Standard First Aid Training, Courses and Re-Certifications.

Treating cuts and scrapes in children

March 25th, 2016 | Posted by corinne grace in Basic First Aid Skills - (Comments Off on Treating cuts and scrapes in children)

A cut is usually caused by an encounter with a sharp object such as a knife or razor blade. Cuts can also happen on objects with thin edges such as paper or a thin cardboard box. A scratch is usually caused an abrasive surface such as sand paper, concrete and unfinished wood.

Children can get cuts and scratches once in a while, but are usually minor wounds and can be easily treated.

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  • Redness or swelling around the wound
  • Bleeding

    Cuts and scrapes

    Clean the wound, if it is bleeding. Place sterile gauze or a clean cloth and apply firm pressure until the bleeding stops.

  • Irritation or pain at the surface of the skin


  • Wash the hands before helping the affected child to prevent the wound from getting infected and allow the child sit or lie down.
  • Clean the wound, if it is bleeding. Place sterile gauze or a clean cloth and apply firm pressure until the bleeding stops.
  • Hold the affected area under cool running water and rub it gently using a clean cloth. Just remember to avoid using hot water. Bottled water or a saline wound spray can also be used in cleaning the wound. Avoid using iodine, alcohol, mercurochrome and hydrogen peroxide in cleaning the wound to minimize the irritation and pain.
  • If the wound is not too deep but has debris or grit, clean the area using a pair of tweezers that has been sterilized with alcohol or boiling water to pick up the dirt and debris.
  • Apply a cold compress or ice pack on the bruise at least for 20 minutes to prevent internal bleeding.
  • Elevate the affected area for at least 15 minutes. Seek medical care if the bruise becomes worse.
  • Apply the prescribed antibacterial cream or spray to prevent infection.
  • Cover the wound using Band-Aid or sterile gauze to prevent infections. Utilize an adhesive or sticky bandage in covering the scrape or cut until it becomes dry and a scab has already formed. Take note that this help protect the fresh wound, lessen pain and oozing from wound.


  • If the wound is deep, seek medical care for tetanus vaccination immediately.
  • Cuts and scrapes that are in the healing process should not be exposed to sunlight to prevent markings or scarring of the affected area. Protect the affected area with clothing, dressing or applying sunscreen on the area.
  • Maintain good skin care by applying a moisturizer and avoiding using harsh soaps or cleansers.
  • Seek medical help immediately if bleeding cannot be stopped, the cut is deep, the cause of the cut or scrape an animal or human and cuts or scrapes that affects sensitive areas such as the eyes, face, genital or anal area.
  • If signs of infections such as pain, fever, redness and pus are present, it is vital to seek medical help immediately.

Shin splints after running

December 18th, 2015 | Posted by corinne grace in Basic First Aid Skills - (Comments Off on Shin splints after running)
Dry gangrene

Shin splints is a pain felt along the shinbone or the tibia which is the large bone found in front of the lower leg and quite common in runners, dancers and military recruits. Shin splints is also known as medial tibial stress syndrome and happens in athletes that have intensified and changed their training routines which causes the tendons, muscles and tissues of bone to be overworked due to an increased activity.

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  • Mild swelling in the lower leg
  • Tenderness, soreness or pain felt along the inner portion of the lower leg
  • Pain is minimized when the person stops exercising or running but pain can become severe


Shin splints

Tenderness, soreness or pain felt along the inner portion of the lower leg.

  • Shin splints can be caused by tiny breaks in the lower bones or stress fractures
  • Swelling and irritated muscles due to overuse
  • Weakness in the stabilizing muscles of the hips or core
  • Overpronation or “flat feet” in which a strong impact of a step can make the arch of the foot collapse
  • Common in runners such as changing the intensity of the workouts or changing the surface that they are running like shifting from a dirt path to asphalt.
  • Shin splints can also happen in dancers such as changing movements of their legs.


  • Take plenty of rest in order to help fast healing of the condition.
  • Apply an ice pack the affected area in order to help lessen swelling and pain at least 20-30 minutes every 3-4 hours for two to three days until the pain disappears. Another way is applying cold using a bag of frozen vegetables such as corn kernels or peas.
  • Tape shin splints using an elastic bandage or wear a neoprene sleeve over the lower leg in order to give comfort by compressing the affected area which helps minimize the inflammation and support the tissue and for minimized movement of the affected area. Perform gentle movements in order to help in the proper circulation of blood to the area and eliminate excess fluid from the inflammation.
  • Take the prescribed over-the-counter pain medication such as ibuprofen, naproxen or aspirin to lessen swelling and pain.
  • Use orthotics for the shoes such as inserts to help with the arches that flatten or collapse when standing up. It also helps protect the affected area from excessive pounding during jogging or other high-impact and weight-bearing activities.
  • Perform exercise on surfaces such as a running tract, crushed grass or gravel or asphalt road. Avoid cemented road as much as possible.
  • Switch to other types of activities such as swimming, stationary cycling and other activities that do not strain on the shins.
  • Avoid running up and down a hill since it can make the condition worse.

Broken nose

October 30th, 2015 | Posted by corinne grace in Basic First Aid Skills - (Comments Off on Broken nose)

A broken nose is also known as a nasal fracture which is a crack or break in a bone in the nose, usually the bone over the bridge of the nose. It can be caused by injuries such as a punch to the face or a fall, playing contact sports, vehicular accidents, physical fights and facial trauma caused by accidents. A broken nose causes pain, swelling and bruising under the eyes and around the nose. In most cases, the nose is crooked and there is difficulty in breathing.

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  • There is swelling on the nose and the surrounding areas
  • Discharge of mucus coming from the nose
  • Bleeding from the nose
  • Tenderness and pain when touching the nose
  • Misshapen or curved nose
  • A sensation that the nasal passages are being blocked

    Broken nose

    There is swelling on the nose and the surrounding areas.

  • A bruising around the eyes or nose


  • Physical altercations
  • Vehicular accidents
  • Falls
  • Injury caused by contact sports such as football or hockey
  • Walking into steady objects such as a door or a wall or performing rough, wrestling-type of play.


  • A broken nose can cause pools of clotted blood which will cause a condition known as septal hematoma.
  • If a broken nose is caused by a strong blow from a vehicular accident, there is a high risk of cartilage fracture.
  • A vehicular accident can cause injuries to the neck. If the blow is strong enough to break the nose, it can cause damage to the bones found in the neck.


  • When a break happens, allow the affected person to breathe through the mouth and lean forward in order to lessen the amount of blood that drains out of the throat.
  • Apply an ice pack immediately after the injury for 10-15 minutes at least four times every day for the first 24-48 hours in order to lessen the swelling. Wrap a few ice cubes in a clean wash cloth to help prevent frostbite and avoid applying too much pressure.
  • Take the prescribed over-the-counter pain medications such as acetaminophen and ibuprofen to minimize the pain.
  • Elevate the head especially during sleeping in order to help minimize swelling and throbbing of the affected area.
  • For the first two weeks of treatment, avoid playing any sports especially contact sports for at least six weeks after the injury.
  • Avoid wearing glasses until the swelling is minimized and avoid picking or blowing the nose until it is totally healed.

If the pain becomes severe and cannot be minimized by commonly used pain medications, the swelling is worse, the nose appears crooked or misaligned, bleeding that comes and goes and fever, it is best seek medical help immediately.

How to Treat and Manage Headaches

June 8th, 2015 | Posted by Mikha Canon in Basic First Aid Skills - (Comments Off on How to Treat and Manage Headaches)

Headaches are said to be the most common form of pain that one experiences. Most people have experienced headaches at least once in their lives. Headache is pain or discomfort felt either in the head, scalp or neck. The brain itself does not have nerves, thus it does not experience pain. Thus the pain originates from the tissues and other structures surrounding the brain, usually as a result of inflammation or irritation of the tissues. The pain from headaches can be described as dull, sharp, constant, radiating, throbbing, mild, intense, and plenty of other ways. But symptoms for headaches will vary according to its cause

Headaches are either classified as primary or secondary. Headaches are classified according to their underlying cause. The aim of this classification scheme is to easily eliminate potential causes. This could lead to giving a faster diagnosis and therefore giving proper medications at the soonest possible time.

Primary Headaches

Primary headaches are the most common types of headaches. The source of pain here is from tissue inflammation in the head. There are three known types:

  • Tension (most common type)
    • Exact cause is still undetermined but is hypothesized to be due to the contraction of the muscles that cover the skull resulting to inflammation
    • Possible causes: stress, depression, anxiety, bad posture, etc.
    • More common in women than men
    • Pain usually begins at the back of the head or upper neck and radiates to encircle the head
    • Pain is most intense over the temples or over the eyebrows
    • Pain is on both sides
  • Migraine (second most common)
    • Exact cause is still undetermined
    • Possible triggers: heat, lack of sleep, certain scents, caffeine withdrawal, etc.
    • More common in women than men
    • Pain is described as severe, throbbing or pounding and usually occurs in one side only
    • May be accompanied by change in vision and nausea
  • Cluster (rare type)
    • Exact cause is still undetermined but is hypothesized to be due to the sudden release of serotonin and/or histamine
    • May be genetic
    • More common in men than women
    • Pain is described as severe and usually occurs once or twice a day and typically lasts from 30 to 90 minutes
    • May happen daily for a week or longer and usually happens at the same time every day
    • May be accompanied by the reddening, inflammation and watering of the eyes

Secondary Headaches

Secondary headaches are caused by an underlying health or medical condition, which include:

  • Strokes
  • Transient ischemic attack
  • Seizures
  • Brain tumors
  • Encephalitis, meningitis and other infections that involve the brain
  • Traumatic headaches
  • Hypertension
  • Dehydration
  • Substance abuse

Cranial Neuralgias Headaches

  • Inflammation of the one of the 12 cranial nerves
  • Symptoms: severe facial pain, etc.

First Aid Treatment and Management for Headaches

Headaches can usually be treated with over-the-counter pain relievers, such as paracetamol, ibuprofen and aspirin. Aspirin should not be given to children. Doctors may prescribed pain medications for severe headaches.  The following treatment can also be done to help manage headaches:

  • Apply a cool compress over the forehead.
  • Take plenty of rest and if possible, do this in a dark room.
  • Do not join activities that may worsen the headache.
  • Do not stay in stressful environments.
  • Stay hydrated by drinking plenty of clear fluids, such as water.

Enroll in First Aid Courses to learn more about how to handle pain.

Headache is a pain or discomfort that is felt either in the head, scalp or even in the neck. They have a wide variety of causes.

Head Hurts Headache Depressed Sad

Headache is a pain or discomfort that is felt either in the head, scalp or even in the neck

Management of uncontrollable vomiting

March 26th, 2015 | Posted by corinne grace in Basic First Aid Skills - (Comments Off on Management of uncontrollable vomiting)

Vomiting is a reflex response which causes the contents of the stomach to come out through the mouth. This reflex is involuntary and can be caused by different kinds of conditions. In normal circumstances, vomiting immediately stops once all the contents of the stomach are expelled out, but sometimes it can be persistent and uncontrolled. It can be caused by gastric infection or eating contaminated food. On the other hand, uncontrolled vomiting can be caused by certain conditions and can also have a high risk of esophageal tear or internal bleeding. To learn to recognize and manage digestive issues including uncontrollable vomiting, sign up for a first aid class with a credible provider near you.

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Causes of uncontrollable vomiting

  • Food poisoning or infection of the stomach results in uncontrollable vomiting and feeling of nausea and can be linked with other symptoms such as diarrhea, loss of appetite and fever.
  • Medications used in chemotherapy and radiotherapy can also cause uncontrolled vomiting and the symptoms linger after the treatment is completed.
  • Pregnant women can also experience uncontrolled vomiting caused by changes in the hormonal profile of females and usually happens during the first trimester or continue throughout the pregnancy. This condition is known as hyperemesis gravid which is a serious condition.
  • Uncontrolled vomiting can be caused by gallbladder disease, appendicitis and Crohn’s disease.
  • Uncontrolled vomiting can be caused by conditions such as a heart attack, injuries in the head, hyperthyroidism, meningitis, throat infection and kidney failure
  • Bulimia nervosa which is an eating disorder, anxiety disorders and even depression can cause uncontrolled vomiting.
  • Cyclic vomiting syndrome or severe dehydration can cause uncontrolled vomiting.

Food poisoning or infection of the stomach results in uncontrollable vomiting and feeling of nausea and can be linked with other symptoms such as diarrhea, loss of appetite and fever.

Treatment and home remedies

  • Eat small amounts during meals at regular duration throughout the day and eat in a slow manner.
  • Eat foods that are easy to digest such as boiled vegetables and avoid heavy foods such as grains, meat, chicken and fruits.
  • Avoid eating foods that are warm instead stick with foods at room temperature or cold.
  • Drink soda or fresh fruit juices when there is an urge to vomit since they help suppress the urge.
  • Sit erect at least half an hour after eating meals and avoid lying down.

Other remedies for uncontrolled vomiting

  • Using ginger is good for the digestive system and it is a natural anti-emetic in preventing vomiting. Mix 1 teaspoon of ginger juice and lemon juice and drink it for several times a day. Another option is ginger tea mixed with honey or use fresh ginger with or without honey.
  • Boil 1 cup of rice in 1 ½ cup of water and strain the solution and drink to lessen the urge to vomit caused by gastritis.
  • Boil 1 cup of water and add ½ or 1 teaspoon of cinnamon powder. Let it precipitate a few minutes and strain the water, then add a tablespoon of honey and sip it slowly. It helps in calming the stomach and treat nausea and vomiting caused by some digestive disorders.
  • Add a tablespoon of dried mint leaves in a cup of hot water and allow to precipitating for 5-10 minutes. Strain and drink the tea to provide relief from vomiting caused by an upset stomach.

How to treat mouth and dental injuries

August 13th, 2014 | Posted by corinne grace in Basic First Aid Skills - (Comments Off on How to treat mouth and dental injuries)

A mouth injury are common in young children and involves the teeth, lips, jaw, inner cheeks, tongue, roof of the mouth, tonsils, gums and neck. Occasionally, these injuries looks worse than they are, even a small cut or puncture inside the mouth can cause so much bleeding because there are so many blood vessels in the neck and head area.

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Injury in the teeth can be caused by a fall or in a sports activity or it can be knocked out (avulsed). It can be replaced with a permanent tooth in its socket by replanting. If the tooth was knocked out or torn away from the socket, immediate first aid and dental treatment should be given to the person.

A crack, chip, or break a tooth, or changes in color of the tooth can also be caused by a tooth injury. A tooth that loses or moves out of position is called dental luxation, or a tooth that is jammed into the gums is called intruded.

Grinding of teeth at night can also cause dental injuries. A broken or a loose dental appliance that is attached to the teeth or an orthodontic wire or bracket will rub the inside of your mouth and making it sore.

Mouth injuries

Injury in the mouth and lips causes large, loose tissues or a gaping wound that will need stitches.

Injury in the mouth and lips causes large, loose tissues or a gaping wound that will need stitches. A wound in the lip can be stitched. A piece of broken tooth or an orthodontic wire that is attached to the wound would require medical care.

When a person falls on a pointed object like a pencil or a Popsicle stick in his or her mouth, it will cause injury to the roof of the mouth, the back of the throat or a tonsil can cause damage to the tissues in the head and neck.

Treatment for mouth and dental injuries

  • Applying a cold compress to the injured area or the person will suck on a piece of ice or flavored ice pop like Popsicle.
  • Rinse the wound with warm water after eating meals. Use saltwater to promote healing by mixing 1 teaspoon of salt to a cup of water.
  • Eating soft foods that can be easily swallowed like milk, shakes, ice cream, yogurt. Other recommended foods include custards, cottage cheese and sherbets, mashed potatoes, chicken, tuna, eggs and peanut butter.
  • Avoiding foods that are spicy, salty, citrus fruit juices and tomatoes.
  • Avoid smoking or use tobacco products, avoid drinking alcohol.
  • If an orthodontic wire or bracket is stabbing the gums or teeth, create a roll or ball of molten candle wax or orthodontic wax and apply it the area that is prodding the gums or teeth.

Preventive measures

  • Have the teeth and gums checked by the dentist regularly
  • Using a seat belt when riding in a vehicle to prevent or reduce injuries in the mouth during motor vehicle accidents.
  • Wearing a mouth guard when playing some sports, it can be made by the dentist.
  • Wearing a helmet and face guard in sports to protect the face, mouth, or head if accidents might happen.
  • Proper wearing of the orthodontics appliances, like the retainer or headgear.
  • Using orthodontic wax in protecting the inside of the mouth from poking wires.

Difference Between Incisions And Lacerations

August 4th, 2014 | Posted by Aris Eff in Basic First Aid Skills - (Comments Off on Difference Between Incisions And Lacerations)

Any type of injury on the skin is considered as a wound. They can be classified as open and closed. Open wounds are usually the ones that make the skin torn or broken. Closed wounds, on the other hand, have fewer categories, but they are just as injurious as open wounds; these include hematomas and crush injuries. Open wounds have five categories, incisions, lacerations, abrasions, contusions and punctured wounds.

Among these, the most commonly confused wounds are lacerations and incisions, because both of them make a cut to the skin. But the severity and intent of the cut is what makes the two different from each other. Let us take a look at how lacerations and incisions differ from each other.

What is a laceration?

Laceration is a type of wound that happens when the soft tissue in the body are torn. As a result, they are often jagged or irregular in size and shape. They are usually produced by some kind of blunt trauma to the skin. Because lacerations are produced by whatever object that caused the cut, the wound is usually contaminated with debris or bacteria.

What is an incision?

In comparison to laceration, an incised wound is caused by a sharp-edged object, such as a razor or a knife. This means that the size and shape of the wound are usually regular and the wound itself is smooth and neat unlike lacerations. Although incisions could happen as a result of a knife or glass shard accidents, they could also happen from purposeful opening of the skin, such as when a surgeon needs to perform open surgeries. This means that incised wounds can be both clean and contaminated, depending on the nature of the cut.

Which type of wound heals faster?

Incisions and lacerations both take some time to heal. But an incised wound heals faster than a lacerated wound. This is because lacerations are jagged, while incisions are regular in shape. Also, the smoothness and straightness of cuts in incisions produces fewer scars than a lacerated wound.

Additional note: remember to keep your wounds clean

Whether you have a laceration or incision, treating that cut is very important to avoid contamination, which could eventually lead to infection.

Always practice proper hand washing before cleaning the wound.

Applying sterile dressing on an incision is one way to prevent contamination.

Applying sterile dressing on an incision is one way to prevent contamination.

Keep in mind that wounds heal normally. Surgical wounds, however, may heal slower unless the wound dressings are changed regularly and the incision site is often checked for any contamination.









Check out this site for more standard first aid tips and techniques for bleeding wounds.

Related Video on Wound Cleaning:

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“Lacerations versus puncture wound.” Medline Plus. Retrieved online on July 30, 2014 from

“Five Types of Wound.” LIVESTRONG.Com. Retrieved online on July 30, 2014 from


Using vinegar for first aid

July 30th, 2014 | Posted by corinne grace in Basic First Aid Skills - (Comments Off on Using vinegar for first aid)

Vinegar is very useful in many first aid situations. If you will sign up for first aid training, you will learn the usefulness of vinegar. It is the first antibiotic treatment for humans.

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  1. Treating abrasions – vinegar is a natural antiseptic that can be used to treat abrasion by mixing ½ cup of vinegar and ½ cup of water. It is used to clean minor cuts and abrasions. It can also be used in reducing the itchiness caused by poison ivy or other insects.
  2. Sunburn – in treating sunburns using vinegar, first thing you do is cover the sunburns with a towel soaked in the mixture of water and vinegar. Another way is putting vinegar and water mixture in a spray bottle and apply it directly on the burned area of the body. To reduce swelling and fluid caused by the sun, you can mix baking soda and apple cider vinegar and apply to affected area.
  3. Stiff muscles – in reducing the stress of over-worked muscles, you have to mix ½ cup vinegar and ½ cup warm water. Then soak a towel, wring out the towel and use it to cover the sore muscles, then cover it with a plastic wrap and leave it overnight. When reducing bruising, mix ½ cup vinegar and ½ cup cold water, use it as cold compress and secure in place with a tape or sports wrap.
  4. Treating diarrhea – cider vinegar is good with digestion and an antiseptic on the intestines and the digestive tract. Mix 1 tsp. of cider vinegar to one glass of water, drink it before meals. This will lessen the intensity of diarrhea.
  5. Hay fever – the symptoms of hay fever are watery eyes, sneezing and runny nose. You can treat hay fever using honey and vinegar. Take 1 tbsp. of honey and a dose of cider vinegar 3 times a day during seasons of hay fever. If you want some extra relief, use local honey and begin the treatment.
  6. A scratchy throat – to relieve sore throat, you have to gargle with apple cider vinegar and water mixture. Mix ½ cup apple cider vinegar and ½ cup water. Repeat this treatment every hour. Rinse your mouth properly to minimize the effect of acidity on your teeth.

It is used to clean minor cuts and abrasions. It can also be used in reducing the itchiness caused by poison ivy or other insects.

Apple cider vinegar can be made into apple cider vinegar bath. It helps heal the skin and restoring the natural balance. Apple cider vinegar can also be a disinfectant in homes, improve your health and can be used for home beautifications. It can also remove stains and buildup of hard water.

Other uses of vinegar

All-purpose cleaner – mixing 2 parts water and 1 part vinegar and place in a bottle spray and add a few drops of liquid dish detergent, then shake it. It can be used for cleaning stainless steel, counter tops, windows, and sinks.

Stinky or slow drainage – pour ¼ cup of baking soda in the drain and then add ½ to 1 cup of vinegar. After a while flush it with hot water.

Fruits fly at home – using a small jar or canning jar, poke holes in the lid. Fill it with ¼ cup vinegar and place it on top of the counter. It will trap the fruit flies.

First Aid for Drug Overdose

July 23rd, 2014 | Posted by Aris Eff in Basic First Aid Skills - (Comments Off on First Aid for Drug Overdose)

Whenever a person takes too much of a drug – whether it is a prescribed, bought over-the-counter, or taken for recreational purposes – he/she can suffer from drug overdose. Whenever these drugs are taken in excess without appropriate medical supervision, it can be fatal for the health of the victim unless given prompt care.

How does a drug overdose occur?

Overdose or poisoning can have a wide range of effects on the body, but this varies greatly from the type of drug ingested, how much is taken, and the purpose for taking it.  Apart from prescribed and over-the-counter medications that are taken without proper supervision, poisoning from drugs can happen to anyone. But they commonly occur on teenagers attending night parties and taking “recreational drugs” in hopes of staying “high” and active all night. The problem with this is that they do not know the contents and nature of the substance and its possible effects on the body. Sometimes, they even take more than one kind of drug, but this further complicates their health and could be fatal in the long run.

Treatment goals for drug overdose

As first aid providers, the only that you can do is to give as many information as possible to the emergency services once they arrive. So, the first step in providing first aid to a victim suffering from drug overdose is to call emergency hotline, check the patient’s breathing and vital signs, as well as to ask the patient some questions about the type of drugs taken. The main goal therefore is to avoid airway obstruction and maintain circulation and breathing while help arrives.

If the victim is conscious, do the following:

  • Place them in a comfortable position
  • Reassure, talk to, and calm the patient especially when they become agitated
  • Regularly monitor vital signs, particularly the pulse and breathing
  • Assess the surrounding and interview the patient to help you identify what kind of drug has been taken.

If the victim is unconscious:

  • Check breathing and open the airway. Make sure that there are no obstructions
  • Prepare to give rescue breathing and chest compressions if necessary
  • If the victim is breathing normally, though, simply place them in a recovery position as help arrives.
Put the patient in recovery position if he is unconscious but breathing normally.

Put the patient in recovery position if he is unconscious but breathing normally.

Important reminder: there are some drugs that could cause serious overheating or sudden rise in body temperature. Be sure to check the patient’s temperature and remove any clothing if necessary to avoid further overheating of the body.

Learning some practical skills about first aid can help save someone’s life during critical situations. Enroll in a first aid course to know more about the importance of first aid administration.






Related Video on Drug Overdose First Aid:

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“Drug Abuse First Aid.” Medline Plus. Retrieved online on July 23, 2014 from

“First Aid For Poisons and Drug Overdoses.” Howstuffworks. Retrieved online on July 23, 2014 from

Hyperthermia First Aid Tips

June 21st, 2014 | Posted by Aris Eff in Basic First Aid Skills | Being Prepared - (Comments Off on Hyperthermia First Aid Tips)
Water for Hyperthermia.

Water for Hyperthermia.

When the body’s thermoregulation fails because of too much external heat that is absorbed, hyperthermia occurs. The extreme levels of high temperature are usually absorbed by the body more than it can generate and it is an emergency condition requiring immediate medical care. Hyperthermia needs to be treated as soon as possible to prevent death or disability. Whenever the body’s temperature reaches above 104F, it will begin to show signs of heat stroke, a prominent indicator of hyperthermia.

Administering first aid and recognizing the signs and symptoms of hyperthermia is very important, as it may save the life of a victim.

What causes hyperthermia?

There are several reasons why hyperthermia occurs, one of which is prolonged exposure to warm, dry environments, especially under direct and extreme sunlight. Aside from heat stroke, other common forms of hyperthermia include heat fatigue, heat exhaustion, heat cramps and heat syncope. In addition to these, the risk for developing hyperthermia also increases depending on the lifestyle of an individual.

Usually, not drinking proper fluids, overdressing during hot climates, living in houses without proper ventilation and too much insulation, visiting highly populated and crowded places, and walking or running under extreme heat, all increase the likelihood of hyperthermia.

There are also several medical conditions that contribute to hyperthermia such as taking medications that increase urine output (diuretics) and decrease sweating, being dehydrated, being underweight or overweight, and age-related body changes.

Warning signs and symptoms of hyperthermia

As the victim’s condition becomes worse, warning signs start to appear including irritability, confusion, nauseous, increase heart rate and pulse, headaches, and temperature starting to increase.  These are the warning signs for hyperthermia that should be watched out for. Once the temperature continue to elevate more than 104F, symptoms will start to appear including muscle spasms and cramps, difficulty of breathing, dry mouth and warm skin, and possible faintness. Keep in mind that the elderly are the most prone to hyperthermia, because they may initially faint before even exhibiting other signs and symptoms.

First Aid Tips for Hyperthermia

  • First and foremost, it is important to move the victim to shaded, cool areas. Place the victim in a place with adequate ventilation.
  • If the victim is overdressed, remove unnecessary clothing.
  • If the victim is suffering from heat stroke and has fainted, call emergency assistance immediately.
  • To help lower body temperature, apply ice packs or cold compress on the neck, armpits, groin and chest.
  • If the victim is conscious, have him/her sip water to replenish lost fluids and help lower body temperature.

Having enough knowledge about hyperthermia is necessary to save someone’s life. It is therefore necessary to enroll in first aid courses to know more about emergency first aid provision.


Related Video On Hyperthermia:

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“Heat Induced Illness.” Australian Resuscitation Council. Retrieved online on June 19, 2014 from

“Hyperthermia First Aid.” Free MD. Retrieved online on June 19, 2014 from