Standard First Aid Training, Courses and Re-Certifications.

Dealing with aquagenic urticaria

August 2nd, 2017 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on Dealing with aquagenic urticaria)

Aquagenic urticaria a form of physical hives due to when the person comes in direct contact with the water and cause pain and itchiness. This condition develops without any external agents or due to temperature of the water. Women and children in their puberty stage are more susceptible to this condition.

The allergy develops within a minute or after fifteen minutes after a contact with water. It lasts for at least 10 or up to 120 minutes. People with aquagenic urticaria can still drink water, but develops allergies in and around the mouth.

Causes of aquagenic urticaria

  • Exposure to hot or cold water and reaction is severe if there is presence of chlorine or fluorine in the water. Hot water speeds up the development of hives in the affected area.
  • Bathing and walking in the rain


    The skin begins to itch or develop a rash or hives after exposure to the water.

  • Water spilled on the body
  • Sweating and crying
  • Lactose intolerance
  • Diseases including polymorphous, HIV infections, cholinergic urticarial and Bernard-Saulnier syndrome
  • The skin mast cells that becomes weakened interferes with water to produce sensation in the skin.
  • Sometimes, histamine causes burning sensation and itchiness in the skin due to the reaction of the tissues on the surrounding water.


The skin begins to itch or develop a rash or hives after exposure to the water. They usually develop within the first 15 minutes and proceeding hours the lesions eventually causes severe pain and formation of blisters. In severe cases there will be wheezing, difficulty in swallowing or other respiratory conditions. The throat is swelling after drinking water. The eyes become sore and dry after taking a shower.


  • Take the prescribed oral antihistamines to lessen the effects of the allergy on the skin.
  • Use the prescribed epinephrine to lessen the appearance of cutaneous vasodilation and prevent mast cell degranulation due to the condition.
  • Use the prescribed capsaicin cream to lessen the pain and inflammation.
  • Apply an emulsion cream to protect the skin from exposure to water especially when cleansing or engaging aquatic activities.
  • Use umbrella or wear protective clothing to prevent contact with water and possibility of an outbreak.
  • Minimize swimming or visiting a water parks to lessen the risk of an outbreak.
  • Before showering apply emulsion creams or petrolatum to the body to lessen the symptoms


  • Stay away from triggers that includes pet dander, rain, insect stings, latex and foods that cause allergy.
  • Wear cotton clothes that are smooth textured, loose to prevent irritation on skin and worsen the condition.
  • Cover with bandage affected areas of the body and minimize contact with water for a long time.
  • Take prescribed supplementary vitamins is good for the condition.
  • During summer avoid sweating, keep the body cool.
  • Avoid performing any physical activities, keep the body clean and use natural or chemical-free products.

Dealing with pediatric asthma

August 2nd, 2017 | Posted by corinne grace in Breathing Emergency - (Comments Off on Dealing with pediatric asthma)

Asthma is a chronic disorder of the airway characterized by obstruction of the air passages due to inflammation of the bronchial tree. Children ages 5 are susceptible to this condition. The condition can be mild, moderate to severe.

Pediatric asthma can be allergic and non-allergic. Allergic is caused by inhaling substances from the environment that result to inflammation and the air passages becomes tight. Non-allergic can be due to viral infections, exercise, smoke and heredity.

Risk factors for developing pediatric asthma

  • Nasal rhinitis
  • Respiratory infections
  • Inhaling secondhand cigarette smoke
  • Allergy to animal dander increases the risk of developing asthma
  • Exposure to dust, fumes and air pollution
  • Premature birth has a high risk of developing asthma
  • Having a family history of asthma, eczema and allergy
  • Urban areas with a high rate of pollution


    A wheezing sound can be heard especially when breathing.


  • A wheezing sound can be heard especially when breathing
  • Cough
  • Congestion and chest tightness
  • Pain in the chest in young children
  • Loss of sleep and appetite. Difficulty in sleeping because attacks of asthma usually happen at night.
  • Shortness of breath
  • Rapid breathing
  • Irritability
  • Severe prostration
  • Colds and flu makes the symptoms severe
  • Use of accessory muscles while breathing
  • A severe asthma makes the color of the skin bluish
  • Widened nostrils while breathing


  • Use the prescribed inhaled corticosteroids for long-term medication for asthma.
  • Use medication that gives instant relief or rescue medication such as short acting bronchodilators and systemic corticosteroids. Use the inhaled ipratropium together with inhaled bronchodilators when the condition becomes severe.
  • Medications are given using a device that makes the affected child breathe in medication into the lungs such as a metered dose inhaler. It is a small hand device, with metered dose to make sure the child gets the correct dose. A hallow tube or spacer is attached to the inhaler. Dry powder inhalers which need a deep and fast inhalation of the full dose of the medication and nebulizer which changes medications into a fine mist and breathe in through a face mask. It delivers large doses of medication into the lungs and this is the device usually used by children.
  • Massage specific areas in the body of the affected child during episode of asthma attack to lessen the cough, encourage relaxation and lessen the wheezing.


  • Install a dehumidifier to lessen the humidity at home.
  • Keep indoor air clean by regularly cleaning the air conditioner at home. Change filters in the furnace and install a small-particle filter in the ventilation system.
  • If the child is allergic to dander, avoid pets that have feathers or furs. Bath the pets regularly to lessen the amount of dander in the surroundings.
  • Use air conditioner at home to lessen pollen from grasses, trees and weeds that enters the house. Air conditioner will lower the humidity indoor and lessen the exposure to dust mites.

Disclaimer / More Information

The material posted on this page on pediatric asthma is for learning purposes only. Learn to recognize and manage this respiratory issue by taking a first aid and CPR class with one of our training providers.

Ways of treating scabies

August 1st, 2017 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on Ways of treating scabies)

Scabies is a contagious skin condition with severe itching due to the tiny burrowing mite specifically Sarcoptes scabies. It causes a severe itching where this mites burrows. Itchiness becomes severe at night. Scabies easily spread to other people through direct physical contact.

The itchiness of the skin is due to allergic reaction of the body to the mites and their eggs. Scabies can also be spread by sharing beddings or clothes with an infected person.

Symptoms of scabies

  • Severe and intense itching especially at night.
  • Narrow and irregular tracts of burrow with small bumps or blisters on the surface of the skin. They are usually found in the folds of skin such as in the armpits, between fingers, around the breast, around the waist, inner elbows, insides of the wrist, around the male genital area, shoulder blades, buttocks, knees and soles of the feet.


    In children, scabies can be found in the neck, face, scalp, soles of the feet and palms of the hand.

  • In children, scabies can be found in the neck, face, scalp, soles of the feet and palms of the hand.


  • Eradicate mite infestation using topical medication such as creams and lotion and applied to the affected areas of the body and keep it remain in the body for at least 8 hours.
  • Use the prescribed medication that includes Permethrin 5% and Lindane. Avoid giving Lindane for children below 2 years of age, pregnant and nursing women and people with weak immune system. These medications eliminate mites but can still experience itchiness for many weeks after the treatment.
  • Severe scabies infestation, take the prescribed oral medication such ivermectin.
  • Apply cool compress on the affected area to lessen itchiness and inflammation. Another alternative is soaking the body in cool water to relieve the itchiness.
  • Use the prescribed over-the-counter comforting lotion such as calamine lotion to lessen the itchiness of the area. Take the prescribed antihistamine to relieve the allergy symptoms due to scabies.
  • Apply Tiger balm which is a topical cream that lessen the inflammation and gives relief from the muscle aches and the pain. It functions as an analgesic because it has camphor and clove oil.


  • Wash contaminated clothing, towels and bed linens that has been used for at least 3 days using hot water. Then dry them in the dryer at high heat setting. Dry cleaning can also eliminate the mites.
  • Cut nails and clean under them properly to remove mites and eggs that may be present.
  • Avoid scratching the affected area to prevent making the condition worse, and keep the open sores clean.
  • Shampoo hair regularly.
  • Avoid being stressed to prevent the severity of itchiness which result to scratching and cause skin infections. Perform some relaxation techniques such as yoga or taking a long walk.
  • Maintain a healthy diet.