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Author Archives: A. Jones

A. Jones

About A. Jones

Albert Jones is a registered nurse with experience in the healthcare field, specifically emergency care. With years of experience, Albert Jones shares knowledge on necessary first aid measures during emergency scenarios whether at home, school or in the workplace. One way to share this is by working as an online contributor to several websites that focuses on first aid care. A combination of both medical knowledge and superior writing skills ensures that the information Albert Jones shares are accurate and very useful to individuals in various fields.

Overview on an ACL injury

June 4th, 2018 | Posted by A. Jones in Basic First Aid Skills - (Comments Off on Overview on an ACL injury)
Overview on an ACL injury

An ACL injury is a condition where there is a tear of the anterior cruciate ligament which is a major ligament in the knee. Generally, this kind of injury is common to those who play sports that involve sudden stops, changes in direction, or jumping.

People who get an ACL injury often hear or feel a “pop” in their knee with swelling, instability and pain that becomes unbearable when bearing weight on the leg.

Furthermore, the treatment for an ACL injury depends on the severity of the injury. In addition, the treatment may include a break from the sport and a rehabilitation regimen. This helps restore strength and stability or even surgical intervention to substitute the torn ligament followed by a rehabilitation regimen.

Signs and symptoms of an ACL injury

ACL Injury

Severe knee pain which prevents you from continuing what you were doing.

  • At first, a loud “pop” sound or “popping” sensation in the injured knee
  • Severe knee pain which prevents you from continuing what you were doing
  • Swelling
  • Loss of range of motion
  • Lastly, instability or a sensation of “giving away” when bearing weight on the injured leg

Complications

Anyone who previously sustained an ACL injury in their life has an increased risk of developing a disease known as knee osteoarthritis, this causes the joint cartilage to deteriorate while its smooth surface becomes rough. Arthritis can also occur if surgery was done to restructure the ligament.

Generally, the severity of the original injury, the presence of related injuries in the knee joint, and/or the level of activity after the treatment are also factors that can influence the risk of arthritis.

Prevention

With proper training of the sport you’re playing and good exercise, this can lower the risk for the injury.

In addition, wearing the appropriate gear for your sport will also help reduce the risk of an ACL injury.

More Information

The details posted on this page on an ACL injury is for learning purposes only. To learn to recognize the signs and how it is treated, enroll in a first aid course with one of our training providers.

FACT CHECK

https://orthoinfo.aaos.org/en/diseases–conditions/anterior-cruciate-ligament-acl-injuries/

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anterior_cruciate_ligament_injury

https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/acl-injury/symptoms-causes/syc-20350738

Blisters

June 4th, 2018 | Posted by A. Jones in Basic First Aid Skills - (Comments Off on Blisters)

Blisters are bubble-like formations on the epidermis that contains fluid. Blisters are common symptoms of numerous diseases and conditions. They are commonly caused by burns, infections, freezing, and friction on the skin.

The purpose of blisters is to protect and cushion the skin layers below. Serum, plasma, blood or pus can be found inside but this depends on where the blisters are formed. Blisters also help prevent further damage done to the deeper tissues.

It is best to leave one alone to keep the lower layers of the skin protected from infection.

What are the causes?

Blisters

Friction can cause blisters to form on the skin, they usually appear on the hands or feet as these are the areas where repetitive friction mostly occurs due to walking, running or working.

  • Friction can cause blisters to form on the skin, they usually appear on the hands or feet as these are the areas where repetitive friction mostly occurs due to walking, running or working.
  • Extreme temperatures can also cause blisters to form. Examples are second-degree burns as it can form blisters immediately while first-degree burns will form blisters after a few hours the burn occurs.
  • Exposure to chemicals can also cause blisters to form.
  • A ruptured blood vessel can also cause a blister to form. The blood will leak out into the gap between the layers of the skin and cause a blister filled with blood to form.

Certain medical conditions can also lead to blisters as a symptom such as:

Treatment for blisters

Most will heal and disappear without the need for medical treatment. As the fresh skin underneath the blister grows, the fluid inside the blister will steadily vanish and the skin naturally dries and peels off.

It is not recommended to pop the blister as it is a protective layer that helps fend off any infection. If the blister is popped, the wound is open, and bacteria can enter the body through the wound. If a blister bursts, avoid peeling any dead skin on top but instead allow the fluids to drain out naturally and then carefully wash it with a mild soap then wrap the blister and the surrounding area with a clean and sterile dry bandage or dressing.

You can wrap a blister with gauze to protect it from further trauma as it recuperates.

To avoid one from occurring at your feet due to friction, wear footwear that is well-fitted and comfortable with clean socks.

To avoid the formation on your hands, wear protective clothing such as gloves to reduce the friction on the skin when doing manual work or handling tools.

FACT CHECK

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blister

https://www.webmd.com/skin-problems-and-treatments/ss/slideshow-blisters

https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/264783.php

Remedies for blood clot in the eye

June 4th, 2018 | Posted by A. Jones in Basic First Aid Skills - (Comments Off on Remedies for blood clot in the eye)
blood clot

Blood clot in the eye is bleeding under the conjunctiva or the outer protective coating of the eyeball in the eye. It gradually changes color and disappear but sometimes blood clots in the eye can be caused by injuries and needs to be treated.

The white portion of the eye is layered by the conjunctiva with blood vessels and nerves. The blood vessels behind the eyes are very delicate and can easily rupture and result to blood clots. If not properly treated can cause a blurred vision and eventually reduced eye sight. Blood clots can also form in new born babies caused by changes in the pressure in the body of the infant during childbirth.

Causes

  • Eye injury
  • Constipation
  • Excessive strain on the eye
    blood clot

    Red spot or patch on the white area of the eye.

  • Excessive sneezing or coughing
  • High blood pressure
  • Diabetes
  • Medications such as blood thinners when taken excessively
  • Blood clotting disorders
  • Deficiency in Vitamin K
  • Over stressed
  • Severe infection of the eye

Symptoms

  • Red spot or patch on the white area of the eye
  • Eye pain
  • Itchiness or irritations in the eye
  • Sensation of fullness in the eye or under the eyelid
  • Blurred vision

Treatment

  • Prescribed lubrication for the eyes such as artificial tears to soothe the eyes. Avoid rubbing the eyes to prevent further irritations and worsen the condition.
  • Place a hot compress on the eyelid to lessen the pain and the irritations. Soak a clean facecloth in hot water. Place it in a plastic bag and then place it across the area for at least 5-7 times every day.
  • Soak a clean wash cloth in cold water. Wring out excess water from the cloth and then place it directly on the area for at least 1-2 minutes to lessen blood clots and the pain. Another alternative is wrapping ice cubes in a towel and compress the eye and splashing cold water into the affected eyes is also good for the condition. Repeat this process at least 4-5 times for 8-10 minutes.
  • Heat 2 glasses of water and add 1 tablespoon of salt. Stir well until salt is fully dissolved. Let the solution cool down to room temperature. Wash the affected eye thoroughly using this solution at least 2-3 times every day to flush out foreign particles and for fast healing of the condition.
  • Prescribed antibiotic eye drop if the blood clot in the eye is caused by external infections.
  • Regular exercises by walking briskly for at least 30-45 minutes every day to increase blood circulation and dissolve and prevents formation of blood clots. Low impact aerobic exercises such as dancing, roller skating, swimming and cargo training equipment are also good for the condition.

FACT CHECK

https://www.allaboutvision.com/conditions/hemorrhage.htm

https://www.healthline.com/health/retinal-artery-occlusion

https://www.epainassist.com/eye-pain/blood-clot-in-eye

Remedies for puss caterpillar sting

June 4th, 2018 | Posted by A. Jones in Basic First Aid Skills - (Comments Off on Remedies for puss caterpillar sting)
puss caterpillar sting

The puss caterpillar or woolly slug is the most poisonous caterpillar. Generally, the sting causes sudden pain that can be severe and radiating. Furthermore, the affected area develops erythema and swelling and within 2-3 hours becomes a grid-like pattern of hemorrhagic papules. In addition, the condition usually last for 1-2 days.

Symptoms of puss caterpillar sting

  • At first, throbbing pain
  • Burning sensations
  • Development of rashes
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Fever
  • Muscle cramps and seizures
  • Erythematous spots
    puss caterpillar sting

    Wash thoroughly the area using soap and hot water to flush out remaining hair and toxins present in the surface of the skin.

  • Swelling
  • In addition, abdominal pain
  • Lymphadenitis
  • Headache
  • Shock
  • Lastly, respiratory distress

Treatment

  • Remove the puss caterpillar and avoid touching it. Use pliers or tweezers or wear thick gloves to pick up the caterpillar. In addition, avoid picking them up with bare hand to prevent further irritation and delay the healing.
  • Once there is burning and itching sensation, stay calm and relaxed. Generally, avoid moving around to prevent the fast spreading of the venom to other areas of the body and worsen the condition.
  • Place an adhesive tape or cellophane over the affected area. Strip the tape repeated at least once or twice to remove hair of the caterpillar.
  • Wash thoroughly the area using soap and hot water to flush out remaining hair and toxins present in the surface of the skin.
  • Place ice cubes in a plastic bag. Generally, wrap it in a towel or a cloth before placing over the affected area for at least 5-10 minutes every 2 hours to lessen the swelling, the pain and the burning sensation. In addition, another alternative is using bag of frozen vegetable such as corn or peas is also good for the condition.
  • Prescribed antihistamines medications to lessen the severe itching and other symptoms.
  • Apply isopropyl alcohol or rubbing alcohol to the sting to lessen the pain and the itchiness.
  • Prescribe topical corticosteroids to lessen the severity of the inflammation.
  • Make a paste by mixing baking soda and a few drops of water. Generally, mix them well and apply it directly on the area to lessen severe itchiness and mild skin reactions.
  • In addition, prescribed pain medications to lessen severe pain and headache.
  • Lastly, get a tetanus vaccination within 72 hours after stung by a caterpillar to prevent the risk of developing infections.

Disclaimer / More Information

The material posted on this page on a puss caterpillar sting is for learning purposes only. Learn to recognize the signs and how it is treated by taking a first aid and CPR class with one of our training providers.

FACT CHECK

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Megalopyge_opercularis

https://www.visualdx.com/visualdx/diagnosis/puss+caterpillar+sting?diagnosisId=54168&moduleId=101

https://www.msdmanuals.com/home/injuries-and-poisoning/bites-and-stings/puss-moth-caterpillar-stings

Cluster headaches

May 23rd, 2018 | Posted by A. Jones in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on Cluster headaches)
Cluster headaches

Cluster headaches are one of the most painful types of a headache that occur in a cyclical pattern or clusters. This headache typically wakes you up in the night with intense pain focused in or bordering one eye on one side of the head.

These outbursts of frequent sudden attacks or cluster periods, can last for weeks up to months. It is followed by periods where the headaches stop. The period that the headaches stop is called a remission period. During the remission period, the time that headaches stop and don’t occur lasts about a month or sometimes even years.

Cluster headaches

These outbursts of frequent sudden attacks, known as cluster periods, can last for weeks up to months, then is usually followed by periods where the headaches stop.

Cluster headaches are rare and are not life-threatening. There are various treatments that help ease the pain and make cluster headaches attacks shorter and less severe. There is also medication that can help reduce the number of cluster headaches.

Signs and symptoms of a cluster headache

  • Excruciating pain in or around one eye, but may also radiate to other areas of the face, neck and shoulders
  • Pain on one side of the head
  • Undue tearing
  • Restlessness
  • Eye redness
  • Blocked or a runny nose forehead or facial sweating
  • Pale or flushed skin on the face
  • Swelling around the eye on the affected side
  • Drooped eyelids

Cluster periods can generally last from six to twelve weeks. The starting date and duration of the cluster might be consistent from period to period. An example is: a cluster period can occur on a specific season such as every winter or every spring.

The pain typically arises and suddenly ceases, with rapidly declining intensity. After the episodes, most people are free from pain, but tired.

When to see a doctor?

See your doctor as soon as possible if a cluster headaches occurs for proper diagnosis to rule out other disorders and to receive the proper treatment.

Headache pain, even when severe, usually isn’t an indication that there is an underlying disease. But headaches also usually indicate a serious underlying medical condition, such as a brain tumor or an aneurysm.

You should seek emergency care when you develop these:

  • A sudden, abrupt, severe headache
  • A headache accompanied by symptoms such as a fever, nausea or vomiting, stiff neck, confusion, seizures, numbness, or speech difficulty
  • A headache after a head injury, even if the cause was a minor fall or bump, and especially if the headache starts to worsen
  • An abrupt, intense headache
  • A headache that becomes worse as days pass and there are alterations in the pattern
  • Causes of cluster headaches

The precise cause of cluster headaches is not known but is believed to be that irregularities in the biological clock of the body plays a role. Unlike migraines or tension headaches, cluster headaches are not associated with triggers like foods, hormonal changes, or stress. Drinking alcohol during a cluster period may quickly trigger a very painful headache, which is a reason why people who have cluster headaches avoid drinking alcohol during a cluster period.

The use of medication such as nitroglycerin, a drug that is used to treat heart disease is also a possible trigger.

FACT CHECK

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cluster_headache

https://www.webmd.com/migraines-headaches/cluster-headaches#1

https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/cluster-headache/symptoms-causes/syc-20352080

Cardiogenic shock

May 22nd, 2018 | Posted by A. Jones in Circulatory Emergency - (Comments Off on Cardiogenic shock)
Cardiogenic shock

Cardiogenic shock is a potentially life-threatening condition where your heart suddenly cannot pump enough blood to meet your body’s needs. This condition is mostly caused by a severe type of heart attack, but not everyone who suffers from a heart attack experiences a cardiogenic shock.

Cardiogenic shock is a rare condition, but it is often deadly if not treated promptly.

Signs and symptoms of cardiogenic shock

  • Sudden, rapid heartbeat
  • Weak pulse
  • Low blood pressure
  • Rapid breathing
  • Severe shortness of breath
  • Pale skin
    Cardiogenic shock

    This condition is mostly caused by a severe type of heart attack, but not everyone who suffers from a heart attack experiences a cardiogenic shock.

  • Loss of consciousness
  • Sweating
  • Cold hands or feet
  • Less urine than normal or none

Since it usually arises among those who are experiencing a severe heart attack, it’s also vital to know the symptoms of a heart attack such as:

  • A feeling of pressure, fullness, or squeezing pain in the chest that lasts for more than a few minutes
  • Pain that extends to your shoulders, one or both arms, back, and even to your jaw and teeth
  • Increasing episodes of chest pain
  • Shortness of breath
  • Sweating
  • Sudden dizziness
  • Nausea and vomiting

You should seek medical care immediately if you start developing any of these signs or symptoms to decrease your risk of developing a cardiogenic shock.

When to see a doctor

You should see a doctor immediately if you experience any of these symptoms as getting a heart attack treatment will quickly improve your chances of survival and minimizes damage to your heart. Call 911 immediately or any other emergency medical services for help if you or anyone experience symptoms similar to a heart attack.

Causes

In most cases of cardiogenic shock, it occurs because of a lack of oxygen to the heart, which is usually caused by a heart attack damages the heart’s main pumping chamber, the left ventricle. Without any oxygen-rich blood that is circulating in that area of the heart, the heart muscles can weaken and can go into cardiogenic shock.

In rare cases, any damage to the heart’s right ventricle, which is responsible for sending deoxygenated blood to your lungs to receive oxygen, can lead to a cardiogenic shock.

Other reasons that could cause a cardiogenic shock include:

  • A condition named as myocarditis, where the heart muscles are inflamed
  • A condition named endocarditis, where the heart valves have an infection
  • A weakened heart from any cause
  • Drug overdose or poisoning with substances that affect the heart’s ability to pump blood

Risk factors

  • You are female
  • An older age
  • A previous history or experience of heart failure or heart attack
  • A blockage in several main arteries of the heart
  • Diabetes or high blood pressure

FACT CHECK

https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/cardiogenic-shock/symptoms-causes/syc-20366739

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cardiogenic_shock

https://www.healthline.com/health/cardiogenic-shock

Chilblains

May 22nd, 2018 | Posted by A. Jones in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on Chilblains)
Chilblains

Chilblains are the condition where the presence of small, itchy swellings on the skin occurs as a reaction due to exposure to cold temperatures. The extremities, such as the toes, fingers, heels, ears, and nose are often affected by this condition. This condition mostly brings discomfort only and rarely causes any permanent damage. Chilblains usually heal within a few weeks if any further exposure to the cold is stopped.

Signs and symptoms of chilblains

The symptoms of chilblains usually manifest several hours after contact to the cold.

  • A burning and itching feeling in the affected area that can become more severe if moving to a warm room
  • Swelling of the affected area
  • Discoloration of the affected area to a reddish or bluish color
  • In severe cases of chilblains, the skin may break, and sores or blisters may develop
    Chilblains

    A burning and itching feeling in the affected area that can become more severe if moving to a warm room.

It is important that you should not scratch the skin as it can tear the skin easily and become infected from the break.

When to see a doctor?

Most people who have chilblains don’t need to seek medical attention as it usually heals within a few weeks and doesn’t cause any permanent problems. However, seek medical attention when:

  • You experience severe or recurring chilblains
  • Symptoms fail to improve within a few weeks
  • Swelling accompanied by pus formation in the affected area
  • Feeling generally unwell
  • A fever with temperatures of 100.4°F (38°C)
  • Swollen glands

What are the causes?

The reason is not exactly known but is believed to be an abnormal response of the body when exposed to the cold then followed by rewarming in some people. Rewarming of cold skin can cause the small blood vessels under the skin to expand more quickly than the nearby larger blood vessels. When this happens too quickly, the blood vessels near the surface of the skin can’t always handle the sudden increase of blood flow causing the blood to seep into the surrounding tissue which causes the swelling and itchiness.

Risk factors

  • Tight clothing or clothing that exposes skin to the cold.
  • Being female and the weight of the person.
  • The environment and the season.
  • Having poor circulation.
  • Having been diagnosed with a condition named Raynaud’s disease.

More Information

The details posted on this page on chilblains is for learning purposes only. To learn to recognize and manage – enroll in a first aid course with one of our training providers.

FACT CHECK

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chilblains

https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/chilblains/

https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/chilblains/symptoms-causes/syc-20351097

Bed bug bites

May 21st, 2018 | Posted by A. Jones in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on Bed bug bites)

Bed bug bites are due to small, flat insects in oval shape that are reddish-brown in color and can range from the size of 1 to 7 millimeters. Bed bugs can sneak their way into your bed, furniture, and even your carpet. These insects feed on blood from humans or animals and are mostly active at night where they feed on their victims while they sleep. By the next morning, there is a mysterious bite that is red and itchy.

What does a bite look like?

Some people will not have a reaction to bed bug bites at all. But to those people who experience a reaction to bed bug bites will have one or more symptoms like these:

  • A bite or multiple bites that left a red, swollen area with a dark red center
  • Multiple bites that line or group together in a small area
    Bed bug bites

    A bite or multiple bites that left a red, swollen area with a dark red center.

  • Presence of blisters or hives at the site of the bite(s)

Bed bug bites can happen anywhere in the body but are more commonly found in exposed areas of the skin while you sleep, such as the face, arms, hands, and legs.

Signs and symptoms of bed bug bites

Note that these bites will not always arise right after you’ve been bitten, sometimes they can take multiple days to begin triggering any symptoms. Bed bugs don’t come out every night to feed and go through several days without eating.

  • The sudden appearance of red, swollen areas on your skin
  • Itchiness
  • A burning sensation

It is important not to scratch the bites as you may damage the skin and cause an infection which will lead the bite to swell and bleed.

Management

Bed bug bites pose no threat to most people and are just a nuisance. These bites have symptoms that typically disappear within a week or two. The itching caused by the bite can be eased by using an anti-itching cream to keep yourself from scratching the bite. An antihistamine can also help reduce the itching. Ice packs can be used to numb the skin which can help you reduce your urge to scratch. If there is an infection on the bite, you can apply an antiseptic cream or lotion.

If you do find bed bugs in your home, you should call your landlord or a pest control company to get your house cleaned from bed bugs. It is difficult to remove bed bugs and you may prolong infestation if you don’t get professional help. Bed bugs in your home can hide for several months without feeding, so therefore the help of a professional can help you surely get rid of the bed bugs completely.

FACT CHECK

https://www.healthline.com/health/bed-bug-bites

https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/318083.php

https://www.webmd.com/skin-problems-and-treatments/picture-of-bedbug-bites

ACL Injury

May 21st, 2018 | Posted by A. Jones in Basic First Aid Skills - (Comments Off on ACL Injury)
ACL Injury

An ACL injury is a condition where there is a tear of the anterior cruciate ligament, a major ligament in the knee. This kind of injury is common to those who play sports that involve sudden stops, changes in direction, or jumping – such as basketball, football, soccer, tennis, volleyball, and gymnastics.

People who get an ACL injury often hear or feel a “pop” in their knee accompanied by swelling, a feeling of instability and pain that becomes unbearable when bearing weight on the injured leg.

Generally, the treatment for an ACL injury depends on the severity of the injury. Furthermore, the treatment may include rest and a rehabilitation regimen to restore strength and stability back or surgery to replace the damaged ligament followed by a rehabilitation program.

Signs and symptoms of an ACL injury

  • At first, a loud “pop” sound or “popping” sensation in the injured knee
    ACL Injury

    Severe knee pain which prevents you from continuing what you were doing.

  • Severe knee pain which prevents you from continuing what you were doing
  • In addition, swelling
  • Loss of range of motion
  • Lastly, instability or a sensation of “giving away” when bearing weight on the injured leg

What are the causes?

The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is one of the two ligaments that cross in the middle of the knee which connects your femur to your tibia and helps stabilize your knee joint. Generally, most of the ACL injuries occur during sports or fitness activities that put a lot of stress on the knee, examples are:

  • Abruptly slowing down and changing directions
  • Turning with your foot firmly fixed on the ground
  • Landing from a jump erroneously
  • Abrupt stopping motion
  • Lastly, sustaining a direct strike or heavy force to the knee, such as a collision

More Information

The details posted on this page on ACL injury is for learning purposes only. To learn to recognize and manage – enroll in a first aid course with one of our training providers.

FACT CHECK

https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/acl-injury/symptoms-causes/syc-20350738

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anterior_cruciate_ligament_injury

https://orthoinfo.aaos.org/en/diseases–conditions/anterior-cruciate-ligament-acl-injuries/

Dealing with hammertoes

May 15th, 2018 | Posted by A. Jones in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on Dealing with hammertoes)
hammertoes

Hammertoes is a common deformity of the 2nd, 3rd or 4th toe. It is caused by wearing narrow shoes with no arch support. This condition causes severe foot pain. The toe has an abnormal bend in the middle joint that looks like a hammer. It is due to an imbalance in the surrounding muscles, ligaments and tendons that normally make the toe straighten and bend. If the condition is left untreated, they will become permanent and needs surgery to correct them.

Types of hammertoes

  • Flexible hammer toes – the toes can still move at the joint.
  • Rigid hammer toes – the tendons and toe become rigid, they press the joint and becomes misaligned. There is difficulty moving the toe.

Causes

  • Wearing certain type of shoes such as high heels or too tight and forces the toe in a flexed position. Wearing type of shoes, the toes will not be straightened even when barefoot.
  • Women are more susceptible to this condition than with men.
  • Broken toe has the high risk of developing hammertoe.
    hammertoes

    Pain in the toe, especially when moving it or wearing shoes.

  • Risk of developing hammertoe increases as the person ages.
  • The second toe is longer than the big toe
  • Condition such as diabetes or arthritis
  • Hereditary and run in families

Symptoms

  • Swelling, redness or a burning sensations in the affected area
  • Pain in the toe, especially when moving it or wearing shoes
  • Formation of calluses and corn above the middle joint of the hammer toe
  • Incapable to straighten the toe
  • A sore can develop on the toe in severe cases
  • Pain on the ball of foot under the affected toe

Treatment

  • Massage the affected toe to lessen the pain.
  • Apply ice compress on the affected area to lessen the pain and the swelling. Wrap ice pack in a towel before placing on the area to prevent further irritation and worsen the condition.
  • Prescribed medications to lessen the inflammation, the swelling and the pain.
  • Treat calluses and corns that form above the hammer toe using a pumice stone or file to reduce the size of the callus and corn after taking a warm bath. Apply emollients or moisturizers to make it soft and pliable. Another alternative is placing silicone or moleskin padding above the affected toe when wearing shoes.
  • Wear shoes that are high and wide across the toe at least 1.5 cm of space between the longest toe and the tip of the shoe.
  • Avoid high heel shoes higher than 5 cm.
  • Wear the appropriate shoe for any type of activity being performed.
  • Prescribed cortisone injections to relieve of severe pain and inflammation.

Tips

  • Wear low heel shoes to prevent unnatural position of the feet and usually bend the toes.
  • Avoid pointy-toed shoes
  • Wear shoes with adjustable straps and laces and proper arch support for the feet to prevent ailments of the feet.

FACT CHECK

https://www.foothealthfacts.org/conditions/hammertoe

https://www.healthline.com/health/hammer-toe

https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hammertoe-and-mallet-toe/symptoms-causes/syc-20350839