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Treatment for heatstroke

February 24th, 2017 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on Treatment for heatstroke)

Heatstroke is a severe condition due to overheating of the body. It is the most severe condition brought on by heat. Heatstroke is a consequence of prolonged physical exertion that increases the temperature of the body above 104 degrees F. This condition requires immediate treatment. If not properly treated, it can cause severe damage to the heart, brain, kidneys and the muscles.

Symptoms

  • Severe headache
  • Absence of sweating

    Heatstroke

    Heatstroke is a consequence of prolonged physical exertion that increases the temperature of the body above 104 degrees F.

  • Dizziness and lightheadedness
  • Reddened, warm and dry skin
  • Muscle cramps and weakness
  • Fast heartbeat which can be strong or weak
  • Rapid and shallow breathing
  • Seizures
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Confusion, disorientation or staggering
  • Unconsciousness

Treatment

  • If the person has fever of 104 degrees F higher, medical care is required.
  • Apply an ice pack in the armpits, groin, and neck and back which have abundant blood vessels that are close to the skin to cool down the body.
  • Let the person sit under a cold shower or tub filled with cold water to cool down the body. If outdoor and a bathroom is not available, a pond, lake, stream or even a cold water from the hose can help in cooling down the temperature of the body.
  • Rehydrate the body by drinking sports drinks for fast healing of the condition. If there are no sports drinks available, mix ¼ teaspoon of salt and a tablespoon of sugar for every quart of water. Mix well and let the person drink slowly ½ of the mixture every 15 minutes.
  • Avoid energy drinks and soft drinks to prevent disruption of the ability of the body to regulate the temperature of the body.

Tips

  • Drink plenty of fluids during warm days especially when performing strenuous physical activities to remain hydrated and prevent heatstroke. Drink at least a quart of water every hour.
  • Avoid staying outdoors especially during the hottest times of the day. If there is a need to work outside, work early morning or late in the afternoon where the temperature is cool and lessens the risk for heatstroke.
  • Wear loose fitting, lightweight and light-colored clothing to prevent the risk of heatstroke. Avoid dark colored clothes since they can heat up the body and increase the risk for a heatstroke.
  • Apply sunscreen on any exposed skin to prevent sunburn.

Disclaimer / More Information

The material posted on this page on a heatstroke is for learning purposes only. Learn to recognize and manage heat-related conditions including heatstroke by taking a first aid and CPR class with one of our training providers.

How to treat hyphema

October 14th, 2016 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on How to treat hyphema)
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Hyphema is a condition in which the anterior chamber of the eye found between the iris and the cornea is bleeding. This condition is usually caused by a direct injury or impact to the eye from a rounded object.

A hyphema can cause severe pain and if not treated properly, it can result to permanent problems with vision. In children, it can happen without warning or might be an indication of other underlying medical conditions such as sickle cell anemia or hemophilia.

Causes of hyphema

  • Hyphema can be caused by a rounded object that hits the eye and there is bleeding in the next 3-5 days even without another trauma.
  • This injury can be considered as closed trauma that can occur while playing various sports.

    Hyphema

    A hyphema can cause severe pain and if not treated properly, it can result to permanent problems with vision.

  • Hyphema can also be caused by industrial accidents, fights and falls.
  • Conditions that can cause hyphema include diabetes, anterior uveitis, cancer, sickle cell anemia, inflammation of the iris and abnormality in the blood vessels

Symptoms

  • Blood can be seen on the surface of the eye. If the hyphema is large, the eye appears red and there is buildup of blood
  • Pain in the eye
  • Pain becomes severe as the pressure increases
  • Partial or complete loss of vision

Treatment

  • Take plenty of rest and elevate the head of the bed as tolerated.
  • Avoid rubbing the eye or place pressure on the eyeball. Cover the eyes with a clean cloth.
  • Avoid giving aspirin or ibuprofen to prevent the bleeding from worsening. Take a mild pain medication such as acetaminophen to lessen the pain.
  • Do not perform any strenuous activity
  • Place drops of prescribed 1% atropine on the eye at least 3-4 times every day. Cover the affected eyes with an eye shield or guard to prevent the condition from worsening.
  • Take medication to prevent the person from vomiting since it can cause straining and increases the pressure in the eye.
  • If pressure in the eye becomes severe, take the prescribed medication such as a beta-blocker in the form of eye drops. An increase in pressure can be caused by obstruction on an area on the eye tissue due to the red blood cells.

Tips

  • Wear protective eyewear such as goggles when playing sports or other protective gear suited. Avoid wearing glasses when performing any rough play or a dangerous physical activity.
  • If there is pain in the eye or any problems with the vision, seek medical help immediately.

Treatment for heat exhaustion

October 14th, 2016 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on Treatment for heat exhaustion)
Heat exhaustion

Heat exhaustion is a condition where there is heavy sweating and a rapid pulse which cause the body to overheat. Heat exhaustion can be caused by exposure to high temperatures especially combined with high humidity and strenuous physical activity. Without proper treatment, the condition can result to heatstroke which is a dangerous heat-related condition.

Symptoms of heat exhaustion

  • Weak and rapid pulse
  • Cool and moist skin with goose bumps when in the heat
  • Faintness
  • Dizziness
  • Heavy sweating

    Heat exhaustion

    Heat exhaustion can be caused by exposure to high temperatures especially combined with high humidity and strenuous physical activity.

  • Low blood pressure when standing
  • Fatigue
  • Nausea
  • Headache
  • Muscle cramps

Causes

  • Dehydration which lessens the ability of the body to sweat and maintain normal temperature of the body.
  • Excessive use of alcohol which can affect the ability of the body in regulating temperature.
  • Overdressing, especially wearing clothes that prevents sweat to evaporate easily.

Treatment

  • Transfer the person to a cool area. If an air-conditioned space is not accessible, fan the affected person.
  • Apply cool compresses on the body or a cool sponge bath.
  • Give the person cool, non-alcoholic and non-caffeinated beverages to prevent dehydration.
  • Get plenty of rest and avoid performing physical activities for the rest of the day.
  • Take the prescribed pain medication such as acetaminophen if suffering from a mild headache.

Seek medical help immediately if the symptoms worsen or last for more than an hour, person is vomiting or nauseate, has high and weak pulse rate and shallow breathing especially with high or low blood pressure, person is disoriented, unconscious and has fever, dry and warm skin, high or low blood pressure and hyperventilating.

Tips

  • Avoid excessive exposure under the sun. If going oudoors, wear a wide-brimmed hat or use an umbrella to protect the body from the sun. Apply suncreen to any exposed skin. With sunburn, it will lessen the ability of the body to eliminate heat.
  • Wear a loosefitting, light-colored clothing. Dark or tight fitting clothes retain heat in the body and do not cool the body properly because it prevents evaporation of sweat.
  • Stay in an air-conditioned room for just a few hours to prevent heat exhaustion.
  • Drink plenty of fluids to make the body sweat and maintain normal temperature of the body. Just remember to avoid alcoholic beverages.
  • Avoid staying in hot areas. Avoid leaving children or anyone else in a parked car under hot weather for long periods of time to prevent heat exhaustion.
  • If performing exercises under hot weather, take a rest frequently in a cool area, and replenish lost fluids during that time to help the body regulate the temperature.

Disclaimer / More Information

The material posted on this page on heat exhaustion is for learning purposes only. Learn to recognize and manage heat exhaustion by taking a first aid and CPR class with one of our training providers.

Management of a mild stroke

October 7th, 2016 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on Management of a mild stroke)
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A mild stroke happens when the supply of blood to the brain is interrupted or severely reduced resulting to the deprivation of oxygen and essential nutrients to the tissues of brain. In just a few minutes, the brain cells start to die.

Stroke affects speech, memory, vision and understanding of the affected person and it can also result to the paralysis of the muscles in the legs and arms.

There are 2 types of stroke – ischemic stroke which is the most common and caused by blockage of the blood vessels that supplies the brain and the hemorrhagic stroke which happens when blood vessels in or near the brain burst which cause damage to an area in the brain.

Symptoms of a mild stroke

Mild stroke

Paralysis or numbness of the arms, legs or face especially on one side of the body.

  • Paralysis or numbness of the arms, legs or face especially on one side of the body. If the arms fall if raised, it can be a beginning of a stroke and also drooping of one side of the mouth when smiling.
  • Difficulty in understanding and speaking, experiencing confusion, inaudible speech and difficulty understanding speech.
  • Difficulty seeing in one or both eyes.
  • A sudden and very painful headache, dizziness, vomiting and altered consciousness.
  • Difficulty in walking, experiencing dizziness, loss of coordination and loss of balance.

Treatment

  • Rehabilitating the undamaged areas of the brain to perform functions that were lost during the attack of stroke.
  • Retrain the affected person to regain his/her independent functions such as brushing teeth, bathing and putting on shoes to prevent depression due to incapacity to perform basic skills. By helping stroke victims, they can relearn and become independent, improve self-esteem and improvement in their outlook in life.
  • Take the prescribed medications such as aspirin to lessen the high risk of a recurrent stroke.
  • Apply heat massage to the affected areas such as the leg since it lessens the aches and stiffness of the muscles.
  • Eat a well balanced diet especially whole grains, fruits and vegetables. Minimize the consumption of salt, alcohol and saturated fat and quit smoking.
  • Avoid being overweight to prevent the condition from worsening.
  • Take the prescribed medication for prevention of high blood pressure and cholesterol.

More Information

The details posted on this page on mild stroke is for learning purposes only. To learn to recognize and manage an individual experiencing a mild stroke, enroll in a first aid course with one of our training providers.

Tips

  • Perform exercises regularly to cut down weight and lower the blood pressure and minimize stroke. Exercise at moderate intensity at least for 5 days every week such as climbing stairs instead of using an elevator.
  • Eat a well balanced diet and maintain a healthy weight.
  • Quit smoking to prevent clot formation such as thickening of the blood and increases the risk for the accumulation of plaque in the arteries.
  • Drink alcohol in moderation
  • Maintain normal blood pressure level
  • Maintain normal blood sugar level to prevent damaging the blood vessels and increase the risk for the formation of clots inside the blood vessels

Remedies for flat feet

September 16th, 2016 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on Remedies for flat feet)

Flat feet or pes planus is a condition when the ligaments, tendons and small bones on the side of feet are incapable of supporting the body and eventually collapses. Flat feet are normal in infants and toddlers, but sometimes the tissue under the feet becomes firm with aging and produces a shock-absorbing arch.

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Flat feet do not cause symptoms on adults, but sometimes it causes foot pain, leg and back discomfort as well as incapacity to walk, run and engage in sports. Flat feet can cause issues with the ankle and knees where it changes the alignment of the legs.

Types of flat feet

  • Infants and children ages 5-10 with flat feet is normal because it takes time for the bones, ligaments and tendons found on the sides of foot to form a supportive arch. Flat feet in children do not usually cause pain.
  • Tight Achilles tendon from birth or congenital reasons places plenty of pressure on the front area of the foot that prevent formation of the normal arch. It causes the heel to lift off the ground when taking a step while walking and result to pain and tension under the foot.

    Flat feet

    Overpronation or excessive rolling of the feet inwards can result to wearing out of shoes and result to injuries on the foot.

  • Rigid and flat feet caused by bone deformity. It is considered a “true flat foot” because the shape under the foot is unchanged regardless of activity. This type of flat foot is caused by malformation and deformity or fusion that prevents development of the arch during childhood. This condition is present from birth or acquired due to injury on the foot or diseases such as osteoporosis or inflammatory arthritis.
  • Adult-acquired flat feet due to obesity. It is usually caused by overstretching, overuse and damage to the posterior tibial tendon.

Causes

  • Overpronation or excessive rolling of the feet inwards can result to wearing out of shoes and result to injuries on the foot.
  • Problems with the muscles, bones or connective tissues around the area of the feet.
  • The feet and bones were not properly formed in the womb
  • A condition that affects the nerves and muscles such as spina bifida, cerebral palsy and muscle dystrophy
  • Loose connective tissue such as Ehlers-Danlos syndrome or joint hypermobility syndrome

Treatment

  • Wear shoes with good arch support to provide benefits and total relief of the leg, foot and back symptoms. Wear walking or athletic shoes with good arch support, roomy toe box and flexible sole and firm heel to lessen the tension in the posterior tibial and Achilles tendon. Avoid wearing shoes with heels higher than 2 ¼ inches to prevent a short and tight Achilles tendon. Wear shoes with heels about ¼ or ½ inches.
  • Use shoe orthotics if walking and standing for long periods of time. Orthotics are rigid inserts for the shoe for supporting the arch of the foot and for better biomechanics while walking, standing and running. Using orthotics lessens development of problems on the joints such as on the ankles, hips, knees and the lumbar spine
  • If overweight or obese, try losing some weight to take away pressure on the bones, ligaments and tendons in the feet and increase the flow of blood in the area.
  • Seek the help of the physical therapist for specific stretches and strengthening exercises for the feet, Achilles tendon and calf muscles for restoring the arch and making it more functional.

Getting rid of an anal fissure

September 16th, 2016 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on Getting rid of an anal fissure)

An anal fissure is a rip or an open sore in the skin around the anus and causes burning and severe pain during bowel movement. People suffering from constipation are at high risk for developing this condition due to hard and large-sized stools that result to tearing of the anal lining.

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Common symptoms of anal fissure

  • Itchiness of the area and followed by intense pain and bleeding when having a bowel movement.
  • Presence of bright red blood on the stool or on the toilet paper.
  • There is a tag of skin called sentinel pile that develops below the fissure usually at the edge of the anus.
  • Smelly discharge and itching of the anus.

Causes

Anal fissures

Itchiness of the area and followed by intense pain and bleeding when having a bowel movement.

  • Anal fissure is usually caused by constipation. The tears in the anal lining and the spincter muscles become damaged due to over straining when passing out hard and dry stool.
  • Sitting for long periods of time in the toilet during bowel movements increases pressure on the muscles and eventually tear and weaken with overstraining.
  • Chronic diarrhea
  • Inflammation of the anorectal area
  • Infection of the skin around the anus area makes the skin susceptible to wear and tear.
  • Some women develop anal fissures during the final trimester of the pregnancy or childbirth.

Treatment

  • Mix equivalent amounts of olive oil, honey and beeswax in a container and warm in a microwave until beeswax is totally melted. Let it cool and apply on the affected area several times every day. Olive oil is rich in healthy fats that lubricate the bowel system for easy passing out of stool.
  • Take a hot sitz bath. In a bathtub filled with warm water, add a few drops of lavender essential oil and mix well. Soak in the bathtub up to the waist for at least 15-20 minutes for 2-3 times every day. Another alternative is applying a warm compress on the affected area after a bowel movement.
  • Coconut oil also helps in treating anal fissures. It is rich in medium chain triglycerides and easily penetrates the skin, lubricates the affected area and for fast healing of the condition. Apply coconut oil on the anal sphincter at least 2-3 times for several times every day. If suffering from constipation, coconut oil can be added to the diet.
  • In a glass of water, mix 1-2 tablespoons of apple cider vinegar. Honey can also be added to the mixture. Drink this mixture at least 2 times every day. Apple cider vinegar is effective for treating constipation. Pectin found in apple cider vinegar improves bowel movement and digestion.
  • Keep the body well hydrated by drinking plenty of liquids to soften the stools and minimize constipation.
  • Perform regular physical activity for at least 30 minutes every day for regular bowel movement and proper blood flow in the area.

How to treat carpal tunnel syndrome

September 16th, 2016 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on How to treat carpal tunnel syndrome)

Carpal tunnel syndrome is a condition that affects the hands and arms. This condition causes tingling and numbness sensation at the early stage. As the condition progresses, the pain becomes severe, the hands weak and damage the nerve. Carpal tunnel can affect both hands and women are more susceptible to this condition than men.

[su_youtube url=”https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=z-SeJh5-nOo”]

This condition is due to excessive pressure placed on the median nerve that passes through the wrist at the carpal tunnel.

Causes of carpal tunnel syndrome

  • Conditions and illnesses such as obesity, rheumatoid arthritis, diabetes, gout that result to pain in the arm, reduced flow of blood in the area, and soft tissues in the arm.
  • Strong and repeated wrist and hand movement causes the tendons to swell
  • Dislocated bones, broken bones of the wrist, and bone spurs
  • Hand-arm vibrations
  • Working in awkward positions for long periods of time

    Carpal tunnel syndrome

    Numbness or pain in the hand, wrist and forearm usually at night.

Symptoms

  • Numbness or pain in the hand, wrist and forearm usually at night.
  • Tingling, pain, numbness and “pins-and-needles” sensations
  • Severe numbness or pain can be felt when using the hands or wrist especially when gripping an object using the hand or flexing the wrist.
  • Stiffness of the fingers in the morning
  • Severe pain in the forearm between the elbow and wrist

Treatment

  • Rest the affected hand, fingers and wrist. Avoid performing activities that can cause numbness and pain. When the symptoms are lessened, continue with the activity gradually. Keep the wrists straight or slightly bent.
  • Apply cold compress on the affected wrist for at least 10-15 minutes, once or two times every hour. The cold temperature lessens the numbness, swelling and inflammation. Avoid applying an ice pack directly on the skin to prevent frostbite and making the condition worse. Make sure that the ice pack is wrapped with a towel before placing on the area.
  • Take the prescribed over-the-counter non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medication to lessen the pain and swelling.
  • Wear a wrist splint at night to prevent unnecessary movements. It keeps the wrist in a neutral position and minimizes pressure placed on the median nerve.
  • Massage the hands and wrist to lessen some of the symptoms of carpal tunnel syndrome. Rub coconut oil or olive oil on the hands, wrist and fingers and massage using gentle strokes for at least 10-15 minutes. Repeat this process for 2-3 times every day until the symptoms are minimized. Coconut oil and olive oil increases blood flow in the area, relaxes stiff muscles, lessens pain and improves mobility.
  • In a tub filled with warm water, mix 1 cup of Epsom salt until completely dissolved and soak the affected hand and wrist in the solution for at least 15-20 minutes. Repeat this process 2-3 times every week until pain and stiffness are reduced. Epsom salt has anti-inflammatory properties and a natural muscle relaxant that is effective in relaxing tight muscles in the hands and wrists.

How to treat uterine fibroids

September 16th, 2016 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on How to treat uterine fibroids)

Uterine fibroids or myomas are non-cancerous growths in the uterus that usually develops during the childbearing years. Fibroids range as the size of seedlings which cannot be seen by the human eye and when they are abundant, they can distort and enlarge the uterus and even reach the rib cage.

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Fibroids are classified based on their location. The intramural fibroids develop inside the mascular uterine wall, the submucusal fibroids swell into the uterine cavity while the sub-serosal fibroids develop outside the uterus.

Symptoms of uterine fibroids

  • Pelvic pain or pressure
  • Heavy menstrual bleeding
  • Menstruation that last for more than a week
  • Frequent urination
  • Constipation
  • Difficulty emptying the bladder

    Uterine fibroids

    Fibroids range as the size of seedlings which cannot be seen by the human eye and when they are abundant, they can distort and enlarge the uterus and even reach the rib cage.

  • Backache or pain in the legs

Causes

  • Fibroids contain changes in genes that are different from the normal uterine muscle cells.
  • Two hormones that stimulate the development of the uterine lining during menstrual cycle can cause development of uterine fibroids.
  • Insulin-like growth factors

Treatment

  • Drink plenty of water and maintain normal body weight to control the level of estrogen in the body. Water is important in the proper functioning of all the organs and general health. Drink at least 10-12 glasses of water every day to make the body well hydrated, eliminate toxins in the body and prevent growth of the fibroids.
  • Castor oil has ricinoleic acid with anti-inflammatory properties. Soak a piece of wool flannel and place on the abdomen and cover with plastic wrap. Place a hot water bottle or a warm compress above it and cover with a towel and leave it on for at least one hour. Repeat this procedure 3-4 times every week for a month until there is improvement in the condition. Castor oil stimulates the lymphatic and circulatory systems and increase lymphocytes to eliminate toxins.
  • Consume 2 cloves of crushed garlic with warm water every day. Another alternative is taking a supplement of 500 mg every day to effectively treat fibroids.
  • Milk thistle metabolizes and eliminates excess estrogen which is a reproductive hormone that releases growth factors and cause development of fibroids. Take 10-25 drops of a tincture of this herb at least 3 times every day for 3-4 months.
  • Boil 3 tablespoons of dandelion root in 3 ½ cups of water for 15 minutes and let it precipitate for another 15 minutes before straining it. Drink this tea at least 3 times every day for 3 months. Dandelion detoxifies the liver and eliminates excess estrogen in the body.
  • Green tea has a compound called epigallocatechin gallate or EGCG that prevents the growth of fibroid cells and lessen the severity of the symptoms. Drink at least 2-3 cups of green tea or take 2 green tea capsules every day for several months.

Remedies for keloid scars

September 9th, 2016 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on Remedies for keloid scars)

Keloid scars are hard, fibrous tissue that develops on the skin. When the top layer of the skin is damaged or has tears, collagen will form at the area while it is healing. Keloid scars usually develop when there is a trauma or damage such as chicken pox, acne, minor burns, ear piercings, insect bites, cuts and vaccinations. A keloid scar will develop when there is excessive growth of collagen at the affected area usually growing slowly for years.

[su_youtube url=”https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uR0-3Gor6aY”]

Symptoms of keloids

  • Firm, raised and hardened scars
  • Grows over time and the color changes from slightly pink to very dark
  • Keloids become irritated, painful and itchy if rubbed against clothing
  • Becomes dark when exposed to the sun

Treatment

Keloid scars

Keloid scars usually develop when there is a trauma or damage such as chicken pox, acne, minor burns, ear piercings, insect bites, cuts and vaccinations.

  • Mix a teaspoon of baking soda and 3 teaspoons of hydrogen peroxide thoroughly. Using a cotton ball, apply the mixture on the scar and leave it on for at least 15 minutes and rinse off using lukewarm water. Repeat this process for 3-4 times every day for one month to shrink the keloid scars. Baking soda lessens the appearance of the keloid scars and makes the layers of skin healthy. It functions as an abrasive agent, exfoliates the skin and keep the skin free from debris, dirt and dead cells.
  • Use aloe vera to keep the skin moisturized, promote the regeneration of the damage surface of the skin and has a cooling effect that lessens the itchiness. Extract gel from a fresh aloe vera leaf and apply on the affected area. Let it dry on its own so that it is fully absorbed by the skin. Apply 5-6 times every day for several days.
  • Massage the area where the scar is forming. Sometimes, scars form due to insufficient circulation of blood in the area. Massage the affected area to get rid of the dead cells and prevent the formation of keloids in some areas of the skin. Use coconut oil in massaging the area regularly to relax the affected area and prevent the formation of keloids.
  • Use lemon juice in treating keloid scars since it is rich in Vitamin C which is a strong antioxidant that eliminates all types of scars. It also regenerates and repair damaged skin. Extract the juice from one fresh lemon and apply on the scar. Leave it on for at least 30 minutes and rinse it off using lukewarm water. Perform this process 2 times every day for a month to achieve the best results.
  • Take over-the counter scar removal medications such as creams, ointments and gels to lessen the appearance of the scars over time.
  • In a cup filled with 2 teaspoons of apple cider vinegar, mix a teaspoon of water. Dip a cotton ball in the solution and apply on the area and leave it on for at least 30 minutes and rinse off with water. Repeat this process for 3-4 times every day for several weeks. Apple cider vinegar eliminates fatty deposits under the skin, exfoliates and softens the skin and eventually minimizes the appearance of the scars.

Getting rid of ingrown hair

September 9th, 2016 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on Getting rid of ingrown hair)

An ingrown hair is characterized as one that curls around back to the skin instead of rising up from it. This usually occurs among individuals with curly hair. An ingrow hair causes a raised and red bump that looks similar to a pimple. Sometimes, there is presence of pus inside the bump. This condition also causes inflammation, swelling, irritation and pain in the affected area. It can also occur in those who shave unwanted hair in areas such as the legs, beard area, bikini region and the underarms.

[su_youtube url=”https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nqADFK5JqLE”]

Symptoms of an ingrown hair

  • Pain and itchiness of the affected area
  • Darkening of the skin or hyperpigmentation
  • Embedded hair
  • Presence of small and solid rounded bumps or papules
  • Development of blisters filled with pus or pustules

    Ingrown hair

    Pain and itchiness of the affected area

If an ingrown hair becomes a chronic condition, there is unwanted growth of hair or hirsutism and polycystic ovary syndrome, it is best to seek medical help immediately.

Causes

  • Pulling the skin tightly when shaving which makes the hair to go back into the skin and then re-enter the skin without growing out.
  • Using tweezers or plucking the hair can leave behind fragments of hair under the surface of the skin and can end up inflamed.

Treatment

  • Scrub the skin using sugar to prevent ingrown hair. It exfoliates the skin, remove dead cells and make the ingrown hair emerge out the skin as well as making the skin smooth. Mix one cup of white sugar and ½ cup extra-virgin oil and mix 10 drops of tea tree oil and then mix well to create a paste. Apply on the affected area and gently scrub the area in a circular motion for a few minutes and rinse it off using lukewarm water. Perform this process at least once or two times per week as needed.
  • Mix a tablespoon of baking soda and a cup of water. Mix well and dip a cotton ball in the mixture and apply it on the skin. Leave on for at least 5 minutes and rinse it off using cold water. Repeat this process 2-3 times every day as needed. Baking soda has anti-inflammatory properties, lessens the itchiness and exfoliates the skin. It also lessens the redness of the area due to an ingrown hair.
  • Mix ½ teaspoon of table salt to one cup lukewarm water. Mix well until salt is dissolved. Moisten a cotton ball in the solution and gently rub it on the skin and leave it on for a few minutes and rinse it off with water. Repeat this process 2 times every day until the ingrown hair disappears. Salt is an exfoliating agent, increases the blood circulation in the area, lessens the swelling and promotes fast healing of the area.

Tips

  • Wash the skin using warm water and a mild facial cleanser before shaving.
  • Use a sharp razor when shaving and avoid close shaves.
  • Rinse the shave after each stroke.