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Muscle knots in the back

July 24th, 2015 | Posted by corinne grace in Muscle Injuries - (Comments Off on Muscle knots in the back)

Muscle knots felt at the back can be painful, especially when they are big and do not heal. Some knots causes discomfort, difficulty in sleeping, work and movement. Muscle knots are also called muscle spasms or trigger points which are an abnormal area in the muscle and causes pain.

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Painful knots in the back can make daily activities difficult, and these develop when a specific part of a muscle becomes tight and can be caused by bad posture, improper mechanics of the body, muscle injuries and stress.

Treatment and home remedies of muscle knots in the back

Muscle knots in the back

Painful knots in the back can make daily activities difficult, and these develop when a specific part of a muscle becomes tight and can be caused by bad posture, improper mechanics of the body, muscle injuries and stress.

  • Provide the individual with anti-inflammatory medications in order to minimize the inflammation.
  • Apply alternately heat and cold compress. Heat helps in relaxing the muscles and ice makes the muscles tight. This therapy helps make the muscle return to its original structure and functioning.
  • Apply cold compress to the affected muscle at the back for 15 to 20 minutes at 3-5 times every day for the first two to three days after the injury. A frozen bag of peas or other vegetables can also be used.
  • Make a cold compress by pouring 3 cups of water and mix it with 1 cup rubbing alcohol and freeze it overnight. This cold compress helps reduce flow of blood flow in the area and minimize inflammation and pain.
  • After 2-3 days, you can apply a warm compress over the affected area for 15-20 minutes. This helps minimize muscles knots in the back, increases flow of blood and relaxes the muscles.
  • Drink plenty of water in order to flush out toxins that accumulate and affect the functioning of the muscles.
  • Increase the intake of foods rich in potassium such as apricots, bananas, plums, and apples. These can help in preventing constant muscle cramps and fights off fatigue in the muscles.
  • Regular massage helps in reducing muscle knots, spasm and tension areas. Use of clove oil, nutmeg oil or lavender oil to help reduce the pain and strain as well as preventing cramping and improves flexibility.
  • Massage is helpful in minimizing muscle knots in the back. Applying manual pressure to the affected area helps in increasing the flow of blood and eliminates toxins from the muscles. In addition, it can relax the muscle and minimize the knots.
  • Perform gentle stretching in order to minimize knots in the back muscles. You can stretch the lower back by lying on the floor and then bend one knee until it reaches the chest. Pull the knee close to the chest using the hands until the person feels the tight muscles stretch. Remember to avoid stretching it up to a point where pain can be felt since it can cause damage to the muscle. Remain in this position for 20-30 seconds and repeat the procedure with the other leg. Perform this exercise 3-5 times every day.
  • Stretch the upper back by interlocking both hands in front of the body. Make the elbow straight and arch the back until a stretch can be felt around the shoulder. Remain in this position for 20-30 seconds. Perform this exercise 3-5 times every day.

How to relieve tension in the shoulder muscle

June 26th, 2015 | Posted by corinne grace in Muscle Injuries - (Comments Off on How to relieve tension in the shoulder muscle)

The shoulders and neck are two areas of the body which bear the burden of tension and pain. Pain and stiffness felt in the upper back can cause discomfort for the person. This condition is not a serious problem but it can slow down the daily activities of the individual and there is difficulty while doing his/her daily tasks.

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Shoulder muscle tension happens when there is reduced blood and lymph flow to the area and typically caused by injury, stress and poor posture. Sometimes, tension in the shoulder muscle has similar symptoms of the lower back pain.

Causes of tension in the shoulder muscle


Chronic tension in the shoulder joint can pull the tendons of the muscles and cause inflammation which is known as tendinitis.

  • It can be caused by engaging in excessive activity which results to straining of the shoulder muscle.
  • Poor posture such as sitting for long periods of time at the desk, without taking a break or working on a computer in the same position for long hours can cause straining of the shoulder muscles.
  • A poor ergonomic position at the workplace can make the shoulder and neck muscle short which causes pain and tension in the area. The shoulder is stressed and strained when holding the cell phone between the head and shoulder.
  • A woman wearing high heeled shoes causes straining the lower back and spine, but will also change the biomechanics of the upper back and shoulder.
  • Sleeping postures can also cause tension in the shoulder muscle, usually when sleeping on the stomach.
  • Stress and anxiety are also factors that can cause shoulder and neck muscle tension.

Symptoms of shoulder tension

  • The muscles of the body are always tensed and relaxed. Take note that this cycle occurs indefinitely, but sometimes the muscles continues to become tensed without relaxation and will result to muscle spasm and pain.
  • Chronic tension in the shoulder joint can pull the tendons of the muscles and cause inflammation which is known as tendinitis. There is stiffness of the shoulder and difficulty in moving the shoulder upwards or sideways due to spasms of the muscle.
  • There is weakness of the shoulder along with swelling and tenderness which indicates that the muscles of the shoulders are tensed.

Treatment and home remedies of tension in the shoulder muscles

  • Massage the affected area in order to minimize stress and strain on the shoulder muscles as well as reducing stiffness and pain. Perform gentle massage using olive oil or coconut oil on the area of the shoulder to promote proper circulation. Massage also helps in releasing tension in the shoulder muscles.
  • Take a hot bath since it helps in relaxing tension in the shoulder muscles. Heat relaxes tensed fibers of the muscles. Another way is placing a heating pad or hot water bag over the shoulder to promote relaxation of the muscles.
  • Exercise is helpful in minimizing tension on the shoulders by rotating the shoulder in clockwise and anti-clockwise directions at least ten times in order to minimize tension in the shoulders.
  • Encourage the individual to perform some deep breathing techniques and yoga since these can help in reducing tension in the shoulders.


Knots in the glutes

June 19th, 2015 | Posted by corinne grace in Muscle Injuries - (Comments Off on Knots in the glutes)

Pain in the buttocks makes life uncomfortable. Knots in the glutes are spasms and cramps in the gluteus muscles located in the posterior. The buttocks have three gluteus muscles – gluteus maximus, minimus and medius. These muscles are located at the rear of the pelvis and allow smooth movement of the hip, trunk and the legs as well as providing support for the body when standing and cushioning the pelvic bone while sitting. Gluteus maximus is the strongest and the largest of the gluteal muscles which helps in the rotation of the hip and extension of the trunk.

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When the muscle are pulled due to spasm, numbness and shooting sharp pain can be felt in the bottom since nerves and blood vessels pass underneath these gluteus muscles. Knots in the glutes can be caused by injury or giving pressure to these muscles particularly the gluteus maximus.

Knots in the glutes can affect any individual and can occur suddenly or slowly and usually depends on the underlying cause.

Causes of knots in the glutes

Knots in the glutes

Knots in the glutes can be caused by injury or giving pressure to these muscles particularly the gluteus maximus.

Cramps and spasms in the gluteus muscles happen when a person becomes less active and there is a constant pressure such as sitting for long periods of time at one place. Take note that it can give pressure on the vessels. Circulation of blood becomes weak and the glutes are starved of the essential nutrients, thus causing cramps of the gluteus muscle. There is also difficulty in performing simple movements such as rising from sitting position and climbing stairs. Other causes include the following:

  • Traumatic injury caused by a fall or a direct trauma to the area can cause pain and spasms of the gluteus muscle.
  • Engaging in strenuous activities without doing proper stretching and warm up exercises can cause pulling of the gluteus muscle and athletes are prone to spraining and straining of the gluteus muscles.
  • Injury or irritation of the nerves coming from the spinal roots can result to spasm and knots in the gluteus muscles. The pain is agonizing and sharp or can be numb and aching with stiffness of the muscle.

Treatment and home remedies of muscle knots in the glutes

  • When the muscle undergoes spasm, the individual should perform some gentle stretching but if spasms are severe, rest the affected muscles.
  • Once the pain is minimized, perform gentle stretching in order to relax the muscles.
  • Apply alternately cold compress and warm compress in order to help promote proper circulation of blood.
  • Physical therapy exercises can help in relieving pain and spasms of a tensed gluteus muscle.
  • Massage helps in improving circulation and rest strained muscles. A simple massage using the fingers over the strained area at least once in a day will rest the muscles of the buttocks.
  • Walk in the morning for a few minutes is the best exercise for knots in the glutes but before starting any exercise, the individual should take a muscle relaxant medication to help minimize inflammation and stress in the muscles.

Treatment of shoulder tendonitis

April 10th, 2015 | Posted by corinne grace in Muscle Injuries - (Comments Off on Treatment of shoulder tendonitis)

Tendonitis is a condition that happens when one of the tendons that connect the muscles to the bones that function in supporting them becomes inflamed. Remember that the shoulder is susceptible to this condition. If an individual is suspected with this condition, a doctor should be consulted.

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The shoulder joint is a complex joint that is supported by muscles and tendons to keep it steady. An outside trauma, daily stretch and strain makes the shoulder susceptible to many problems. People who are at the age of 40 are more susceptible to this condition which tends to weaken as the person gets older.

Causes of shoulder tendonitis

  • A sudden and sharp movement, injuries during accidents or sports
  • The normal wear and tear due to aging and some underlying conditions such as diabetes and rheumatoid arthritis.
Shoulder tendonitis

A dull aching pain can be felt in the shoulder that becomes worse during activity.

Symptoms of shoulder tendonitis

  • A dull aching pain can be felt in the shoulder that becomes worse during activity.
  • There is tenderness and mild swelling
  • Pain and stiffness when lifting the arms and the shoulder becomes painful when the arm is lowered after lifting
  • Pain when lifting the arm overhead
  • Burning pain can be felt from the front of the shoulder to the sides.
  • There is weakness of the shoulder because of the pain
  • There is difficulty in moving the arm behind the back while buttoning
  • Not capable of playing sports that requires throwing

Treatment and home remedies

  • Rest the shoulder; avoid doing strenuous activities in order to help heal the damaged tendon.
  • Apply a cold compress since it helps minimize inflammation in the tendon, increase circulation and for faster healing. It must be applied for 20-30 minutes each for 2-4 hour when the injury is warm. Afterwards, hot compress should be applied alternately with ice compress since heat will relax the muscle tendon and help in restoring the range of motion.
  • As cold and hot compress is applied alternately to the affected area, move and stretch the shoulder joint when possible in order to prevent frozen shoulder. This should be done slowly, but stop if there is pain.
  • Natural substances such as arnica helps in minimizing pain and swelling, but avoid taking anti-inflammatory medications during the first 48-72 hours since it can cause bleeding.
  • In order to protect and support the injured tendon, there is a need to wear a sling or tape the shoulder for relief of pain
  • The individual should be encouraged to sleep in an upright position or with a pillow support
  • Shoulder tendonitis takes several weeks to heal and during this time, it is important to stretch and adjust the healing scar by joint mobilization, massage, muscle stretches and assisted light exercises.

With the help of these measures, the symptoms of shoulder tendonitis can be managed to provide relief to the individual.

How to treat costochondritis

December 26th, 2014 | Posted by corinne grace in Muscle Injuries - (Comments Off on How to treat costochondritis)

Costochondritis is the inflammation of the cartilage that function in connecting a rib to the breastbone or sternum which is a junction known as the costosternal joint. Pain that is caused by costochondritis imitates that of heart attacks or other conditions.

Other names of costochondritis include pain in the chest wall, costosternal chondrodynia and costosternal syndrome. When pain is accompanied by inflammation, it is called as the Tietze syndrome.

Symptoms of costochondritis

  • It becomes worse when taking a deep breath or coughing
  • It happens on the left side of the breastbone
  • It affects more than one rib

Causes of costochondritis


It becomes worse when taking a deep breath or coughing

  • An injury such as a blow to the chest could cause costochondritis.
  • Arthritis, osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis and ankylosing spondylitis can cause costochondritis.
  • Lifting of heavy objects and engaging in strenuous exercises can cause costochondritis with severe coughing.
  • Non-cancerous and cancerous tumors and cancers from other parts of the body that spreads to the joints like breast, thyroid and lung can also cause costochondritis.
  • A rib joint that becomes infected by virus, bacteria or fungi like tuberculosis, syphilis and aspergillosis can cause costochondritis.

Treatment and home remedies

  • Costochondritis is caused by an overuse or by trauma. The best thing to do is to rest the muscles and joints that surround the sternum in order for them to heal.
  • Take anti-inflammatory medications like ibuprofen in order to minimize inflammation and pain at least 800mg to be taken three times a day. It should be reduced to 400mg taken at 2-3 times a day if the pain starts to subside.
  • Take pain medication like acetaminophen in order to relieve pain
  • Apply cold or heat compress to the sternal areas, depending which feels better for the person. Ice compress can help in minimizing inflammation. If you want to learn more about this treatment option, read here.
  • Avoid doing exercise that can cause costochondritis and cause irritation of the affected area. Seek the help of a physical therapist on what kind of exercises that can promote healing of the affected area.
  • Pain caused by costochondritis lasts for at least 1-2 months, even up to 6 months, but if there additional injuries such as sternal fracture, bruised bones or muscles as well as strains, the pain might persist for a year or even longer. The quality of care will determine the length of the recovery period.

Prevention of costochondritis

  • Avoid trauma to the chest area, sternum and ribs which happens in a car accidents like when the chest will hit the steering wheel, if there is no airbag in front of the steering wheel, another is being punched in the chest during a fight, and a direct hit in the chest when playing contact sports like football.
  • Wear seatbelt when driving a vehicle.
  • When playing contact sports, wear padding that is placed in the chest in order to minimize a blow to the chest.
  • Maintain a good posture by sitting up straight at work while on a computer and using ergonomically designed chairs can be helpful.

Health And Safety Tips For Volleyball Athletes

September 15th, 2014 | Posted by Aris Eff in Muscle Injuries - (Comments Off on Health And Safety Tips For Volleyball Athletes)

Just like any other sports, volleyball also has its fair share of injuries, in which players might fall victim to.  Injuries are very important to take into consideration because they are a big part of every athlete’s lives, so taking the necessary precautions is the first step to reducing the risk of injuries.

What Injuries Are Usually Suffered By Volleyball Players?

The basics of volleyball involve constant landing, diving, jumping and ball receiving, which mean that the common sites of injury are located in the knees, shoulders, lower back, legs, feet, arms, hands and fingers.  Because of the nature of the sports itself, ankles and knees also get a lot of overuse injury without proper coordination, exercise and body mechanics.

Valuable and Safety Tips For Volleyball Players

  • As we have said overuse injuries and ankle rolls are common injuries for volley ball players, because of the constant and high jumping they do. In order to protect them from this, volleyball players should have good support and padding on their shoes, which will act as the “shock” absorber. Proper landing is also necessary; landing on toes is more preferable than landing on both feet, because it reduces the impact of the jump. Ankle rolls, on the other hand, can be prevented by wrapping the ankles with bandage to provide additional support, strength and mobility. Check out this post for more information about overuse injuries.
  • Aside from ankles and the feet, other areas of constant injury are the shoulder blades and lower back, because of constant bending, twisting, and diving, as well as spiking, tossing and receiving of ball. Unlike overuse injuries, injuries involving back and shoulders can become long-term if not given proper attention and emergency care. The best way to avoid shoulder and back injuries is to perform warm-ups, strengthening and conditioning exercises prior to the start of the game. This will help stretch and add more flexibility to the muscles. Careful and proper practice of shots is also necessary to avoid shoulder injuries.
  • Finger injury is another type of injury that often haunts volleyball players. Finger injuries are common for players who are placed in the front line and whose primary role is to block the oncoming ball, regardless of the ball’s speed. Injuries associated with the fingers include dislocations, fractures, and ligament and tendon tears. Players usually tape two to three fingers so that these would receive equal impact and force from the ball, which make them less prone to injuries.

Always make sure that you understand how injuries can affect your performance and your entire sports life. Take precautions to avoid them, so you can have a better chance of staying within the competitive scene. Check out this site for more information about sports injury prevention.

Related Video On Volleyball Injuries:

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“Preventing Volleyball Injuries.” Stop Sports Injuries. Retrieved online on September 9, 2014 from

“Avoid Volleyball’s Most Common Injuries.” About Sports. Retrieved online on September 9, 2014 from

Overuse Injuries – What Are They And How Are They Treated And Prevented?

August 23rd, 2014 | Posted by Aris Eff in First Aid Injury Assessment | Muscle Injuries - (Comments Off on Overuse Injuries – What Are They And How Are They Treated And Prevented?)

Background to Overuse Injuries

From the term itself, overuse injuries mean that certain types of injuries are sustained from repetitive activities or actions. This is different from acute injuries that could happen because of an instant traumatic event. In contrast, overuse injuries are injuries that occur more subtly and develop over time. This means that the two basic types of injuries are acute and overuse.

With respect to overuse injuries, the kind of trauma received by a specific body part results from repetitive actions, but the most common sites of injury are the muscles, bones and tendons of the arms, wrists, ankles, legs and thighs.  Because of its repetitive action, overuse injuries are common among athletes engaged in various activities and contact sports.

What Is The Science Behind Overuse Injuries?

Physiologically speaking, the body has the tendency to adapt to tremendous physical stress. There are many benefits associated with this adaptation – exercise, for example, can make the muscles, ligaments, tendons, joints and bones more functional, more flexible and stronger. This adaptation happens because of the process known as ‘remodeling.” But remodeling does not only involve the build-up of tissues, because improper use of the body structures can result to tissue breakdown. Thus, there should be a clear balance between tissue break down and build-up, and if break down occurs more rapidly than build-up it results to damage, such as overuse injury and acute injury.

Overuse Injury can occur as a result of forcing the body to work more than it can handle, resulting in stress and imbalance.

Overuse Injury can occur as a result of forcing the body to work more than it can handle, resulting in stress and imbalance.

How Does Overuse Injury Occur?

Too much use of muscles, bones and other body structures for a prolonged period of time without proper training and condition can result to physical stress. If, for example, a person starts to play tennis for the first time, and he continues for several hours without proper conditioning and training, it can strain his muscles and end up in an overuse injury. This happens because that person is trying to stress his body, not allowing the muscles to fully recover from the stress. As beginners, it is very important to have basic knowledge about the sport and proper technique when executing movements.

How Can Overuse Injury Be Prevented?

Training and conditioning are keys to prevention. Overuse injuries can be prevented with proper use of muscles and execution of movements. It is important to give the body some time to recover after performing sports or other training programs and activities. Consulting the doctor or sports medicine provider could also help you have a well-laid training program.

Related Video On Overuse Injury:

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“Overuse Injuries.” Physioworks. Retrieved online on August 18, 2014 from

“Overuse Injury: How to Prevent Training Injuries.” Retrieved online on August 18, 2014 from



January 8th, 2014 | Posted by Ibrar in Muscle Injuries - (Comments Off on PANCREATIC CYSTS)
Pancreatic cysts

Pancreatic cysts

Pancreatic cysts are pockets of fluid resembling sacs that usually occur on or within the pancreas.

The pancreas is large organ located at the back of the stomach that produces hormones and enzymes that assist in digesting food.

Pancreatic cysts Signs and Symptoms

One may not necessarily experience any symptoms from pancreatic cysts including pseudocysts. Pancreatic cysts are usually found when imaging tests of the stomach are done for another reason. Signs and symptoms of this disease commonly entail unrelenting abdominal ache that may be sent out to one’s back, nausea and vomiting, and a mass that can be felt in the upper abdomen.

Several cases of pancreatic cysts are not cancerous and do not cause visible symptoms. For sure, most of these cases are not cysts at all. These pockets of fluids are lined with scratch or inflammatory tissues which are not the type of the cells found in real cysts. However, some pancreatic cysts tend to be cancerous. In such a case, a doctor may take a sample of the pancreatic cysts fluid and determine the presence of cancer cells. However, in some cases, cysts slowly become cancerous thus the doctor may be unable to tell whether a cyst becomes cancerous. He might recommend monitoring of the cyst over a period of time for changes in shape or size.

Notably, if one notices persistent abdominal pain and fever it might mean that cysts have been infected, and the patient should see a doctor immediately. This can be a medical emergency since the fluid released by the pseudocyst can damage nearby blood vessels causing massive bleeding. This can lead to infection of the abdominal cavity. Should you notice severe abdominal pain, fainting, vomiting of blood, reduced consciousness and weak and rapid heartbeat, emergency medical treatment ought to be sought.

Pancreatic cysts Causes

What causes pancreatic cysts still remains unknown though cancerous cysts may be caused by mutation of the genes; it is also worth noting that some cysts are a result of rare illnesses in the body.

Pancreatic cysts Risk factors

Heavy alcohol intake and gallstones are some risk factors for pancreatic cysts whereas the major risk factors for pancreatitis are psseudocysts and abdominal injury.

Pancreatic cysts Treatment

Treatment though, depends on the type of cyst that one has and whether it is causing symptoms and pancreatic cysts should be monitored to determine whether to seek medical attention or not. Basically, stay safe from factors that might trigger pancreatic cysts in the body. If the symptoms persist, one should immediately seek the medical expertise from a general practitioner.

Pancreatic cysts Home remedies

The best way to avoid pseudocysts is to shun pancreatitis which is caused by heavy alcohol intake or gallstones which trigger pancreatitis. If the pancreatitis is as a result of alcohol use, abstain from it to reduce the risk of pancreatic cysts.

All about foot drop

December 4th, 2013 | Posted by Ibrar in Muscle Injuries - (Comments Off on All about foot drop)
foot drop

foot drop

The difficulty in lifting the front part of foot, or pain on lifting the foot upwards is known as the drop foot. The people with the drop foot cannot raise the front portion and drag the foot while walking. It is usually a clinical sign of some serious pathology going inside the body. The nervous system problem causes the drop foot more often. In some cases, the problem is temporary and drop foot gets cured on itself, but in some cases it becomes a permanent disorder and causes much discomfort. Some external support is required to keep the foot in normal position in such cases.

Also known as ‘drop foot’, it can occur at any age and may involve both feet in some cases. The treatment given is usually symptomatic.

Symptoms of foot drop:

The main signs and symptoms of foot drop are:

  • Difficulty in lifting front portion of foot
  • Dragging of foot or feet while walking
  • Raising thigh while walking
  • Steppage gait
  • Numbness of skin on top of foot

What causes foot drop:

Foot drop is not a disease itself; rather it is a sign of some other disease. It may become permanent in some cases. It is manifested in many neurological problems. The main causes may include:

Nerve supply is an essential thing for the maintenance of any body part. If nerve supply gets cut, the body part fails to act and gets destroyed as it is disconnected from brain. The nerve supply to foot comes from peroneal nerve, which is superficial and can be damaged easily and may result in foot drop. Sports injuries, knee surgery, delivery of a child or diabetes can cause the nerve damage. The problems in roots of nerve, that is the spinal cord, can also cause this problem.

The problem of brain like MS (multiple sclerosis), stroke, and cerebral palsy and Charcot-Marie-tooth disease can also result in foot drop.

Muscles are responsible for moving the feet up and down and any change in muscles also results in foot drop as movements are hampered. The weak or destroyed muscles cannot cause the foot to move and paralysis of that specific part occurs. Dystrophy of foot muscles, polio, Lou-Gehrig’s disease and many other problems can precipitate this problem.

Treatment options for Foot drop:

Addressing the underlying cause and removing it usually causes the foot drop problem to vanish. The immediate thing to do when this problem is encountered is to cure the symptoms and provide the relief. Following options might be helpful:

  • Wearing light weight braces keeps the foot at the normal straight position and helps during walking and avoids the foot dragging.
  • Specific shoe inserts are also helpful to provide the support to foot.
  • Taking certain exercises to help foot muscles to attain strength is very useful. A physiotherapist should be consulted for proper guidance in this regard. Some devices are now used to stimulate the muscles and get them back at normal work.
  • If problem persists after conventional methods, the surgery is performed to remove or repair the damaged nerve.

A chest injury refers to an injury that causes damage any structure in the chest. Minor forms of injuries to the chest include small injuries to the skin such as bruises, while severe forms of injuries to the chest may include damage to the internal organs such as the heart or the lungs. Injuries to the soft tissue of the chest may include lacerations, stab wounds, puncture wounds and abrasions.

A person with a chest injury may have bruising along with chest pain, chest swelling and chest wall tenderness.

Treatment for chest injury often depends on how severe the damage to the chest is. General treatment options may include cold compresses, rest, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medication or narcotic pain medication for pain. Often rib fractures require narcotic pain medication for short-term use

Chest Injuries

Chest Injuries

only. Your doctor may also advise deep breathing exercises to reduce the risk of incurring pneumonia and atelectasis.

Important Disclaimer: this post on chest injuries, signs, symptoms, causes and treatment is for learning purposes only. When in doubt contact a medical professional or learn more about recognizing and managing these emergencies by enrolling in first aid and CPR courses through St Mark James.


Causes of chest injury may include the following:

  • Motor vehicle or car accidents
  • Altercations
  • Falls
  • Sports injuries – especially contact sports injuries
  • Occupational injuries
  • Industrial injuries
  • Gunshot wounds – puncture wounds
  • Stab or knife wounds – puncture wounds

Types of chest injuries include:

Signs and symptoms

Signs and symptoms of chest injury may include:

  • Mild chest pain
  • Chest pain while breathing
  • Chest pain while coughing
  • Worsening pain with movement
  • Sharp chest pain
  • Tenderness of the chest – breast tenderness or tenderness of the chest wall
  • Chest contusions – bruising to the chest wall
  • Mild breathing difficulties
  • Swelling of the chest wall
  • Back pain

Severe chest injury may cause the following symptoms:

  • Fainting
  • Deformed chest
  • Abdominal pain
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Difficulty breathing – severe – use of accessory muscles to support breathing
  • Nasal flaring
  • Rib retractions


General treatment for chest injury includes cold compresses, rest, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medication for pain and deep breathing exercises. Many casualties, however, find it difficult to breathe deeply due to the increasing pain while breathing. It is important to note that deep breathing is very important in case you have a chest injury as it reduces the risk of pneumonia and atelectasis. Pain medication can be taken by these patients who are no able to breathe deeply due to the pain.

Severe chest injuries may occur due to rib fractures or damage to the vital internal organs such as the heart and the lungs. Treatment for severe chest injuries may include oxygen therapy and surgical repair of damaged tissues of the chest.

Treatment options for chest injury may include:

  • Cold compresses – apply every 2-3 hours for 20 minutes
  • Rest
  • Deep breathing
  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medication for pain
  • Narcotic pain medication for short term use only
  • Oxygen therapy
  • Surgery to repair damaged tissues in the chest

Additional treatment measures include:

  • Stop smoking and avoid passive smoking
  • Perform deep breathing exercises for every 4 hours
  • Avoid lifting heavy objects
  • Take medication as directed by your health car provider and avoid skipping doses

Learn More

To learn more about minor and severe emergencies involving chest pain and injuries sign up for first aid and CPR training courses through workplace approved.

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