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Dealing with hammertoes

May 15th, 2018 | Posted by A. Jones in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on Dealing with hammertoes)
hammertoes

Hammertoes is a common deformity of the 2nd, 3rd or 4th toe. It is caused by wearing narrow shoes with no arch support. This condition causes severe foot pain. The toe has an abnormal bend in the middle joint that looks like a hammer. It is due to an imbalance in the surrounding muscles, ligaments and tendons that normally make the toe straighten and bend. If the condition is left untreated, they will become permanent and needs surgery to correct them.

Types of hammertoes

  • Flexible hammer toes – the toes can still move at the joint.
  • Rigid hammer toes – the tendons and toe become rigid, they press the joint and becomes misaligned. There is difficulty moving the toe.

Causes

  • Wearing certain type of shoes such as high heels or too tight and forces the toe in a flexed position. Wearing type of shoes, the toes will not be straightened even when barefoot.
  • Women are more susceptible to this condition than with men.
  • Broken toe has the high risk of developing hammertoe.
    hammertoes

    Pain in the toe, especially when moving it or wearing shoes.

  • Risk of developing hammertoe increases as the person ages.
  • The second toe is longer than the big toe
  • Condition such as diabetes or arthritis
  • Hereditary and run in families

Symptoms

  • Swelling, redness or a burning sensations in the affected area
  • Pain in the toe, especially when moving it or wearing shoes
  • Formation of calluses and corn above the middle joint of the hammer toe
  • Incapable to straighten the toe
  • A sore can develop on the toe in severe cases
  • Pain on the ball of foot under the affected toe

Treatment

  • Massage the affected toe to lessen the pain.
  • Apply ice compress on the affected area to lessen the pain and the swelling. Wrap ice pack in a towel before placing on the area to prevent further irritation and worsen the condition.
  • Prescribed medications to lessen the inflammation, the swelling and the pain.
  • Treat calluses and corns that form above the hammer toe using a pumice stone or file to reduce the size of the callus and corn after taking a warm bath. Apply emollients or moisturizers to make it soft and pliable. Another alternative is placing silicone or moleskin padding above the affected toe when wearing shoes.
  • Wear shoes that are high and wide across the toe at least 1.5 cm of space between the longest toe and the tip of the shoe.
  • Avoid high heel shoes higher than 5 cm.
  • Wear the appropriate shoe for any type of activity being performed.
  • Prescribed cortisone injections to relieve of severe pain and inflammation.

Tips

  • Wear low heel shoes to prevent unnatural position of the feet and usually bend the toes.
  • Avoid pointy-toed shoes
  • Wear shoes with adjustable straps and laces and proper arch support for the feet to prevent ailments of the feet.

FACT CHECK

https://www.foothealthfacts.org/conditions/hammertoe

https://www.healthline.com/health/hammer-toe

https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hammertoe-and-mallet-toe/symptoms-causes/syc-20350839

Remedies for mosquito bites on babies

May 14th, 2018 | Posted by A. Jones in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on Remedies for mosquito bites on babies)
mosquito bites

Mosquito bites on babies are itchy bumps that forms after mosquitoes puncture the skin and feed on the blood. It usually disappears in a few days. Sometimes, it can result to severe swelling, soreness and redness and this type of reaction is called skeeter syndrome.

Bites from mosquitoes carry viruses or parasites that cause severe illness such as malaria, yellow fever and infection of the brain or encephalitis.

A baby can be bitten by mosquitoes while playing outdoors and usually affects the necks, ankles, hands and the face. It causes swelling and severe itching. Bites can cause serious disease on the baby. Babies are easy preys of mosquitoes and not aware how to deal with them.

Causes of mosquito bites on babies

  • Exposed areas of the body of the babies which are not covered with clothing.
  • Stagnant bodies of water, flower vases and decorative petal pans with water are breeding areas of the mosquitoes.
  • Uncovered garbage cans
  • Uncovered food which easily attracts mosquitoes and other insects
  • Dirty kitchen
    mosquito bites

    A baby can be bitten by mosquitoes while playing outdoors and usually affects the necks, ankles, hands and the face. It causes swelling and severe itching.

  • Watering plant during evening
  • Sweat on babies attracts mosquitoes due to its warmth and smell
  • Perfumed cream and lotions applied on the skin of babies

Symptoms

  • Small red bump
  • Large area of swelling on the skin
  • An elevated area with white center and a red dot
  • Dark spots forms that looks like a bruise in a day or two after the bite
  • Scratching of the skin indicates itchiness
  • Mild fever
  • Swelling lymph nodes
  • Hives

Treatment

  • Apply cold compress on the bitten area to lessen the swelling and the pain. Soak a clean washcloth in cold water, wring out excess water and then place it on the area. Another alternative is applying a deodorant with aluminum chloride to lessen the itchiness and the size of the bite.
  • Apply calamine lotion on the bite to lessen the itchiness of the area.
  • Cut fingernails of the baby to avoid scratching the bite and prevent development of infections and worsen the condition.
  • Apply prescribed over-the-counter antihistamine creams to lessen the itchiness and the swelling.
  • Crush 1-2 tablets of aspirin. Add a few drops of water, mix them until it becomes the consistency of a paste and then apply it to the affected area. Aspirin has acetyl acids which is rich in anti-inflammatory properties that prevent development of infections.
  • Prescribed 1 %hydrocortisone cream or gel applied to the bitten area at least 4 times every day.
  • Dissolve 1 teaspoon of baking soda in a cup of water. Mix them well and soak a clean washcloth in the solution and place it directly on the bitten area and leave it on for at least 10-15 minutes to lessen the itchiness and restore the normal pH level of the skin.
  • Make a salt paste by mixing sea salt with a few drops of water. Mix them well until it becomes a paste and then apply it directly on the affected area to stop itchiness.

FACT CHECK

https://www.healthline.com/health/mosquito-bites

https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/mosquito-bites/symptoms-causes/syc-20375310

https://www.aaaai.org/conditions-and-treatments/library/allergy-library/taking-a-bite-out-of-mosquitoes

Remedies for stomach cramps

May 8th, 2018 | Posted by A. Jones in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on Remedies for stomach cramps)
stomach cramps

Stomach cramps are sudden and cramp-like pain in the abdomen. Generally, it is characterized by a knotting pain or tightening feeling in the stomach and abdomen. People with stomach cramps can have headaches and nausea. Furthermore, this condition can be acute, short lived or can be long lasting and affects a person repeatedly.

Causes of stomach cramps

  • Indigestion
  • Irritable bowel syndrome
  • Lactose intolerance
  • Constipation
  • Food poisoning
  • Appendicitis
  • Inflammation of abdominal organ
  • Kidney stones
    stomach cramps

    Take plenty of rest when having a stomach cramps.

  • Tumor
  • Ulcer or cancer

Symptoms

  • At first, painful urination
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Muscular pain on the whole body
  • Lastly, constipation

Treatment

  • Take plenty of rest when having a stomach cramps.
  • Prescribed H2 blockers to lessen the pain and discomforts. Generally, H2 blocker lessens the amount of acids produced by the stomach.
  • Apply hot compress on the affected area for at least 10-15 minutes to loosen and relax the muscles. Wrap heating pad or hot water bottle before placing to the belly to prevent burn and worsen the condition.
  • Take the prescribed medication to lessen the pain and the discomfort.
  • Avoid eating heavy meal rich spicy rich foods. Avoid alcohol and caffeine to prevent worsening of the condition.
  • Drink rice water to relieve of the inflammation on the stomach. Mix ½ cup of white rice to 2 cups of water in a pot. Cook the rice in medium-low heat. As the rice becomes tender, remove from the heat and let it rest for 3 minutes. Drain and drink the warm water. Honey can be added to the warm water for added benefits.
  • Drink ginger tea to relax the muscles lining the intestinal tract and lessen cramping of the stomach. Ginger is rich in oxidant called gingerol.
  • Drink plenty of water at least 6-8 glasses every day for healthy and proper functioning of the intestines. It also flushes out virus and toxins present in the body. Another alternative is drinking fresh fruits and vegetables, green teas and clear broths are also good for the condition.
  • Eat small portions of the food during meal time instead of 2-3 large meals. Eat bland or mild foods to lessen pain in the stomach.

Additional measures

  • Fill a cup with warm water and then add 1 teaspoon of salt. Mix them well until salt is totally dissolved and drink the solution to relieve of stomach cramps.
  • Perform yoga stretches to lessen bloating, stimulate digestion and lessen cramping in the abdomen.
  • Increase consumption of fiber and vegetable, lessen the sugar, dairy and caffeine intake to prevent inflammation and worsen the condition. Take prescribed vitamin B3 supplement is good for the condition.
  • Fill a bathtub with warm water; add a cup of Epsom salts. Mix them well until salt is totally dissolved. A drop of peppermint oil can be added to the mixture for added benefits. Soak in the solution to lessen the pain and relax the muscles.
  • Massage gently the stomach to lessen the pain and for fast healing.

FACT CHECK

https://www.medicinenet.com/stomach_cramps/symptoms.htm

https://www.webmd.com/pain-management/guide/abdominal-pain-causes-treatments#1

https://www.nhsinform.scot/illnesses-and-conditions/stomach-liver-and-gastrointestinal-tract/stomach-ache-and-abdominal-pain

How to treat dry eye

May 8th, 2018 | Posted by A. Jones in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on How to treat dry eye)
dry eye

Dry eye is also called dry eye syndrome which happens when the tears does not give proper lubrication for the eyes. Generally, this condition causes discomfort and several symptoms. The eyes need layers of tears to keep the area well lubricated and prevent dust and other irritants from entering the eyes. Furthermore, if the condition is left untreated, it increases the risk of developing infections and damage to the surface of the eyes.

Causes of dry eye

  • Aging
  • Excessive exposure to dry air or wind
  • Allergies
  • Dysfunctional tear glands
  • Previous surgery on the eye
  • Long-term using of contact lenses
  • Not blinking for a long time
  • Long hours of staring at the computer
  • Using medications such as decongestants, antihistamines, antidepressants and contraceptive pills
  • Vitamin A and D deficiency
    dry eye

    Wash eyes frequently to lessen irritations, further damage and inflammation.

  • Medical conditions such as arthritis, disorders of the immune system and allergies

Symptoms

  • At first, eye pain
  • Red eyes and irritations
  • Stinging and burning sensations in the eyes
  • Tearing of the eyes
  • Blurred vision
  • Lastly, dry and sandy sensations in the eyes

Treatment

  • Wash eyes frequently to lessen irritations, further damage and inflammation. Put baby shampoo on clean fingertips. Then gently massage the eyelids near the bottom of the eyelashes with closed eyes. Wash off the shampoo from the eyelids using lukewarm water. Repeat this process at least 2 times every day.
  • Apply warm compress on the affected eyes for proper flow of blood in the area, increase production of tears and lessen the irritation of the eyes. Soak a clean and lint-free cloth in hot water, wring out excess water and then place it over the closed eyelids for at least 10 minutes at a time.
  • Perform eye blinking exercise to increase flow of tears, moisten the eyes and spread the tears to all areas of the eyes and lessen the symptoms. Blinking exercise increases flow of blood and lessen the symptoms.
  • Install a humidifier especially during the winter season to add moisture in the air and for the eyes to prevent development of dry eyes.
  • Apply prescribed over-the-counter artificial tear to lessen the pain and the symptoms.
  • Prescribed oral or topical antibiotics to lessen the pain and the inflammation.

Tips

  • Increase fluid intake to keep the body well hydrated and prevents development of dry eye.
  • Take frequent breaks during use of computers, reading and watching television to restore lost moisture in the eyes.
  • Avoid direct blowing of air into the eyes such as car heaters, hair dryers and fans.

FACT CHECK

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dry_eye_syndrome

https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/dry-eyes/symptoms-causes/syc-20371863

https://www.aoa.org/patients-and-public/eye-and-vision-problems/glossary-of-eye-and-vision-conditions/dry-eye

How to treat De Quervain’s tenosynovitis

May 7th, 2018 | Posted by A. Jones in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on How to treat De Quervain’s tenosynovitis)
De Quervain’s tenosynovitis

De Quervain’s tenosynovitis is soreness of the tendons in the thumb. Generally, it is due to repeated rubbing of the swelling tendons and coverings near the narrow tunnels and result to severe pain at the bottom of the thumb and spreads to the lower arm. People playing racket sports such as squash, ten pin bowling, badminton, canoeing and tennis are susceptible to this condition.

Causes of De Quervain’s tenosynovitis

  • Repetitive grasping
  • Inflammatory conditions
  • Direct blow to the thumb
  • Stiffness of the joint
  • Muscle tightness and weakness
  • Poor posture
  • Insufficient warm up
  • Excessive training activities
    De Quervain’s tenosynovitis

    Thumb pain that might spread along the forearm.

  • Using improper techniques in playing and using poor sporting equipment
  • Poor ergonomics
  • Injuries to the nerves, upper back or neck
  • Lastly, racquet sports and gardening

Symptoms

  • At first, severe pain in the affected area when applying pressure
  • Thumb pain that might spread along the forearm
  • Sudden or gradual pain along the back of the thumb affecting the two tendons of the thumb
  • In addition, swelling at the bottom of the thumb
  • Limited movements of the thumb
  • Lastly, severe pain when moving the thumb and the wrist

Treatment

  • Take the prescribed over-the-counter pain medications to lessen the pain and the swelling.
  • Splint the thumb and the wrist to prevent unnecessary movements and support the affected area. Generally, wear the splint at least for 24 hours for 4-6 weeks.
  • Apply ice on the area by wrapping in towel ice pack and placed on the affected area for at least 10-15 minutes to lessen the pain and the inflammation. Furthermore, another alternative is using frozen bag of vegetables such as corn or peas is also good for the condition.
  • Avoid performing any repetitive and pinching movements using the fingers and thumb to prevent further irritations and worsen the condition.
  • Prescribed anti-inflammatory medications to lessen the pain and the inflammation
  • Prescribed cortisone injections to lessen the pain and the symptoms.
  • Perform rehabilitation exercises for the wrist, hand and arm with the help of the physical therapist to lessen the pain, strengthen the muscles and reduce further irritation on the tendons. In addition, it also restore the range of movement of the thumb.
  • Massage the affected thumb for proper flow of blood in the area and increase the range movement of the wrist and thumb and also breaks down scar tissue that causes numbness and pain.

Tips

  • Take frequent breaks or rest after from repetitive tasks.
  • Maintain proper alignment and posture of the wrist during regular tasks
  • Perform regular strengthening and stretching exercises for the hands and wrist.
  • Proper ergonomic work setting
  • Avoid performing repetitive keystrokes using one thumb, practice ambidexterity or using both the left and right hand when performing tasks.

FACT CHECK

https://www.webmd.com/rheumatoid-arthritis/guide/de-quervains-disease#1

https://www.medicinenet.com/de_quervains_tenosynovitis/article.htm

https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/de-quervains-tenosynovitis/symptoms-causes/syc-20371332

Carpal tunnel syndrome

April 16th, 2018 | Posted by A. Jones in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on Carpal tunnel syndrome)
Carpal tunnel syndrome

Carpal tunnel syndrome is a condition that occurs when pressure is applied to one of the major nerves to the hand called the median nerve which causes numerous symptoms such as pain, numbness, and tingling in the hand and arm.

If you continue to apply pressure on the median nerve, it might leave to nerve damage and symptoms will worsen. As the condition worsens, the symptoms may appear more frequently and last for a longer period.

Common causes

  • Repetitive hand motions like typing or any other motion that you repeat over and over with your wrist
  • Conditions such as hypothyroidism, diabetes and rheumatoid arthritis
  • Obesity
  • Trauma
  • Pregnancy
    Carpal tunnel syndrome

    Tingling of the hand that may reach up to the shoulder.

Signs and symptoms of carpal tunnel syndrome

  • A burning sensation in the hand
  • Tingling of the hand that may reach up to the shoulder
  • Numbness of the hand that may reach up to the shoulder
  • Itching of the hand

When carpal tunnel syndrome worsens, more symptoms may develop, and the previous symptoms will worsen, these new symptoms include:

  • Decreased grip strength
  • An increase of pain and cramping
  • Slower nerve impulses
  • Loss of sensation in the fingers
  • Difficulty or loss of coordination with fingers

If left untreated, carpal tunnel syndrome may lead to permanent nerve damage, permanent muscle damage and overall loss of function of your hand which may affect your everyday life and daily routine. It is best to immediately seek medical attention to have it treated right away so that the situation does not worsen.

Risk factors

There are certain work environments and jobs that may contribute to increasing the risk of carpal tunnel syndrome if they involve any of the main reasons such as repetitive hand motions or constant typing. These jobs include but are not limited to:

  • Cashier
  • Assembly line worker
  • Sewer or knitter
  • Musician
  • Cashier

As your doctor diagnoses your hand for carpal tunnel syndrome, you may be asked by your doctor to try to fully flex your wrist or tap the palm side of your wrist with your arms completely extended.

Carpal tunnel syndrome can be treated with different approaches, a change of lifestyle if it is caused by repetitive motion. Your doctor may tell you to use a splint to prevent your wrist from moving too much and to lessen the pressure applied to the nerves. You can take more frequent breaks or reduce that activity. Your doctor may recommend numerous exercises that can help you with your grip and control. Your doctor may also suggest medication such as anti-inflammatory drugs or steroids to help reduce swelling. Surgery is necessary if the treatments above fail to solve the problem.

FACT CHECK

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carpal_tunnel_syndrome

https://www.webmd.com/pain-management/carpal-tunnel/carpal-tunnel-syndrome#1

https://orthoinfo.aaos.org/en/diseases–conditions/carpal-tunnel-syndrome/

Asthma attack

April 9th, 2018 | Posted by A. Jones in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on Asthma attack)
Asthma attack

An asthma attack is a condition where the symptoms of asthma become worse. During an asthma attack, the muscles adjacent the airways constrict, thus the lining of the airways also become distended and production of thicker mucus occurs. An asthma attack occurs if your asthma is not controlled or is caused by being exposed to something that triggers your asthma.

Signs and symptoms of an asthma attack

  • Difficulty breathing.
  • An increased pace of breathing.
  • Excessive coughing and wheezing.
  • A feeling of chest tightness.
    Asthma attack

    There is an increased pace of breathing.

  • Anxiety and fear.
  • Discoloration of lips or fingernails to a bluish color.
  • Pale face.
  • Difficulty in talking due to shortness of breath.

Common forms of asthma attacks are mild asthma attacks, these occur more common and the airways open within a few minutes to a few hours after being treated but in severe cases, these occur less but happen for a long period of time and require immediate medical attention.

There are early warning signs that you can spot to know that an asthma attack is coming. These happen before the general symptoms of asthma occur and is a sign that your asthma is becoming worse.

You can determine that an asthma attack is coming with these early warning signs:

  • You experience tiredness or feel weak while exercising.
  • Wheezing or coughing after exercising.
  • Shortness of breath.
  • You are in a moody state.
  • You are having difficulty in sleeping due to nighttime asthma.

If you are in an asthma attack, sit up straight and don’t do anything then try your best to relax. Use your inhaler every minute until you use it ten (10) times. If your symptoms fail to get better, it is time to dial your emergency medical service hotline. While waiting for an ambulance, it is best to continue using your inhaler until the ambulance arrives.

Most symptoms of an asthma attack are treated by the inhaler, however, if symptoms fail to cease after using the inhaler at least ten (10) times then it is time to seek medical attention. Failure to treat the symptoms of an asthma attack may result in the lungs to tighten and your lips may discolor to a bluish hue, which is a sign of a severe asthma attack and you must receive immediate medical attention, if left untreated it may eventually lead to death due to the lack of oxygen intake.

FACT CHECK

https://www.asthma.org.uk/advice/asthma-attacks/

https://www.webmd.com/asthma/guide/asthma-attack

https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/asthma-attack/symptoms-causes/syc-20354268

Tonsil infection

April 9th, 2018 | Posted by A. Jones in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on Tonsil infection)
Tonsil infection

A tonsil infection is inflammation of the tonsils. Tonsils are two tissues that are found on both sides of the throat. They function as defense mechanism and prevent the body from developing viral or bacterial infections before affecting the respiratory tract and other parts of the body. The tonsils have cells that trap any infections that enter the body.

Sometimes, the tonsils can become infected and cause inflammation, swelling, discomforts and pain. Tiny white spots forms on the surface of the tonsils which is sign of an infection.

Types

  • Recurrent tonsillitis or having several episodes of severe tonsillitis per year.
  • Chronic tonsillitis is an infection that last longer than severe tonsillitis with symptoms that includes severe sore throat; halitosis or bad breath and tender lymph nodes in the neck

Symptoms

Tonsil infection

Tenderness of the jaw and neck due to swelling lymph nodes.

  • Difficulty or painful swallowing
  • Severe sore throat
  • Fever and chills
  • A scratchy-sounding voice
  • Earaches
  • Bad breath
  • Tonsils that looks swollen and red
  • A stiff neck
  • Stomachache
  • Headaches
  • Tonsils with white or yellow spots
  • Tenderness of the jaw and neck due to swelling lymph nodes
  • Irritability, poor appetite and excessive drooling in children

Treatment of a tonsil infection

  • Take plenty of rest and install a vaporizer or humidifier inside the room for fast healing of the condition.
  • Use throat lozenges to lessen the pain due to sore throat. Avoid giving lozenges to small children to prevent the risk of choking.
  • Take the prescribed pain medications to lessen the pain and the inflammation.
  • Take the prescribed antibiotics to lessen the pain, the inflammation and for fast healing of the condition.
  • Gargle with warm salt water to eliminate infections or bacteria and lessen the inflammation and the pain. In a cup filled with warm water, add a teaspoon of table salt, mix them well until salt is totally dissolved. Gargle the solution for at least a minute and then spit it out. Avoid swallowing the solution. Repeat the process several times every day for fast healing of the condition.
  • Drink plenty of fluids to prevent dehydration.
  • Turmeric is rich in anti-inflammatory and antiseptic properties that lessen the infection and the irritation caused by tonsillitis. Put ½ teaspoon turmeric and ½ teaspoon salt in a cup filled with hot water. Gargle the solution for at least in the morning and in the evening especially before going to sleep at night. Another alternative is mixing turmeric powder and a pinch of ground black pepper in a glass filled with warm milk. Drink the mixture at night for at least 2-3 days for fast healing of the condition.

Tips

  • Avoid direct contact with sick people.
  • Wash hands properly; avoid sharing personal belongings such as toothbrush, eating utensils with other people.
  • Cover mouth especially when sneezing or coughing.
  • Avoid smoking.

FACT CHECK

https://www.healthline.com/health/tonsillitis

https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/156497.php

https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/tonsillitis/symptoms-causes/syc-20378479

Remedies for mumps

April 9th, 2018 | Posted by A. Jones in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on Remedies for mumps)
mumps

Mumps is a disease of the salivary glands that is very contagious caused by paramyxovirus. Infections are caused by direct contact with nasal discharge through sneezing or coughing and saliva from an infected person. The virus can be spread on surfaces usually touched such as handles of doors, cutlery, bowls or plates. The condition causes swelling salivary glands or parotid gland found in the neck.

Mump not properly treated can cause complications such as orchitis which is inflammation of the testicles and cause sterility and other parts of the body which includes the reproductive organs and the brain. Women infected with mumps during pregnancy have a high risk of miscarriage. It can also cause meningitis which is swelling of the membranes of the brain and spinal cord and encephalitis is the inflammation of the brain which is a very dangerous condition if left untreated.

Symptoms of mumps

  • Body aches
    mumps

    Take plenty of rest when feeling tired or weak for fast healing of the condition.

  • Fatigue
  • Loss of appetite
  • General malaise
  • Headache
  • Low-grade fever
  • Incubation period of mumps is 7-18 days but usually only 10 days after exposure
  • Swollen neck
  • Pain in the ear especially when chewing.
  • Sour taste in the mouth
  • Difficulty in swallowing
  • Problems with hearing

Treatment

  • Take plenty of rest when feeling tired or weak for fast healing of the condition.
  • Take the prescribed pain medications to lessen the fever and the pain.
  • Apply warm or cold compress to the swelling glands. Wrap ice pack in a towel and place to the area to lessen the pain and the swelling. Apply heat using a heat pack. Place a wet damp cloth between the skin and the heat pack to prevent burns and delays the healing. Another alternative is soaking a clean wash cloth in warm water, wring out excess water and then place the cloth on the affected area is also good for the condition.
  • Wear the prescribed athletic supporter to lessen the pain in the groin. Apply ice packs wrapped in a towel in the groin to relieve of the swelling and the pain. You can also use a bag of frozen vegetables on the area.
  • Apply cold compress on swelling breast or abdominal pain to lessen the pain and the inflammation.
  • Drink plenty of fluids to prevent dehydration caused by fever. Water is best fluid to relieve of the mumps and for fast healing of the condition.

Tips

  • Vaccination against mumps is necessary especially when travelling to other parts of the world where the condition is common.
  • Infants and children should be vaccinated against mumps between the ages 12-15 months and second vaccination between 4-6 years old.

FACT CHECK

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumps

https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/mumps/symptoms-causes/syc-20375361

https://www.healthline.com/health/mumps

Treating skier’s thumb

April 2nd, 2018 | Posted by A. Jones in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on Treating skier’s thumb)
skier’s thumb

Skier’s thumb is an injury to the soft tissue or ligament that attaches the bones of the thumb together. This condition is also called gamekeeper’s thumb. It is a chronic injury that develops due to repeated stretching if the ulnar collateral ligament in the thumb.

Scottish fowl hunters, gamekeepers, athletes playing volleyball are susceptible to this condition. People falling onto an outstretched hand while holding a ski pole usually on skiers.

Causes of skier’s thumb

  • Falling on outstretched hand and jams into a packed snow at high speed.
  • Falling on outstretched hand while holding a ski pole on the palm of the hand.
  • Vehicular accidents with the thumb on the steering wheel
  • The thumb is bent in abnormal position

Symptoms

skier’s thumb

Pain at the bottom of the thumb in the web space between the thumb and the index finger.

  • Swelling of the thumb
  • Pain at the bottom of the thumb in the web space between the thumb and the index finger
  • Wrist pain
  • Incapable to grasp or weakness when grasping between the thumb and the index finger
  • Tenderness along the index finger on the side of the thumb
  • Blue or black discoloration of the skin on the affected thumb
  • Severe pain when moving the thumb in all directions

Treatment

  • Rest the affected thumb as much as possible.
  • Immobilize the thumb by wrapping the area using an ACE wrap or use a wrist brace. Put the thumb in the neutral position to keep it immobilized. It will prevent unnecessary movement, lessen the pain and for fast healing of the condition.
  • Apply ice compress on the affected thumb for at least 35 minutes at a time, 4 times every day to lessen the pain and the inflammation. Wrap ice compress in a small cloth or a face towel before placing to the area to prevent further irritation and worsen the condition. Another alternative is using a bag of frozen vegetable such as peas or corn is also good for the condition.
  • Wrap the affected thumb using an elastic wrap to maintain pressure on the sprain.
  • Elevate the affected area above the level of the heart to lessen the swelling and internal bleeding. When lying raise the hand in couple of pillows to keep it elevated.
  • Take the prescribed anti-inflammatory medications to lessen the inflammation and the pain.
  • Seek the help of the physical therapist for some rehabilitation exercises for strength, flexibility, restore range of movement and lessen the pain

Tips

  • Skiers should discard their ski pole during falls. Falling with outstretched hand without the ski pole will minimize the chances of an injury.
  • Use poles with finger-groove grips and not putting restraining devices such as closed grip or a wrist strap.
  • When driving, keep the thumbs along with the other fingers outside of the steering wheel.
  • Stretch the hand and the muscles of the finger every day.
  • Wear a thumb stabilizer for protection of the ulnar collateral ligament without limiting the functions and movement of the hand.

FACT CHECK

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ulnar_collateral_ligament_injury_of_the_thumb

https://www.webmd.com/a-to-z-guides/skiers-thumb#1

https://www.emedicinehealth.com/skiers_thumb/article_em.htm

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