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Author Archives: corinne grace

Remedies for swine flu

May 22nd, 2017 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on Remedies for swine flu)

Swine flu refers to influenza in pigs. Hog farmers and veterinarians are usually affected by the virus. Swine flu is caused by the H1N1 strain of influenza virus. It causes respiratory infection in humans.

Swine flu can be transmitted by inhaling or ingestion droplets that contains the virus usually from people sneezing or coughing. Symptoms of swine flu are the same as the regular influenza.

Symptoms of swine flu

  • Runny or stuffy nose

    swine-flu

    Get plenty of rest and sleep for fast healing of the condition.

  • Fever and chills
  • Sore throat
  • Cough
  • Watery or red eyes
  • Fatigue
  • Diarrhea
  • Body aches
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Headaches

The H1N1 flu symptoms usually develops 1-3 days after exposure to the virus

Causes

The influenza virus infects the cells that lines the nose, throat and lungs and enters the body when inhaling contaminated droplets or getting the virus from contaminated surfaces to the nose, eyes and mouth

Treatment

  • Get plenty of rest and sleep for fast healing of the condition.
  • Drink plenty of liquids such as water, juice and warm soups to prevent dehydration.
  • Take the prescribed over-the-counter pain medications such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen to lessen the inflammation and pain.
  • Take the prescribed antiviral medication to treat the flu immediately after the person is infected with the virus at least within 2 days. It prevents the growth of the virus in the body and makes the symptoms less severe and reduces the risk for developing serious complications.
  • Perform regular exercises such as walking

Tips

  • Stay home if sick. Avoid exposure to other people to prevent the spread of the disease. Stay home at least for 24 hours after the symptoms are gone.
  • Maintain personal hygiene by thoroughly and frequently washing hands using soap and water. Another alternative is washing hands using an alcohol-based sanitizer.
  • Cover the mouth when sneezing or coughing. Sneeze or cough into a tissue to prevent contaminating the hands.
  • Avoid contact with other crowds if possible to prevent the high risk of developing complications from flu, especially children below 5 years, older than 65, pregnant and suffering from chronic conditions such as asthma.
  • Avoid swine barns at seasonal fairs.
  • Avoid exposure to any members of the household suffering from swine flu.
  • Drink plenty of liquids to prevent dehydration
  • Avoid being stressed.
  • Eating a balanced diet.
  • Minimize touching the nose, eyes or mouth.
  • Avoid going to unhygienic places and using public restrooms.

Dealing with knee gout

May 19th, 2017 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on Dealing with knee gout)

Knee gout is an inflammatory condition characterized by severe pain, redness and swelling of the affected knee joint. Men are more susceptible to this condition than women, usually at the age of 75 years old.

The most common areas affected by gout are the big toes, but it can also affect the hands, ankles, wrist and the knee. These areas become painful, warm, red and swollen.

Causes of knee gout

knee gout

Take the prescribed over-the-counter non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as ibuprofen and naproxen to lessen the pain and inflammation.

  • High levels of uric acid in the blood. Uric acid is a waste product of various sources of food. It usually passes out in the urine, but sometimes there are problems on how the body metabolizes or breaks down the uric acid.
  • High levels of uric acid can develop crystals in the soft tissues especially around the joints including the knee.
  • The uric acid level is usually raised for several years before the symptoms of knee gout can be felt.

Symptoms

  • Pain can be felt usually at night due to the low temperature of the body
  • The joint is warm, reddened, sore and swollen
  • The skin appears shiny around the affected joint
  • Small and firm lumps form under the skin
  • Fever
  • Severe pain when walking

Treatment

  • Take the prescribed over-the-counter non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as ibuprofen and naproxen to lessen the pain and inflammation. Take the medication immediately after the attack.
  • Elevate the affected joint to lessen the swelling and avoid performing strenuous activities. Elevate the affected joint above the level of the heart for proper circulation of blood and drainage.
  • Take the prescribed steroids orally or by injection to lessen the pain and inflammation.
  • Cool down the affected knee joint by applying an ice pack on the area for at least 20 minutes to lessen the pain and inflammation.
  • Fill a small basin with warm water and mix Epsom salt until totally dissolved. Soak a towel in warm water, wring out the excess and wrap around the affected knee and alternate with an ice pack.
  • Perform exercises regularly to improve overall health at least 30 minutes of walking or 15 minutes of running and swimming at 5 times in a week.

How to treat angular cheilitis

May 18th, 2017 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on How to treat angular cheilitis)

Angular cheilitis is a condition that causes cracking, inflammation and bleeding in one or both corners of the mouth. It is also called mouth corner cracks. This condition is caused by staphylococcus aureus and Candida albicans but it might also be due to poor-fitted dentures, nutritional deficiency, dry skin and a habit of lip licking. It makes regular daily activities and using the mouth difficult as it affects eating and talking.

Symptoms of angular cheilitis

  • One or two corners of the mouth may be blistered, bleeding and cracked
  • Itchiness, crusting, scaling, redness and pain
  • Dry and uncomfortable
  • Burning sensation in the lips and mouth
  • Bad taste in the mouth
  • Difficulty eating that result to weight loss

    angular-cheilitis

    Apply the prescribed anti-fungal cream such as clotrimazole to the sores. It lessens the pain and inflammation.

Causes

  • Deficiency in vitamins
  • Hormonal imbalance
  • Allergic reaction to cosmetic products and foods
  • Poor nutrition and deficiency in zinc and iron
  • Using ill-fitting dentures
  • Excessive salivation and drooling
  • Sunburn and exposure to severe weather condition
  • Underlying disorders such as anorexia nervosa and diabetes mellitus
  • Medical conditions that are at a high risk of developing angular cheilitis include anemia, diabetes, cancer of the blood and immune disorders such as HIV
  • Dehydration
  • Oral herpes due to stress, poor eating and lack of sleep

Treatment

  • Apply the prescribed over-the-counter topical antibiotic and antifungal creams.
  • If angular cheilitis is due to a nutritional deficiency, take the prescribed nutritional supplement and medication for deficiency in vitamins and minerals. Deficiency in vitamins B2, B3, B6 and B12 can cause angular cheilitis.
  • Stop lip-licking habit.
  • Apply the prescribed anti-fungal cream such as clotrimazole to the sores. It lessens the pain and inflammation
  • Moisturize the lips by applying a lip salve regularly. Vitamin E oil and olive oil can be used as lip moisturizers. Avoid citrus and beverages that contain citrus during the healing process to prevent worsening of the condition. Avoid eating spicy foods.
  • Avoid wearing ill-fitting dentures to prevent further damage.
  • Soak the affected area on salty water.
  • Keep the body well hydrated by drinking 8-10 glasses of water every day. Water keeps the body moisturized from the inside and prevents it from becoming cracked and dry.

How to treat a fibrocystic breast

May 18th, 2017 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on How to treat a fibrocystic breast)

A fibrocystic breast is a common condition in which there are abundant bumpy tissue in the breast. It is characterized by pain and tenderness in the affected area. The lumps usually develop in the upper and outer area of the breast. The symptoms develop before menstruation.

Symptoms of fibrocystic breast

  • Pain and tenderness of the breast
  • Lumps or masses found in the breast
  • Changes in the size of breast

    fibrocystic-breast

    Apply a cold compress or ice pack on the affected breast to reduce the tenderness and pain.

  • Non-bloody discharge from the nipple
  • Severe pain and lumpiness can be felt between ovulation and the start of menstruation.

Treatment

  • Take the prescribed over-the-counter pain medications to lessen the pain and inflammation as well as oral contraceptive to reduce the hormonal changes that causes fibrocystic breast.
  • Avoid consuming caffeinated beverages such as tea, alcohol and soft drinks. These beverages contain chemicals that release stress hormones in the body and result to tenderness and lumps in the breast.
  • Apply a cold compress or ice pack on the affected breast to reduce the tenderness and pain.
  • Apply heat in the form of a warm moist cloth or heating pad on the affected breast for at least 30 minutes and followed by a cold compress for 10 minutes. This alternating method relieves the discomfort of fibrocystic breast.
  • Avoid consumption of salt for at least a couple of weeks before the menstrual period to prevent making the breast heavy, tender and bloated. Additionally, avoid processed foods rich in salt.
  • Massage the affected area using ginger oil and followed by the application of a warm compress to lessen the lumps and pain.
  • Take the prescribed vitamin E supplement to lessen the breast tenderness and pain. It also reduces the size of the lumps. Another approach is consuming foods rich in vitamin E such as leafy green vegetables, nuts, fortified cereals and vegetable oils.
  • Take the prescribed vitamin B6 supplements to control the hormonal levels in the body or consume foods rich in vitamin B6 such as bran, garlic and pistachio.

Tips

  • Wear a well-fitting bra that has adequate support for the breast to lessen the heaviness and tenderness before menstruation. Another alternative is wearing a properly fitting sports bra.
  • Perform regular exercises and maintain a low-fat diet to control the body weight. Excess fats in the body results to increased levels of estrogen and cause changes in the breast. Being overweight makes one susceptible to discomfort in the breast.
  • Quit smoking to prevent worsening of the condition.

Dealing with bedbug bites

May 17th, 2017 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on Dealing with bedbug bites)

Bedbug bites has similarity with other insect bites, including mosquito bites. They are characterized by a raised, reddish bump but also happen as a blister. Bites of bedbugs have a unique pattern. Some bites appear alone, but most bites happen in a row of 3 to 5 bites or can appear as a cluster of red bumps. They can also happen in a zigzag formation and can be a straight line if they bite in the morning.

The bites usually happen in the exposed areas of the body such as the face, neck, arms and feet. The rashes usually heal within 2 weeks. Bedbug bites have a long incubation period. Symptoms of the bite appear up to 10 days after initially bitten such as a red and itchy bump.

bedbug-bites

The bites usually happen in the exposed areas of the body such as the face, neck, arms and feet.

Treatment

  • Immediately wash the affected area using soap and water. Rub the lather over the affected area liberally until the whole affected area is covered. Leave on place and allow the lather to dry over the bitten area to lessen the itchiness of the area. Washing the area using soapy water lessens and prevents infection of skin.
  • Apply a cold compress or ice pack for at least 10 minutes at a time. After the 10 minutes of application, let it rest for another 10 minutes and reapply again. Perform this rotation for at least an hour. The cold temperature numbs the nerve endings and lessens the itching sensation and swelling caused by bedbug bites. Wrap ice packs using a towel before placing on the area to prevent further damage and worsen the condition.
  • Avoid scratching the bite to prevent an infection.
  • Baking soda neutralizes the acidic chemicals that cause the itching due to bedbug bites and has anti-inflammatory properties that lessen the redness and swelling. Mix a teaspoon of baking soda and 3 teaspoons of water and apply over the affected areas. Leave it on for at least 10 minutes before rinsing it. If symptoms persist, reapply again after 30-45 minutes.
  • Apply the prescribed steroidal anti-itch over-the-counter cream that contains 1% hydrocortisone
  • Apply calamine lotion to lessen the itching, dry the rashes and protect the affected area as it heals.
  • Take the prescribed oral antihistamine to control an allergic reaction such as rashes and swelling

Tips

  • Wash exposed clothing, cushions, beddings and fabric in hot water. Use a color-safe bleach.
  • Vacuum and mop the carpets and floors. Apply bleach on the floor and use a water/alcohol solution.

Disclaimer / More Information

The material posted on this page on bedbug bites is for learning purposes only. Learn to recognize and manage reactions from bedbug bites by taking a first aid and CPR class with one of our training providers.

Dealing with armpit lumps

April 13th, 2017 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on Dealing with armpit lumps)
fibrositis

Armpit lumps form when a lymph node found under arm is swollen and enlarged especially when suffering from an infection. Lymph nodes are small, oval-shaped glands found throughout the body and play an important function in the immune system. Armpit lumps can be caused by infection, cysts and irritation due to shaving or using antiperspirants but can also indicate serious health conditions.

Causes

  • Lipomas or harmless growths of fat tissue
  • Bacterial or viral infections
  • Allergic reactions

    Armpit lumps

    If the armpit lumps are caused by infection from bacteria, take the prescribed antibiotics to lessen pain and inflammation.

  • Fungal infections
  • Adverse reactions to vaccinations
  • Fibroadenoma or noncancerous growth of fibrous tissue
  • Breast cancer reaction
  • Leukemia or cancer of the blood cells
  • Lupus is an autoimmune disease of the joints and organs

Symptoms of armpit lumps

  • Swollen arm
  • Pain
  • Body aches
  • Enlarged lymph nodes
  • Loss of appetite
  • Rashes
  • Flu-like symptoms

If there is redness, tenderness and irregularity of the shape, immediate treatment is required.

Treatment

  • If the armpit lumps are caused by infection from bacteria, take the prescribed antibiotics to lessen pain and inflammation.
  • Maintain proper hygiene by making the skin clean as possible.
  • Drink plenty of water to keep the body hydrated.
  • Apply a warm compress on the armpit for proper blood circulation, reduce the size of the lump and relieve pain. Soak a towel in hot water, wring out excess water and place under the affected area for at least 5-10 minutes at 3-4 times every day for a week.
  • Vitamin E is a strong antioxidant that heals armpit lumps in a few days. It also lessens the swelling and prevents accumulation of fluid in the lymph nodes. It retains moisture and repair of skin. Massage the armpit lumps using vitamin E oil for a few minutes at 2-3 times a week.
  • Consume watermelon since it detoxifies the blood and prevents formation of armpit lumps.
  • Mix equal parts of raw, organic apple cider vinegar and water. Soak a cloth in the solution and place it under the armpit for at least 5 minutes. Rinse the area using warm water and pat it dry. Repeat the process until lump totally disappears.

Dealing with bedsores

April 10th, 2017 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on Dealing with bedsores)
swine-flu

Bedsores or pressure sores are injuries on the skin and underlying tissue due to a prolonged pressure on the skin. Bedsores develop on bony areas of the body such as the ankles, heels, tailbone and hips. People susceptible to bed sores are those with condition that requires them to be confined on a wheelchair or bed. Bedsore develops quickly and can be difficult to treat.

Symptoms of bedsores

  • Stage 1 or the earliest symptoms – pale skin or white, skin is tender and itchy. The area feels firm, cold or warm.
  • Stage 2 – the affected area develops blisters, open sores and abrasions which do not spread through the skin. It has a surrounding skin area with purple or red discoloration and can be oozing or mildly sweating.
  • Stage 3 – the ulcer develops a crater under the surface of the skin.

    Bedsores

    People susceptible to bed sores are those with condition that requires them to be confined on a wheelchair or bed.

  • Stage 4 – the ulcer extends deeper and reaches the tendon, bone, joint and the muscles. Symptoms of infected bedsores include pus draining from the sore, foul-smelling odor, fever and tenderness, redness and heat of the surrounding skin.

Causes

  • When the skin and underlying tissues are trapped between bone and a surface such as sitting in a wheelchair or prolonged lying in bed. It usually happens if the surface is not padded with muscles or fat such as the tailbone, shoulder blades, spine, hips, elbows and heels.
  • Friction occurs when 2 surfaces moves in opposite direction such elevating a hospital bed and the head slides down in the bed.

Treatment

  • Move around regularly to prevent constant pressure on the body. It distributes body weight and increases blood flow in the area. If sitting in a wheelchair, reposition for at least 2 hours or 15 minutes. Place foam wedges or pillows that are good for shifting weight.
  • Perform range of motion exercises for proper flow of blood and maintainance of muscle mass.
  • Use saline water to clean the sores to prevent infection and for fast healing of the condition. In a cup filled with boiling water, add 2 teaspoons of salt. Let it cool down and use it in cleaning the sores at least 2 times every day for fast healing of the condition.
  • Turmeric has anti-inflammatory, antiseptic and antioxidant properties that lessen the risk of infection. Clean sores with water. Apply turmeric powder on sores and cover using a clean bandage. Repeat this process at least 3 times every day until there is improvement.
  • Take vitamin C supplement at least 500 mg every day for a healthy skin, improving the immune system and lessen the risk for infection. Foods rich in Vitamin C include green vegetables, lemons, oranges, and papaya.
  • Massage the affected area to increase the blood circulation and for fast healing of the condition. Massage the body using essential oils at least once every day for best results.

More Information

The details posted on this page on bedsores is for learning purposes only. To learn to recognize and manage wounds including bedsores, enroll in a first aid course with one of our training providers.

How to treat a nose cut

April 7th, 2017 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on How to treat a nose cut)
angular-cheilitis

A nose cut can be complicated to treat and painful. The nose is a sensitive area of the body. It has areas that are enclosed and have limited supply of air. The nose and lining of the nose are susceptible to cuts and scratches.

Causes of a nose cut

  • Careless nose picking such as frequent picking can cause irritation on the lining of the nose and result to slits or cuts and even bleeding.
  • Picking of the nose using sharp objects or nails
  • Inner nose cut due to dry weather that causes the nasal lining to dry up and result to cracks and cuts that causes pain.

    Nose cut

    Careless nose picking such as frequent picking can cause irritation on the lining of the nose and result to slits or cuts and even bleeding.

  • Dry nasal lining due to flu that results to plenty of sneezing, congestion and runny nose.

Treatment

  • Make sure the hands are washed properly to prevent introduction of any bacteria into the open wound. Wash hands using clean, running water and scrub the area for at least 20 seconds. Rinse and dry the hands using a clean towel.
  • If the cut is bleeding and near the edge of the nose, use a clean cloth to apply gentle pressure until the bleeding stops. Avoid blocking the breathing and do not pack the nostrils.
  • If the nose cut is not visible and bleeding, sit up straight and lean forward to lessen the pressure placed on the vessel found in the nose and prevents swallowing blood. Pinch the nose close using the thumb and index finger for at least 10 minutes. Breathe through the mouth. After 10 minutes, release the pinch. If it still bleeds, repeat the process until the bleeding stops. Keep the affected person cool using a damp cloth or suck on ice chips.
  • Remove any debris inside the nose using sterilized tweezers to lessen the risk for infections and possible complications.
  • Rinse the wound using saline solution to deeply clean the wound. In a cup filled with lukewarm water, mix a teaspoon of salt and stir it until it is fully dissolved. Tilt the head backward and pour a tablespoon of the solution into the affected nostril several times. Squeeze the solution into a paper towel. Avoid blowing the ears.
  • Use an anti-infective soap cleanser to clean the mucus membranes or inside of the nose. Dilute chlorhexidine before using on the nose.
  • Place the prescribed anti-infective cream or ointment on the area around the nose cut. Use a cotton swab or a piece of gauze in applying the cream or ointment on the area. Avoid touching the affected area once the ointment is already applied and avoid picking on the scab to prevent further damage and worsen the condition. Repeat the application of the ointment every day.

Disclaimer / More Information

The material posted on this page on a nose cut is for learning purposes only. Learn to recognize and manage nose wounds by taking a first aid and CPR class with one of our training providers.

Dealing with broken ribs

April 7th, 2017 | Posted by corinne grace in Skeletal Injuries - (Comments Off on Dealing with broken ribs)

Broken ribs usually happen due to a direct blow to the chest or torso such as in vehicular accidents, falls and during contact sports. Conditions such as osteoarthritis and bone cancer can cause weakening of the ribs and other bones.

Symptoms of broken ribs

  • Pain when breathing
  • Mild to severe pain near the rib cage
  • Headaches and fatigue
  • Shortness of breath and feeling restless, dizzy, sleepy, anxious and scared.
  • Pain in the rib when coughing excessively due to conditions such as osteoarthritis or cancer.

    Broken rib

    Mild to severe pain near the rib cage is an indication of a broken rib.

Treatment

  • Avoid wrapping the rib cage.
  • Apply an ice pack on the affected area for at least 20 minutes every hour in the first 2 days and reduce it to 10-20 minutes at 3 times every day to lessen the swelling and pain. The cold temperature will constrict the blood vessels to lessen the inflammation and numbs the surrounding nerves. Avoid placing the pack directly on the skin to prevent further damage and worsen the condition.
  • After 48 hours, apply heat on the affected area to relieve the spasms of the intercostal muscles found between the ribs. Apply heat at least 30-minute intervals and let the muscles cool down for 30 minutes and reapply again. Avoid placing heat directly on the skin to prevent burns. Wrap heat using a towel or piece of cloth before placing to the area.
  • Take the prescribed over-the-counter non-steroidal and anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as ibuprofen, naproxen or aspirin to lessen the pain and inflammation.
  • Minimize performing cardio exercises to prevent an increase in the heart and breathing rates that can result to irritation and inflammation of the broken rib. Minimize twisting and lateral flexion of the torso while the rib is in the healing stage. Perform gentle exercises such as walking, driving and desk work.
  • When coughing or sneezing, hold a soft pillow against the chest to provide cushion to the blow and lessen the pain.
  • Sleep on the back or supine position to lessen the pressure on the chest. Another alternative is sleeping in an upright reclining chair for a few days until the inflammation and pain is minimized. Another option is placing pillows behind the back and at the back of the head while sleeping.
  • Eat well-balanced foods rich in minerals and vitamins. Consume whole grains, lean meats, dairy products and plenty of purified water. Take dietary supplements such as calcium, magnesium, vitamin D and K and phosphorus for fast healing of the broken rib.

Disclaimer / More Information

The material posted on this page on broken ribs is for learning purposes only. Learn to recognize and manage rib injuries by taking a first aid and CPR class with one of our training providers.

Treating chondromalacia patella syndrome

March 24th, 2017 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on Treating chondromalacia patella syndrome)

Chondromalacia patella syndrome is the weakening and softening of the cartilage found in the underside of kneecap or patella. It can be caused by the improper alignment of the kneecap with the bone of the thigh. Knee pain due to irritation of the degenerated cartilage is called patellofemoral syndrome. Women are more susceptible to chondromalacia patella syndrome.

Causes of chondromalacia patella syndrome

  • Muscle imbalance which can be fixed with the right exercises.
  • Poor alignment of the kneecap where the patella is either too high or too low.
  • Overusing of the leg such as jumping, running and twisting

    Treating chondromalacia patella syndrome

    A grating or grinding sensation with leg movement.

  • Improper tracking of the kneecap or patella as it slides over the thigh bone or femur and result to degeneration of the cartilage under the kneecap and cause pain.
  • Abnormal patellar tracking toward the outer or lateral side of the femur
  • Females who are knock-kneed or flat-footed and deformities of the patellar undersurface are susceptible to chondromalacia patellar syndrome.

Symptoms

  • Severe knee pain
  • Severe pain when going downstairs
  • A grating or grinding sensation with leg movement
  • Tenderness of the kneecap
  • Unclear discomfort of the inner area of the knee due to jumping, running, descending stairs and climbing
  • Long periods of sitting with the knees slightly bent
  • Tightness or fullness of the knee area especially when the knee is swollen
  • Loss of quadriceps or thigh muscle strength and bulk and the legs becomes weak

Treatment

  • Take plenty of rest especially the affected area for fast healing of the condition.
  • Apply an ice pack on the affected area for at least 10-15 minutes to lessen the pain and inflammation. Avoid applying the pack directly on the skin for more than 5 minutes to prevent further damage.
  • Take the prescribed over-the-counter medication to lessen the pain and inflammation.
  • Apply heat on the affected area using a heating pad at the lowest setting at least 10-20 minutes at a time to lessen the stiffness. Another alternative is to use a soft terry cloth face towel and soaked in warm tap water.
  • Wear a knee brace on the affected area to prevent unnecessary movement and keep the joint stable and secure.
  • Seek the help of a physical therapist for some rehabilitation exercises to restore range of motion in the affected knee and strengthening exercises and lessen the symptoms.
  • Minimize running and opt for gentle exercises such as cycling or swimming. If there is a need to run, wear the proper shoes that are well-cushioned and avoid running on hard surfaces such as concrete.

Tips

  • Maintain balance of the muscles by strengthening the quadriceps, hamstrings, abductors and adductors.
  • Avoid repeated stress on the kneecap by wearing kneepads to prevent further injury.

More Information

The details posted on this page on chondromalacia patella syndrome is for learning purposes only. To learn to recognize and manage knee joint conditions, enroll in a first aid course with one of our training providers.