles.

A direct blow to the body has the high risk of developing iliac crest contusion especially in people playing contact sports such as football and hockey. Accidents from biking and falling on the ground and placing strong force in the hip area can develop iliac crest contusion.

Causes of iliac crest pain

  • Trauma such as collisions or a fall can cause tenderness and pain in the lower back and the hips
  • Weak muscles in the abdomen and lower back
  • Overweight
  • Sacroiliac joint dysfunction
  • Apophyseal injury
  • Iliolumbar syndrome

    iliac crest pain

    Low back pain that spreads down the leg.

  • Piriformis syndrome
  • Gluteus medius pain

Symptoms

  • Low back pain that spreads down the leg
  • Severe muscle spasms on the buttocks
  • Pain when walking due to inflammation of the joints
  • Swelling, tenderness and bruising of the affected area
  • Bending and twisting causes severe pain

Treatment

  • Take plenty of rest especially the affected area immediately after the injury to lessen straining the lower back or the hipbone.
  • Apply cold compress in the area in the form of an ice packs. Wrap the ice pack in a towel before placing in the area for at least 15 minutes, 3 times every day to lessen the pain and the inflammation.
  • Elevate the affected area above the level of the heart to lessen the swelling.
  • Apply warm compress in the area in the form of a warm pad to lessen constant pain in the back due to inflammation of the ligaments and muscles in the iliac crest. It also increases flow of blood in the area and for fast healing of the condition.
  • Perform gentle stretching of the muscle of the hip to restore the strength and prevent further damage. Stretch the hip flexors, hamstrings and quadriceps with the help of the physical therapist before starting an activity.
  • Provide an over-the-counter medications to reduce the inflammation and the pain.

Tips

  • Wear proper foot wear especially when playing sports or a runner.
  • Run on good quality tracks, avoid running uphill or downhill until totally healed.
  • Proper warming up of the muscles, joints and stretching to increase flow of blood in the area. Cooling down and stretching after performing any physical activities.

Disclaimer / More Information

The material posted on this page on iliac crest pain is for learning purposes only. Learn more about the causes and how it is managed by taking a first aid and CPR class with one of our training providers.

Close look on mucus in the eye

February 28th, 2018 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on Close look on mucus in the eye)

Mucus in the eye is a composed of skin cells, oil, mucus and other debris that builds up at the corners of the eyes when sleeping. It can be sticky or wet and sometimes crusty and dry.

Mucus forms during sleeping, because the eyes are kept close and mucus accumulates. In daytime, the eyes are frequently blinked and the eyes are washed and there is no accumulation of mucus. A small amount of discharge from the eye after waking up in morning is normal but excessive mucus discharge and colored green or yellow is a serious condition.

Causes of mucus in the eye

  • Allergic conjunctivitis– dry and small particles of mucus
  • Styes causes watery mucus and formation of lump in the eyelid
  • Eye infection – mucus looks green or gray
  • Dacryocystitis – mucus is white and stringy due to inflammation of the tear sac
  • Viral conjunctivitis – mucus is crusty and thick
  • Dry eye syndrome – mucus is white or yellow and shaped like a ball
  • Wearing old and dirty contact lenses
  • Blepharitis – mucus is yellow

    mucus in the eye

    Wash hands properly before touching the affected area to prevent the risk of developing further irritations.

Symptoms

  • Pain
  • Itchiness
  • Problems with vision
  • Dryness
  • Fever
  • Burning sensations
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Nasal congestion
  • Redness
  • Cough
  • Bloodshot eyes
  • Problems with the cornea
  • Blurred vision, loss of vision
  • Dry eyes

Treatment

  • Wash hands properly before touching the affected area to prevent the risk of developing further irritations.
  • Soak a clean paper towel in lukewarm water and then wipe the mucus from both affected eyes. Use clean paper when wiping the area to avoid dirt into the eyes and worsen the condition.
  • Apply warm compress on the eyes to soften the mucus, to lessen the inflammation and the pain. Soak a clean washcloth in warm water, and then place the cloth to the affected eye and let it remain in the area for at least 3-5 minutes. After the compress wipe gently the eyes using clean paper towel.
  • Clean contact lenses properly and throw away old contacts.
  • Throw away contaminated old eye makeup and avoid sharing them with other people.
  • Open a fresh aloe Vera leaf. Dip a cotton ball on the gel and apply it directly on closed eyes. Aloe Vera is rich with antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties.
  • Wash eyelids using baby shampoo or mild detergent. Massage the lids in downward direction to drain out the oils. Massage the upper lids and use a clean tissue in removing excess oil in the area.
  • Use the prescribed eyelid scrubs to remove mucus from the eyelids and relieved of the itchiness and flaking of the eyelids at least 2-3 times every day.
  • Avoid sharing towels and washcloths with other people to prevent spreading of infection.

Panniculitis

February 19th, 2018 | Posted by corinne grace in First Aid Injury Assessment - (Comments Off on Panniculitis)

Panniculitis is a skin disorder. It is characterized by development of large bumps or nodules under the skin, usually on the lower legs. They are red or purple and tender to touch. The nodules are caused by the inflammation of layer of fat or pannaculitis adiposus under the skin. It functions in keeping the body warm. Women are more susceptible to this condition which can be seen of the thighs and the lower legs.

This condition causes the skin to feel hard and usually develop red lumps or nodules that causes pain. The nodules look dark in places. It usually affects the calves and shins but can spread to the thighs, chest and the forearms. It usually heals within 6 weeks and disappears like a bruise without resulting to scarring.

Causes of panniculitis

  • It can be caused by both viral or bacterial infections
  • Sarcoidosis is a condition affecting the lungs and skin and turns fatty tissues under the skin into lumps.
  • Ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease cause inflammatory changes in the fatty tissues under the skin and the inner organs of the body.

    Panniculitis

    Development of nodes on the calf of lower leg, shin, chest, upper arm and the buttock.

  • Medications such as oral contraceptivs and sulphonamides
  • Trauma to the fatty tissue below the skin such as on the chest, buttocks and thigh. Injury can be minor such as injection in buttock or trauma to the chest due to vehicular accidents.
  • Cold temperatures
  • Disorders of the pancreas
  • Pregnancy
  • Malignant blood cells in the lymph nodes and inflamed tissue cells or lymphoma.
  • Rare genetic disorder known as alpha 1 deficiency. It is an antitrypsin protein produced by the liver needed for lung protection.

Symptoms

  • Development of nodes on the calf of lower leg, shin, chest, upper arm and the buttock
  • Painful nodes
  • Skin is very thick like touching a wood
  • Skin discoloration
  • Depression on the skin as the inflammation starts to subside
  • Fever
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Fatigue
  • Loss of weight

Treatment

  • Take plenty of rest especially the affected area for fast healing of the area.
  • Elevate the area above the level of the heart to lessen the swelling and the pain. Raise the affected area in couple of pillows to keep it elevated.
  • Take the prescribed non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as ibuprofen or aspirin to reduce the inflammation and relieve the pain.
  • The prescribed antibiotics can be taken to lessen the infection and pain. Antimalarial medication to lessen the inflammation and potassium iodide to relieve the symptoms.
  • Prescribed steroid medications are taken orally or by injection to lessen the pain and inflammation.
  • Wear compression stockings to increase the flow of blood in the area, prevent swelling and development of blood clots.

Torn ankle ligament

February 19th, 2018 | Posted by corinne grace in First Aid Injury Assessment - (Comments Off on Torn ankle ligament)

A torn ankle ligament is also called a sprain. Ligaments are connective tissue that attaches bones and joints together. They can be twisted, over extended and stretched beyond the normal range and result to a torn ligament. A torn ligament that is not properly treated can result to arthritis.

Risk factors

Torn ankle ligament

Take plenty of rest especially the affected ankle until swelling subsides. Avoid walking as much as possible for fast healing of the area.

  • Having a poor balance
  • Previous or existing injury in the ankle especially not adequately rehabilitated
  • Lack of strength and stability
  • Increasing age
  • Severe flexibility in the joint of the ankle
  • Sudden changes in direction or acceleration or deceleration
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ligament

Symptoms of torn ligament in the ankle

  • Pain
  • Bleeding which result swelling of the ankle and feels tender when touched
  • Wide area of bruising
  • Difficulty with movement or placing weight on the affected area.
  • The ankle feels unstable, and pain when standing

Treatment

  • Take plenty of rest especially the affected ankle until swelling subsides. Avoid walking as much as possible for fast healing of the area.
  • Use the prescribed crutches to support the area, distribute the weight of the body and maintain balance while moving around. Another alternative is using ankle brace for at least 2-6 weeks for stability of the area and lessen the swelling while healing
  • Cover the ankle using a wet towel and place plastic bag filled with crushed ice over it for at least 15-20 minutes every 2-3 hours to lessen the swelling and the bruising on the first 24 hours after the injury.
  • Compress the ankle using an elastic bandage or an elastic brace. Wrap the bandage around the foot and the ankle and the secure it using a medical tape. Compression lessens the swelling and the pain. Avoid wrapping it too tight to prevent problems with circulations. If the toes become cold, numb and blue, loosen the wrap.
  • Elevate the affected area above the level of the heart to lessen the swelling and the bruising. Raise the foot in couple of pillows to keep it elevated for at least 2-3 hours every day until swelling disappears.
  • Take the prescribed over-the-counter medications to lessen the inflammation and the pain.
  • Perform rehabilitation exercises with the help of the physical therapist for flexibility, stretching, balance and strengthening exercises for the affected ankle and restore the range of movement of the area.

Tips

  • Perform exercises regularly that strengthen and stretch the calf muscles before and after an activity.
  • Avoid wearing platform soles and high heels.
  • Take adequate recovery time between training or workout sessions

Disclaimer / More Information

The material posted on this page on a torn ankle ligament is for learning purposes only. Learn to recognize the signs and how it is managed by taking a first aid and CPR class with one of our training providers.

Treating a rolled ankle

February 13th, 2018 | Posted by corinne grace in Muscle Injuries - (Comments Off on Treating a rolled ankle)

A rolled ankle is an injury that happens when twisting, rolling or awkward turning of the ankle. It stretches or cause tearing of the ligaments that functions in holding the ankle bones together. A rolled ankle happens when the ligaments are stretched beyond the normal range of movements.

Symptoms of rolled ankle

  • Tenderness when touching the affected ankle
  • Ankle pain when applying weight on the foot
  • Bruising
  • Swelling
  • The ankle becomes unstable
  • Limited range of movement
  • Popping sound can be heard after the injury

    rolled ankle

    Apply an ice pack on the affected area for at least 20-30 minutes every 3-4 hours to lessen the swelling and the pain.

Causes

  • Falling from a height that causes twisting of the ankle
  • Walking or exercising on an uneven surface
  • Awkward landing of the foot after a jump or pivot
  • Another person landing or stepping on the foot during a sports activity

Treatment

  • Take plenty of rest especially the affected ankle. Avoid walking as much as possible while still in the healing stage for fast healing of the condition.
  • Utilize crutches to support the area and distribute the weight and maintain balance while moving around. Another alternative is an elastic ankle brace to make the area stable and lessen the swelling while healing for at least 2-6 weeks
  • Place few ice cubes in plastic bag; wrap it with towel or a cloth before placing to the area for at least 15-20 minutes every 2-3 hours to lessen the pain and the swelling. Another alternative is filling a bucket with ice water, and then soak the affected foot and ankle is also good for the condition. Avoid ice when the affected person is diabetic or problems with circulations.
  • The prescribed over-the-counter medications must be taken to reduce the pain and swelling.
  • Compress the area using an elastic bandage or brace to reduce the swelling. Wrap around the ankle and foot and secure with medical tape. Avoid wrapping it too tight to prevent problems with circulation. If the skin under the wrap becomes blue, cold and numb, loosen the wraps.
  • Elevate the area above the level of heart at least for 2-3 hours every day until swelling and bruising subsides.
  • When the ankle is healed, perform some gentle exercises with guidance from a physical therapist for rehabilitation exercises to reinforce the ligaments and restore range of movement of the ankle which will depend on the severity of the injury.

Tips

  • Perform proper warm up before starting an exercise or exerting the body.
  • Wear an ankle brace when performing exercises.
  • Wear appropriate shoes while exercising for stability of the ankles and comfort.
  • Continue ankle stretches and exercise even if the area is totally healed to make more flexible, strong and prevent any injury in the future.

More Information

The details posted on this page on a rolled ankle is for learning purposes only. To learn to properly manage this injury, enroll in a first aid course with one of our training providers.

Dealing with frostbite in children

February 13th, 2018 | Posted by corinne grace in Basic First Aid Skills - (Comments Off on Dealing with frostbite in children)

Frostbite is an injury due to freezing of the skin and underlying tissues. Children are easily affected by frostbite than with adults. The exposed skin becomes severely cold and red, eventually becomes numb, pale and hard. It usually happens on the toes, fingers, ears, nose, chin and cheeks.   It can also happen in skin covered with gloves or other clothing.

Symptoms of frostbite

  • Numbness
  • Skin becomes cold and a prickling feeling
  • The color of the skin becomes white, red, bluish-white or grayish-yellow
  • Clumsiness due to stiffness of the muscles and the joints
  • Hard or waxy-looking skin
  • Sometimes, blisters will form after rewarming

Causes

frostbite

Clumsiness due to stiffness of the muscles and the joints.

  • Direct contact with ice, freezing metals or very cold liquids
  • Staying out in the cold and wind for long periods of time
  • Wearing clothing that is not suitable for the condition such as protection against wind, cold, wet weather or tight clothing.

Treatment

  • If the child is outside, bring him/her inside and away from the freezing weather and stay in a warmer area. Another alternative is staying inside a car, old house, in a tent or a cave.
  • Remove wet clothing and a jewelries present in the affected area to prevent difficulties in removing them when the area is swelling. It will reduce flow of blood in the area and worsen the condition.
  • Wrap the child in warming blankets on the body and wrap the affected area with bandages or any kind of thick covers such as jackets or coats to raise the internal temperature of the body. Avoid using hair dryer, heating pad, hot water to prevent further irritation and worsen the condition.
  • Warm the affected areas using warm water for at least 30 minutes. Avoid using hot water to prevent burns on the skin and delays the healing. Place clean cotton balls between affected toes and fingers after rewarming. Wrap the warmed areas using clean bandages to prevent refreezing.
  • Provide pain medications such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen to lessen the pain.
  • Avoid popping blisters that forms on the affected area to prevent development of infections.

More Information

The details posted on this page on frostbite is for learning purposes only. To learn to recognize the signs of frostbite in children, enroll in a first aid course with one of our training providers.

Dealing with chronic pelvic pain in women

February 12th, 2018 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on Dealing with chronic pelvic pain in women)

Chronic pelvic pain is pain felt below the belly button of the woman. It is a mild ache that comes and goes. Sometimes, the pain is very severe that it working and sleeping hard to do.

Symptoms of chronic pelvic pain

  • Weight or pressure is felt on the pelvis due to a growing cyst. When the cyst becomes enlarged it places plenty of pressure on the pelvis.
  • Persistent, intermittent, constant, dull, and cramping or aching pain felt in the affected area which will depend on the cause.
  • Pain with bowel movement and urination due to exerted pressure
  • Pain with long periods of standing and sitting.
  • Discomforts when performing activities which can be mild or severe and can be relieved after lying down.

Causes

pelvic pain

Persistent, intermittent, constant, dull, and cramping or aching pain felt in the affected area which will depend on the cause.

  • A condition in which the tissue that lines the uterus grows outside of the uterus known as endometriosis.
  • Conditions that affects the joints, bones and connective tissues such as pelvic floor muscle tension, fibromyalgia and pubic symphysis or inflammation of the pubic joint.
  • Chronic pelvic inflammatory disease usually due to sexually transmitted disease.
  • After surgical removal of the uterus, a small piece of ovary can be accidentally left inside and can develop a cyst and cause severe pain.
  • Non-cancerous growths in the uterine or fibroids.
  • Interstitial cystitis or pain bladder syndrome
  • Symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome such as constipation, bloating or diarrhea
  • Enlarged varicose-type veins around the uterus and ovaries
  • Chronic stress, depression and history of sexual or physical abuse

Treatment

  • Take the prescribed over-the-counter medications such as ibuprofen, aspirin or acetaminophen to alleviate the pain and the inflammation.
  • Take the prescribed birth control pills or other hormonal medications to lessen the pelvic pain.
  • Take the prescribed antibiotics if pain is caused by bacterial infections.
  • Apply heat or ice on the pelvic area. Heat can be in the form of a hot compress or heating packs. Wrap the hot compress in a towel before placing to the area. Heat lessens the pain and the cramping and also relaxes the muscle. Ice lessens the pain and the inflammation.
  • Exercise regularly by performing strenuous exercises to increase the production of endorphins which are also called “happy hormone”. This hormone increases the mood, lessen the depression and anxiety and also lessen the pain. Brisk walking, cycling, jogging, swimming, weightlifting and stair stepping is also good for the condition.
  • Seek the help of the physical therapist for some stretching exercises, relaxation techniques and massage to lessen the pain.
  • Consume foods rich in omega-3 fatty acids to lessen the production of prostaglandins which activates pain receptors in the body. Foods rich in omega-3 fatty acids are sardines, shrimps, tofu, soybean and cauliflower at least 3 grams every day.

How to treat collarbone dislocation

February 12th, 2018 | Posted by corinne grace in Skeletal Injuries - (Comments Off on How to treat collarbone dislocation)

Collarbone dislocation is a condition where the collarbone or clavicle is separated from the joints. It is caused by a direct blow on the shoulder and result to severe pain. It damages the surrounding structures, injuries to the muscles and ligament tears. People playing contact sports, adventure sports, high impact sports and other activities involving falling have a high risk of developing this condition.

Symptoms of collarbone dislocation

  • Mild dislocation – mild injury to the ligaments with minimal collarbone dislocation
  • Moderate dislocation – complete tear on the ligaments and complete dislocation of the collarbone.
  • Severe dislocation – complete dislocation of the collarbone with severe symptoms

Causes

collarbone dislocation

Pain in the shoulder area and spread to the front area, chest, upper and middle back and to the arms and hands.

  • Trauma to the joint of the shoulder or the upper area of the body
  • Hitting hard on the shoulder or a direct blow or hit by a person
  • Falling on the ground
  • Falling due to loss of balance from a height
  • Vehicular accidents

Symptoms

  • Pain in the shoulder area and spread to the front area, chest, upper and middle back and to the arms and hands.
  • Swelling and bruising
  • Tender when touched
  • The area is bruised and bluish black in color when there is a direct blow to the shoulder
  • Inflammation
  • Difficulty with movement especially raising the arms
  • Overhead reaching causes pain
  • Weakness of the arms
  • Shortness of breath, choking sensation, and difficulty in talking and swallowing with movement of the chest and throat.

Treatment

  • Take the prescribed anti-inflammatory and muscle relaxants medications to reduce the swelling and the pain.
  • Adequate rest for the affected area. Avoid engaging in activities that involves the moving the shoulders, arms and chest. Avoid moving the injured joint for rapid healing of the condition.
  • Apply an ice pack on the affected area to alleviate the swelling, the inflammation and the pain. Put a few ice cubes in plastic bag.
  • Consult a physical therapist for rehabilitation exercises to reduce the swelling the pain and the discomforts of the affected collarbone. Perform exercises to strengthen the muscles, restore joint mobility and improve range of movement.

More Information

The details posted on this page on a collarbone dislocation is for learning purposes only. To learn how the injury is properly managed, enroll in a first aid course with one of our training providers.