A urinary tract infection develops when bacteria enters the urinary system. The urinary tract is comprised of the kidneys, ureters, bladder or urethra which are the structures where urine passes before it is eliminated from the body.
The common symptoms caused by the condition includes the frequent urge to urinate and burning sensation can be felt when urinating. Women are more susceptible to urinary tract infection than men because the urethra of women are shorter than men.
Symptoms of urinary tract infection
- There is pain, discomfort or burning sensation when urinating.
- Urgency to urinate or the need to urinate frequently or urinary frequency. With this urge to urinate, only a small amount of urine is passed out.
- The urine appears cloudy or bloody with foul-smelling odor. Among men, pain in the rectum can be felt while women experiences pain around the pubic bone.
- Drink plenty of water to flush away bacteria that causes the infection. Drink at least 8 oz. of water or juices every day to increase urination to flush out bacteria in the bladder and minimize the growth of bacteria in the urinary tract.
- Increase the intake of vitamin C for a healthy urinary tract. Eating foods high in vitamin C will make the urine acidic thus preventing the growth of bacteria in the urinary tract.
- Apply a heating pad to relieve the affected area from pain and discomfort. Wrap the heating pad in a towel before applying on the affected area at least 15 minutes at a time to prevent burning the skin.
- Eat high fiber carbohydrates which are good for the condition, avoid caffeine, spicy, alcohol, nicotine, artificial sweeteners and carbonated drinks to prevent the condition from worsening.
- Clean the genital area properly at least once every day using mild soap and water or water alone to prevent irritation on the area. Wash the affected area with plenty of water is sufficient to eliminate bacteria.
- Avoid holding the urge to urinate to prevent the growth of bacteria in the area. After urinating, women should wipe using a tissue from the front towards the anus to prevent fecal matter from entering the urethra.
- Wear underwear made of cotton since it allows air flow through the material and allowing the genitals dry. Change underwear at least once a day. Wash dirty underwear using warm or hot water to eliminate any bacteria.
- Avoid wearing clothes that are too tight in the groin area to allow the air to flow in the genital area.
- Drink cranberry juice since it is good for the condition. A chemical called proanthocyanidins are present in cranberries with prevents E. coli from attaching to the urinary tract which is responsible for causing urinary tract infections. Drink at least 2 glasses of cranberry juice every day.