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Author Archives: Ibrar

PANCREATIC CYSTS

January 8th, 2014 | Posted by Ibrar in Muscle Injuries - (Comments Off on PANCREATIC CYSTS)
Pancreatic cysts

Pancreatic cysts

Pancreatic cysts are pockets of fluid resembling sacs that usually occur on or within the pancreas.

The pancreas is large organ located at the back of the stomach that produces hormones and enzymes that assist in digesting food.

Pancreatic cysts Signs and Symptoms

One may not necessarily experience any symptoms from pancreatic cysts including pseudocysts. Pancreatic cysts are usually found when imaging tests of the stomach are done for another reason. Signs and symptoms of this disease commonly entail unrelenting abdominal ache that may be sent out to one’s back, nausea and vomiting, and a mass that can be felt in the upper abdomen.

Several cases of pancreatic cysts are not cancerous and do not cause visible symptoms. For sure, most of these cases are not cysts at all. These pockets of fluids are lined with scratch or inflammatory tissues which are not the type of the cells found in real cysts. However, some pancreatic cysts tend to be cancerous. In such a case, a doctor may take a sample of the pancreatic cysts fluid and determine the presence of cancer cells. However, in some cases, cysts slowly become cancerous thus the doctor may be unable to tell whether a cyst becomes cancerous. He might recommend monitoring of the cyst over a period of time for changes in shape or size.

Notably, if one notices persistent abdominal pain and fever it might mean that cysts have been infected, and the patient should see a doctor immediately. This can be a medical emergency since the fluid released by the pseudocyst can damage nearby blood vessels causing massive bleeding. This can lead to infection of the abdominal cavity. Should you notice severe abdominal pain, fainting, vomiting of blood, reduced consciousness and weak and rapid heartbeat, emergency medical treatment ought to be sought.

Pancreatic cysts Causes

What causes pancreatic cysts still remains unknown though cancerous cysts may be caused by mutation of the genes; it is also worth noting that some cysts are a result of rare illnesses in the body.

Pancreatic cysts Risk factors

Heavy alcohol intake and gallstones are some risk factors for pancreatic cysts whereas the major risk factors for pancreatitis are psseudocysts and abdominal injury.

Pancreatic cysts Treatment

Treatment though, depends on the type of cyst that one has and whether it is causing symptoms and pancreatic cysts should be monitored to determine whether to seek medical attention or not. Basically, stay safe from factors that might trigger pancreatic cysts in the body. If the symptoms persist, one should immediately seek the medical expertise from a general practitioner.

Pancreatic cysts Home remedies

The best way to avoid pseudocysts is to shun pancreatitis which is caused by heavy alcohol intake or gallstones which trigger pancreatitis. If the pancreatitis is as a result of alcohol use, abstain from it to reduce the risk of pancreatic cysts.

Chickenpox: Signs and Symptoms, Complications and First Aid

December 19th, 2013 | Posted by Ibrar in First Aid Programs - (Comments Off on Chickenpox: Signs and Symptoms, Complications and First Aid)

Chickenpox is an infection caused by the varicella-zoster virus, a member of the herpes virus family. The same virus is known to cause shingles in adults. It is a common childhood illness, especially in children below 10 years of age. It is very contagious. Direct contact with fluid blisters from chickenpox and aerosols from coughing and sneezing of an infected person can also spread the disease. Infected persons may be contagious even before the itchy blisters appear in the body and remain contagious until the blister crusts over.

The best way to prevent chickenpox is to get vaccination. Children who have been vaccinated reduce their chances of developing chickenpox before the age of one significantly. Moreover, babies whose mothers have already had chickenpox are also less likely to develop the infection due to their mother’s passed immunity through the blood. In the rare cases that they do acquire the disease, it is often mild. Severe cases of chickenpox frequent in children with suppressed immune systems or have not been vaccinated.

Signs and Symptoms of Chickenpox

The incubation period of the virus is typically 14-16 days after direct contact with an infected person, thus symptoms may only manifest then.Not all symptoms will be present,

  • Extremely itchy red skin rashes that occur for 10 to 21 days
  • Numerous blisters, approximately 250 to 500 in number
      • Small and itchy
      • Fluid-filled
      • Often appear in the face, middle of the body and scalp first, and may eventually spread
      • Appearance of new spots every day for five to seven days
  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Sore throat
  • Loss of appetite
  • Tiredness

Complications fromChickenpox

Chickenpox

Chickenpox

Not many complications develop from chickenpox. However, these complications may make the infection more difficult to treat. Some of the common complications include:

  • Bacterial infection of the skin, soft tissues, bones or bloodstream
      • Often from scratching
      • May require antibiotics

     

  • Encephalitis (brain inflammation)
  • Pneumonia
  • Toxic shock syndrome
  • In adults, shingles
    • The same virus remains dormant in the body until becomes activated again and causes shingles

First Aid Treatment and Management for Chickenpox

Chickenpox does not usually need medical treatment and can be effectively treated and managed at home. This primarily involves reducing discomfort, promoting healing time, and avoiding complications from progressing. The following tips are suggested:

  • Do not scratch or rub the itchy areas. Over-the-counter hydrocortisone cream may help soothe itchy areas. Cut the fingernails short to avoid any further infection from developing.Try wearing gloves, especially at night.
  • Take lukewarm baths using minimal soap. Rinse comprehensively. Bathing in oatmeal bath products may also reduce itching.
  • After bathing, apply topical moisturizer to soften and cool the skin.
  • Wear loose and light bedclothes to avoid skin irritation.Exposure to extreme heat and humidity may also lead to skin irritation.
  • To treat fever, paracetamol and ibuprofen may be taken.
  • Take plenty of rest.

Disclaimer: The information given in this article should not be substituted for medical advice or medical treatment. To learn how to treat various skin injuries and infections, including chickenpox, enrol in First Aid Courses.

All about foot drop

December 4th, 2013 | Posted by Ibrar in Muscle Injuries - (Comments Off on All about foot drop)
foot drop

foot drop

The difficulty in lifting the front part of foot, or pain on lifting the foot upwards is known as the drop foot. The people with the drop foot cannot raise the front portion and drag the foot while walking. It is usually a clinical sign of some serious pathology going inside the body. The nervous system problem causes the drop foot more often. In some cases, the problem is temporary and drop foot gets cured on itself, but in some cases it becomes a permanent disorder and causes much discomfort. Some external support is required to keep the foot in normal position in such cases.

Also known as ‘drop foot’, it can occur at any age and may involve both feet in some cases. The treatment given is usually symptomatic.

Symptoms of foot drop:

The main signs and symptoms of foot drop are:

  • Difficulty in lifting front portion of foot
  • Dragging of foot or feet while walking
  • Raising thigh while walking
  • Steppage gait
  • Numbness of skin on top of foot

What causes foot drop:

Foot drop is not a disease itself; rather it is a sign of some other disease. It may become permanent in some cases. It is manifested in many neurological problems. The main causes may include:

Nerve supply is an essential thing for the maintenance of any body part. If nerve supply gets cut, the body part fails to act and gets destroyed as it is disconnected from brain. The nerve supply to foot comes from peroneal nerve, which is superficial and can be damaged easily and may result in foot drop. Sports injuries, knee surgery, delivery of a child or diabetes can cause the nerve damage. The problems in roots of nerve, that is the spinal cord, can also cause this problem.

The problem of brain like MS (multiple sclerosis), stroke, and cerebral palsy and Charcot-Marie-tooth disease can also result in foot drop.

Muscles are responsible for moving the feet up and down and any change in muscles also results in foot drop as movements are hampered. The weak or destroyed muscles cannot cause the foot to move and paralysis of that specific part occurs. Dystrophy of foot muscles, polio, Lou-Gehrig’s disease and many other problems can precipitate this problem.

Treatment options for Foot drop:

Addressing the underlying cause and removing it usually causes the foot drop problem to vanish. The immediate thing to do when this problem is encountered is to cure the symptoms and provide the relief. Following options might be helpful:

  • Wearing light weight braces keeps the foot at the normal straight position and helps during walking and avoids the foot dragging.
  • Specific shoe inserts are also helpful to provide the support to foot.
  • Taking certain exercises to help foot muscles to attain strength is very useful. A physiotherapist should be consulted for proper guidance in this regard. Some devices are now used to stimulate the muscles and get them back at normal work.
  • If problem persists after conventional methods, the surgery is performed to remove or repair the damaged nerve.

Back Pain

November 28th, 2013 | Posted by Ibrar in First Aid Programs - (Comments Off on Back Pain)

Back pain is one of the most common complaints worldwide. Almost everyone will experience this type of pain at one point of their lives. In fact, it is a common reason for skipping work or going to a doctor. back ain is most common among adults between 35 and 55 years of age. It is not a disease on its own but rather, it is a symptom for a variety of underlying conditions.Back pain is usually not serious and typically goes away on their own even with minimal home treatment. There is rarely a need for surgery in cases of back pain.

Back pain can either be acute or chronic. Acute pain pertains to an abrupt pain that usually lasts for several days to a few weeks. On the other hand, chronic back pain is pain that lasts for more than three months. It is not generally advised to rest the back for more than one to two days as it may cause more harm.

Causes of Back Pain

                As a common complaint, a wide range of conditions can lead to back pain. Some of the most common are the following:

  • Structural problems
    • Ruptured or bulging discs
    • Arthritis
    • Sciatica
    • Scoliosis
    • Osteoporosis
  • Strain
    • Strained muscles and ligaments
    • Awkward posture in lifting heavy objects
    • Muscle spasm
  • Everyday activities
    • Poor posture
    • Overstretching
  • Others
    • Spine infection and other infections
    • Spinal cancer
    • Bad mattress
    • Sleep disorder

Risk Factors for Back Pain

The following factors increase risks for developing back pain:

  • Pregnancy
  • Inactive lifestyle
  • Strenuous physical activity and work
  • Ageing
  • Mentally stressful job
  • Depression and anxiety
  • Obesity
  • Smoking

When to Seek Medical Care regarding Associated Symptoms with Back Pain

As the name suggests, the main symptom of back pain is aching anywhere in the back. However, it is most common in the lower back.

  • Back pain that is not relieved even when resting or lying down
  • Pain that radiates to the knees and legs
  • Swollen back
  • Loss of weight
  • Fever
  • Recent back injury
  • Urinary incontinence or difficulty urinating
  • Fecal incontinence
Back Pain

Back Pain

First Aid Management for Back Pain

In majority of back pain cases, it would typically go away on its own even without medical care and minimal home care. The following tips do not serve as medical advice or treatment. To learn how to properly treat and manage back pains, enrol in First Aid Courses offered by workplace approved all over the country.

  • Rest but only do this for one to two days at most. Continue performing light activities such as, walking, to avoid completely immobilizing the back. If pain persists upon doing activities, stop performing the specific activity.
  • Apply hot/ cold compresses to the affected area. For acute back pain, apply ice compress but for chronic back pain, apply hot compress.
  • Take over-the-counter pain medications, such as paracetamol and ibuprofen, to help resolve back pains.

Care of Individuals with Cough

November 20th, 2013 | Posted by Ibrar in Being Prepared | First Aid and CPR - (Comments Off on Care of Individuals with Cough)

Although coughing is a reflex that protects the lungs and the entire respiratory system from the accumulation of secretions or the inhalation of foreign bodies, it can also be a symptom of disorders of the pulmonary system or it can be suppressed in other disorders. The cough reflex may be impaired by weakness or paralysis of the respiratory muscles, prolonged inactivity, the presence of a foreign object such as a nasogastric tube, or depressed function of the medullary centers of the brain.

Care of Individuals with Cough

Care of Individuals with Cough

Coughing results from irritation of the mucous membranes anywhere in the respiratory tract. The stimulus that produces a cough may arise from an infectious process or from an airborne irritant such as smoke, smog, dust or gas. A persistent and frequent cough can be exhausting and can cause debilitating pain and discomfort. Cough, in general may indicate a serious pulmonary disease, although it may be caused by a variety of other problems as well including cardiac disease, medications, chronic smoking and gastro-esophageal reflux disease.

Clinical Significance of Cough

To help determine the cause of the cough, the health professional such as the nurse should be able to effectively assess the description of the kind of cough the individual may be experiencing. The nurse should be able to describe the cough whether is dry, hacking, brassy, wheezing, loose, persistent or severe. A dry, irritating cough is characteristic of an upper respiratory tract infection that would suggest a viral cause of origin, or it may be a side effect of a special kind of medication. Tracheal lesions produce a brassy cough. A severe or constantly changing cough may indicate malignant tumor growth along the tracheal lining. Pleuritic chest pain that accompanies coughing may indicate pleural or chest wall involvement of the musculoskeletal system.

Other Serious Medical Conditions Associated with Coughing

Persistent cough at night may herald symptoms of a possible left-sided heart failure or bronchial asthma. A cough in the morning with sputum production may indicate bronchitis. A cough that worsens when the patient is lying supine may also suggest post nasal drip (sinusitis). Coughing after food intake may indicate aspiration of food material into the tracheobronchial tree. A cough of recent onset is usually indicative of an acute respiratory infection which can be either viral or bacterial in nature.

A persistent cough can adversely affect an individual’s quality of life and may produce embarrassment, exhaustion, inability to sleep and discomfort. The effect of chronic cough on the patient and the patient’s view regarding the significance of the coughing episode especially the accompanying effects can be better appreciated during an intensive assessment of the individual’s health history.

Relief Measures for Coughing

Cough suppressants must be used in moderation and caution because they may relieve cough but do not address the primary cause of the cough. If used inappropriately, they may prevent the patient from clearing mucus from the airways and result in a delay in seeking indicated health care. If the cause of the cough has been properly diagnosed and addressed, it is only then coughing suppressants may be prescribed. If the cough is a result of irritation from smoke, pollution, and other air irritants strategies that limit exposure to the environment is encouraged.

 

Different Types of First Aid Training

November 12th, 2013 | Posted by Ibrar in First Aid Programs - (Comments Off on Different Types of First Aid Training)

First aid training is a very essential skill to have for every member of a flourishing community. You will find numerous training courses available to choose from all with their unique features. If you are searching for this course or you have no idea just what to select, check out below for six categories of first aid courses.

First Aid Training Classes

First Aid Training Classes

Safety in Sports

This course is directed on the treatment of wounds that normally happen in sports surroundings, for instance fractures, torn ligaments, sprains to name some. First Aid Training for safety in sports educates participants’ methods by which they may stop injuries from taking place. This course is ideal for sports fans, trainers or even athletes; though anybody can attend it.

Pet First Aid

In case you are the proud owner of a dog, cat or even, some other pet, you may think about enrolling in a unique kind of course which teaches you the way to look after these pets. Courses in pet first aid offer several methods that can help an owner look after the most popular health occurrences regarding sprained limbs, pets, injuries, chocking to name some.

Kids First Aid

The young can also start learning this course; therefore if you have children, you may think about registering them in this program. Most of the kids’ courses are meant for children of five years and older and even entail a couple of basic care values, which are simple to understand and put into practice.

First Aid In Emergencies

This course is helpful to participant as they can give instant care for affected individuals with serious injuries; evaluate emergency circumstances, and even appropriate ways of informing medical workers. This kind of course entails CPR training and it is also available to anybody interested; however, it is appropriate for those who come across emergency circumstances on their job routine, for instance mountain rescuers, lifeguards to name a few.

First Aid and CPR (Cardio-pulmonary Resuscitation)

This represents the most popular form that is intended for grownups and teenagers, irrespective of their type of job. Such a course brings together first aid techniques, for instance looking after open injuries, burns, fractures with, with CPR protocols. This class can also have extra info about the usage of automated external defibrillators (AEDs). This form of training is a standard necessity in several places of work these days, and so signing up for one will be a good idea.

Training for babysitters

This program is ideal for older kids between ten and fifteen year of age, and even entails fundamental first aid procedures which may be useful when carrying out babysitting duties.

These are only a few kinds of first aid training programs you may attend. You have many choices to select from, therefore, despite your needs; you will find a course that matches you perfectly.

Preventing Medical Emergencies and Injuries

November 2nd, 2013 | Posted by Ibrar in First Aid Injury Assessment | First Aid Programs - (Comments Off on Preventing Medical Emergencies and Injuries)
Preventing Medical Emergencies

Prevent medical emergencies such as severe choking by enrolling in first aid and CPR training programs.

Why wait for medical emergencies to happen, when you could prevent it? Read on and learn more about ways to prevent these unwanted events.

Every year, emergency departments across the U.S. provide care to around 120 million people. This means there are 222 emergency room visits every minute.

Emergency physicians, nurses and other health personnel treat a wide range of emergency situations, and medical emergencies account for a huge percentage of this number. For adults, chest pain and abdominal pain associated with different medical conditions are the most common reasons for ER visits; while for children, fever, cough and vomiting. Injury-related ER visits also account for a great number of

Although emergency departments provide lifesaving care 24/7, regardless of the patient’s capacity to pay, prevention remains top priority. Prevention is critical in reducing the number of ER visits. Aside from minimizing the risk of disabilities and preventing deaths, it helps reduce burden in the healthcare system.

Here are some important things to consider in preventing medical emergencies:

  • Getting yearly physical and diagnostic exams. Having a regular exercise and following a healthy diet.
  • Identifying risk for any life-threatening medical conditions. Follow your physician’s advice on how to manage or reduce these risks, such as quitting smoking or alcohol consumption.
  • Be sure to keep medicines out of children’s reach and stored in child-proof containers.
  • Lock all poisonous materials.
  • Installing safety devices in the home.
  • Drive safely. Make sure to always strap on seatbelts and children are on child-safety seats.
  • Never drive a vehicle under the influence of alcohol or drugs. Read prescription label to see if taking certain medications will impair your ability to drive or operate heavy equipment.

Be ready for Medical Emergencies

While you can prevent emergencies, some do happen despite preventive actions taken. It is important to know what to do during an emergency. The key to responding in emergencies is to remain calm and decide to act. Here are some things you can do to help prepare for possible emergencies.

  • Keep a list of emergency phone numbers near the phone. Include the local numbers for: nearest emergency department, fire, police, ambulance service, and family doctor.
  • Keep a well-stocked first-aid kit at home and in your vehicle. Regularly check your first aid kit for possible expired supplies.
  • If you have certain medical conditions, always wear medical identification device. Keep a list of your medications in your wallet. Also, list if you have allergies.
  • Have emergency contacts of family members in your wallet, usually behind the identification card.

Last and most importantly, take a first-aid class. This will provide you with the necessary knowledge and skills to handle various medical emergencies.

By having the right knowledge you can stay calm and make the right decisions in high stress situations, such as emergencies.

Aside from your local workplace approved chapter, you can also take first aid classes from accredited training providers. There are many accredited training providers that offer this course.

Smoke inhalation is a serious medical problem that is often associated re-certification courseswith incidents of fires. Prompt and proper first aid can help minimize the problems related with smoke inhalation.

Smoke inhalation is the most common cause of death in many cases of fires. It is a serious problem associated with chemical and thermal burns. Regardless of the fire source, smoke generated by any combustible material contains many poisonous substances. Modern buildings and furnishings are made of plastics and other synthetic materials that have the potential of releasing toxic gases when they are overheated or are burned. Aside from being dangerous for the lungs, substances found in smoke can burn the skin, injure the airway, irritate the eyes, and even lead to death (respiratory arrest and/or cardiac arrest).

When responding in cases of fire, you can expect to see irritations of the eyes and injury to the airways due to the smoke. Your top priority is to ensure patent airway and adequate breathing. Usually, victims of smoke inhalation will have difficulty breathing or have bouts of cough. Some victims will have breath that smells “smoky” or the odor of the burned chemicals. Others may have black residue in the mouth or nose. In case of irritations to the skin and eyes, you can simply flood the affected part with water.

First aid actions taken for smoke inhalation include:

  1. Call 911 or your local emergency phone number. Contact your fire safety department if not yet available.
  2. Remove the victim from the burn site and move to a safe area.
  3. Check airway, breathing and circulation. Be ready to provide life support measures such as CPR and rescue breathing, as needed.
  4. If available, administer high concentration of oxygen. Use of humidifier and nonrebreather mask is preferred. These are advanced first aid skills that can be learned through workplace approved training courses such as advanced life support or oxygen administration course.
  5. Check for possible spinal injuries and any other illness or injury requiring immediate care.
  6. Check for shock and provide care for shock. Conscious
    victims are able to breathe well when they are in semi-seated position.
  7. Stay alert for change in consciousness or behavior. Some
    victims may become violent or irritable as they recover from the

    effects of smoke. The contents of the smoke can have unpredictable
    effects on the brain.

  8. Continue monitoring the victim while waiting for help or transporting the victim.

Some cases of smoke inhalation do not appear serious. This is because the effects of certain toxic gases can be delayed. As much as possible, a person who has been exposed to toxic gases should be seen a healthcare professional for further evaluation.

KERATOSIS PILARIS

September 25th, 2013 | Posted by Ibrar in Basic First Aid Skills - (0 Comments)

Keratosis pilaris is a general skin condition that causes uneven patches and tiny, acne-like bumps, especially on the arms, cheeks and buttocks.

Keratosis pilaris can frustrate a person since it is usually difficult to treat. These bumps usually do not hurt or itch and are usually white or red in color. However, this condition is not serious and disappears by the age of thirty. Should a person contract this condition, prescription medications and self care measures can improve the appearance of the condition.

Keratosis pilaris signs and symptoms

Keratosis pilaris is mostly common in young children although it can occur at any age. Signs and symptoms include but are not limited to dry, rough and sometimes itchy skin in the areas with bumps, small white or red bumps, characteristically on the upper arms, buttocks, cheeks or legs. This skin condition also worsens in winter when the humidity is low and the kin tends to be drier, it might be limited to individual, sandpaper-like bumps resembling goose flesh. In other cases though, bumps may become inflamed and cause scarring, particularly on the face. Keratosis pilaris gradually resolves on its own.

When to seek medical attention for keratosis pilaris

It is worth noting that keratosis pilaris is often not a serious medical condition therefore its treatment isn’t necessary. Should one get concerned about the appearance of the skin, he or she ought to consult the family doctor or a specialist in skin diseases.

Keratosis pilaris causes

Keratosis pilaris comes about as a result of buildup of a keratin. This hard protein that usually protects the skin from dangerous substances and infections forms a scaly plug that blocks the opening of the hair follicle. Most often than not, the plugs form, causing patches of uneven, bumpy skin. The reason why keratin builds up still remains unknown, yet it may occur in association with genetic diseases or with other skin conditions. Keratosis pilaris also occurs in otherwise healthy people and dry skin usually makes this condition worse.

Keratosis pilaris treatment

First Aid CoursesKeratosis pilaris has no universal treatment as most options, including self-care measures and medicated creams usually focus on softening the keratin deposits in the skin. Using medications on a regular basis may improve the appearance of one’s skin but when he or she stops, the condition returns. Even with medical treatment, keratosis pilaris may persist for many years thus; individuals are advised to take steps that keep their skin moist and healthy such as use of warm water and limiting bath time to about 10 minutes or less, avoiding deodorant and antibacterial detergents that are usually harsh and drying soaps. In the contrary, choose mild soaps that have added oils and fats. Lastly, one can use a humidifier to add moisture inside the homes since low humidity dries out the skin.

People should always be wary of any bump-like growths in their body especially on their limbs and buttocks as that may be a case of keratosis pilaris. If keratosis pilaris worsens, seek the medical advice from a doctor.

Convulsions in Children

August 12th, 2013 | Posted by Ibrar in Being Prepared - (0 Comments)

Convulsions in children can be terrifying for parents, especially if there is no history of convulsion. A convulsion is also called a seizure or “fit.” A convulsion is a period of involuntary muscular contraction.Frightening as it may seem, it does not usually cause life-threatening situations or long-term consequences. They are not generally fatal. Febrile convulsions occur in an estimated 4% of all children between six months and five years of age, generally at ages younger than three. More than half of these children will only experience one convulsion in their lifetime. It is more common in young boys than girls and can run in families,

Convulsions in children, similar to those of adults, are caused by a sudden, abnormal electrical activity in the brain. The temporary disturbance of normal brain function causes a burst of abnormal electrical activity in one part of the brain and can spread to the other parts of the brain. When it reaches the cerebral cortex, more brain tissue activates and seizes resulting to abnormal activity. Repeated seizures are characteristic of epilepsy.

The contents of this article should not be used as substitute for medical advice. Enrol in first aid training and CPR courses to learn more about convulsions in children and other emergencies that children may have.

Causes of Convulsions in Children

It may be difficult to diagnose the exact cause of the seizure as it generally lasts from 30 seconds to a few minutes. However, some of the common causes are the following:

  • Epilepsy
    • Recurring convulsions
    • Febrile convulsions
      • Convulsion is due to high-grade fever/ infection
      • Especially common in children between nine months and five years of age, affecting mostly toddlers
      • Caused by flu or other infections in the body
      • Hypoglycemia
        • Low sugar levels in the body
        • Hypoxia
          • Reduced oxygen content in a particular region of the body
          • Hypotension
            • Low blood pressure
            • Electrolyte imbalance
            • Other uncommon causes in children:
              • Cerebral tumor
              • Drug overdose
              • Cardiac arrhythmias
              • Idiopathic or cryptogenic: of no identified cause

Symptoms of Convulsions in Children

Although it may be quiet obvious when a child is having a convulsion, some of the characteristics of seizures include:

  • Sudden tightening of muscles on both sides of the body
  • Muscle twitching and jerking
  • Urinary incontinence
  • Tongue biting
  • High-grade fever
  • Breathing difficulty
  • Foaming of the mouth
  • Child may be moaning or crying
  • Unresponsive
  • Unconsciousness
  • Post-seizure:
    • Lethargy
    • Confusion
    • Profound sleep

First Aid Management for Convulsions in Children

When a child starts convulsing, the main goal of first aid is to protect the child from any injury.

Hands behind the head when a person is having a seizure

Keep your hands behind the head when a child is having convulsions to prevent head injury.

  • If the child is standing, lay the child on a safe area. Make sure that the area is clear of sharp objects and other furniture that he/ she may hit.
  • Place a cushion or a jacket on the child head.
  • Loosen any tight clothing, especially those surrounding the neck.
  • Do not put anything in the child’s mouth as it may cause damage to the tongue and gums.
  • If the child begins to vomit, assist the child to his/ her side and clear the mouth.

Do not attempt to restrict movement as it may just lead to more harm to a convulsing child.