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Fever

June 5th, 2018 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on Fever)

A fever is an increase in the body temperature from the 37 degrees. This is caused by an immune response as this is the body’s natural mechanism of defense against infection from microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, or parasites that cannot live or survive in higher temperatures.

Fevers are also symptoms of illnesses along with other symptoms like a cough, sore throat, fatigue, chills, nausea, and much more.

Fevers that have temperatures lower than 38 degrees Celsius is considered as a low-grade fever and should normally go untreated.

However, fevers with temperatures above 40degrees Celsius are dangerous and requires immediate home treatment and may possibly require medical attention as it can develop more severe symptoms such as delirium or convulsions.

Fever

Fevers are also symptoms of illnesses along with other symptoms like a cough, sore throat, fatigue, chills, nausea, and much more.

Accompanying symptoms

  • Increase in body temperature
  • Headache
  • Sweating
  • Dehydration
  • Loss of appetite
  • Chills and shivering
  • Weakness

To determine your body temperature, you can use a thermometer on several parts of the body to take your body temperature. There are several types of thermometers, these include oral, rectal, ear and forehead.

You can also check your body temperature by placing an oral thermometer into your armpit.

When to consult a doctor

Fevers alone are not a cause for alarm or a reason to schedule a checkup with your doctor, though there are cases where you need to do an appointment with your doctor, these include:

  • The fever lasts longer for more than three (3) days.
  • The fever developed after being left in a hot car.
  • You experience persistent vomiting.
  • You get convulsions or seizures.
  • You experience abdominal pain or pain while urinating.
  • You experience confusion.
  • You suddenly have a sensitivity to bright lights.

Causes of fever

  • A virus
  • A bacterial infection
  • Heat exhaustion
  • A tumor
  • Some medication such as antibiotics or drugs used to treat blood pressure or seizures

Since fevers are caused by infections, the best way to prevent them from happening is to keep your environment clean and reduce your exposure to infectious diseases.

First Aid for Fever – Simple Steps

January 13th, 2014 | Posted by corinne grace in Basic First Aid Skills - (Comments Off on First Aid for Fever – Simple Steps)

When one has a fever, it can indicate a variety of conditions, including infection. The normal temperature slightly differs from the average body temperature of 37 C or 98.6 F. For infants and young children, especially

Temperature monitoring is vital for fever

Temperature monitoring is vital when a person has fever.

the newborns, a slight elevated temperature can indicate a serious condition. As for the adults, a fever is not considered dangerous until it goes up to 39.4 C or 103 F or even higher. Adults who are suffering from fever below 38.9 C or 102 F should not be treated using any medications unless it is instructed by your doctor. For fever of 38.9 C or 102 F or higher, your doctor usually recommends over-the-counter medications such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen.

Aspirin can be used by adults but it is not recommended for adolescents and children below 19 years old. Take note that it might trigger Reye’s syndrome, which is a rare but fatal disorder. Additionally, do not give ibuprofen to infants below 6 months old.

Taking the temperature

If you are using the latest thermometers, most of them provide a digital reading. Some take the temperature in the ear canal quickly, making them useful for older adults and young children. Other thermometers are used orally, under the arm or rectally. If you are going to use a digital thermometer, make sure that you have carefully read the instructions so that you can take the temperature accurately. On normal circumstances, the temperature is usually elevated at 4-6PM and at its lowest around 6AM.

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Oral route

Taking the temperature orally is simple. All you have to do is to position the bulb of the thermometer under the tongue. Instruct the individual to close the mouth for the required length of time or once you hear a beep, usually in a minute.

Axillary route

Even though this method could not provide accurate results, an oral thermometer can be used. Simply position the thermometer on the axilla with the arm down. The arm should be held across the chest. Wait for the results for one minute or when there is a beep.

Rectal route for infants

For young children, the rectal route of taking the temperature is usually used. Initially, apply a lubricant on the bulb of the thermometer and position the child on his/her stomach.  Insert the bulb carefully ½ – 1inch into the rectum and hold in place for a minute or until the beep sounds.

When to seek medical attention

It is important to seek medical help for fever if a child younger than 2 years old has fever for more than a day or more than 3 days as well as babies older than 3 months with a temperature of 38.9 C or 102 F or higher. As for adults, temperature higher than 39.4 C or 103 F or fever for more than 3 days should seek medical attention. It is important that you learn all about fever and the causes. Taking the temperature is an important part of  advanced first aid training that you have to be familiar with.