Standard First Aid Training, Courses and Re-Certifications.
Header

Author Archives: corinne grace

How to treat De Quervain’s tenosynovitis

May 7th, 2018 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on How to treat De Quervain’s tenosynovitis)

De Quervain’s tenosynovitis is soreness of the tendons in the thumb. It is caused by repeated rubbing of the swelling tendons and coverings near the narrow tunnels and result to severe pain at the bottom of the thumb and spreads to the lower arm. People playing racket sports such as squash, ten pin bowling, badminton, canoeing and tennis are susceptible to this condition.

Causes of De Quervain’s tenosynovitis

  • Repetitive grasping
  • Inflammatory conditions
  • Direct blow to the thumb
  • Stiffness of the joint
  • Muscle tightness and weakness
  • Poor posture
  • Insufficient warm up
  • Excessive training activities

    De Quervain’s tenosynovitis

    Thumb pain that might spread along the forearm.

  • Using improper techniques in playing and using poor sporting equipment
  • Poor ergonomics
  • Injuries to the nerves, upper back or neck
  • Racquet sports and gardening

Symptoms

  • Severe pain in the affected area when applying pressure
  • Thumb pain that might spread along the forearm
  • Sudden or gradual pain along the back of the thumb affecting the two tendons of the thumb
  • Swelling at the bottom of the thumb
  • Limited movements of the thumb
  • Severe pain when moving the thumb and the wrist

Treatment

  • Take the prescribed over-the-counter pain medications to lessen the pain and the swelling.
  • Splint the thumb and the wrist to prevent unnecessary movements and support the affected area. Wear the splint at least for 24 hours for 4-6 weeks.
  • Apply ice on the area by wrapping in towel ice pack and placed on the affected area for at least 10-15 minutes to lessen the pain and the inflammation. Another alternative is using frozen bag of vegetables such as corn or peas is also good for the condition.
  • Avoid performing any repetitive and pinching movements using the fingers and thumb to prevent further irritations and worsen the condition.
  • Prescribed anti-inflammatory medications to lessen the pain and the inflammation
  • Prescribed cortisone injections to lessen the pain and the symptoms.
  • Perform rehabilitation exercises for the wrist, hand and arm with the help of the physical therapist to lessen the pain, strengthen the muscles and reduce further irritation on the tendons. And also restore the range of movement of the thumb.
  • Massage the affected thumb for proper flow of blood in the area and increase the range movement of the wrist and thumb and also breaks down scar tissue that causes numbness and pain.

Tips

  • Take frequent breaks or rest after from repetitive tasks.
  • Maintain proper alignment and posture of the wrist during regular tasks
  • Perform regular strengthening and stretching exercises for the hands and wrist.
  • Proper ergonomic work setting
  • Avoid performing repetitive keystrokes using one thumb, practice ambidexterity or using both the left and right hand when performing tasks.

Anaphylaxis

April 17th, 2018 | Posted by corinne grace in Breathing Emergency - (Comments Off on Anaphylaxis)

Anaphylaxis is a type of severe allergic reaction that is a potentially life-threatening condition. It can occur when you’ve been exposed to something that triggers your allergy such as animal fur, feathers, bee stings, peanuts, and etcetera. This causes your immune system to release a flood of chemicals in your body which can cause shock. Certain foods, medications, venom from insects and latex are common triggers of anaphylaxis.

An injection of epinephrine and a trip to the emergency room is crucial to preventing anaphylaxis from becoming fatal. If epinephrine is unavailable, then a trip to the emergency room is immediately required.

The symptoms of anaphylaxis can occur within a few minutes of exposure to the allergen, however, sometimes the symptoms can occur thirty (30) minutes or longer after being exposed to the allergen.

The immune system produces antibodies which are used in fighting off harmful and foreign substances that enter our bodies such as bacteria or viruses. An allergic reaction is where the immune system starts fighting substances that aren’t harmful.

Common causes of anaphylaxis are a food allergy, certain medications, stings from insects such as bees or wasps, pollen, and etcetera.

Anaphylaxis

If epinephrine is unavailable, then a trip to the emergency room is immediately required.

If you’re not sure or you don’t know what triggers your anaphylaxis attack, there are certain tests that can help identify the allergen.

Signs and symptoms of anaphylaxis:

  • Skin reactions such as hives, itching, pale or flushed skin
  • Low blood pressure
  • Constriction of the airways
  • Swelling of the tongue or throat
  • Weak, rapid pulse
  • Nausea, vomiting or diarrhea
  • Dizziness or fainting

Seek medical attention if you, or someone you know, is experiencing a severe allergic reaction. Do not wait to see if the symptoms will go away as it might worsen. If the person who is having an attack is carrying epinephrine autoinjector, it is important that you administer it immediately. A trip to the emergency room is still necessary even if the symptoms appear to improve to ensure that the symptoms don’t recur.

There aren’t many risk factors for anaphylaxis that is known but there are a few factors that can increase your risk of anaphylaxis, these include:

  • Previous anaphylaxis, as this can increase your risk of having a severe allergic reaction. The future reactions may also be more severe than the first.
  • Allergies or asthma, as it can increase your risk of anaphylaxis.
  • Certain conditions, such as heart disease.

Anaphylaxis can cause life-threatening complications as it can stop your breathing or your heartbeat.

There are numerous ways to prevent anaphylaxis, the best way is to avoid exposure to the substances that trigger allergic reactions, but also include:

  • Have an emergency first aid kit that includes all the prescribed medication that you need.
  • Alert all your doctors to the reactions that you get from medication.
  • Use caution around insects if you have an allergic reaction to them. Wear long-sleeved clothing and pants, avoid walking barefoot on grass, avoid bright colored clothing to prevent the attention of bees, avoid using cologne or perfumes and don’t leave sweet beverages exposed in the open as it may attract bees.
  • Carefully read all the labels of the foodstuffs that you consume if you have a food allergy to avoid any case of your allergy is triggered.

Cellulitis

April 16th, 2018 | Posted by corinne grace in Basic First Aid Skills - (Comments Off on Cellulitis)

Cellulitis is a bacterial skin infection that can be potentially serious. This condition typically appears as a swollen and red rash that is painful and warm to the touch. Cellulitis usually occurs on the skin located at the lower legs but can also occur in other parts of the body such as the face and arms. Cellulitis arises if bacteria enters your body through a break in your skin. If left untreated, cellulitis can be life-threatening as it can spread to your lymph nodes and bloodstream. Cellulitis is however not contagious, which means it cannot spread from person to person.

Cellulitis is a common disease and can affect anyone at any age or race, however, cellulitis is more common in middle-aged and elderly people.

At times, cellulitis appears in the area where there is a break in the skin, such as skin near surgical wounds or skin ulcers.

The common types of bacteria responsible for cellulitis are named Staphylococcus and Streptococcus, but there are other types of bacteria that can also cause cellulitis from happening.

Common causes of cellulitis:

  • Injuries that tear or break the skin
  • Infections that occur after surgery
  • Skin conditions like eczema or chickenpox
  • Dirty foreign objects in the skin
  • Bone infections

    Cellulitis

    An area of the skin that is discolored red that tends to expand.

Signs and symptoms of cellulitis:

  • An area of the skin that is discolored red that tends to expand
  • Swelling
  • Tenderness
  • Pain
  • Fever
  • Chills
  • Swollen lymph nodes
  • Red spots on the skin
  • Formation of blisters on the skin
  • Skin dimpling

There are numerous risk factors that contribute to increasing the chances of contracting cellulitis, these include:

  • Diabetes
  • A break in the skin
  • Circulatory problems
  • Liver disease
  • Skin disorders like eczema

It is important that you know how to identify the signs and symptoms of cellulitis and once you do, you should seek medical attention immediately. Seek immediate care if:

  • You notice a red, swollen rash on your skin that rapidly changes in size
  • You develop a fever with the symptoms

You should still see your doctor even you don’t have a fever but a red rash that constantly changes in size. Do not wait for more symptoms to appear before you seek medical attention as it can get worse over time if left untreated and potentially become fatal.

Cellulitis is usually treated with antibiotics through oral intake or intravenous method.

 

Carpal tunnel syndrome

April 16th, 2018 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on Carpal tunnel syndrome)

Carpal tunnel syndrome is a condition that occurs when pressure is applied to one of the major nerves to the hand called the median nerve which causes numerous symptoms such as pain, numbness, and tingling in the hand and arm.

If you continue to apply pressure on the median nerve, it might leave to nerve damage and symptoms will worsen. As the condition worsens, the symptoms may appear more frequently and last for a longer period.

Common causes of carpal tunnel syndrome include:

  • Repetitive hand motions like typing or any other motion that you repeat over and over with your wrist
  • Conditions such as hypothyroidism, diabetes and rheumatoid arthritis
  • Obesity
  • Trauma
  • Pregnancy

    Carpal tunnel syndrome

    Tingling of the hand that may reach up to the shoulder.

Signs and symptoms of carpal tunnel syndrome include:

  • A burning sensation in the hand
  • Tingling of the hand that may reach up to the shoulder
  • Numbness of the hand that may reach up to the shoulder
  • Itching of the hand

When carpal tunnel syndrome worsens, more symptoms may develop, and the previous symptoms will worsen, these new symptoms include:

  • Decreased grip strength
  • An increase of pain and cramping
  • Slower nerve impulses
  • Loss of sensation in the fingers
  • Difficulty or loss of coordination with fingers

If left untreated, carpal tunnel syndrome may lead to permanent nerve damage, permanent muscle damage and overall loss of function of your hand which may affect your everyday life and daily routine. It is best to immediately seek medical attention to have it treated right away so that the situation does not worsen.

There are certain work environments and jobs that may contribute to increasing the risk of carpal tunnel syndrome if they involve any of the main reasons such as repetitive hand motions or constant typing. These jobs include but are not limited to:

  • Cashier
  • Assembly line worker
  • Sewer or knitter
  • Musician
  • Cashier

As your doctor diagnoses your hand for carpal tunnel syndrome, you may be asked by your doctor to try to fully flex your wrist or tap the palm side of your wrist with your arms completely extended.

Carpal tunnel syndrome can be treated with different approaches, a change of lifestyle if it is caused by repetitive motion. Your doctor may tell you to use a splint to prevent your wrist from moving too much and to lessen the pressure applied to the nerves. You can take more frequent breaks or reduce that activity. Your doctor may recommend numerous exercises that can help you with your grip and control. Your doctor may also suggest medication such as anti-inflammatory drugs or steroids to help reduce swelling. Your doctor may also suggest surgery if the treatments above fail to solve the problem.

Handlebar palsy

April 10th, 2018 | Posted by corinne grace in Basic First Aid Skills - (Comments Off on Handlebar palsy)

Handlebar palsy is usually common with long-distance cyclists. The ulnar nerve in the wrist is compressed caused by a prolonged period of direct pressure placed on the nerve especially the weight of the upper body resting on the handlebar during cycling. It causes inflammation and irritation of the nerve caused by shock and vibration placed on the arms during cycling. This condition usually common in off-road and mountain biking.

Causes

  • Compression of the ulnar nerve due to improper positioning of the wrist on the handlebars.
  • Ulnar nerve on the wrist becomes compressed.
  • Repetitive movements of the wrist or elbow
  • Performing sports activities that requires weight lifting, biking and throwing
  • Compression or disruption of the ulnar nerve in the elbow due to trauma, bone spurs, arthritis and cysts.

Symptoms of handlebar palsy

Handlebar palsy

Difficulty performing functions of hand such as using a pen, holding an object or playing musical instrument such as piano.

  • Clawing of the hand
  • Difficulty moving the affected fingers
  • Difficulty performing functions of hand such as using a pen, holding an object or playing musical instrument such as piano.
  • Affects the outer half of the ring finger and the little finger and the outer area of the hand.
  • Pain with wrist movements
  • Difficulty making the ring and pinky finger straight of the affected hand.
  • Lack of coordination or clumsiness of the affected hand
  • Numbness, weakness and tingling sensations can be felt

Treatment

  • Take plenty of rest for fast healing of the condition.
  • Apply ice on the affected area. Wrap ice pack in a towel or a cloth before placing to the area for at least 10-15 minutes for 2-4 hours to lessen the pain and the inflammation. Another alternative if ice pack is not available use bag of frozen vegetable such as corn or peas is good for the condition.
  • Wear prescribed splint on the affected area to lessen further irritation on the ulnar nerve, prevent unnecessary movements and for fast healing of the condition.
  • Take prescribed oral and topical non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications to lessen the pain and the inflammation.
  • Prescribed cortisone injections to lessen the pain, the inflammation and for fast healing of the condition.
  • Perform rehabilitation exercises with the help of the physical therapist to strengthen muscles of the hand and lessen the pain.

Tips

  • Maintain proper set-up and riding posture to prevent shifting of the weight too far forward.
  • Wear padded gloves to absorb sweat and prevent hands from slipping off from the handles and cause injury. It also protects other areas of the wrist which receives all the pressure during biking.
  • Switch position of the hand on the bike for at least every 15 minutes. Use padded handlebars to lessen pressure placed on the hand.
  • Stretch both front and back of wrist at least 3 times every day to lessen the symptoms after every ride.

Asthma attack

April 9th, 2018 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on Asthma attack)

An asthma attack is a condition where the symptoms of asthma become worse. During an asthma attack, the muscles adjacent the airways constrict, thus the lining of the airways also become distended and production of thicker mucus occurs. An asthma attack occurs if your asthma is not controlled or is caused by being exposed to something that triggers your asthma.

Signs and symptoms of an asthma attack:

  • Difficulty breathing.
  • An increased pace of breathing.
  • Excessive coughing and wheezing.
  • A feeling of chest tightness.

    Asthma attack

    There is an increased pace of breathing.

  • Anxiety and fear.
  • Discoloration of lips or fingernails to a bluish color.
  • Pale face.
  • Difficulty in talking due to shortness of breath.

Common forms of asthma attacks are mild asthma attacks, these occur more common and the airways open within a few minutes to a few hours after being treated but in severe cases, these occur less but happen for a long period of time and require immediate medical attention.

There are early warning signs that you can spot to know that an asthma attack is coming. These happen before the general symptoms of asthma occur and is a sign that your asthma is becoming worse.

You can determine that an asthma attack is coming with these early warning signs:

  • You experience tiredness or feel weak while exercising.
  • Wheezing or coughing after exercising.
  • Shortness of breath.
  • You are in a moody state.
  • You are having difficulty in sleeping due to nighttime asthma.

If you are in an asthma attack, sit up straight and don’t do anything then try your best to relax. Use your inhaler every minute until you use it ten (10) times. If your symptoms fail to get better, it is time to dial your emergency medical service hotline. While waiting for an ambulance, it is best to continue using your inhaler until the ambulance arrives.

Most symptoms of an asthma attack are treated by the inhaler, however, if symptoms fail to cease after using the inhaler at least ten (10) times then it is time to seek medical attention. Failure to treat the symptoms of an asthma attack may result in the lungs to tighten and your lips may discolor to a bluish hue, which is a sign of a severe asthma attack and you must receive immediate medical attention, if left untreated it may eventually lead to death due to the lack of oxygen intake.

Ankle fracture

April 9th, 2018 | Posted by corinne grace in Skeletal Injuries - (Comments Off on Ankle fracture)

An ankle fracture is a condition where one or more bones that make up the ankle joint are damaged or broken. This kind of fracture has varied severity ranging from a minor ankle fracture that won’t affect your ability to walk to the point where your ankle appears out of place and may get you unable to use the injured leg for months.

Because an ankle fracture can range from a small number of bones broken to several pieces, the instability of the ankle joint and the damages to the ligaments that surround it can vary.

Causes of an ankle fracture:

  • Twisting or rotating your ankle
  • Suffering from a fall
  • Tripping
  • An impact from a car accident

    Ankle fracture

    Inability to stand or put weight on the leg with the injured ankle.

There are several signs and symptoms that may appear if you have an ankle fracture, they include:

  • Severe ankle pain
  • Swelling and bruising
  • Inability to stand or put weight on the leg with the injured ankle
  • A deformity of the ankle

If you’ve suffered an ankle fracture, it is important that you get immediate medical attention and be diagnosed to prevent any more injury and to receive the proper treatment for your ankle fracture.

Your doctor will perform an x-ray to determine if and how many broken bones are present after the injury has occurred. The x-ray may also cover the entire leg to determine if not only the ankle was damaged after the cause of the injury.

Your doctor may also perform a stress test to determine the severity of the damage caused by the ankle fracture by applying pressure on the injured ankle then taking an x-ray test to determine if surgery is required.

A CT scan may also be performed to determine the damages the ankle fracture has caused; this type of diagnosis is useful in cases where the fracture extends to the ankle joint.

An MRI scan may also be performed to reveal bones and ligaments to check how much damage is done to them by the ankle fracture.

Surgery may not be required to treat the injury indicating that the broken bone is not or is just barely dislocated. To determine if surgery is needed, a stress test is needed as this will determine if the ankle is stable or not. There are different methods for treating an ankle fracture to let it heal naturally, such as applying a leg cast.

But if your ankle is deemed unstable, surgery will be needed to repair the ankle fracture. During surgery, the bone fragments will be adjusted and repositioned to their natural alignment and will be held by special screws and plates attached to the outer surface of the bone. There are also cases where a screw or a rod inside the bone may be used to keep the bone fragments together while they naturally heal.

Disclaimer / More Information

The material posted on this page on an ankle fracture is for learning purposes only. Learn properly manage this injury by taking a first aid and CPR class with one of our training providers.

Tonsil infection

April 9th, 2018 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on Tonsil infection)

A tonsil infection is inflammation of the tonsils. Tonsils are two tissues that are found on both sides of the throat. They function as defense mechanism and prevent the body from developing viral or bacterial infections before affecting the respiratory tract and other parts of the body. The tonsils have cells that trap any infections that enter the body.

Sometimes, the tonsils can become infected and cause inflammation, swelling, discomforts and pain. Tiny white spots forms on the surface of the tonsils which is sign of an infection.

Types of tonsil infections

  • Recurrent tonsillitis or having several episodes of severe tonsillitis per year.
  • Chronic tonsillitis is an infection that last longer than severe tonsillitis with symptoms that includes severe sore throat; halitosis or bad breath and tender lymph nodes in the neck

Symptoms

Tonsil infection

Tenderness of the jaw and neck due to swelling lymph nodes.

  • Difficulty or painful swallowing
  • Severe sore throat
  • Fever and chills
  • A scratchy-sounding voice
  • Earaches
  • Bad breath
  • Tonsils that looks swollen and red
  • A stiff neck
  • Stomachache
  • Headaches
  • Tonsils with white or yellow spots
  • Tenderness of the jaw and neck due to swelling lymph nodes
  • Irritability, poor appetite and excessive drooling in children

Treatment

  • Take plenty of rest and install a vaporizer or humidifier inside the room for fast healing of the condition.
  • Use throat lozenges to lessen the pain due to sore throat. Avoid giving lozenges to small children to prevent the risk of choking.
  • Take the prescribed pain medications to lessen the pain and the inflammation.
  • Take the prescribed antibiotics to lessen the pain, the inflammation and for fast healing of the condition.
  • Gargle with warm salt water to eliminate infections or bacteria and lessen the inflammation and the pain. In a cup filled with warm water, add a teaspoon of table salt, mix them well until salt is totally dissolved. Gargle the solution for at least a minute and then spit it out. Avoid swallowing the solution. Repeat the process several times every day for fast healing of the condition.
  • Drink plenty of fluids to prevent dehydration.
  • Turmeric is rich in anti-inflammatory and antiseptic properties that lessen the infection and the irritation caused by tonsillitis. Put ½ teaspoon turmeric and ½ teaspoon salt in a cup filled with hot water. Gargle the solution for at least in the morning and in the evening especially before going to sleep at night. Another alternative is mixing turmeric powder and a pinch of ground black pepper in a glass filled with warm milk. Drink the mixture at night for at least 2-3 days for fast healing of the condition.

Tips

  • Avoid direct contact with sick people.
  • Wash hands properly; avoid sharing personal belongings such as toothbrush, eating utensils with other people.
  • Cover mouth especially when sneezing or coughing.
  • Avoid smoking.

Remedies for mumps

April 9th, 2018 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on Remedies for mumps)

Mumps is a disease of the salivary glands that is very contagious caused by paramyxovirus. Infections are caused by direct contact with nasal discharge through sneezing or coughing and saliva from an infected person. The virus can be spread on surfaces usually touched such as handles of doors, cutlery, bowls or plates. The condition causes swelling salivary glands or parotid gland found in the neck.

Mump not properly treated can cause complications such as orchitis which is inflammation of the testicles and cause sterility and other parts of the body which includes the reproductive organs and the brain. Women infected with mumps during pregnancy have a high risk of miscarriage. It can also cause meningitis which is swelling of the membranes of the brain and spinal cord and encephalitis is the inflammation of the brain which is a very dangerous condition if left untreated.

Symptoms of mumps

  • Body aches

    mumps

    Take plenty of rest when feeling tired or weak for fast healing of the condition.

  • Fatigue
  • Loss of appetite
  • General malaise
  • Headache
  • Low-grade fever
  • Incubation period of mumps is 7-18 days but usually only 10 days after exposure
  • Swollen neck
  • Pain in the ear especially when chewing.
  • Sour taste in the mouth
  • Difficulty in swallowing
  • Problems with hearing

Treatment

  • Take plenty of rest when feeling tired or weak for fast healing of the condition.
  • Take the prescribed pain medications to lessen the fever and the pain.
  • Apply warm or cold compress to the swelling glands. Wrap ice pack in a towel and place to the area to lessen the pain and the swelling. Apply heat using a heat pack. Place a wet damp cloth between the skin and the heat pack to prevent burns and delays the healing. Another alternative is soaking a clean wash cloth in warm water, wring out excess water and then place the cloth on the affected area is also good for the condition.
  • Wear the prescribed athletic supporter to lessen the pain in the groin. Apply ice packs wrapped in a towel in the groin to relieve of the swelling and the pain. Bag of frozen vegetables can also be used in the area.
  • Apply cold compress on swelling breast or abdominal pain to lessen the pain and the inflammation.
  • Drink plenty of fluids to prevent dehydration caused by fever. Water is best fluid to relieve of the mumps and for fast healing of the condition.

Tips

  • Vaccination against mumps is required for unvaccinated people especially travelling to other parts of the world where the condition is common.
  • Infants and children should be vaccinated against mumps between the ages 12-15 months and second vaccination between 4-6 years old.

Treating sun allergy

April 3rd, 2018 | Posted by corinne grace in Basic First Aid Skills - (Comments Off on Treating sun allergy)

A sun allergy is a reaction of the immune system to sunlight usually causes a red and itchy rash. It affects the “V” of the neck, outside area of the arm, back of the hands and the lower legs. Sometimes it causes severe reactions such as development of small blisters and hives that spread to other areas of the skin which are covered with clothing.

Types of sun allergy

  • Polymorphous light eruption is an itchy rash on the affected area of the skin.
  • Actinic prurigo or hereditary PMLE – the symptom is more severe and begins earlier usually during childhood or adolescence. A family history of the condition
  • Photoallergic eruption – caused by effect of sunlight on a chemical applied on the skin such as fragrances, sunscreen, cosmetics and antibiotic ointments. Tetracyclines and sulfonamides used for psychiatric medications can also cause this condition.
  • Solar urticaria – develops hives or large, itchy and red bumps on exposed areas of the skin. It usually affects young women.

Symptoms

sun allergy

Apply cold compress on the affect to lessen the burning sensations, redness of the area and for fast healing of the condition.

  • Redness, itching and pain
  • Small bumps that becomes raised patches
  • Blisters or hives
  • Inflamed skin
  • Pain and tingling sensations
  • Fever and chills
  • Swelling of the face
  • Fatigue
  • Dehydration
  • Nausea
  • Headache and dizziness

Treatment

  • Apply cold compress on the affect to lessen the burning sensations, redness of the area and for fast healing of the condition. Soak a clean towel in cool water and place it directly on the blisters. Another alternative is taking a cool water bath is good for the condition. After taking a bath, apply aloe Vera gel on the blisters to relieve of the symptoms.
  • Cover the blisters using clean and dry bandages to prevent development of bacterial infections.
  • Drink a glass of cold water to keep the body hydrated. It helps in restoring the fluids lost due to sun burns. Eat fruits such as watermelon which is good in hydrating the body.
  • Use the prescribed cortisone cream to lessen the itchiness and pain of the affected area.
  • Prescribed oral histamine to heal hives and lessen the itchiness and the redness of the skin.
  • Apply a cold milk compress to the affected area. Soak a clean cloth in cold milk and then dab the cloth on the affected areas for at least 30 minutes to lessen the itchiness and the pain. Rinse off the milk using cold water, pat the area dry and then apply moisturizers in the area to prevent drying of the skin.
  • Apply lip balm on the lips with SPF 30 and above to lessen effects of sun allergy on the area.
  • Apply sun block on the skin with sun protection factor or SPF of 15 or higher. It protects the skin from exposure to both ultra violet A or UVA and ultraviolet B or UVB rays.