Standard First Aid Training, Courses and Re-Certifications.

Why opt for Flexible Online CPR certification Courses?

March 22nd, 2014 | Posted by vanfirstaid in First Aid and CPR - (Comments Off on Why opt for Flexible Online CPR certification Courses?)

There has been an increased popularity of online CPR certification courses in Canada. This has been enhanced by the high number of approved course providers offering the online courses. The change of lifestyle whereby many people are engaged with other activities have made them find it more convenient to study online at their own time. The good thing is that the content of the courses is similar to the one provided in the offline training.

Wide variety of online CPR certification course providers

Considering the needs of CPR training, there are several organizations providing the certification courses in offsite locations. Many people are occupied at all times and may not have enough time to attend the training in person. This has made many of the course providers to offer the certification courses online. Another advantage of the training is that the course providers offer programs that meet the regulations and rules laid down by all the relevant authorities. In addition to the CPR certification programs, the course providers provide other training such as basic life support training, pediatric advanced level support training, automated external defibrillator training, advanced cardiac life support and other emergency training.

CPR Training

Any kind of CPR training is a good thing!

Flexible Timing and Several Programs Offered

The CPR certification training certified in Canada include the interactive session, testing sessions, internet based learning process with the course tutors. The timing of programs is usually flexible and all interested candidates are given opportunities to schedule the learning programs according to their needs. The trainees offer emergency action plan, health and safety programs, updated health and safety program and other programs at a more affordable cost.

The heath-care institutes provide updated Health & Safety program, an Emergency Action Plan and lots more health-related programs at affordable prices. For anyone interested in any of the online programs, then you can look for the training courses offered by different organizations in Canada. After completing the online courses successfully, you get certified to provide CPR first aid. The certification is valid for a period of two to three years depending on the institution where you get the CPR certification.

Getting certified to offer CPR training is a great asset in Canada, because you are empowered to offer the first aid at home or in the workplace. Most employees also tend to ask for this certification during selection and recruitment. Therefore, you also increase your prospect of landing a good job and high salary because the certification makes you a great asset in any workplace.

Care of Individuals with Cough

November 20th, 2013 | Posted by Ibrar in Being Prepared | First Aid and CPR - (Comments Off on Care of Individuals with Cough)

Although coughing is a reflex that protects the lungs and the entire respiratory system from the accumulation of secretions or the inhalation of foreign bodies, it can also be a symptom of disorders of the pulmonary system or it can be suppressed in other disorders. The cough reflex may be impaired by weakness or paralysis of the respiratory muscles, prolonged inactivity, the presence of a foreign object such as a nasogastric tube, or depressed function of the medullary centers of the brain.

Care of Individuals with Cough

Care of Individuals with Cough

Coughing results from irritation of the mucous membranes anywhere in the respiratory tract. The stimulus that produces a cough may arise from an infectious process or from an airborne irritant such as smoke, smog, dust or gas. A persistent and frequent cough can be exhausting and can cause debilitating pain and discomfort. Cough, in general may indicate a serious pulmonary disease, although it may be caused by a variety of other problems as well including cardiac disease, medications, chronic smoking and gastro-esophageal reflux disease.

Clinical Significance of Cough

To help determine the cause of the cough, the health professional such as the nurse should be able to effectively assess the description of the kind of cough the individual may be experiencing. The nurse should be able to describe the cough whether is dry, hacking, brassy, wheezing, loose, persistent or severe. A dry, irritating cough is characteristic of an upper respiratory tract infection that would suggest a viral cause of origin, or it may be a side effect of a special kind of medication. Tracheal lesions produce a brassy cough. A severe or constantly changing cough may indicate malignant tumor growth along the tracheal lining. Pleuritic chest pain that accompanies coughing may indicate pleural or chest wall involvement of the musculoskeletal system.

Other Serious Medical Conditions Associated with Coughing

Persistent cough at night may herald symptoms of a possible left-sided heart failure or bronchial asthma. A cough in the morning with sputum production may indicate bronchitis. A cough that worsens when the patient is lying supine may also suggest post nasal drip (sinusitis). Coughing after food intake may indicate aspiration of food material into the tracheobronchial tree. A cough of recent onset is usually indicative of an acute respiratory infection which can be either viral or bacterial in nature.

A persistent cough can adversely affect an individual’s quality of life and may produce embarrassment, exhaustion, inability to sleep and discomfort. The effect of chronic cough on the patient and the patient’s view regarding the significance of the coughing episode especially the accompanying effects can be better appreciated during an intensive assessment of the individual’s health history.

Relief Measures for Coughing

Cough suppressants must be used in moderation and caution because they may relieve cough but do not address the primary cause of the cough. If used inappropriately, they may prevent the patient from clearing mucus from the airways and result in a delay in seeking indicated health care. If the cause of the cough has been properly diagnosed and addressed, it is only then coughing suppressants may be prescribed. If the cough is a result of irritation from smoke, pollution, and other air irritants strategies that limit exposure to the environment is encouraged.


Oxygen is essential to life. Without oxygen, an individual can die in minutes. This is also the reason why first aid procedures put great emphasis on establishing proper oxygenation. For instance, in CPR, the initial action is to establish an open airway and to provide oxygen through rescue breaths.

Oxygen administration is an important skill for every first aider to learn. First aiders must have basic knowledge on how to use oxygen equipment, as well as when and how to administer oxygen. Victims of breathing emergencies have a better chance of survival if they receive supplemental oxygen immediately. There are different reasons why an individual would require oxygen:

A short YouTube video clip showing about Administering Oxygen via Non Rebreather Mask and Nasal Cannula

  • Respiratory arrest – the person’s lung has ceased to function, causing an inadequate gas exchange in the lungs.
  • Cardiac arrest – the heart is unable to pump adequate amount of blood into the systemic circulation. Take note that respiratory arrest may occur alongside or as a result of cardiac arrest.
  • Major blood loss – there is not enough volume of blood that carries oxygen to body tissues because of the reduction in the number of red blood cells. This forces the heart to pump harder, demanding increased amounts of oxygen. Victims of major trauma that lead to blood loss require supplemental oxygen.
  • Lung disease or injury – the ability to move gases in and out of the lungs may be significantly compromised, leading to a decrease in oxygen supply to body tissues.
  • Heart attack and heart failure – the heart is unable to effectively pump oxygenated blood towards vital body organs.
  • Shock – the cardiovascular system fails to deliver sufficient blood to all vital tissues of the body. All types of shock can cause a reduction in the amount of oxygenated blood into body tissues.
  • Airway obstruction – obstructions in air passages can cause a significant reduction in the amount of oxygen that reaches the lungs.
  • Stroke – interruption in the supply of oxygen to the brain can cause significant damage to brain tissues. Take note that the brain requires constant supply of oxygen. Lack of oxygen in the brain can cause the blood vessels to constrict, causing an irreversible damage to the brain.
  • Major head injuries – trauma to the cardiovascular system and airway obstruction can all cause a reduction in the amount of oxygen supplied to the brain.

When providing first aid, it is important to remember that atmospheric air only provides no more than 21 percent oxygen. In normal situations, this percentage of air is enough to supply adequate amounts of oxygen to the lungs, provided that the airway is clear and body organs are functioning well.

Administering emergency oxygen is an advanced skill that you can learn through advanced first aid course. Usually, it is a regular part of training for professional rescuers and healthcare professionals such as lifeguards, firefighters, and EMTs.

Cooling a Burn with Cold Clean Water

The earlier you respond to a burn with good first aid training the better the outcome will be.

All workplace approved first aid programs teach candidates to be prepared for almost any emergency scenario. Regardless of how cautious you are it is impossible to avoid an emergency scenario. Despite the fact that most people adhere to precautions it is believed that 42% of burns occur at home. Roughly 450,000 burn traumas arise per year and of this total, Four thousand die due to their personal injuries due to burn mishaps. Medical facilities have close to 40,000 burn sufferers a year. It is essential to be aware that one could burn themselves from simple water at close to 44 Celsius. Attentive usage and supervising is required when adults and children are within areas of heating elements, irons, cooking water, cookers and also hairdryers. You have to never be careless when running such equipment because it only needs a lapse of a few moments to cause burns on anyone. Participants enrolled in standard first aid training in Canada will learn to recognize and provide patient care for burns. Courses are available in Calgary, Surrey, Edmonton, Vancouver, Ottawa,  and Winnipeg. Register today to be prepared for burn emergencies.

First Aid Treatment Immediately

If somebody does ends up with a burn, one must always render first-aid quickly. You must 1st decide if he burn is significant or not by simply evaluating selected factors. In case the patient has difficulty breathing then you definitely will have to contact EMS without delay. You’ll want to reassure the patient and try to keep the victim comfortable whilst you wait for a professional to aid the individual. In the event the burns include several body parts, again one should contact EMS as soon as possible. In the event the burn was stemming from electricity, chemical substances or a blast then contact EMS straightaway.


While awaiting EMS, cool the afflicted region. The simplest methods of cooling patients with first or second degree burns are by using cold clean water.  It’s encouraged to cool and cover up the affected region to avoid spreading of infection. Because the skin area has burnt off, the area is labelled ‘raw’ and may give in to air-borne health issues that commonly the epidermis would most likely defend the body from. A lot of these air-borne harmful bacteria might not affect ordinary skin however raw burnt skin could be drastically affected from that.

Major Chemical Burns

For much more major burns that were caused by fluid chemical contaminants and / or just about any chemical near your eye area, you must guide the injured persons to flush the burnt region with large sums of cold flowing water so that you can reduce the distressing experience. Make certain that the applied water is drained away from the victim (not in a pool back up in the person) to ensure that it isn’t going to poison the patient further more (if it was obviously a harmful chemical substance). You’ll want to calm the person during this ordeal and consistently flush with h2o until 9-1-1 arrives. If this had been a big chemical overflow then you definitely need to get rid of infected clothes. If you experience additional chemical contaminants on their epidermis, sweep it away and rinse the burn with water.

Electrical Burns

Problems with electricity are definitely more hazardous so rescuers and first aid attendants should progress with careful attention. Be sure that the area is free from danger prior to when providing first-aid. Check the environment thoroughly and be sure the current was switched off by specialists prior to deciding to approach that person. Provide care to people with life-threatening injuries first which includes individuals with cardiac arrest, unconsciousness or respiratory troubles. Keep in mind burn sites (where electricity transferred through the body) and treat with needed treatment. Make sure you contact 9-1-1 and brief the paramedics with the situation appropriately because an electrical shock can create heart beats which might be sporadic.

AED represents automated external defibrillator and this is a huge significant section of rescue education and learning. An AED is built to dramatically increase the probability of survival regarding victims of a severe cardiac event. They’re remarkably easy and convenient to utilize. AED’s may be found in several leisure centers, shops, and gathering spots. While the popularity and growth of AED’s continues it is necessary that as many rescuers as feasible learn to use them. All participants registered in standard first aid courses throughout Canada will learn to use a automated external defibrillator. AED training locations include Vancouver, Calgary, Kelowna, Regina, Saskatoon, Winnipeg and Ottawa. Register today to learn to use these valuable tools.

Size and Shape

An automated defibrillator is normally a rectangle-shaped computer unit with only two buttons on it. Just one button is meant to turn the machine on and the remaining push button is created to shock the victim (the defibrillator won’t shock anybody without assessing a casualty). 2 pairs of AED pads equipped with electrical cables are typically kept behind, underneath or within the AED. The electric cord is designed to be plugged into the unit and the adhesive pads are positioned upon the unconscious victim. A 3rd kind of pads, for baby victims, may perhaps be used in more complicated machines.


An automated defibrillator is designed to be applied for a unconscious sufferer. The automatic parts of the automated external defibrillator monitor and analyze for vitals and shock the person if the right disorders and heart patterns are present. Every time an individual enters cardiac arrest the heart rate starts an abnormal pattern that just an electrical shock through an automated defibrillator might rectify. CPR together with the application of an automated external defibrillator increases the possibility of survival for people in cardiac arrest significantly. Quick use of an automated external defibrillator is crucial to curtailing a fatality because of cardiac arrest. First Aiders have only moments to apply an automated external defibrillator if ever the individual is in cardiac arrest before the condition becomes permanently fatal.

Easy Installation

Employing an automated defibrillator is amazingly easy, simple and straight forward. Should the individual not have any heart rhythms then an automated defibrillator should be applied right away for adult casualties. Procedures for AED’s for child and infant patients are slightly different. Take out the defibrillator from the carrying unit, switch it on and adhere to the audio and graphic guidelines. Any automated external defibrillator contains a number of components that stop the rescuer from providing an electric shock for a victim which will not benefit from it.

Just Use It

AED Pads for a Child

AED Pads for a Child

A rescuer shouldn’t have any second thoughts or fears of making use of an AED for a victim.

All first aid and CPR lessons supplied by way of primary providers most notably workplace approved incorporate training and capable utilization in A.E.D’s. Whatever the first aid or CPR training course a student enrolls in she / he will be taught when and how to utilize a automated external defibrillator. Pretty much all trustworthy companies enable candidates to rehearse the use of automated defibrillators through the use of AED trainers. Individuals will have the ability use automated external defibrillators trainers on dummies (manikins) to obtain hands-on practice of the application of a defibrillator.

All St Mark James certificates point out that attendees have obtained schooling and therefore are competent in the application of automated defibrillators. For more information about using a defibrillator take a workplace approved standard first aid or CPR course.

Thought: Will you be capable of going over some fundamental types of procedures for managing patients with convulsions? We help with kids with autism and a few of them receive seizures.

Training to respond to seizures is included in a variety of workplace approved first aid courses. All major renewal courses such as standard first aid re-certifications also include training in patient care and response for seizures.

People of convulsions are often divided into 2 distinctive types. Convulsions can happen once-in-a-lifetime coming from a blunt force trauma or hit into the head. Whenever a sufferer has recurring seizures then the patient is probably epileptic. People that happen to be epileptic tend to be conscious of the disease and can be treated to lessen the severity and rate of recurrence of the seizure strikes.


The attack will in all probability cease in less than a minute.

Whenever interacting alongside adolescents which might be prone to convulsions it is important to have effective correspondence with guardians and caregivers for the adolescent. You can ask the mother and father or care providers if the child has any sort of activators for the disease and the way to avoid the attack and rate of recurrence for the seizures. Some victims might also be mindful if the seizure is about to occur therefore I would certainly encourage having a system together so when youngsters inform you or your employees if they sense a seizure oncoming. Several people can anticipate an episode and provide a warning as much as 60 seconds in advance of the attack. The optimal instance is definitely whenever the sufferer tells the staff of an oncoming attack and then lays in the most suitable body placement and space. The most suitable position is with the person prone with their back, with no furniture or material surrounding the child to avoid personal injury. When possible employ a blanket or pillow beneath the victims head in order to avoid the head from impacting on the ground too vigorously.

If the student does have a seizure out of nowhere I recommend you promptly position the pupil onto the floor and move any type of fixtures away from the patient permitting the extremities and the entire body to safely move unhampered while not punishing something. DO NOT try to constrict the victim as the attack is going on. Don’t place something within the patient’s mouth due to the fact it will more than likely turn into choking danger. The employee’s must also concentrate on protecting the victim’s head via putting a towel behind it. If none are readily available you can put both your hands supporting the individual’s head (palm’s up) to guard the head from impacting the ground.

Close look on seizures

The attack will in all probability cease in less than a minute. The affected person is usually unconscious following attack so it is important for the staff to check the patient’s vitals and start treating adequately. In the event that vitals are missing call EMS straight away and commence cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Should the affected individual awakens out of the seizure you should not anticipate the patient to become fully conscious or aware immediately after. Expect to have the individual to be confused, unaware and disoriented for up to 1 hour after the episode. Monitor the person and in cases where the patient’s condition doesn’t improve contact 9-1-1. Staff should recognize and tend to all other personal injuries because of the seizure.

Should this be the first attack or if a patient is not susceptible to convulsions make contact with EMS. I recommend also speak to the caregivers and make sure they know of the scenario. Good communication between the staff, children and also the guardians is vital in properly managing patients that can be susceptible to seizures.

In the event the event does not greatly improve or if perhaps the person’s situation fails to improve speak to emergency medical services.


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