Standard First Aid Training, Courses and Re-Certifications.

Dealing with windburn

June 19th, 2017 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on Dealing with windburn)

Windburn is the reddening of the skin due to contact to strong and chilly winds for long extended periods. It is characterized by soreness, inflammation and itchiness of the affected area.

The wind eliminates the ultraviolet-filtering thin layers of lipids within the skin and result to irritation. The reduction of oil layer can be caused by both the sun and wind. Windburn can cause the skin to become severely dry and result to soreness and redness of the area. Skiers are more susceptible to windburn and sunburn.

Causes of windburn

  • Low humidity, cold temperature and very chilly wind
  • Living in colder climates
  • Spending plenty of time in cold, dry and windy weather



Acne-like bumps or blisters develops on the face.

  • Redness
  • Irritation
  • Watery eyes
  • Acne-like bumps or blisters develops on the face
  • Peeling of the affected area
  • Burning sensation on the face


  • Take plenty of rest. Avoid overexertion to prevent sweating that result to dehydration and causes mild headaches.
  • Take a cool water bath. Tepid water is also good if not comfortable with cool water. Another alternative is adding 1 cup of vinegar to the water. Avoid taking hot showers.
  • Avoid exposure to stoves, heaters and fires to prevent further damage that can worsen the condition.
  • Apply a hydrating lotion on the affected area to replenish lost moisture in the area. Use specially-foumulated facial oils and water-based lotions and moisturizers. Use a hydrating lip balm every time when going out in the cold or dry environment.
  • Place a cool compress on the affected area to lessen the burning sensation.
  • Drink plenty of water, soups and healthy juices regularly to hydrate the skin. Drink at least 2-3 liters of water every day to replenish moisture of the body which is needed for prevention and for fast healing of the condition.
  • Avoid facial treatments such as facial peels or microdermabrasion done before spending long periods of time outside in the cold and windy weather to prevent further damage.
  • Take the prescribed pain medication such as ibuprofen and naproxen to lessen the inflammation, pain and the itching of the skin.
  • Soak a clean washcloth in cool milk, drain excess liquid and place on the affected skin.
  • Apply the prescribed eye drops or artificial tears to moisten the eyes and lessen the itchiness of the area.


  • Wear a mask while skiing and snowboarding.
  • Regularly use of petroleum jelly at least 3-4 times every day as well as sunscreen lotion that contains an SPF of at least 15 and always wear hand gloves, scarves, mufflers and lip balm to prevent windburn.
  • Wear googles to prevent burning sensation in the eyes.

Ways of treating cervicogenic headaches

June 19th, 2017 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on Ways of treating cervicogenic headaches)

Cervicogenic headaches are those that start off at the neck exactly at the bottom of the skull at the upper part of the spine. The headaches start out occasionally in the primary stages and eventually become continuous.

It is usually due to stress, fatigue, difficulty in sleeping, poor posture, back and neck injuries and disc injuries. The headaches are triggered by sudden movements of the neck, dizziness and blurred vision. The episode can last for one hour up to a week. A cervicogenic headache is a secondary headache and caused by another illness or physical problems.

Symptoms of cervicogenic headaches


Headache that can be felt on the same side of the neck.

  • Headache that can be felt on the same side of the neck. Headaches felt on the occipital area or back of the head can spread to the forehead or temples. Pain differs from person to person.
  • Limited movement of the cervical spine or stiffness of the neck.
  • Tenderness in the base of the neck
  • The pain can spread to the arms and shoulder on the same side of the headache.
  • Sensitivity to light and sound
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Pain in the head when coughing, sneezing or taking a deep breath
  • Pain that stays in one area such as front, back, side of the head or on the eye


  • Cervical osteoarthritis which is joint degeneration in the cervical spine
  • Trauma to the spine such as whiplash and other neck-related injuries
  • Growth of tumors in the spine
  • Chronic postural strain due to poor working and sleeping positions
  • Frequent downward position of the head such as reading with the head in a downward position
  • Inflammatory conditions in the neck
  • Conditions such as diabetes and vasculitis


  • While sitting and standing, maintain proper posture to prevent pressure placed on the spine and lessen the cervicogenic headaches. Place a pillow or a rolled towel at the back while sitting and make sure the hips are pressed firmly on the back of the chair to lessen the pressure placed on the spine while sitting.
  • Apply heat on the affected area. Heat can be in the form of a hot compress to relax the aching muscles and lessen the pain.
  • Perform simple exercises such as simple walking to strengthen the back and lessen the headaches for at least 20-30 minutes every day.
  • Take the prescribed over-the-counter non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as ibuprofen and paracetamol to lessen the pain and the fever.
  • Seek the help of a physical therapist for some exercises to relieve the cervicogenic headaches.
  • Perform relaxation techniques such as yoga and deep breathing to lessen the pain and relax the muscles.

Treating carpal tunnel syndrome in pregnancy

June 12th, 2017 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on Treating carpal tunnel syndrome in pregnancy)

Carpal tunnel syndrome in pregnancy is caused by inflammation and swelling of the nerves of the carpal tunnel cavity of the wrist found in each hand. It is a common condition during pregnancy due to the accumulation of fluids in the tissue of the body.

Carpal tunnel syndrome usually happens during the second or third trimester and continues to develop until giving birth. It affects the dominant hand and the first and middle fingers but it can also affect the whole hand. It becomes painful upon waking up in the morning due to the curling of the hands all night.


Apply ice packs on the affected wrist for at least 20 minutes at a time.

Symptoms of carpal tunnel syndrome

  • Numbness
  • Pain
  • Tingling sensations felt in the hands, palms and fingers
  • Difficulty gripping objects
  • Symptoms persists up to 6 months after giving birth


  • Change and avoid performing activities that make the symptoms severe. Take frequent breaks from repetitive tasks.
  • Wear the prescribed wrist splint to keep the wrist straight prevent it from curling usually at night and prevent unnecessary movements.
  • Apply ice packs on the affected wrist for at least 20 minutes at a time. Wrap the packs with a towel or a cloth before placing on the area to prevent further damage. Another alternative is applying cold and hot therapy alternately 3-4 times every day.
  • Place the affected hands in ice-cold water for at least 10 minutes at a time or another alternative is using a bag of frozen vegetables that is placed on the painful area in the wrist.
  • Elevate the affected hand above the level of the heart to lessen the swelling, inflammation and slow down the flow of blood. When lying down, put the hand on a couple of pillows or a rolled-up towel to keep it elevated.
  • Perform gentle exercises for the fingers and wrist to lessen the swelling and inflammation of the area. Clasp the affected wrist using the hand and massage the area in a circular movement to lessen the congestion and prevent the accumulation of fluid.
  • Take the prescribed pain medication such as aspirin, ibuprofen and naproxen to lessen the inflammation and pain.
  • Maintain a good sleeping posture such as sleeping on the side or back when pregnant. Avoid clenching the hands but keep in a neutral and relaxed position. Rest the affected hand on a pillow. If there is numbness and tingling sensation, shake the hands until the pain disappears.