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Motorcycle accidents are among the deadliest of all road accidents. The U.S. Department of Transportation National Highway Traffic Safety Administration estimates that motorcycle accidents are 35 times more deadly than for passengers in a motor vehicle accident. Here are some numbers about motorcycle accidents:

  • Around 88,000 motorcyclists sustain injuries in highway accidents each year.
  • At least, 4,800 motorcyclists have died due to road crashes.
  • Motorcycle accidents account for 11 percent of all road accidents in the United States.
  • Head and neck injuries are the leading causes of fatal motorcycle accidents.
  • Motorcyclists or motorcycle riders who are not wearing a helmet have a 40 percent chance of suffering from head injuries compared to those who wear a helmet.
  • The use of helmet minimizes the risk of nonfatal injuries by at least 15 percent compared to those who wear a helmet.
  • Wearing helmets reduces the likelihood of fatal motor vehicle accidents by up to 37 percent.
  • There are over 7.1 million motorcycles currently registered in the U.S.
  • The motorcycle fatality rate is currently at 73 per 100,000 registered motorcycles; while passenger vehicle fatality rate is just around 14 per 100,000 registered automobiles.

The number of fatalities due to motorcycle accidents is growing disproportionately as compared to motorcycles registered. This means that as the number of registrations grew the number of fatalities has also doubled.

There are many different causes of motorcycle accidents. Some of the possible causes include:

  • Bad weather conditions;
  • Going beyond the speed limits;
  • Not using turn signals;
  • Driving between lanes or splitting;
  • Ignoring traffic rules;
  • Driving on the wrong side of the road;
  • Lack of experience;
  • Not seeing the motorcyclist due to obstructions or glare;
  • Driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs;
  • Trouble with the motorcycle;
  • Roadway problems or defects;
A Fact Sheet on Motorcycle Accidents

A Fact Sheet on Motorcycle Accidents

But still the main reason for motorcycle accident is that motorbikes do not offer as much protection as other closed vehicles. While wearing helmets can help save lives, motorcyclists do not have other protection in case a crash occurs.

Helmets can provide some degree of protection, preventing fatal results. In fact, wearing helmets is considered the simplest yet best way to reduce deaths due to motorcycle accidents. It can cut fatalities by up to 37% for motorbike riders and 41% for passengers. Unfortunately, around 40% of all victims involved in motorcycle accidents do not wear helmets at the time of the accident.

It is estimated that wearing a helmet saves around 1,830 lives, and about 800 victims would have survived motorbike crashes had they only worn helmets. While there is an increased advocacy for the use of helmets, motorcycle riders seem to ignore the calls. This is the reason why motorcycle accidents remain to be the deadliest of all car crashes.

Considering the risks, motorcyclists should know and practice safety while riding their motorbikes on the road. Awareness of the importance of helmets is an essential piece of the puzzle in the prevention of motorcycle accident-related fatalities.

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Toe Walking in Children

June 16th, 2013 | Posted by Ibrar in First Aid Programs - (0 Comments)

Walking on toes or the balls of the feet is common in kids who have just started to walk. Toe walking is usually outgrown in many children and children who still continue doing so just do it due to habit. As long as your child is healthy and growing normally, toe walking is not a problem at all.

Toe walking may occasionally result from muscular dystrophy, cerebral palsy or other diseases of the muscles or nerves. Autistic children may also walk on their toes; however, in most cases this is unlikely.

Signs and symptoms

  • Walking on the toes or the balls of the feet.

When to seek medical attention

During your child’s upcoming checkup, make sure you mention toe walking to your doctor. It is ideal to make a sooner appointment if toe walking accompanies symptoms such as stiff leg muscles or reduced muscle coordination.


Usually toe walking is a child’s habit as he or she learns how to walk and grows and develops. Occasionally, toe walking may be caused by an underlying medical condition requiring prompt treatment, such as:

  • A short Achilles tendon. The Achilles tendon joins the leg muscles at the back of the heel bone. if the Achilles tendon is shorter than normal, it may prevent the child’s heel from touching the ground, thus enabling him or her to walk on toes
  • Cerebral palsy. This is a disorder associated with movement, posture or muscle tone resulting from abnormal development of the brain or injury.
  • Muscle dystrophy. This is a genetic disease which causes the muscle fibers to become vulnerable to damage, thereby, leading to progressive muscle weakness. Your child will most likely have to be diagnosed if he or she walked normally before walking on toes.
  • Autism. Some experts also link toe walking with autism which affects a person’s ability to interact and communicate with other people


For children who are toe walking, treatment is not required because the child will most probably outgrow it. During regular checkups, your child’s walking or gait will be simply monitored and diagnosed to ensure that there is no cause for concern.

If toe walking occurs due to a physical condition, treatment options may include the following:

  • Physical therapy. This includes performing subtle stretching exercises of the leg and foot muscles to improve gait
  • Splints and leg braces. these may help encourage proper gait
  • Surgery. If conservative or nonsurgical treatment methods are ineffective in improving gait, your may be referred to a surgeon or specialist in order to rectify the underlying problem, such as lengthening the short tendons or muscles at the back of the leg.

In case, other conditions such as autism or cerebral palsy contribute to toe walking, treatment will focus on these conditions.

Survival In The Wilderness

June 11th, 2013 | Posted by Ibrar in Being Prepared - (0 Comments)

Wilderness Survival Tips : How to Make Fire

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You find yourself in the midst of a forest – injured, stranded and alone. Nighttime starts to fall, conditions are becoming unfavorable, and you can do nothing but wait for the following day or longer. Will you survive in the wild? Your chances of surviving are greatly improved if you have these life-saving items and know how to use them.

Keep yourself warm and dry

Hypothermia or low body temperature can quickly kill you. The body needs to maintain its temperature within the normal range or else many cellular functions may be adversely affected. Heat loss is much faster if you are wet and the wind is blowing. Therefore, it is important to keep yourself dry. Heavy-duty garbage bags or space blankets are a good protection against the elements. These supplies are lightweight and are very easy to carry. Choose high-capacity versions, with thicker materials and bright colors. These surfaces would not only keep you warm and dry; they can also help make you more visible from rescuers. Emergency first aid will be very useful with this kind of situation.

Learn how to make a fire

Fire is essential, as it serves many functions: source of warmth, safety against wild creatures, and as a potential rescue signal. Make sure to carry emergency fire starts such as matches that are waterproof. You can also find “metal match” which can produce long-lived sparks when struck with a metal scraper. These sparks can effectively ignite a flame. Other common household fire starters, such as butane lighters, may not be suited for outdoor use. Operating them on cold, wooden hands are rather difficult.

Know basic first aid

Before heading out to the wild, you should consider taking a basic first course.

Basic First Aid Training

Basic First Aid Training

There are many accidents that can occur while you are in remote areas. In case this happens, emergency medical services may not reach you immediately. Therefore, you should know how to provide for emergency care. Take a time to learn standard first aid before going to an adventure in the wilderness for emergencies.

There are special first aid certification programs designed for remote or wilderness areas. Usually, these are two-day practical courses that are intended for anyone who spends much time in the remote geographical locations more than one hour from standard medical care. This certification course will equip you with skills on how to treat emergency situations using available supplies and materials. Outdoor enthusiasts, avid mountaineers, climbers, forestry workers, hill farmers, and anyone who love wild places should learn the first aid skills. If you are interested at learning these specialty first aid skills, you can contact your local workplace approved chapter or any first aid training institution near you for available schedules.

Help rescuers locate you

Make sure somebody knows where you’re going and the estimated duration of your trip, or else, it will take more days before rescuers start looking for you. Carry signaling devices such as a whistle so that you can alert rescuers of your location and situation. These signaling devices can be used to communicate distress signal even from afar. If possible stay in a safe place where rescuers can easily find you.

[heading style=”1″]Standard First Aid explains the difference between HOPS and SOAP format in assessing any injury.[/heading]

Before assessing any injury, the opposite (non-injured) body part should be

Standard First Aid injury assessment procedure

Standard First Aid injury assessment procedure

assessed. This preliminary step in the injury evaluation process helps the individual, preferably with first aid training and CPR courses, to determine the relative dysfunction of the injured body part. If an injury occurs to one of the extremities, the results of individual tests performed on the non-injured body part can be compared with those for the injured body part. Differences can indicate the level and severity of injury. The baseline of information gathered on the non-injured body part also can be used as a reference point to determine when the injured body part has been rehabilitated and, as such, when to allow return to full participation in an activity. Under most circumstances, assessment of the non-injured body part should precede assessment of the injured body part. In some acute injuries, such as fractures or dislocations, assessment of the non-injured body part is not necessary.

The injury evaluation process must include several key components namely, taking a history of the current condition, visually inspecting the area for noticeable abnormalities, physically palpating the region for abnormalities, and completing functional and stress tests. Although several evaluation models may be used, each follows a consistent, sequential order to ensure that an essential component is not omitted without sufficient reason to do so. Two popular evaluation methods are the HOPS format and the SOAP note format. Find for the nearest first aid and CPR training locations near you.

Firstly, the HOPS format uses both subjective information, such as history of the injury, and objective information, such as observation and inspection, palpation, and special testing, to recognize and identify problems contributing to the condition. This format is easy to use and follows a basic, consistent format. The HOPS format focuses on the evaluation component of injury management and excludes the rehabilitation process. The subjective evaluation, such as history of the injury, includes the primary complaint, mechanism of injury, characteristics of the symptoms, and related medical history. This information comes from the individual and reflects his or her attitude, mental condition, and perceived physical state. The objective evaluation, like observation and inspection, palpation, and special tests, provides appropriate, measurable documentation relative to the individual’s condition. Measurable factors may include edema, ecchymosis, atrophy, range of motion (ROM), strength, joint instability, functional disability, motor and sensory function, and cardiovascular endurance. This information can be measured repeatedly to track progress from the initial evaluation through final clearance for discharge and return to participation in a sport or other physical activity. A detailed postural assessment and gait analysis also may be documented during the objective evaluation.

Here is a YouTube video that will explain further about injury assessment aside Standard First Aid article.

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The second evaluation method is the SOAP Note Format. It provides a more detailed and advanced structure for decision making and problem solving in injury management. Used in many physical therapy clinics, sports medicine clinics, and athletic training facilities, these notes document patient care and serve as a vehicle of communication between the on-site clinicians and other health care professionals. These notes are intended to provide information concerning the ongoing status and tolerance of a patient and, in doing so, to avoid duplication of services by health care providers. The subjective and objective evaluations are identical to those used in the HOPS format; however, two additional components are added to the documentation: assessment, and planning. It is common practice to use abbreviations throughout the notes.

Each evaluation method has its advantages, but the SOAP note format is much more inclusive of the entire injury management process.

[note color=”#d14549″]Standard First Aid References:[/note]

Documenting general observations. Nursing 2006; 36(2):25.