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Remedies for an ingrown toenail

August 5th, 2016 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on Remedies for an ingrown toenail)

An ingrown toenail is a condition that usually affects the big toe. In this condition, the corner the toenail grows and infiltrates the soft tissues of the toe and results to pain, swelling, redness and there is the risk for infection. Ingrown toenail usually develops in individuals wearing tight shoes, athletes and incorrect trimming of the edges of the toenail.

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There is high risk for complications if the affected person has diabetes or has poor circulation of blood in the area. This condition recurs every now and when the condition is not properly treated. Both male and female are susceptible to this condition. Teenagers with sweaty feet and elderly people with hardened and thick toenails are also susceptible to develop an ingrown toenail.

What are the causes?

  • Improper trimming of the toenails or the nails are cut too short which causes the edges to go deep inside the skin and soft tissue that surrounds the nail.
  • Narrow footwear or very tight shoes. v
  • Damage to the toenail.
  • Deformity of the toenail since birth.

    Ingrown toenail

    Mild to moderate pain in the tip of the toe.

  • A person with flat feet and wearing tight fitting shoes
  • Abnormal curvature of the toenail which are common among the elderly
  • Suffering from conditions such as arthritis and diabetes are at high risk


  • Pain and difficulty walking
  • Mild to moderate pain in the tip of the toe.
  • The affected area becomes reddened and swollen
  • The edges of the nail grow inwards into the skin
  • The toenail and the surrounding area is tender, warm and painful when touched.
  • The corners of the nail are soft and there is accumulation of fluid that might be red or fluid filled with pus.


  • Soak the feet in warm water with Epsom salt or as hot as tolerated. Soak the feet for at least 15-30 minutes at 2 times throughout the day to soften the toenail soft and reduce the risk for infections.
  • Trim the toenail and take extra care on the ingrown toenail. Cut the toenail straight without any pointed parts near the edges. Avoid cutting toenails that are rounded off.
  • Make the toenail slightly raised and place a small piece of cotton between the toenail and the skin to prevent an ingrown toenail developing. Change the cotton and clean the affected area regularly to lessen the risk for infection.
  • Apply the prescribed antibacterial ointment on the affected area and cover using a bandage.
  • In a foot tub filled with warm water, mix 1-2 cups of povidone-iodine. Povidone iodine has an antimicrobial property.
  • Apply oils such as tea tree oil or baby oil to moisturize and soften the skin as well as minimize the pressure placed on the toenail when wearing shoes.

How to treat mumps

August 5th, 2016 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on How to treat mumps)
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Mumps is a highly infectious disease that is spread by paramyxovirus. The virus can spread to the air through coughing and sneezing or on surfaces that people touch such as handles of doors, utensils, cutlery, plates and bowls.

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A common symptom of mumps is a swollen salivary gland or parotid glands found in the neck and sometimes. The swelling can affect one or both sides of the neck.

Symptom of mumps

  • Mumps are most contagious before the symptoms can be noticed.
  • The incubation period of mumps is usually from 7-18 days but an average is about 10 days after exposure.
  • The neck is swollen and sore
  • Headache and fever
  • Feeling sick
  • Aches in the joints


    Pain in the ear can be experienced especially when chewing.

  • Dry mouth
  • General malaise
  • Pain in the ear can be experienced especially when chewing.
  • Sour taste in the mouth and difficulty swallowing


  • Isolate the affected person to prevent transferring the disease to other people.
  • Take the prescribed over-the-counter pain medication such as ibuprofen to lessen the discomfort and pain felt on the ear, face or jaw.
  • Apply a warm or cold compress on the affected area to lessen the swelling and pain. A moist flannel can be used to relieve the pain caused by swelling glands.
  • Wear an athlettic support if there is any pain in the groin. Ice packs or bags of frozen vegetables such as peas can be placed on the affected area to lessen the pain and swelling.
  • Drink plenty of fluids and encourage the individual to sip on some soups. Drinking plenty of water can keep the body well-hydrated.
  • Eat foods that do need a lot of chewing such as oatmeal, mashed potatoes and scrambled eggs.
  • Avoid acidic beverages such as fruit juices to prevent further irritation of the already swollen glands.
  • Peel one side of a fresh aloe vera leaf and spread some turmeric powder over it and apply on the swollen area similar to a bandage. Remove the coating after 20 minutes. Aloe vera works by reducing the swelling of the affected area.


  • One way to prevent the spread of the virus is to keep the affected person isolated by staying away from school or work for at least 5 days after the symptoms shows up.
  • Maintain proper hygiene by proper washing of hands and using a tissue to cover the mouth when sneezing.
  • If a person has already acquired mumps as a child, it provides lifelong immunity to the disease.