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Ways of treating a skin flap

October 9th, 2017 | Posted by corinne grace in Basic First Aid Skills - (Comments Off on Ways of treating a skin flap)

A skin flap is a healthy skin that is partly disconnected and moved to cover a wound. It may contain skin and fat or skin, fat and muscle. Sometimes a skin flap is still connected to its original area and one end still connected to a blood vessel. A flat can be moved to a new area and the blood vessel that is still attached to the flap is surgically reconnected which is called a free flap. The area from where the flap is taken is called the donor site. After the surgery, there will be two wounds, the graft or flap and the donor area.

Treatment

  • Clean hands properly before touching the area to prevent the risk of infecting the wound. Wash hand thoroughly using soap and water and wear sterile latex gloves.
  • Stop the bleeding by pressing a sterile pad or dressing over the area. Apply a steady pressure on the wound. Use Telfa dressings or non-adhesive gauze. If bleeding seep through the dressing, place gauze on top of it until the bleeding has stopped.
    skin-flap

    Stop the bleeding by pressing a sterile pad or dressing over the area.

  • In case the wound is on the limb elevate the area to lessen the flow of blood to the affected area. If on the arm, raise the area while placing pressure.
  • Rinse the area around the wound using cool water to remove any debris.
  • Clean the wound using saline solution to make the skin elastic and making it easier to reconnect the border of the wound. Saline solution is made by mixing ½ teaspoon of salt to a cup of water. Boil the mixture for at least 15 minutes. Let it cool.
  • Remove any debris in the wound using a tweezers. Sterilize the tweezers using rubbing alcohol before using them.
  • Before applying dressing on the wound, apply a thin layer of prescribed antibiotic ointment or cream. The cream or ointment keeps the area moist; lessen the risk of developing infection and for fast healing of the condition.
  • Apply dressing or covering over the wound to keep the affected area clean and lessen the risk of developing infections. Use Telfa or the soft silicone-coated dressings. Change dressings regularly at least once every day.
  • Once the wound is already healed and there is no risk of developing an infection, remove the dressing, and leave the area uncovered. Expose the area to the air for fast healing of the condition.
  • Take the prescribed pain medication to lessen the pain and the swelling.
  • If possible elevate the wound above the level of the heart to lessen the swelling. Another alternative is raising the area in couple of pillows to keep it elevated.

Tips

  • Avoid performing movements that cause stretching or injuring the flap or graft.
  • Avoid scratching or picking the wound as it heals to prevent further damage and worsen the condition.
  • When taking a bath or showering, cover the affected area using a plastic bag to keep it dry.

More Information

The details posted on this page on a skin flap is for learning purposes only. To learn to recognize and manage this type of skin wound, enroll in a first aid course with one of our training providers.

Treating an elbow lump

May 23rd, 2017 | Posted by corinne grace in Basic First Aid Skills - (Comments Off on Treating an elbow lump)

An elbow lump is an abnormal protrusion or bump that happens within the elbow joint or on its surface. It can happen to anyone. An elbow lump can be due to a blow to the elbow or an injury. It can also result from inflammation or swelling, skin growth such as a cyst or tumor and poor healing of a broken bone. Inflammation can result from bursitis, tendinitis, and injuries from sports, strains, sprains, arthritis or joint infections.

An elbow lump causes pain, inflammation, reddening and warmth. It can be a hard or soft mass and can be moved under the skin. If the lump is caused by infection, the skin on the lump is pitted, red and hot and can burst. Sometimes, the lump remains delicate without causing any pain or discomfort when the joint is moved.

Symptoms of an elbow lump

  • Reduced mobility or range of motion
  • Redness, warmth or swelling of the affected area
  • Deformity of the affected elbow
    elbow-lump

    An elbow lump causes pain, inflammation, reddening and warmth.

  • Pain in the shoulder, arm, hand or finger
  • Fever
  • Popping or clicking sound can heard when moving the joint
  • Skin discoloration such as bruising
  • Weakness or loss of strength

If serious symptoms such as severe bleeding, paralysis, sudden elbow pain and sudden onset of joint deformity are present, immediate medical attention is required.

Causes

  • Bursitis which is the inflammation of the bursa sac that helps in cushioning the joints.
  • Fracture or dislocation of the elbow or arm
  • Fragments within the space of the joint
  • Gout is a type of arthritis due to the accumulation of uric acid in the joints
  • Overuse injury
  • Healing process of a broken bone
  • Tendinitis or inflammation of a tendon
  • Formation of hematoma due to an injury or blow over the elbow
  • Sebaceous cyst

Treatment

  • Take plenty of rest especially the affected elbow. Avoid performing activities that will cause inflammation of the bursa and avoid placing direct pressure on the area.
  • Wear elbow pads to protect the elbow from further irritation and worsen the condition.
  • Apply an ice pack on the affected elbow for at least 20 minutes at 2-3 times every day to lessen the swelling.
  • Compress the affected area using an elastic bandage wrapped around the affected joint to lessen the swelling. Avoid wrapping it too tight to prevent problems with circulation.
  • Elevate the affected elbow above the level of the heart to lessen the flow of blood in the area.
  • Take the prescribed over-the-counter anti-inflammatory medications such as aspirin, ibuprofen and naproxen to lessen the inflammation, swelling and pain.
  • Seek the help of the physical therapist for some rehabilitation exercises that includes stretches or strengthening activities and restore the normal range of motion of the elbow and muscle tone.

More Information

The details posted on this page on an elbow lump is for learning purposes only. To learn to recognize and manage joint conditions, enroll in a first aid course with one of our training providers.

Dealing with hematoma

February 24th, 2017 | Posted by corinne grace in Basic First Aid Skills - (Comments Off on Dealing with hematoma)

A hematoma is a localized accumulation of blood under the skin and looks like a reddish blue swelling or bruise. It is typically caused by a blunt disturbance to the body that results to bursting and leakage of the blood vessels.

A large-sized hematoma is a serious condition which puts plenty of pressure on the blood vessels and cause obstruction of blood flow in the area. This condition requires immediate treatment.

Symptoms of hematoma

Hematoma

A large-sized hematoma is a serious condition which puts plenty of pressure on the blood vessels and cause obstruction of blood flow in the area.

  • Pain and inflammation of the affected area.
  • The tissue is flooded with blood and results to swelling
  • Redness of the affected area due to accumulation of blood under the surface of the skin or subdermal hematoma.
  • Headaches and confusion
  • A lucid period where the individual eventually becomes unconscious. The lucid period is experienced right after the accumulation of blood and the flow of blood will result to loss of consciousness.
  • Weakness of the extremities

Treatment

  • Take plenty of rest during the first 48 hours.
  • Immobilize the affected area that keeps the person in a normal structural position such as lying on the back with palms and feet pointed forward. This position helps promote fast healing and prevents further damage if it occurs in the extremities and the joints.
  • Apply a cold compress on the area immediately after the injury on the first 24-48 hours. Apply an ice pack on the affected area after a hematoma starts to develop for at least 15-20 minutes. The cold temperature causes constriction of the blood vessels and lessens swelling and accumulation of blood under the skin.
  • Apply a warm compress after 24-48 hours during the recovery period. It dilates the blood vessels for increased flow of blood in the area and supply of nutrients needed for healing. The warm sensation lessens the pain. Another alternative is taking a warm bath which has a similar effect to a warm compress and dissolves blood clots from the affected area due to the increased blood flow.
  • Massage the affected area in a circular motion or long strokes for proper flow of blood. It also dissolves superficial clots. Stop the massage if pain is triggered.
  • Perform isotonic exercises. These exercises contract both muscles such as the flexors and extensors without producing movement. These contractions increase the return of blood by compressing the blood vessels.
  • Elevate the affected extremities above the level of the heart to lessen the flow and prevent the hematoma from becoming large. Use a couple of pillows in raising the affected area. It also lessens the swelling, proper lymphatic drainage, eliminate of exudates and lessens tissue pressure.
  • Take the prescribed over-the-counter pain medication such as ibuprofen every 4-6 hours.
  • Drink plenty of water to prevent dehydration and flush toxins out of the body.

Disclaimer / More Information

The material posted on this page on a hematoma is for learning purposes only. Learn to recognize and manage wounds by taking a first aid and CPR class with one of our training providers.

Managing of KNEE ARTHRITIS

December 2nd, 2016 | Posted by Dannah Mae P. Banares in Basic First Aid Skills - (Comments Off on Managing of KNEE ARTHRITIS)
meralgia-paresthetica

Arthritis is inflammation of your joints. The primary indications of arthritis are pain, swelling, and stiffness. Any joint in the body may be affected but it is commonly in the knee.

It is hard to do things everyday such as walking or bending your knees if you have that knee arthritis. T can cause loss of work time and disability for some.

 

Causes of Knee Arthritis

Age is the most common factor that causes knee arthritis. Several factors may increase the risk of developing arthritis at an early age.

  • Weight. It adds pressure on joints, especially the knees.
  • Gender. Women at the age of 55 and older are more likely than men to cultivate arthritis of the knee.
  • Athletics. Athletes may be at higher risk for developing arthritis of the knee who involves playing soccer, tennis and running. Regular moderate exercise reinforces joints and can decrease the risks.
  • Heredity. Genetic mutations can make a person more likely to develop arthritis of the knee.
    Knee arthritis

    It is hard to do things everyday such as walking or bending your knees if you have that knee arthritis.

What are the different symptoms of knee arthritis?

  • Pain that rises when you are active. swelling
  • sensation of warmth in the joint
  • painfulness in the knee, especially in the morning or when you have been sitting for a while
  • Reduction in mobility of the knee, making it hard to get in and out of cars and using of the stairs.
  • Creaking and snap sound that is noted when the knee moves

How to treat Knee arthritis?

Even if there is no remedy for arthritis, there are many treatment selections available to help manage pain and keep people staying active.

Relieving pain and to return mobility is the main goal why we need to treat arthritis of the knee. Treatment will basically include a combination of the following:

  1. Weight Loss. Losing a small amount of weight can possibly reduce knee pain.
  2. Regular exercise. Stretching help keep flexibility of the knee joints.
  3. Pain Relievers and Anti-inflammatory drugs. Acetaminophen, naproxen and ibuprofen are some of the medications that can be bought over-the-counter that can relief pain. Sometime your doctor may recommend you these medicines to ease the pain on the knees.
  4. Alternative therapies. Some may be effective that includes topical creams with acupuncture or supplements.

Use the “RICE” method. Rest, ice, compression and elevation caused by arthritis are good for knee pain. Give your knees some rest and apply ice to the specific are to reduce swelling. Put on compressive bandage and keep your knee elevated.

How to treat a scraped nose of a toddler

October 7th, 2016 | Posted by corinne grace in Basic First Aid Skills - (Comments Off on How to treat a scraped nose of a toddler)

A scraped nose is usually shallow and do not extend further into the skin, but some layers of the skin are removed. There is not much bleeding from a scraped nose but it will ooze a pinkish fluid. Scrapes are caused by accidents or falls and can occur when skin is rubbed against a hard surface.

Most children end up with scrapes once in a while and are usually minor and can be easily treated. These wounds can bleed and sting. Young children are prone to a scraped nose from a short fall or a minor accident. Proper treatment for a scraped nose of toddlers lessens the risk of infection and prevents scarring.

Treatment

  • Use a clean cloth and apply gentle pressure on the scraped nose to stop any bleeding. If blood soaks through the cloth, place another clean cloth over it and continue applying pressure. If there is severe bleeding and tissue damage or indication of a broken nose, seek medical help immediately.
    Scraped nose

    Scrapes are caused by accidents or falls and can occur when skin is rubbed against a hard surface.

  • Wash the affected area using warm water and mild soap. If there are debris and dirt in the wound, remove it using tweezers or flush with water. Avoid leaving debris, dirt or splinters inside a wound to prevent the risk of infection. Avoid using iodine, alcohol and peroxide in cleaning the wound to prevent damage on the skin tissues.
  • Apply the prescribed topical antibiotic on the affected area to prevent infection and cover using a bandage or non-stick sterile guaze.
  • Keep the wound covered all the time to prevent the toddler from picking on his/her nose to remove the scab. Scabs protect the wound and promote fast healing of the area. The scab usually falls off within 1-2 weeks.
  • Change the bandage when it becomes soiled, bloody or damp. If the bandage has foul-smelling discharge which is a sign of infection, seek medical help immediately.

Tips

  • Avoid exposing the affected area under the sun during healing process to prevent scarring of the skin. Protect the skin of the child with clothing and a sunscreen.
  • Maintain proper skin care such as using moisturizers and avoiding harsh soaps or cleansers.
  • Monitor children when playing on the playground all the time.
  • Keep knives, nails, scissors and tools in drawers with locks or cabinets that are out of reach.
  • Children should dress up in sturdy shoes and pants when performing activities.
  • The child should wear a protective helmet when riding a bicycle
  • Install safety gates at the top and bottom of the stairs to prevent falls

Disclaimer

The material posted on this page on a scraped nose is for learning purposes only. If you want to learn to provide proper wound care for a scraped nose, register for a first aid course with a training provider near you.

How to treat a swollen lip from an insect bite

September 23rd, 2016 | Posted by corinne grace in Basic First Aid Skills - (Comments Off on How to treat a swollen lip from an insect bite)

Some individuals might end up with a swollen lip after being stung or bit by an insect especially during the warm spring and summer seasons. When a person is bitten by an insect, it triggers irritation of the skin and an allergic reaction which varies from person to person. This condition can be minor or can become a symptom of a serious condition called anaphylaxis.

A swollen lip can have cuts along with bleeding which makes it difficult for the individual to drink, eat and talk.

Other symptoms that can occur along with swollen lips

  • Pain
  • Difficulty while eating, drinking, talking and opening the mouth
  • Chapped skin
  • Discoloration of the lip
  • Blisters
    Swollen lip

    Apply a cold compress on the swollen lip to relieve and lessen the swelling.

  • Headache
  • Fatigue and tiredness

Treatment

  • Wash the lip with water. Avoid using soap and other cleaning agents to prevent a toxic reaction.
  • Apply a cold compress on the swollen lip to relieve and lessen the swelling. Wrap ice cubes with a clean wash cloth or paper towel and gently apply on the area for at least 10-15 minutes. Take a break for 15 minutes before reapplying the cold compress again until the swelling starts to lessen. Avoid place ice directly on the lips to prevent frostbite that can worsen the condition.
  • Soak a clean wash cloth in a bowl filled with warm water, wring out the excess and apply on the affected area for at least 8-10 minutes. Repeat the process after an hour break.
  • Take the prescribed oral antihistamine to relieve the itchiness and lessen the swelling.
  • If there is facial swelling, difficulty breathing, feeling confused, irregular and fast heartbeat, seek medical help immediately.
  • Turmeric powder has antiseptic properties. Mix turmeric powder with a few drops of cold water and fuller’s earth. Mix well until it becomes a paste and apply on the swollen part of the lip and let it stay on the area until it dries up. Rinse off using warm water. Perform this process at least 2 times every day.
  • Aloe vera gel has anti-inflammatory properties that lessen the burning sensation on the swollen lip. Extract juice or gel from a fresh aloe vera leaf and apply on the affected lip and massage the area gently. Repeat this process at least 2-3 times every day.
  • Take the prescribed over-the-counter pain and anti-inflammatory medications such as ibuprofen and naproxen to minimize the pain and inflammation.
  • Take 1 tablespoon of baking soda and mix with a few drops of water until it becomes a paste. Apply a thick coat of this paste on the affected lip. Leave on the area for at least 10 minutes and rinse off using cold water.

Getting rid of sweaty palms and feet

September 16th, 2016 | Posted by corinne grace in Basic First Aid Skills - (Comments Off on Getting rid of sweaty palms and feet)

Excessive sweating or hyperhidrosis is a condition affects any part of the body, but usually the palms of the hands, soles of the feet, underarm and face are commonly affected. The condition is usually heredity where parents or siblings have suffered from the same condition.

Causes of sweaty palms and feet

  • Certain medications
  • Menopausal hot flashes
  • Substance abuse
  • Overactive thyroid
    Sweaty palms and feet

    Drink plenty of water throughout the day to regulate the temperature of the body and prevent it from raising too high and trigger the need to sweat.

  • Low blood sugar
  • Heart attack
  • Infectious disease such as malaria or tuberculosis
  • Deficiency in nutrition such as an unhealthy diet and unhygienic lifestyle

Treatment

  • Consume a glass of fresh homemade tomato juice every day at least for a week.
  • After taking a bath, pat the feet dry especially between the toes. Massage the area using apple cider vinegar. Tea tree oil is also good for sweating of the foot. Apply tea tree oil directly on the affected area.
  • Minimize eating foods rich in iodine. Vegetables such as asparagus, broccoli, and white onion, beef, liver and meats of turkey should be avoided.
  • Boil a quart of water and put 5 teabags in the boiling water, let it cool and soak the sweaty palms for at least 30 minutes. Tannic acid present in tea has astringent properties that function as a natural antiperspirant.
  • Drink plenty of water throughout the day to regulate the temperature of the body and prevent it from raising too high and trigger the need to sweat. Drinking plenty of water flushes out toxins in the body through urine and also improves the odor of sweat. Drink at least 6-8 glasses of water every day to make the skin smooth and improve digestion.
  • Baking soda and cornstarch can be applied on the sweaty areas that are susceptible to infection such as the feet and below the breasts. Baking soda has antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties suitable for sensitive skin. Another alternative is using baby powder.
  • Take the prescribed over-the-counter zinc supplement or eat foods rich in zinc such as beef, crab, breakfast cereal, baked beans, yogurt and almonds.
  • Apply an antiperspirant at night before going to bed since it takes about 6-8 hours for the perspirant to enter the sweat glands and clog the pores. Antiperspirant is not only for the armpits but can be used anywhere in the body such as the palms, feet and back. Avoid using an antiperspirant on the face to prevent irritation.
  • Wear lightweight clothing such as cotton to prevent the skin from overheating.
  • Place moisture-wicking insoles inside shoes to lessen sweat on the feet.
  • Avoid being stressed. Remember that feeling nervous and anxious can cause sweating in some people.
  • Stop smoking, drinking alcohol and excessive consumption of caffeine to prevent excessive sweating.
  • Avoid being overweight to minimize sweating.

Remedies for nosebleeds in teenagers

June 17th, 2016 | Posted by corinne grace in Basic First Aid Skills - (Comments Off on Remedies for nosebleeds in teenagers)

Nosebleeds or epistaxis are caused by dryness of the nasal lining and rubbing and picking of the nose when it becomes blocked or itchy. Vigorous blowing of the nose can also cause bleeding.

People with nasal allergies are susceptible to nosebleeds due to constant rubbing and blowing of the nose. Sometimes, nosebleed that does not stop easily can be a symptom of a serious underlying condition. There are two types of nosebleeds – anterior nosebleed which is caused by the breakage of the small vessels of blood in the front area of the nose and usually common in teenagers and posterior nosebleed is caused by some underlying condition and usually common in adults and the elderly. People with high blood pressure can also experience nosebleeds.

Causes of nosebleeds in teenagers

Nasal membranes become dry due to dry air which can result to crusting inside the nasal membranes. These crusting when picked can cause nosebleeds. The bleeding can also be caused by cold, dry climate, excessive heated indoor air, excessive cold climate, allergies and using medications that are snorted.

Nosebleeds

People with nasal allergies are susceptible to nosebleeds due to constant rubbing and blowing of the nose.

Some serious causes of nosebleeds include blood clotting disorders, leukemia, internal bleeding caused by injuries, chronic illnesses, nasal tumors and blood vessels that form abnormally. These can result to frequent nosebleeds in teenagers and warrants medical help immediately.

Treatment

  • Stop the bleeding by leaning forward and spit out any blood. Sit up and lean forward to avoid swallowing the blood. A basin should be ready if drainage of blood from the throat. Avoid swallowing blood to prevent irritation on the stomach that can result to nausea or vomiting.
  • Squeeze the soft part of the nose and apply pressure. The individual should blow his/her nose to eliminate any clots that interferes with the application of pressure. Pinch tightly the soft parts of the nose against the center wall for at least 10 minutes and during this process, breathe through the mouth.
  • Wrap ice cubes that serves as an ice pack with a towel and place it over the nose.

If there is still bleeding, use vasoconstrictor nose drops and squeeze again. Another alternative is to insert a gauze and cover it using vasoconstrictor nose drops or petroleum jelly into the nostril and squeeze again for at least 10 minutes. If bleeding persists, seek medical help immediately.

Tips

  • Avoid blowing the nose to prevent the condition from worsening.
  • Avoid stuffing tissues or any object inside the nostrils
  • Use a salt water nasal spray and apply petroleum jelly around the front area of the nostrils to keep the inside part of the nose moist.
  • Install a portable humidifier or vaporizer inside the house.
  • Trim nails regularly to lessen the chances of injuring the inside part of the nose.
  • Wear protective gear when playing sports

Treating cuts and scrapes in children

March 25th, 2016 | Posted by corinne grace in Basic First Aid Skills - (Comments Off on Treating cuts and scrapes in children)
skin-flap

A cut is usually caused by an encounter with a sharp object such as a knife or razor blade. Cuts can also happen on objects with thin edges such as paper or a thin cardboard box. A scratch is usually caused an abrasive surface such as sand paper, concrete and unfinished wood.

Children can get cuts and scratches once in a while, but are usually minor wounds and can be easily treated.

Symptoms

  • Redness or swelling around the wound
  • Bleeding
    Cuts and scrapes

    Clean the wound, if it is bleeding. Place sterile gauze or a clean cloth and apply firm pressure until the bleeding stops.

  • Irritation or pain at the surface of the skin

Treatment

  • Wash the hands before helping the affected child to prevent the wound from getting infected and allow the child sit or lie down.
  • Clean the wound, if it is bleeding. Place sterile gauze or a clean cloth and apply firm pressure until the bleeding stops.
  • Hold the affected area under cool running water and rub it gently using a clean cloth. Just remember to avoid using hot water. Bottled water or a saline wound spray can also be used in cleaning the wound. Avoid using iodine, alcohol, mercurochrome and hydrogen peroxide in cleaning the wound to minimize the irritation and pain.
  • If the wound is not too deep but has debris or grit, clean the area using a pair of tweezers that has been sterilized with alcohol or boiling water to pick up the dirt and debris.
  • Apply a cold compress or ice pack on the bruise at least for 20 minutes to prevent internal bleeding.
  • Elevate the affected area for at least 15 minutes. Seek medical care if the bruise becomes worse.
  • Apply the prescribed antibacterial cream or spray to prevent infection.
  • Cover the wound using Band-Aid or sterile gauze to prevent infections. Utilize an adhesive or sticky bandage in covering the scrape or cut until it becomes dry and a scab has already formed. Take note that this help protect the fresh wound, lessen pain and oozing from wound.

Tips

  • If the wound is deep, seek medical care for tetanus vaccination immediately.
  • Cuts and scrapes that are in the healing process should not be exposed to sunlight to prevent markings or scarring of the affected area. Protect the affected area with clothing, dressing or applying sunscreen on the area.
  • Maintain good skin care by applying a moisturizer and avoiding using harsh soaps or cleansers.
  • Seek medical help immediately if bleeding cannot be stopped, the cut is deep, the cause of the cut or scrape an animal or human and cuts or scrapes that affects sensitive areas such as the eyes, face, genital or anal area.
  • If signs of infections such as pain, fever, redness and pus are present, it is vital to seek medical help immediately.

Shin splints after running

December 18th, 2015 | Posted by corinne grace in Basic First Aid Skills - (Comments Off on Shin splints after running)
Dry gangrene

Shin splints is a pain felt along the shinbone or the tibia which is the large bone found in front of the lower leg and quite common in runners, dancers and military recruits. Shin splints is also known as medial tibial stress syndrome and happens in athletes that have intensified and changed their training routines which causes the tendons, muscles and tissues of bone to be overworked due to an increased activity.

Symptoms

  • Mild swelling in the lower leg
  • Tenderness, soreness or pain felt along the inner portion of the lower leg
  • Pain is minimized when the person stops exercising or running but pain can become severe

Causes

Shin splints

Tenderness, soreness or pain felt along the inner portion of the lower leg.

  • Shin splints can be caused by tiny breaks in the lower bones or stress fractures
  • Swelling and irritated muscles due to overuse
  • Weakness in the stabilizing muscles of the hips or core
  • Overpronation or “flat feet” in which a strong impact of a step can make the arch of the foot collapse
  • Common in runners such as changing the intensity of the workouts or changing the surface that they are running like shifting from a dirt path to asphalt.
  • Shin splints can also happen in dancers such as changing movements of their legs.

Treatment

  • Take plenty of rest in order to help fast healing of the condition.
  • Apply an ice pack the affected area in order to help lessen swelling and pain at least 20-30 minutes every 3-4 hours for two to three days until the pain disappears. Another way is applying cold using a bag of frozen vegetables such as corn kernels or peas.
  • Tape shin splints using an elastic bandage or wear a neoprene sleeve over the lower leg in order to give comfort by compressing the affected area which helps minimize the inflammation and support the tissue and for minimized movement of the affected area. Perform gentle movements in order to help in the proper circulation of blood to the area and eliminate excess fluid from the inflammation.
  • Take the prescribed over-the-counter pain medication such as ibuprofen, naproxen or aspirin to lessen swelling and pain.
  • Use orthotics for the shoes such as inserts to help with the arches that flatten or collapse when standing up. It also helps protect the affected area from excessive pounding during jogging or other high-impact and weight-bearing activities.
  • Perform exercise on surfaces such as a running tract, crushed grass or gravel or asphalt road. Avoid cemented road as much as possible.
  • Switch to other types of activities such as swimming, stationary cycling and other activities that do not strain on the shins.
  • Avoid running up and down a hill since it can make the condition worse.