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Stress fracture of the foot

February 13th, 2016 | Posted by corinne grace in Skeletal Injuries - (Comments Off on Stress fracture of the foot)
Achilles-tendon-rupture

Stress fracture of the foot is a common problem among athletes. A stress fracture is a crack in the bone with a width of a hair follicle, but causes discomfort especially when it is a weight bearing bone like in the foot. Stress fractures are common in the feet and usually among runners, dancers and basketball players. Stress fracture can be a serious condition if not properly treated, but it takes time to heal a stress fracture of the foot.

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Symptoms of stress fracture of the foot usually begin with slight discomforts on the front part of the foot where most of the force and pressure is being exerted. The pain is very mild and it becomes worse during long periods of exercises, working out and running. The pain normally disappears when the affected person stops performing long periods of strenuous activities.

Treatment

  • Stop performing exercises and running or whatever is causing the pain.
  • Get plenty of rest especially the affected foot. Wear a boot or use crutches to help promote fast healing of the area and keep weight away and pressure off the affected foot.

    Stress fracture of the foot

    Get plenty of rest especially the affected foot.

  • Apply an ice pack or pack of frozen vegetables wrapped in a towel and place on the affected foot for 20 minutes and avoid making it more than 20 minutes. Repeat the procedure at least 3-4 times every day to help lessen the swelling.
  • Wrap the affected foot using an elastic bandage and elevate the foot above the level of the heart in order to help lessen swelling and inflammation.
  • Take the prescribed pain medications such as acetaminophen in order to help lessen the pain.
  • Begin performing some low-impact exercises such as biking or swimming as well as strengthening exercises.
  • Seek the help of a physical therapist for the suitable rehabilitation program for strengthening exercises on the foot since weakness of these areas can be affected by foot-impact forces. Stretching the leg and muscles of the hip helps in restoring the flexibility of the area and performing balance exercises helps in improving stability of the whole body. There should be a rest period between exercises in order to help continue the repair of bone.
  • Wear properly cushioned footwear with proper support for the foot.
  • Eat a well balanced diet and adequate amounts of food rich in Vitamin D and calcium or take vitamin D and calcium supplements.

Tips

  • Avoid performing intense workouts to prevent foot stress fracture. Warm up and stretch thoroughly before performing a workout and take a rest between workouts in order to help rest the body and bones. Proper use of exercise equipment can help prevent stress fractures.
  • Avoid wearing worn-out shoes or with insufficient arch support when performing high-impact sports.

Wrist stress fracture

June 26th, 2015 | Posted by corinne grace in Skeletal Injuries - (Comments Off on Wrist stress fracture)

Stress fractures are small cracks in the bone that are caused by overuse and repeated use of force. These fractures usually occur in the lower leg and the bones of the foot. Among runners, the bones in their legs and feet carry most of the weight, thus long repetitious exercises such as jogging can cause stress fractures. In some cases, stress fractures can also occur in the wrists.

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A stress fracture is an injury where the muscles are exhausted due to repeated physical stress. These tiny cracks in the bone are called stress fractures. Individuals who play tennis, gymnastics, basketball and diving face the highest risk of overusing their wrist, thus they can suffer from wrist stress fractures. There are eight tiny bones in the wrist and a hairline crack can happen in any of these bones.

A hairline crack found in the wrist usually occurs among women above the age of 40 years old or in menopausal women. Even women who play sports and athletes are also prone to stress fracture of the wrist due to eating disorders such as anorexia, osteoporosis and irregular menses.

Wrist-stress-fracture

The pain becomes worse when moving the wrist joint or working on certain activities such as writing or holding an object.

Symptoms of a stress fracture

  • Pain in the joint of the wrist when there is hairline fracture. In a severe stage, the pain is sharp and gradually reduces and becomes dull and achy. The pain becomes worse when moving the wrist joint or working on certain activities such as writing or holding an object.
  • Bruising in the wrist area is the next common symptom. This occurs due to a leak in the blood vessels of the bone or other tissues. In most cases, the bruise appears bluish or greenish in color. After a few days, the color turns black and will remain for a few days and then steadily vanish.
  • There is swelling of the joint of the wrist and palm that can be seen in hairline fractures of the wrist joint. This occurs due to the inflammatory reaction of the bone and the tissues.
  • There is accumulation of fluids in the first two days of the injury.
  • A tingling or loss of sensation on the affected area.
  • A limited movement of the joint of the wrist.

Treatment and home remedies of stress fracture of the wrist

  • Rest the affected wrist at least three weeks and avoid activities that cause stress fractures of the wrist.
  • Apply an ice compress over the affected area since this helps in minimizing the swelling and pain.
  • Apply a compression bandage, splint or a cast since these can help promote faster recovery from cracks of the hairline.
  • Elevate the wrist in order to minimize swelling for the first two days.
  • Drink warm milk that is mixed with a teaspoon of turmeric powder every day to promote faster healing.
  • Eat foods that are rich in calcium during this period in order to strengthen the bones and accelerate the callous formation.