Standard First Aid Training, Courses and Re-Certifications.
Header

Dealing with pediatric asthma

August 2nd, 2017 | Posted by corinne grace in Breathing Emergency - (Comments Off on Dealing with pediatric asthma)

Asthma is a chronic disorder of the airway characterized by obstruction of the air passages due to inflammation of the bronchial tree. Children ages 5 are susceptible to this condition. The condition can be mild, moderate to severe.

Pediatric asthma can be allergic and non-allergic. Allergic is caused by inhaling substances from the environment that result to inflammation and the air passages becomes tight. Non-allergic can be due to viral infections, exercise, smoke and heredity.

Risk factors for developing pediatric asthma

  • Nasal rhinitis
  • Respiratory infections
  • Inhaling secondhand cigarette smoke
  • Allergy to animal dander increases the risk of developing asthma
  • Exposure to dust, fumes and air pollution
  • Premature birth has a high risk of developing asthma
  • Having a family history of asthma, eczema and allergy
  • Urban areas with a high rate of pollution

    pediatric-asthma

    A wheezing sound can be heard especially when breathing.

Symptoms

  • A wheezing sound can be heard especially when breathing
  • Cough
  • Congestion and chest tightness
  • Pain in the chest in young children
  • Loss of sleep and appetite. Difficulty in sleeping because attacks of asthma usually happen at night.
  • Shortness of breath
  • Rapid breathing
  • Irritability
  • Severe prostration
  • Colds and flu makes the symptoms severe
  • Use of accessory muscles while breathing
  • A severe asthma makes the color of the skin bluish
  • Widened nostrils while breathing

Treatment

  • Use the prescribed inhaled corticosteroids for long-term medication for asthma.
  • Use medication that gives instant relief or rescue medication such as short acting bronchodilators and systemic corticosteroids. Use the inhaled ipratropium together with inhaled bronchodilators when the condition becomes severe.
  • Medications are given using a device that makes the affected child breathe in medication into the lungs such as a metered dose inhaler. It is a small hand device, with metered dose to make sure the child gets the correct dose. A hallow tube or spacer is attached to the inhaler. Dry powder inhalers which need a deep and fast inhalation of the full dose of the medication and nebulizer which changes medications into a fine mist and breathe in through a face mask. It delivers large doses of medication into the lungs and this is the device usually used by children.
  • Massage specific areas in the body of the affected child during episode of asthma attack to lessen the cough, encourage relaxation and lessen the wheezing.

Tips

  • Install a dehumidifier to lessen the humidity at home.
  • Keep indoor air clean by regularly cleaning the air conditioner at home. Change filters in the furnace and install a small-particle filter in the ventilation system.
  • If the child is allergic to dander, avoid pets that have feathers or furs. Bath the pets regularly to lessen the amount of dander in the surroundings.
  • Use air conditioner at home to lessen pollen from grasses, trees and weeds that enters the house. Air conditioner will lower the humidity indoor and lessen the exposure to dust mites.

Disclaimer / More Information

The material posted on this page on pediatric asthma is for learning purposes only. Learn to recognize and manage this respiratory issue by taking a first aid and CPR class with one of our training providers.

Asthma control during pregnancy

October 14th, 2016 | Posted by corinne grace in Breathing Emergency - (Comments Off on Asthma control during pregnancy)

Asthma is a lung disease that causes the airways to tighten, thus making it difficult to breathe. Asthma is a chronic condition of the lungs and if pregnant, the health of the baby and the mother can be at risk.

If asthma is not properly treated, the health of a pregnant women can be at a high risk for a serious health problem called preeclampsia. Preeclampsia can develop after the 20th week of pregnancy or right after pregnancy. The pregnant women will have high blood pressure and symptoms such as malfunctioning of the kidney and liver as well as symptoms of protein in the urine, severe headaches and changes in vision.

The baby will not get enough oxygen and he/she may be at a high risk for health problems such as poor growth, premature birth and low birth weight. Babies that are born before the due date and are very small can develop health problems such as difficulties in breathing, intellectual disabilities and cerebral palsy.

Symptoms of asthma during pregnancy

Asthma

Asthma is a chronic condition of the lungs and if pregnant, the health of the baby and the mother can be at risk.

  • Tightness of the chest
  • Shortness of breath and constant coughing especially at night or early in the morning.
  • Vaginal bleeding
  • Severe morning sickness
  • Restricted fetal growth
  • Complicated labor
  • Low birth weight
  • Diminished fetal kick count
  • When the condition becomes severe, the life of the baby is at a high risk
  • Wheezing can be heard when breathing

Causes

  • Allergens such as pollen, animal dander, mold, flake of dead skin, cockroaches and dust mites.
  • Irritants such as pollution and cigarette smoke
  • Infections such as cold, flu or viral pneumonia
  • Exercises

Treatment

  • Check if the affected woman has a treatment plan for asthma attack during pregnancy given by a health care provider. Follow the plan and consult a doctor if additional medication is needed.
  • If there is no asthma treatment plan, start giving asthma first aid.
  • Position the woman in an upright position comfortably and loosen clothing.
  • If she has an asthma medication such as an inhaler, help her to use it. If she has no inhaler, use one from a first aid kit.
  • Use an inhaler with a spacer. Remove the cap and then shake the inhaler well and then insert it into the spacer. Put the woman’s mouth tightly around the spacer mouthpiece, and let her breathe out completely and then hold the breath for at least 10 seconds. Give a total of at least four puffs and rest for about a few minutes between each puff.
  • If the woman has still difficulty in breathing, give another 4 blows and if there is still no improvement, continue giving 4 blows every 4 minutes until medical help arrives.

Disclaimer

The material posted on this page for asthma is for learning purposes only. If you have severe episode of asthma during pregnancy, consult your local physical. If you want to learn to properly control asthma and be ready during an asthma attack, register for a first aid course with a training provider near you.

Treating asthma using lavender oil and mustard oil

December 12th, 2014 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on Treating asthma using lavender oil and mustard oil)

Asthma is a condition in which the airways becomes narrow and swell and produces mucus. There is difficulty in breathing and results to coughing, wheezing and shortness of breath. If you want to learn how to manage the symptoms, click here.

[su_youtube url=”https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=82gn_rDRpHk”]

What is lavender oil?

There is more than one type of lavender that is used for making lavender oil and the most common is Lavendula angustifolia. Only its flowers are used to make high quality lavender essential oils. Lavender oils have a relaxing, peace-inducing property that is effective for both the physical and emotional aspect. It is also used to clean skin wounds.

Lavender oil is useful in relaxing the nerves and mind as well as encourage sleep. It is also useful in relieving stress and symptoms of mild depression like depression with nervous anxiety.

Symptoms of asthma

Asthma

There is tightness of the chest, pain and shortness of breath

  • There is tightness of the chest, pain and shortness of breath
  • There is trouble sleeping that is caused by coughing or wheezing
  • Coughing and wheezing becomes severe cause by a respiratory virus like cold and flu.

Causes of asthma

Exposure to substances that causes allergies or allergens and some irritants can cause symptoms of asthma such as the following:

  • A respiratory infections like the common cold
  • Some airborne allergens like pollen, animal dander, mold and dust mite and air pollutants like smoke.
  • Strong emotions and stress
  • GERD or gastroesophageal reflex disease is a condition where the stomach acid goes back into the throat
  • Some preservatives that are added to certain foods and drinks such as dried fruit, shrimp, processed potatoes, wine and beer.
  • Cold air

Treatment using lavender oil

  • Before applying lavender oil, smell the lavender oil and make sure that the fragrance does not make the asthma worse and will cause other allergic reactions.
  • There are two ways of treating asthma by using lavender oil. First is by boiling water in a kettle and add a few drops of lavender oil, then place a towel over the head and lean over the kettle and slowly inhale the steam. A humidifier can also be helpful. Another way is apply lavender oil as a chest rub during bed time whenever the person is having trouble with breathing or congestions.

Treatment using mustard oil

Mustard oil is made by grinding the mustard seeds in extracting the oil. It is commonly used in the kitchen, but it has some medicinal uses. It is used to treat symptoms of asthma.

Steam treatment using mustard oil

  • Heat water in a kettle until it boils and then mix in a few drops of mustard oil along with caraway seeds. Measurements are not necessary.
  • Inhale the steam from the boiling water by keeping the head directly over the pot or kettle and breathe slowly and deeply. The steam works by dilating the bronchial tubes so that it will be easier to breathe during an asthma attack.

Using brown mustard oil for treatment

  • Massage the brown mustard oil into the chest during attacks of asthma. The mustard oil increases the airflow going to the lungs during an attack of asthma.
  • Mix 1 tsp. of sugar with 1 tsp. of brown mustard oil and then swallow the mixture several times a day. For the best result, consume the mixture on an empty stomach.