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Steam burns

June 5th, 2015 | Posted by corinne grace in First Aid for Burns - (Comments Off on Steam burns)

Thermal burns are burns caused exposure to steam, hot liquids, hot metals or open flames. Steam burns usually occur in the kitchen when an individual lifts a lid from a pot of boiling liquid. Steam burns can be considered as minor injuries but can become severe.

Steam burns can be caused by close exposure to a steam cooker or a pot of boiling water. The steam that comes of a scorching or steaming substance forms a burn and the grade of injury will depend on the harshness of the burn sustained. It is vital to manage steam burn properly in order to prevent scarring or making the condition worse.

Treatment and home remedies of steam burns

Steam-burns

If it is a mild burn or first degree burn, apply an antibiotic ointment and cover it up using light and non-adhesive gauze.

  • The affected person should stay calm, especially when far from hospitals and health clinics.
  • Run cold water over the affected area if there is no break in the skin. The affected area such as the hands can also be immersed in a cold water bath for 5 minutes. Avoid putting ice in the bath since extreme cold can cause severe damage.
  • Take over-the-counter pain medications such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen.
  • Apply an herbal cooling lotion over the affected areas of the body such as aloe vera gel which offers an effective cooling effect for minor burns.
  • Do not rinse the affected area since it will cause pain instead of reducing the pain in the area.
  • Apply honey over the affected area of the body and cover it using a flexible wrap and seal the area using gauze and leave in place at least for two days. After two days, open the wrapped area and pour again another layer of honey. Avoid rinsing the area since rinsing the area will make it susceptible to infection.
  • Provide a tablespoon of honey to the affected person at least three times a day in order to boost the immune system. Honey has antibacterial properties that help in preventing possible infections as well as preventing deep scarring.
  • If it is a mild burn or first degree burn, apply an antibiotic ointment and cover it up using light and non-adhesive gauze. If the burn is severe, avoid letting the clothes or gauze stick to the affected area.
  • Avoid popping the blisters caused by the burns. When healing from a burn injury, the worst thing to do is pop it open but it can cause another infection if not carefully done. Keep the injury clean at all times and change the dressing several times in a day.

Prevention of steam burns

  • When checking on what is being cooked, take the lids off easily and keep the face far as the cooking ware as possible in order to avoid inhaling the steam.
  • Keep children away from the cooking area while cooking.
  • Use dry pot holders and mitts at all times when cooking.
  • The temperature should be set to 120 degrees or less when boiling water.

Hot glue gun burn

June 5th, 2015 | Posted by corinne grace in First Aid for Burns - (Comments Off on Hot glue gun burn)

Hot glue gun is a tool that is used for giving out hot melt adhesive and the material that is used to prepare hot glue is a thermoplastic adhesive. It is in long sticks of different diameters and placed in the hot glue gun which is powered by electricity. The heat produced by the electric current melts the stick in the gun and squeezed out from the nozzle to be applied on various objects.

For many years, hot glue has been an effective tool for those who love crafting, scrapbooking and costumes. The use of hot gun is unlimited and safe to use, but there are instances where some suffer from mild burns caused by hot glue guns. They might come in contact with the hot glue that is coming out of the nozzle and burn the skin. The burns from exposure to hot glue are usually minor and sometimes blisters can form.

Treatment and home remedies of hot glue gun burn

Hot-glue-gun-burn

Clean the wound using sterile cotton and apply an antibiotic ointment, then cover the area with sterile gauze.

  • It is usually the finger and the wrist area that comes in contact with hot glue. When the hot comes in contact with the skin, place the affected area under flowing tap water, until the burning sensation is minimized at least for 10 minutes or longer.
  • If there is no flowing tap water available, place some water in a bowl and place the affected finger or any part of the body in the water for at least 10-15 minutes.
  • The individual should keep the fingers moving while the glue melt is still hot to avoid the tourniquet effect on the fingers as the glue starts to cool down.
  • Avoid removing the glue when it is in the molten state or the skin will stick to the glue and leaving a deep burnt area.
  • When the hot melt becomes solid and cools down, try to rub it gently using the fingers in order to remove the superficial layer of the glue. Avoid removing the whole melt since it will cause further damage under the wound.
  • Place a few drops of coconut oil or olive oil on cotton until it is totally soaked, then gently rub it to the glue in order to make the glue soft and easy to be removed. Once the glue is removed, keep the affected area under flowing water for a few minutes
  • Dab the affected area with diluted vinegar in order to minimize pain.
  • Clean the wound using sterile cotton and apply an antibiotic ointment, then cover the area with sterile gauze.
  • If a small blister develops, avoid bursting the blister. In a few days, the blister will just open up by itself. Seek medical help immediately if the wound becomes worse, becomes more painful and takes a longer time to heal.

Treating a propane burn

November 21st, 2014 | Posted by corinne grace in First Aid for Burns - (Comments Off on Treating a propane burn)

Propane is a highly flammable, odorless and colorless gas. Odorants are just added to propane gas in order to avoid unnoticed leaks and spills. Propane gas is commonly used to heat homes, water and for cooking foods. Propane is safe for everyday use, but if it is not handled properly is can cause some harmful effects.

When handling a pressurized propane gas and it gets in contact with the eye of the individual, it can cause momentary freezing and leads to swelling and damage to the eye.

Contact of pressurized propane gas to a person’s skin can cause cryogenic burns or frostbite which will cause damage to skin and tissues caused by extreme cold and other injuries and this happens due to poor or unsafe handling such as spilling on the skin accidentally.

Using propane gas in a confined places can lead to overexposure and there is danger of inhaling high concentrations of gas and can cause serious problems such as unconsciousness, seizures, incapacitation and cardiac arrest. In some cases inhalation of propane gas, it can cause death by asphyxiation or suffocation because there is lack of oxygen. It is best that you prepared to handle an exposure to this gas by enrolling in a first aid course today.

Propane burn

In some cases inhalation of propane gas, it can cause death by asphyxiation or suffocation because there is lack of oxygen.

Propane gas can also be used for drying clothes, water heaters, patio heaters, fireplaces, furnaces and for gas grills

Treatment and home remedies

  • Cover or drape the affected area with a clean cloth or other types of dressing.
  • Fill a basin or tub with water that has neutral temperature that is neither hot nor cold and then immerse the affected area in order to relieve of the pain.
  • If eyes were in contact with propane gas, flush the eye with warm water, while holding the eyelids apart at least 15 minutes. Wear protective goggles when handling propane gas in order to prevent the possibility of eye contact with propane gas.
  • Avoid rubbing frostbitten or burned skin caused by propane gas. You have to immerse the affected area in lukewarm water until a sensation can be felt on the affected area.
  • The skin must be clean and dry and if any blister will form, you have to sterilize the affected area and cover it with bandages.
  • Wear thermal insulating gloves and a shield in order to avoid a contact of propane gas to the skin.
  • Seek medical help if the person is overexposed to propane gas. The person should be moved into a place where there is fresh air and away from the source of the exposure.
  • In order to avoid a possible overexposure to propane gas, the person should wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in areas where the supply of oxygen is insufficient.
  • Allow the injured person to slowly work or exercise the affected area, and give him/ her warm, non-alcoholic drinks and stay away from cold or heat, such as snow, hot or cold water and heating lamps.

Treating minor wounds with eggs

July 30th, 2014 | Posted by corinne grace in First Aid for Burns - (Comments Off on Treating minor wounds with eggs)

Eggs are nutritious food, but they have healing elements in treating fevers, minor wounds, and bruising, reducing scars and can soothe sunburn and stops bleeding. As part of first aid training, you will learn how to use eggs on wounds and health conditions.

Bruises – place a hardboiled egg in cheesecloth. Gather all the edges of the cheesecloth and tie a knot or secure it with a rubber band. Break the egg, together with shell, into small pieces and put the cheesecloth bag to the bruise. It will reduce the pain and swelling.

Scarring – break an egg, and place all the liquid contents of the egg in a bowl. Peel the inner skin of the egg away from the shell and place it over the wound. It will just stick to the skin even when it is dry. This procedure will prevent appearance of a scar. Replace the egg skin at least two times a day until the wound is completely healed.

Sunburn – treat a sunburn or minor burn with egg whites. Separate egg white from the egg yolk, then whip the egg white into a frothy cream, then add 2 tsp. castor oil and 2 tsp. of vinegar and stir well. Once applied to a burn, you can feel a soothing relief.

Egg whites can be made into a natural clear bandage to aid in the healing of cuts, stop bleeding and reducing scabs. Separate the egg white from the egg yolk, and peel the thin egg skin from the shell, and placing it over the cut and cover it with a thin layer of egg white. If the egg skin becomes dry, peel it off and reapply again the egg white.

Other uses of eggs

Eggs

Egg whites can be made into a natural clear bandage to aid in the healing of cuts, stop bleeding and reducing scabs.

  • Making hair shiny – you have to break three eggs in a bowl and mix them thoroughly with a whisk. Then apply it to your hair by using your hand, make sure the hair is coated evenly. Let it dry on your hair. Then wash your hair with warm to cool water and shampoo. The result is a shiny and soft to touch hair.
  • Egg yolk facial mask – separate egg white from the yolk, then beat the egg yolk in a bowl until it is frothy. Using a cotton pad, apply it to your face, by covering all the skin surfaces, and let it dry completely. Then wash it off using soap and a warm to cool water. Your skin will be tighter and softer.
  • Scalp cleanser – using three eggs, separate egg whites from the yolk, and whip them properly. With your hands, remove the egg yolks and place them on your scalp and carefully massage it. Let the egg yolks dry completely, and wash it out with a shampoo and warm to cool water. The egg yolk will give nourishment to the scalp and moisturizes any scalp dryness and dandruff.

Smoke inhalation is a serious medical problem that is often associated re-certification courseswith incidents of fires. Prompt and proper first aid can help minimize the problems related with smoke inhalation.

Smoke inhalation is the most common cause of death in many cases of fires. It is a serious problem associated with chemical and thermal burns. Regardless of the fire source, smoke generated by any combustible material contains many poisonous substances. Modern buildings and furnishings are made of plastics and other synthetic materials that have the potential of releasing toxic gases when they are overheated or are burned. Aside from being dangerous for the lungs, substances found in smoke can burn the skin, injure the airway, irritate the eyes, and even lead to death (respiratory arrest and/or cardiac arrest).

When responding in cases of fire, you can expect to see irritations of the eyes and injury to the airways due to the smoke. Your top priority is to ensure patent airway and adequate breathing. Usually, victims of smoke inhalation will have difficulty breathing or have bouts of cough. Some victims will have breath that smells “smoky” or the odor of the burned chemicals. Others may have black residue in the mouth or nose. In case of irritations to the skin and eyes, you can simply flood the affected part with water.

First aid actions taken for smoke inhalation include:

  1. Call 911 or your local emergency phone number. Contact your fire safety department if not yet available.
  2. Remove the victim from the burn site and move to a safe area.
  3. Check airway, breathing and circulation. Be ready to provide life support measures such as CPR and rescue breathing, as needed.
  4. If available, administer high concentration of oxygen. Use of humidifier and nonrebreather mask is preferred. These are advanced first aid skills that can be learned through workplace approved training courses such as advanced life support or oxygen administration course.
  5. Check for possible spinal injuries and any other illness or injury requiring immediate care.
  6. Check for shock and provide care for shock. Conscious
    victims are able to breathe well when they are in semi-seated position.
  7. Stay alert for change in consciousness or behavior. Some
    victims may become violent or irritable as they recover from the

    effects of smoke. The contents of the smoke can have unpredictable
    effects on the brain.

  8. Continue monitoring the victim while waiting for help or transporting the victim.

Some cases of smoke inhalation do not appear serious. This is because the effects of certain toxic gases can be delayed. As much as possible, a person who has been exposed to toxic gases should be seen a healthcare professional for further evaluation.

Boils and carbuncles

May 4th, 2013 | Posted by Ibrar in First Aid for Burns - (0 Comments)

Boils and carbuncles are pus-filled bumps that are often painful and form under bacteria infected skin, causing it to inflame your hair follicles.

Boils often develop as red and tender lumps during the initial stages. These lumps will quickly get filled with pus as they grow larger, causing more discomfort until they rupture. A carbuncle is a collection of boils that form under the affected regions of the skin.

A single boil can heal with self-treatment measures however, you must avoid pricking it or trying or to drain the pus as this may infect other regions of the skin. See your doctor if you have a very painful boil or carbuncle, if symptoms persist for more than two weeks or if the boil or carbuncle accompanies a fever.

Signs and symptoms

Boils usually develop on the face, neck, thighs, armpits or buttocks, but they can appear anywhere on the skin, usually on hairy areas where there is heat, friction and sweat.

Signs and symptoms of boils include:

  • Painful red bump—starts off as a pea sized lump
  • Inflamed, red and swollen skin around the lump
  • After a few days the size of the lump within a few days as it fills with pus – the boil can be as big as a golf ball
  • Appearance of a yellow or whitish tip on the bump which will eventually rupture and drain pus

The boil will drain eventually and the pain will subside. Usually small boils disappear without leaving any scars; however, larger boils may leave scars. It is important that you do not try to burst the boil yourself and allow it to rupture on its own.

Carbuncles

Carbuncles are clusters of boils that are more likely to occur in the thighs, shoulders and the back of the neck.

Carbuncles may

  • Result in severe and deeper infections compared to individual boils
  • Develop more slowly than individual boils
  • Heal slower than single boils
  • Leave scars

Signs and symptoms that may occur along with a carbuncle include:

  • Feeling sick
  • Fever
  • Chills

 

When to seek medical help

Small boils can be taken care of with self-treatment, however, you may have to see a doctor if:

  • You have a boil on the face or your spine
  • The boil worsens rapidly and causes a lot of pain
  • The boil is very large and has not healed within two weeks
  • The boil accompanies a fever
  • You are having frequent boils
  • You have a suppressed immune system due to organ transplant, HIV/AIDS or corticosteroid use
  • You have recently been hospitalized

 

It is important that children and elderly receive medical care in case they suffer from boils or carbuncles.

Treatment

Small boils can generally be treated with warm compresses to control pain and encourage drainage.

In case of larger boils and carbuncles, specific treatment usually includes drainage of the boils through an incision and sometimes, the doctor may also prescribe antibiotics.

Defective electrical appliances, faulty switches and frayed flexes can all cause electrical shock and other electricity-related injuries. According to the latest data from the Electrical Safety Branch, a total of 440 cases of electrocutions were recorded in Canada during previous year, of which, 170 were related to use of consumer products. Surprisingly, majority of electricity-related injuries were domestic of nature and involved household wiring, small appliances, and large appliances despite low-voltage current used in houses and workplaces.

Take note that even low-voltage domestic current can cause life-threatening

Electricity-Related Injuries

When managing situations with electrical currents it is important to take safety precautions such as using a wooden object to distance the current from the victim.

injuries and can even result in death. Considering the fatality of electricity-related injuries and its increased incidence in homes and workplaces, it is essential that you know how to manage electrical shocks.

Responding In Electrical Shock

What you do during the first few minutes after the incident can have huge effect in the survivability of the victim as well as your personal safety. There have been many cases wherein bystanders who are trying to help become casualties too because they do not know how to respond properly in such accident.

Ensure your safety

Before touching the victim, you have to ensure your personal safety. Do not do anything with the casualty unless you are sure that they are free from the source of electrical current. Casualties are considered electrical conductors as long as they are still in contact with the electricity. They continue to pose risk of electrocution to anyone who comes in contact them.

Safely cut-off electrical source

Locate and switch off the main power supply, if possible, otherwise unplug or disconnect the cable from the electrical outlet.

You can also move the victim away from the power source. Stand on a dry insulated material such as a book, plastic mat or wooden box. Using a broom or wooden pole, move the victim’s limb or body part away from the power source or move the source away from the victim.

If cutting off the electrical source is not possible, carefully loop a length of rope around the victim’s arms or ankles. Be sure not to touch or contact the victim while doing this. Once the loop is secured around the victim, pull him or her away from the source of electrical shock.

Conduct a primary survey

Once the contact between the source of electricity and the victim is cut, you can now assess for response, airway, breathing and pulse.

Activate emergency services

Call 911 or your local emergency services. If you have no access to telephone or mobile phone, ask for help from nearby bystanders. Record vital signs while waiting for help to arrive.

Treat electrical burns and any injuries

Flood the burns with copious amount of cold water, if available. Avoid touching the burned body parts.  Gently remove watches, belts, jewellery and constricting clothing, especially around the neck area. Burns cause swelling quickly. Cover the burn site with a clean cloth and secure loosely. Monitor for signs of shock: increased breathing, slow pulse and sweating. Reassure the casualty.

Learn More

To learn more about recognizing, managing and helping victims of electrical shocks take a workplace approved training program with one of our providers. Training locations are found throughout Canada including in Vancouver, Victoria, Edmonton, Calgary, Ottawa, Winnipeg and Toronto.

Stay Safe when working with Electricity

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HhM_Fy0r6Lc