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Dealing with hypothermia

October 9th, 2017 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on Dealing with hypothermia)

Hypothermia is a condition where the temperature of the body drops down. This condition usually happens due to severely cold temperatures especially during winter season. The temperature of the body is below 95 degrees F and when it becomes severe, it goes down to 82 degrees F. If the condition is not properly treated it will result to total malfunction of the heart, respiratory system, nervous system and eventually death.

Causes of hypothermia

  • Wearing clothes not properly suited, not warm enough for the given cold weather condition.
  • Incapable of getting out of wet clothes
  • Staying in cold for long periods of times
  • Falling accidentally in cold water
    hypothermia

    Wrap the affected person in warm blankets, coats or towels whatever is available.

  • Inadequate heating measures at home

Symptoms

  • Dizziness
  • Shivering
  • Nausea
  • Feeling hungry
  • Confusion
  • Rapid breathing
  • Difficulty speaking
  • Coordination difficulties
  • Weak pulse
  • Fatigue
  • Fast heart rate
  • Drowsiness
  • Shallow breathing

 

Treatment

  • If the person was in the water move the affected person out of the cold gently, avoid excessive movement to prevent cardiac arrest. Avoid rubbing or massaging the body to prevent further damage and worsen the condition.
  • Wrap the affected person in warm blankets, coats or towels whatever is available.
  • Observe the breathing pattern of the person, if it is too slow; begin applying CPR or cardiopulmonary resuscitation immediately.
  • Warming the blood, this is done by taking the blood out, warmed up and then circulated again in the body by using a dialysis machine. Another alternative is using warm intravenous solution of salt water which can be injected to warm the blood.
  • Let the person sip warm, non-alcoholic and caffeine-free liquid such as warm milk, broth, soup and decaffeinated tea to prevent dehydration and is good for the condition. Consume carbohydrate rich foods to give energy into the bloodstream and build up heat as the body metabolizes it.
  • Sip a cup of warm ginger tea to stimulate blood flow in the area and warm the body. Drink ginger tea 3-4 times every day with a gap of time of 30-45 minutes.

Tips

  • Check the weather forecast before going out, but sometimes forecast can be wrong and be prepared for the situation. Set up a shelter.
  • Wear appropriate clothing for the weather. Layering is a way of protecting the body from hypothermia. Wear several layers of clothing and bring extras just in case there is a need for them. Wear layers of socks and gloves to protect the hands and feet from frostbite. Avoid wearing cotton clothes in cold weather, it holds moisture against the body and makes the condition worse.
  • Use sleeping bags for cold temperature.
  • Keep the body dry as much as possible to prevent moisture such as sweating by overexerting the body. It causes dropping of body temperature and becomes cold again and worsens the condition.

More Information

The details posted on this page on hypothermia is for learning purposes only. To learn to recognize and manage this cold-related ailment, enroll in a first aid course with one of our training providers.

How to treat meralgia paresthetica

September 22nd, 2017 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on How to treat meralgia paresthetica)

Meralgia paresthetica is a condition that results to pain, numbness and burning sensation in the outer area of the thigh. It happens due to excessive damage to one of the nerves in the leg.

Symptoms of meralgia paresthetica

  • The symptoms can be mild at first and eventually the pain becomes severe when the condition worsen
  • Sensitivity to mild touch rather than to a firm pressure
  • Sensitivity to heat
  • Pain, numbness, tingling and burning sensation can be felt on the outer side of the thigh.

Causes

meralgia-paresthetica

Pain, numbness, tingling and burning sensation can be felt on the outer side of the thigh.

  • Spasms of muscle
  • Scoliosis
  • Presence of scar tissue near the inguinal ligament, due to injury during surgery
  • Postsurgical complications after hip or lower back surgery
  • Compression of the lateral femoral cutaneous nerves on the pelvis, groin and the thighs.
  • Swelling, trauma and excessive pressure on the affected area
  • Wearing tight clothing
  • Overweight and obesity
  • Pregnancy
  • Injury such as trauma from a seat belt during vehicular accidents
  • Conditions such as diabetes that can damage the nerves, alcoholism and lead poisoning.
  • Standing or walking for long periods of time
  • Repetitive movements that cause irritation on the nerves such as certain movements of the leg such as biking, squatting and walking.

Risk factors

  • Pregnancy where a growing belly puts extra pressure on the groin and compresses the lateral femoral cutaneous nerve.
  • Diabetes related nerve injury
  • Being overweight or obese
  • People between ages 30-60 are at a high risk of developing this condition

Treatment

  • Take the prescribed tricyclic antidepressant medications to lessen the pain.
  • Corticosteroid injection to lessen the inflammation and relieve of the pain.
  • Take the prescribed anti-seizure medications to lessen the symptoms
  • Apply cold compress on the affected area for at least 10-15 minutes to lessen the swelling and the pain. It also lessens the itchiness and the burning sensations. Avoid ice directly on the skin. Wrap ice compress using a towel or a piece of cloth before placing to the area to prevent ice burn and worsen the condition.
  • Apply heat on the area in the form of hot water bottle and heat packs. Apply heat for at least 10-15 minutes to lessen the stiffness and spasms of the muscles.
  • Take the prescribed pain medications such as acetaminophen, naproxen or ibuprofen to lessen the pain.
  • Reduce some weight if overweight
  • Wear loose-fitting clothes especially around the upper front hip area.
  • Seek the help of the physical therapist for some rehabilitation exercises to strengthen the muscles of the legs. It helps relieve nerve entrapment.
  • Avoid walking or standing for long periods of time.

Tips

  • Take vitamin B12 supplements to lessen the burning and the tingling sensation. Increase consumption of meat, eggs and poultry products.
  • Perform exercises regularly.
  • Take a break especially with long periods of walking, standing, cycling and other activities that result to pain.

Ways of treating lumbar spondylosis

September 21st, 2017 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on Ways of treating lumbar spondylosis)

Lumbar spondylosis is an age-related condition which causes degeneration in the joints of the lumbar vertebrae or the lower back. This area is susceptible to become damaged because the lower back function in supporting the upright posture and different kinds of bending and twisting movements and it supports a large amount of body weight.

Symptoms of lumbar spondylosis

  • Disturbance of sleep due to pain
  • Pain can be felt in the lower back, in the buttock or leg
  • Limited movement in the back especially in the morning and after resting for long periods
  • Pins and needles sensations or loss of sensation in the foot or leg
    lumbar-spondylosis

    Pain can be felt in the lower back, in the buttock or leg.

  • When the condition worsens, there is severe weakness in the foot or leg
  • Stiffness of the back especially in the morning

Causes

  • Lack of ergonomic care especially people working in front of computers, driving and traveling. Ergonomic care is high quality aids and supporting appliances that help with the condition.
  • Repeated strains or injuries on the affected area
  • People with ages above 40 years old are susceptible to develop this condition.

Treatment

  • Apply an ice pack on the affected area for at least 20 minutes to lessen the pain and the swelling. Wrap ice using a towel or a piece of cloth before placing to the area to prevent ice burn and worsen the condition. Avoid ice directly on the skin.
  • After a few days of applying ice, apply heat in the affected area in the form of a heat pack to increase flow of blood in the area and lessen the pain. Another alternative is soaking a towel in hot water, wring out excess water and apply the towel to the area is also good for the condition.
  • Taking a hot bath or a hot water shower on the affected area for at least 10-15 minutes will relieve of the pain.
  • Applying alternately cold and hot therapy on the affected area is good for the condition rather than using either of the two.
  • Massage the area to lessen the muscle tension and the pain. Use the prescribed back rub creams and ointment for better relief.
  • Sleep on a hard bed with a firm and comfortable mattress. Use the correct pillow, the spine should be in straight position from the head to the pelvic area. Avoid bending the area.
  • Avoid sleeping on the stomach to prevent further straining the back and worsen the condition.
  • Maintain proper posture to lessen stress placed on the back and feel comfortable. Sit upright and place some support by placing a cushion in the lower back.
  • Take the prescribed over-the-counter pain medications such as ibuprofen, aspirin, acetaminophen and naproxen to lessen the pain and the symptoms.

Tips

  • Perform regular exercises every day.
  • Quit smoking and consumption of alcohol
  • Use the proper techniques in lifting
  • Get plenty of rest and sleep
  • Maintain good posture
  • Lose some weight if overweight
  • Eat a healthy diet and nutritious foods

More Information

The details posted on this page on lumbar spondylosis is for learning purposes only. To learn to recognize and manage this back condition, enroll in a first aid course with one of our training providers.

How to treat otomycosis

September 11th, 2017 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on How to treat otomycosis)

Otomycosis is also called ear fungus which is a type of fungal infection of the ear. It affects the external area of the ear due to a variety of fungal species such as Aspergillus or candida actinomyces and phycomycetes. People with weak immune system or suffering from diabetes are more susceptible to this condition.

Causes of otomycosis

  • Prolonged usage of topical antibacterial agents
  • Contaminated water

Symptoms

otomycosis

Itchiness of the affected area is one of the indications.

  • Redness of the external ear canal
  • Pain
  • Itchiness of the affected area
  • Thick, black and white or yellow discharge coming out of the affected ear or otorrhea.
  • Swelling problems with hearing
  • Plugging of the ear
  • External ear canal becomes narrow
  • Sensation of fullness or blockage in the ear

Treatment

  • Clean properly the affected ear to eliminate the fungus. Another alternative is suction can also be used to clean the affected ear. Clean the ears at least many times every week.
  • Use the prescribed eardrops with antifungal agents such as econazole, ketoconazole and clotrimazole is good for the condition. Another alternative is using eardrops that contain gential violet or thimerosal.
  • Apply hydrogen peroxide to soften crusted or debris that becomes hard present in the ears. It allows anti-fungal and acidifying topical medications to reach affected areas of the ears. Avoid flushing the ears to prevent fungal infections and worsen the condition.
  • Use aluminum acetate or Burow’s solution to lessen the swelling and eliminate debris in the affected area. Burow’s solution is a solution of aluminum acetate used to treat otitis or ear infection and otomycosis which fungal ear infection.
  • Use the prescribed over-the-counter antifungal medication such as clotrimazole to treat skin infections. It eliminates both the candida and aspergillus fungus.
  • Use a hair dryer to keep ear dry. Turn on the hair dryer on the lowest setting and place it at least 10 inches away from the infected ear. It will dry out the moisture inside the ear canal and prevents the growth of fungus. Be careful not to burn the ears to prevent making the condition worse.
  • Mix equal amounts of alcohol and vinegar to lessen the symptoms of otomycosis. Alcohol dries and disinfects the skin and dries out moisture inside the infected ear. Vinegar stops the growth of fungus inside the ear.
  • Apply warm compress on the affected ear. Soak a clean towel in warm water, wring out excess water and place it over the infected ear and let it remain in the area until it becomes cool. Warm compress lessens the pain, for proper flow of blood in the area and for fast healing of the condition.
  • Increase the consumption of vitamin C rich foods which is needed for the repair and proper growth of damaged tissues caused by otomycosis. Take at least 500-1,000 mg of vitamin C every day together with food.

Dealing with aquagenic urticaria

August 2nd, 2017 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on Dealing with aquagenic urticaria)

Aquagenic urticaria a form of physical hives due to when the person comes in direct contact with the water and cause pain and itchiness. This condition develops without any external agents or due to temperature of the water. Women and children in their puberty stage are more susceptible to this condition.

The allergy develops within a minute or after fifteen minutes after a contact with water. It lasts for at least 10 or up to 120 minutes. People with aquagenic urticaria can still drink water, but develops allergies in and around the mouth.

Causes of aquagenic urticaria

  • Exposure to hot or cold water and reaction is severe if there is presence of chlorine or fluorine in the water. Hot water speeds up the development of hives in the affected area.
  • Bathing and walking in the rain
    aquagenic-urticaria

    The skin begins to itch or develop a rash or hives after exposure to the water.

  • Water spilled on the body
  • Sweating and crying
  • Lactose intolerance
  • Diseases including polymorphous, HIV infections, cholinergic urticarial and Bernard-Saulnier syndrome
  • The skin mast cells that becomes weakened interferes with water to produce sensation in the skin.
  • Sometimes, histamine causes burning sensation and itchiness in the skin due to the reaction of the tissues on the surrounding water.

Symptoms

The skin begins to itch or develop a rash or hives after exposure to the water. They usually develop within the first 15 minutes and proceeding hours the lesions eventually causes severe pain and formation of blisters. In severe cases there will be wheezing, difficulty in swallowing or other respiratory conditions. The throat is swelling after drinking water. The eyes become sore and dry after taking a shower.

Treatment

  • Take the prescribed oral antihistamines to lessen the effects of the allergy on the skin.
  • Use the prescribed epinephrine to lessen the appearance of cutaneous vasodilation and prevent mast cell degranulation due to the condition.
  • Use the prescribed capsaicin cream to lessen the pain and inflammation.
  • Apply an emulsion cream to protect the skin from exposure to water especially when cleansing or engaging aquatic activities.
  • Use umbrella or wear protective clothing to prevent contact with water and possibility of an outbreak.
  • Minimize swimming or visiting a water parks to lessen the risk of an outbreak.
  • Before showering apply emulsion creams or petrolatum to the body to lessen the symptoms

Tips

  • Stay away from triggers that includes pet dander, rain, insect stings, latex and foods that cause allergy.
  • Wear cotton clothes that are smooth textured, loose to prevent irritation on skin and worsen the condition.
  • Cover with bandage affected areas of the body and minimize contact with water for a long time.
  • Take prescribed supplementary vitamins is good for the condition.
  • During summer avoid sweating, keep the body cool.
  • Avoid performing any physical activities, keep the body clean and use natural or chemical-free products.

Ways of treating scabies

August 1st, 2017 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on Ways of treating scabies)

Scabies is a contagious skin condition with severe itching due to the tiny burrowing mite specifically Sarcoptes scabies. It causes a severe itching where this mites burrows. Itchiness becomes severe at night. Scabies easily spread to other people through direct physical contact.

The itchiness of the skin is due to allergic reaction of the body to the mites and their eggs. Scabies can also be spread by sharing beddings or clothes with an infected person.

Symptoms of scabies

  • Severe and intense itching especially at night.
  • Narrow and irregular tracts of burrow with small bumps or blisters on the surface of the skin. They are usually found in the folds of skin such as in the armpits, between fingers, around the breast, around the waist, inner elbows, insides of the wrist, around the male genital area, shoulder blades, buttocks, knees and soles of the feet.
    scabies

    In children, scabies can be found in the neck, face, scalp, soles of the feet and palms of the hand.

  • In children, scabies can be found in the neck, face, scalp, soles of the feet and palms of the hand.

Treatment

  • Eradicate mite infestation using topical medication such as creams and lotion and applied to the affected areas of the body and keep it remain in the body for at least 8 hours.
  • Use the prescribed medication that includes Permethrin 5% and Lindane. Avoid giving Lindane for children below 2 years of age, pregnant and nursing women and people with weak immune system. These medications eliminate mites but can still experience itchiness for many weeks after the treatment.
  • Severe scabies infestation, take the prescribed oral medication such ivermectin.
  • Apply cool compress on the affected area to lessen itchiness and inflammation. Another alternative is soaking the body in cool water to relieve the itchiness.
  • Use the prescribed over-the-counter comforting lotion such as calamine lotion to lessen the itchiness of the area. Take the prescribed antihistamine to relieve the allergy symptoms due to scabies.
  • Apply Tiger balm which is a topical cream that lessen the inflammation and gives relief from the muscle aches and the pain. It functions as an analgesic because it has camphor and clove oil.

Tips

  • Wash contaminated clothing, towels and bed linens that has been used for at least 3 days using hot water. Then dry them in the dryer at high heat setting. Dry cleaning can also eliminate the mites.
  • Cut nails and clean under them properly to remove mites and eggs that may be present.
  • Avoid scratching the affected area to prevent making the condition worse, and keep the open sores clean.
  • Shampoo hair regularly.
  • Avoid being stressed to prevent the severity of itchiness which result to scratching and cause skin infections. Perform some relaxation techniques such as yoga or taking a long walk.
  • Maintain a healthy diet.

How to treat a stingray sting

July 6th, 2017 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on How to treat a stingray sting)

A stingray is flat-bodied cartilaginous fish with one or more barbed stingers found midway on the tail. They live in coastal tropical and subtropical marine waters which makes it easy for them to encounter humans. They are not aggressive, but will use their stingers in self-defense when they are accidentally stepped on and secrete venom into the sting site.

Symptoms of a stingray sting

  • Muscle cramps and seizures
  • Pain
  • Swelling
  • Headache
  • Bleeding
  • Weakness
    stingray-sting

    If there is bleeding, apply direct pressure on the affected area for a few minutes until the bleeding is reduced.

  • Nausea, vomiting and diarrhea
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Dizziness and lightheadedness
  • Fainting
  • Palpitations
  • Allergic reactions such as swelling of the tongue, lips, neck and other areas of the body, shortness of breath or wheezing and red and itchy rash.
  • Elevated heart rate, low blood pressure and rapid breathing

Treatment

  • While still in the water, irrigate the wound using sea water and remove all debris and foreign bodies from the area. Use a tweezer if needed. Once the area is already irrigated, move out of the water and dry the area using a towel. Avoid removing any remaining debris found in the neck, chest and abdomen.
  • If there is bleeding, apply direct pressure on the affected area for a few minutes until the bleeding is reduced.
  • Soak the wound in hot water as tolerated for at least 30-90 minutes or until the pain has subsided. Soaking in hot water lessens the pain by eliminating the venom protein complex.
  • Elevate the affected body part for a few days to lessen the swelling.
  • Take the prescribed over the counter anti-inflammatory medications such as ibuprofen or naproxen to lessen the pain and the swelling. If there is profuse bleeding, take acetaminophen to thin out the blood and lessen the clotting ability of the body.
  • Maintain cleanliness of the affected area and keep dry all the time. Apply the prescribed antibiotic every day and keep the area uncovered.

Tips

  • When swimming in tropical waters, be cautious with sharks, stingrays and other dangerous sea animals that might be around.
  • Drag or shuffle the feet when walking in water, so that you can only bump on the stingray instead of stepping on them.
  • When the affected area becomes itchy, avoid scratching or rubbing the area to prevent the condition from getting worse.
  • Hot sand can be used as a medium in soaking the wound. Clean the wound properly after the soak.

More Information

The details posted on this page on a stingray sting is for learning purposes only. To learn to recognize and manage marine animal stings, enroll in a first aid course with one of our training providers.

Treatment of hypermobility syndrome

July 4th, 2017 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on Treatment of hypermobility syndrome)

The hypermobility syndrome is a condition where the joints moves easily beyond the normal range expected for a joint. It is a benign condition and usually affects children especially girls.

Conditions that puts on at high risk of developing this condition includes tendinitis, bruising, carpal tunnel syndrome, scoliosis, osteoarthritis, joint instability, ankle sprains, fibromyalgia, pelvic dysfunction, fractures and exocrine gland dysfunction.

Symptoms of hypermobility syndrome

  • Pain in the knees, fingers, hips and the elbows
  • Joint dislocation and sprain on the affected joint
  • Scoliosis or curvature of the spine that result to back pain
  • Fatigue
    hypermobility-syndrome

    Pain in the knees, fingers, hips and the elbows.

  • Anxious mood
  • Insomnia
  • Depression
  • Headaches
  • Exercise-induced pain
  • Joint stiffness
  • Clicking sound can be heard in the affected area
  • Poor coordination

Causes of hypermobility

  • Muscle tone or strength
  • Bone shape or the depth of the joint sockets
  • Poor sense of proprioception
  • Family history of hypermobility

Treatment

  • Take the prescribed anti-inflammatory medications such as ibuprofen and acetaminophen to lessen the joint pain.
  • Elevate the affected joint to lessen the swelling and the flow of blood in the area. Raise the injured joint in a couple of pillows to keep it elevated.
  • Take plenty of rest especially the affected joint. Avoid placing stress on the area for at least 24-48 hours for fast healing of the condition.
  • Apply heat on the affected joint for at least 15-20 minutes to lessen the pain in the joint. Heat can be in the form of a hot water bottle or heating pad set on low or medium heat.
  • Alternately, apply cold therapy on the affected area in the form of an ice pack or a bag of frozen vegetables for at least for 10 minutes intervals to lessen the swelling and the pain.
  • Maintain a regular sleeping routine and plenty of good sleep for the fast healing of the condition. Be aware of the sleeping position. Avoid lying on positions that puts plenty of stress on the joints to prevent waking up feeling sore or unrested. Place pillows between the knees to support the hips and the back. Stretch out the muscles thoroughly upon waking up.
  • Perform low-impact exercises regularly such as swimming or biking.
  • Drink plenty of fluids especially water to prevent dehydration and worsen the condition.

Tips

  • Avoid overextending the joints to prevent the development of arthritis which is the inflammation of the joints. It can also cause the dislocation of the joints due to minor trauma or self-manipulation.
  • Use braces or orthotics when performing exercises to protect the joints. If the joint is sensitive or loose, tape or wrap the affected area before stressing it.

Dealing with windburn

June 19th, 2017 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on Dealing with windburn)

Windburn is the reddening of the skin due to contact to strong and chilly winds for long extended periods. It is characterized by soreness, inflammation and itchiness of the affected area.

The wind eliminates the ultraviolet-filtering thin layers of lipids within the skin and result to irritation. The reduction of oil layer can be caused by both the sun and wind. Windburn can cause the skin to become severely dry and result to soreness and redness of the area. Skiers are more susceptible to windburn and sunburn.

Causes of windburn

  • Low humidity, cold temperature and very chilly wind
  • Living in colder climates
  • Spending plenty of time in cold, dry and windy weather

Symptoms

windburn

Acne-like bumps or blisters develops on the face.

  • Redness
  • Irritation
  • Watery eyes
  • Acne-like bumps or blisters develops on the face
  • Peeling of the affected area
  • Burning sensation on the face

Treatment

  • Take plenty of rest. Avoid overexertion to prevent sweating that result to dehydration and causes mild headaches.
  • Take a cool water bath. Tepid water is also good if not comfortable with cool water. Another alternative is adding 1 cup of vinegar to the water. Avoid taking hot showers.
  • Avoid exposure to stoves, heaters and fires to prevent further damage that can worsen the condition.
  • Apply a hydrating lotion on the affected area to replenish lost moisture in the area. Use specially-foumulated facial oils and water-based lotions and moisturizers. Use a hydrating lip balm every time when going out in the cold or dry environment.
  • Place a cool compress on the affected area to lessen the burning sensation.
  • Drink plenty of water, soups and healthy juices regularly to hydrate the skin. Drink at least 2-3 liters of water every day to replenish moisture of the body which is needed for prevention and for fast healing of the condition.
  • Avoid facial treatments such as facial peels or microdermabrasion done before spending long periods of time outside in the cold and windy weather to prevent further damage.
  • Take the prescribed pain medication such as ibuprofen and naproxen to lessen the inflammation, pain and the itching of the skin.
  • Soak a clean washcloth in cool milk, drain excess liquid and place on the affected skin.
  • Apply the prescribed eye drops or artificial tears to moisten the eyes and lessen the itchiness of the area.

Tips

  • Wear a mask while skiing and snowboarding.
  • Regularly use of petroleum jelly at least 3-4 times every day as well as sunscreen lotion that contains an SPF of at least 15 and always wear hand gloves, scarves, mufflers and lip balm to prevent windburn.
  • Wear googles to prevent burning sensation in the eyes.

Ways of treating cervicogenic headaches

June 19th, 2017 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on Ways of treating cervicogenic headaches)

Cervicogenic headaches are those that start off at the neck exactly at the bottom of the skull at the upper part of the spine. The headaches start out occasionally in the primary stages and eventually become continuous.

It is usually due to stress, fatigue, difficulty in sleeping, poor posture, back and neck injuries and disc injuries. The headaches are triggered by sudden movements of the neck, dizziness and blurred vision. The episode can last for one hour up to a week. A cervicogenic headache is a secondary headache and caused by another illness or physical problems.

Symptoms of cervicogenic headaches

cervicogenic-headaches

Headache that can be felt on the same side of the neck.

  • Headache that can be felt on the same side of the neck. Headaches felt on the occipital area or back of the head can spread to the forehead or temples. Pain differs from person to person.
  • Limited movement of the cervical spine or stiffness of the neck.
  • Tenderness in the base of the neck
  • The pain can spread to the arms and shoulder on the same side of the headache.
  • Sensitivity to light and sound
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Pain in the head when coughing, sneezing or taking a deep breath
  • Pain that stays in one area such as front, back, side of the head or on the eye

Causes

  • Cervical osteoarthritis which is joint degeneration in the cervical spine
  • Trauma to the spine such as whiplash and other neck-related injuries
  • Growth of tumors in the spine
  • Chronic postural strain due to poor working and sleeping positions
  • Frequent downward position of the head such as reading with the head in a downward position
  • Inflammatory conditions in the neck
  • Conditions such as diabetes and vasculitis

Treatment

  • While sitting and standing, maintain proper posture to prevent pressure placed on the spine and lessen the cervicogenic headaches. Place a pillow or a rolled towel at the back while sitting and make sure the hips are pressed firmly on the back of the chair to lessen the pressure placed on the spine while sitting.
  • Apply heat on the affected area. Heat can be in the form of a hot compress to relax the aching muscles and lessen the pain.
  • Perform simple exercises such as simple walking to strengthen the back and lessen the headaches for at least 20-30 minutes every day.
  • Take the prescribed over-the-counter non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as ibuprofen and paracetamol to lessen the pain and the fever.
  • Seek the help of a physical therapist for some exercises to relieve the cervicogenic headaches.
  • Perform relaxation techniques such as yoga and deep breathing to lessen the pain and relax the muscles.