A direct rounded trauma in the calf region can cause formation of blood clot in the deep veins of the lower leg and will cause pain as well as cause blockage in the circulation of blood. The calf area will be swollen and tender to the touch.
The vein is a vessel that carries blood to the heart. There are two types of veins, the superficial and the deep veins. The deep vein is located deep inside the tissue and muscles, while the superficial veins are located on the surface of the skin which is green in color. Deep veins are larger in size and have a valve that pushes the blood toward the heart.
Calf veins are prone to end up with deep vein thrombosis. A thrombus is a small-sized blood clot found in the vessel. It can be caused by smoking, immobility of a person for long periods of time, birth control pills, fractures, being obese, sitting for long periods of time and post-operative complications.
Symptoms of blood clot in the calf
- Pain can be felt in the lower leg, usually in the calf muscles if there is blood clot in that area.
- A burning pain in the ankle and foot
- Flexing of the affected leg is difficult due to the severe pain
- Persistent pain caused by stasis of blood in the lower leg
- The back of the affected calf area becomes warm and red due to the inflammation.
- The calf area is tender and sensitive when touched
- There is difficulty in moving, standing and walking caused by the clot in the calf muscle.
- Pulmonary embolism, stroke, heart attack and other complications can be caused by the blood clot in the calf.
If the following symptoms are present, it simply indicates a blood clot in the calf. It is best to consult a doctor for proper treatment of the condition.
Treatment and home remedies of blood clot in the calf
- Anticoagulants can be used with deep vein thrombosis. This medication stops fresh clots from forming while at the same time melt the already present clot in the vein. This form of treatment can last for a few months.
- Use compression stockings in order to minimize the pain and swelling. These should be worn throughout the day when there is a blood clot in the calf.
- Stop taking birth control pills and stop smoking.
- Avoid standing for long periods of time in order to minimize the pressure on the legs.
- When sitting or lying down, elevate the affected leg on a chair or pillow. It should be elevated above the level of the heart to help reduce the pressure and pain.
- Apply a warm compress on the affected area as long as necessary in order to reduce the pain which can be done while the individual is relaxing or sleeping.
- You can also compress the affected leg by covering it snugly using an Ace bandage, brace or specialized stockings.