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Layrngitis

Layrngitis can cause difficulty breathing and irritation

Laryngitis is a medical term that refers to the inflammation of a human’s voice box; larynx resulting from overuse, infection or irritation. It is characterized by hoarse voice and sometimes causes temporary complete loss of the voice as a result of irritation to the vocal folds.

Causes

Laryngitis causes are classified as either acute or chronic.  Acute laryngitis is  generally caused by cold or flu as a result of viral infection, inflammation due to overuse of vocal cords especially in shouting, singing or speaking, constant coughing, throat clearing and throat injury. Moreover, it is chronically caused by any allergic reaction from dust, toxins, chemicals or fumes, extreme consumption of alcohol, smoking or as a result of disease affecting esophagus.

Signs and symptoms

The common symptoms of laryngitis include weak voice and often one can lose the voice completely, hoarseness of voice where it may sound rough, be deeper than ordinary, or break frequently. Others include dry and sore throat, coughing and trouble when swallowing.

Risk factors

The risk factor for laryngitis are overusing ones voice by either shouting, too much singing loudly or speaking at the top of one’s voice, coming into contact with irritating substances like cigarette smoke, chemicals at workplace, stomach acid and excessive consumption of alcohol. Others include respiratory infections for instance, sinusitis, cold and bronchitis.

When to seek medical attention

At times, during the infection, one is likely to contract a secondary bacterial infection which becomes one of the major complications of laryngitis. However in little children, swellings in the larynx arising from irritation make both inhalation and exhalation hard and noisy. In such a case, urgent medical attention is recommended.

Treatment

Laryngitis cases more often than not get better within a period of one week or thereabout. Meanwhile, to aid in relieving a patient’s symptoms, the following measures should be practiced: taking enough fluids, stopping both smoking and taking of alcohol until the condition improves, resting one’s voice and speaking normally yet avoiding whispering as this would strain the voice. Laryngitis being a viral infection does not require an antibiotic unless in case of a bacterial infection, where the general practitioner would prescribe the right antibiotic to use. In addition, he would advise on appropriate treatment in cases of related illnesses like pneumonia and bronchitis.

Prevention

Prevention method is unclear because it usually occurs during cold or other related infections. Nonetheless, constant practice of beneficial lifestyle changes can help prevent the infection. These are: maintaining high levels of personal hygiene, avoiding clearing of voice as this is likely to cause an unusual vibration of one’s vocal cords; distancing from any kind of irritants like smokes, and limiting alcohol intake including caffeine.

In conclusion, laryngitis infection affects both young and old. It can either be acute or chronic and lasts for a week then clears on its own. Antibiotics apply only in bacterial infection on prescription by a doctor. It remains necessary to practice good lifestyle changes in case one contracts laryngitis.

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Survival In The Wilderness

June 11th, 2013 | Posted by Ibrar in Being Prepared - (0 Comments)

Wilderness Survival Tips : How to Make Fire

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You find yourself in the midst of a forest – injured, stranded and alone. Nighttime starts to fall, conditions are becoming unfavorable, and you can do nothing but wait for the following day or longer. Will you survive in the wild? Your chances of surviving are greatly improved if you have these life-saving items and know how to use them.

Keep yourself warm and dry

Hypothermia or low body temperature can quickly kill you. The body needs to maintain its temperature within the normal range or else many cellular functions may be adversely affected. Heat loss is much faster if you are wet and the wind is blowing. Therefore, it is important to keep yourself dry. Heavy-duty garbage bags or space blankets are a good protection against the elements. These supplies are lightweight and are very easy to carry. Choose high-capacity versions, with thicker materials and bright colors. These surfaces would not only keep you warm and dry; they can also help make you more visible from rescuers. Emergency first aid will be very useful with this kind of situation.

Learn how to make a fire

Fire is essential, as it serves many functions: source of warmth, safety against wild creatures, and as a potential rescue signal. Make sure to carry emergency fire starts such as matches that are waterproof. You can also find “metal match” which can produce long-lived sparks when struck with a metal scraper. These sparks can effectively ignite a flame. Other common household fire starters, such as butane lighters, may not be suited for outdoor use. Operating them on cold, wooden hands are rather difficult.

Know basic first aid

Before heading out to the wild, you should consider taking a basic first course.

Basic First Aid Training

Basic First Aid Training

There are many accidents that can occur while you are in remote areas. In case this happens, emergency medical services may not reach you immediately. Therefore, you should know how to provide for emergency care. Take a time to learn standard first aid before going to an adventure in the wilderness for emergencies.

There are special first aid certification programs designed for remote or wilderness areas. Usually, these are two-day practical courses that are intended for anyone who spends much time in the remote geographical locations more than one hour from standard medical care. This certification course will equip you with skills on how to treat emergency situations using available supplies and materials. Outdoor enthusiasts, avid mountaineers, climbers, forestry workers, hill farmers, and anyone who love wild places should learn the first aid skills. If you are interested at learning these specialty first aid skills, you can contact your local workplace approved chapter or any first aid training institution near you for available schedules.

Help rescuers locate you

Make sure somebody knows where you’re going and the estimated duration of your trip, or else, it will take more days before rescuers start looking for you. Carry signaling devices such as a whistle so that you can alert rescuers of your location and situation. These signaling devices can be used to communicate distress signal even from afar. If possible stay in a safe place where rescuers can easily find you.

It is estimated that around 1.2 million people die each year throughout the

First Aid Kit For Your Car

It is important to have the proper equipment to keep yourself safe if ever stuck on the side of the road and needing to leave your vehicle.

world due to road traffic accidents, making it one of the ten leading causes of deaths worldwide. Road crashes are even more common in the US, Canada and other developed countries, occupying fifth spot of the ten common causes of deaths and injuries.

Carrying basic first aid kit in your vehicle can help you respond properly in case of an accident. It provides you with the essential, life-saving supplies necessary for first aid treatment. In addition, a well-equipped first aid kit can ensure comfort during long hauls.

Your car first aid kit must contain supplies that will ensure:

1.   Personal safety

Before you help at the scene of a road accident, you should ensure your own safety. Your first aid kit should have a combination of the following warning equipment:

  • Flashlight
  • High visibility strap or jacket
  • Hazard warning triangle.

Aside from protecting you from oncoming traffic, these warning devices also help call for help.

2.   Warmth for the injured victim

  • Blanket or thermal blanket

There is very little thing that you can do to help a fatally injured casualty other than preventing shock. Basically, keeping the injured person warm is an essential first aid which can actually be life-saving. Be sure to have at least one blanket in your car emergency kit. Aside from providing warmth, blankets can also be used as splint to immobilize body parts (such as in fractured bones) or as hammock for transferring victims.

3.   Treatment for injuries

The trunk of your car has very limited space thus you should keep your first aid supplies to the minimum. Here are some basic first aid treatments that you must bring:

  • Adhesive and non-adhesive bandages
  • Triangular bandages
  • Sterile dressings of assorted sizes (small, medium and large)
  • Hypoallergenic tape
  • Disposable gloves and face mask/shield
  • Pen and a notepad
  • List of emergency phone numbers

4.   Supplies for long travels

In addition to carrying these basic first aid supplies, you may also want to consider bringing useful items for long, family journeys that include:

  • Baby wipes or wet pads
  • Emesis bags
  • Cold and warmth emergency packs
  • Alcohol wipes
  • OTC remedies for common ailments such as acetaminophen
  • A week’s supply of prescription medicine (if you have any major health condition)

How to store your first aid kit

Choose a waterproof container or bag that is huge enough to hold all your first aid supplies. It is recommended that you use a container with clear compartments so you can easily see the items. Clearly label each pocket or compartment to remind you where supplies are stored. Consider bringing a simple, step-by-step first aid manual.

Store your first aid kit in the main part of the car, usually in the trunk. It should be easily accessible but firmly bolted down to avoid it from accidentally dislodging in case of sudden impact.

Learn More

To learn more about recognizing, managing and helping with first aid during an emergency enrol in a standard first aid course near you. We have providers located throughout Canada in convenient locations at the best prices. Check out our location page to learn more.

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