Standard First Aid Training, Courses and Re-Certifications.

Standard First Aid Kit for Cancer Patients: Prescription Medications

February 21st, 2014 | Posted by finzy in First Aid Programs - (Comments Off on Standard First Aid Kit for Cancer Patients: Prescription Medications)

Aside from ensuring that none of the particulates are expired, the key to preparing the right standard first aid kit for cancer patients rely on its actual contents since cancer patients need specialized items in order to manage the symptoms or adverse effects of cancer or chemotherapy. Here are some of these items.

Anti-anxiety Medications

Epinephrine Injector

Epinephrine Injector

In a study that was presented to the Clinical Oncological Society during the Australia’s Annual Scientific Meeting back in 2010, it was revealed by Dr. Jane Fletcher that 25% of cancer patients exhibit the telltale signs of an anxiety disorder. However, a large portion of this population remain undiagnosed since many healthcare professionals do not recognize anxiety as an actual disorder that should be treated separately from the cancer. This is why it is a good idea for guardians of cancer patients to go to a psychologist in order to determine of anti-anxiety medications should be included in the first aid kit.

Antidiarrheal medicine

Bouts of diarrhea are common adverse effects for patients who are undergoing chemotherapy or radiation therapy. This medical condition can last for more than three weeks after these therapies. It is also a common problem for patients who are suffering from colon or pancreatic cancer. When left untreated, diarrhea can cause dehydration which can put the life of the patient in danger. It can also inhibit the individual from participating in common daily activities which can be beneficial or can even be a part of the rehabilitate treatment for patients. This is why having antidiarrheal medicine on standby is very important and useful.


Hyperacidity is common for patients who have stomach cancer or patients who have disrupted eating patterns. When left untreated, hyperacidity can cause other medical problems such as indigestion, constipation and acid reflux. These can be severely discomforting to patients who are already suffering from other aches and pains. By having an antacid nearby, this stomach upset can be immediately relieved.

When it comes to using the contents of these kits, standard first aid training is still necessary to ensure that they are used properly. It is wise to remember that cancer patients have more sensitive body systems which makes them bruise more easily or more susceptible to other medical conditions which can be directly or indirectly caused by taking prescription medications improperly. This is why it is imperative to know how to use these items correctly before they are actually bought or assembled.

Chickenpox: Signs and Symptoms, Complications and First Aid

December 19th, 2013 | Posted by Ibrar in First Aid Programs - (Comments Off on Chickenpox: Signs and Symptoms, Complications and First Aid)

Chickenpox is an infection caused by the varicella-zoster virus, a member of the herpes virus family. The same virus is known to cause shingles in adults. It is a common childhood illness, especially in children below 10 years of age. It is very contagious. Direct contact with fluid blisters from chickenpox and aerosols from coughing and sneezing of an infected person can also spread the disease. Infected persons may be contagious even before the itchy blisters appear in the body and remain contagious until the blister crusts over.

The best way to prevent chickenpox is to get vaccination. Children who have been vaccinated reduce their chances of developing chickenpox before the age of one significantly. Moreover, babies whose mothers have already had chickenpox are also less likely to develop the infection due to their mother’s passed immunity through the blood. In the rare cases that they do acquire the disease, it is often mild. Severe cases of chickenpox frequent in children with suppressed immune systems or have not been vaccinated.

Signs and Symptoms of Chickenpox

The incubation period of the virus is typically 14-16 days after direct contact with an infected person, thus symptoms may only manifest then.Not all symptoms will be present,

  • Extremely itchy red skin rashes that occur for 10 to 21 days
  • Numerous blisters, approximately 250 to 500 in number
      • Small and itchy
      • Fluid-filled
      • Often appear in the face, middle of the body and scalp first, and may eventually spread
      • Appearance of new spots every day for five to seven days
  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Sore throat
  • Loss of appetite
  • Tiredness

Complications fromChickenpox



Not many complications develop from chickenpox. However, these complications may make the infection more difficult to treat. Some of the common complications include:

  • Bacterial infection of the skin, soft tissues, bones or bloodstream
      • Often from scratching
      • May require antibiotics


  • Encephalitis (brain inflammation)
  • Pneumonia
  • Toxic shock syndrome
  • In adults, shingles
    • The same virus remains dormant in the body until becomes activated again and causes shingles

First Aid Treatment and Management for Chickenpox

Chickenpox does not usually need medical treatment and can be effectively treated and managed at home. This primarily involves reducing discomfort, promoting healing time, and avoiding complications from progressing. The following tips are suggested:

  • Do not scratch or rub the itchy areas. Over-the-counter hydrocortisone cream may help soothe itchy areas. Cut the fingernails short to avoid any further infection from developing.Try wearing gloves, especially at night.
  • Take lukewarm baths using minimal soap. Rinse comprehensively. Bathing in oatmeal bath products may also reduce itching.
  • After bathing, apply topical moisturizer to soften and cool the skin.
  • Wear loose and light bedclothes to avoid skin irritation.Exposure to extreme heat and humidity may also lead to skin irritation.
  • To treat fever, paracetamol and ibuprofen may be taken.
  • Take plenty of rest.

Disclaimer: The information given in this article should not be substituted for medical advice or medical treatment. To learn how to treat various skin injuries and infections, including chickenpox, enrol in First Aid Courses.

Back Pain

November 28th, 2013 | Posted by Ibrar in First Aid Programs - (Comments Off on Back Pain)

Back pain is one of the most common complaints worldwide. Almost everyone will experience this type of pain at one point of their lives. In fact, it is a common reason for skipping work or going to a doctor. back ain is most common among adults between 35 and 55 years of age. It is not a disease on its own but rather, it is a symptom for a variety of underlying conditions.Back pain is usually not serious and typically goes away on their own even with minimal home treatment. There is rarely a need for surgery in cases of back pain.

Back pain can either be acute or chronic. Acute pain pertains to an abrupt pain that usually lasts for several days to a few weeks. On the other hand, chronic back pain is pain that lasts for more than three months. It is not generally advised to rest the back for more than one to two days as it may cause more harm.

Causes of Back Pain

                As a common complaint, a wide range of conditions can lead to back pain. Some of the most common are the following:

  • Structural problems
    • Ruptured or bulging discs
    • Arthritis
    • Sciatica
    • Scoliosis
    • Osteoporosis
  • Strain
    • Strained muscles and ligaments
    • Awkward posture in lifting heavy objects
    • Muscle spasm
  • Everyday activities
    • Poor posture
    • Overstretching
  • Others
    • Spine infection and other infections
    • Spinal cancer
    • Bad mattress
    • Sleep disorder

Risk Factors for Back Pain

The following factors increase risks for developing back pain:

  • Pregnancy
  • Inactive lifestyle
  • Strenuous physical activity and work
  • Ageing
  • Mentally stressful job
  • Depression and anxiety
  • Obesity
  • Smoking

When to Seek Medical Care regarding Associated Symptoms with Back Pain

As the name suggests, the main symptom of back pain is aching anywhere in the back. However, it is most common in the lower back.

  • Back pain that is not relieved even when resting or lying down
  • Pain that radiates to the knees and legs
  • Swollen back
  • Loss of weight
  • Fever
  • Recent back injury
  • Urinary incontinence or difficulty urinating
  • Fecal incontinence
Back Pain

Back Pain

First Aid Management for Back Pain

In majority of back pain cases, it would typically go away on its own even without medical care and minimal home care. The following tips do not serve as medical advice or treatment. To learn how to properly treat and manage back pains, enrol in First Aid Courses offered by workplace approved all over the country.

  • Rest but only do this for one to two days at most. Continue performing light activities such as, walking, to avoid completely immobilizing the back. If pain persists upon doing activities, stop performing the specific activity.
  • Apply hot/ cold compresses to the affected area. For acute back pain, apply ice compress but for chronic back pain, apply hot compress.
  • Take over-the-counter pain medications, such as paracetamol and ibuprofen, to help resolve back pains.

Different Types of First Aid Training

November 12th, 2013 | Posted by Ibrar in First Aid Programs - (Comments Off on Different Types of First Aid Training)

First aid training is a very essential skill to have for every member of a flourishing community. You will find numerous training courses available to choose from all with their unique features. If you are searching for this course or you have no idea just what to select, check out below for six categories of first aid courses.

First Aid Training Classes

First Aid Training Classes

Safety in Sports

This course is directed on the treatment of wounds that normally happen in sports surroundings, for instance fractures, torn ligaments, sprains to name some. First Aid Training for safety in sports educates participants’ methods by which they may stop injuries from taking place. This course is ideal for sports fans, trainers or even athletes; though anybody can attend it.

Pet First Aid

In case you are the proud owner of a dog, cat or even, some other pet, you may think about enrolling in a unique kind of course which teaches you the way to look after these pets. Courses in pet first aid offer several methods that can help an owner look after the most popular health occurrences regarding sprained limbs, pets, injuries, chocking to name some.

Kids First Aid

The young can also start learning this course; therefore if you have children, you may think about registering them in this program. Most of the kids’ courses are meant for children of five years and older and even entail a couple of basic care values, which are simple to understand and put into practice.

First Aid In Emergencies

This course is helpful to participant as they can give instant care for affected individuals with serious injuries; evaluate emergency circumstances, and even appropriate ways of informing medical workers. This kind of course entails CPR training and it is also available to anybody interested; however, it is appropriate for those who come across emergency circumstances on their job routine, for instance mountain rescuers, lifeguards to name a few.

First Aid and CPR (Cardio-pulmonary Resuscitation)

This represents the most popular form that is intended for grownups and teenagers, irrespective of their type of job. Such a course brings together first aid techniques, for instance looking after open injuries, burns, fractures with, with CPR protocols. This class can also have extra info about the usage of automated external defibrillators (AEDs). This form of training is a standard necessity in several places of work these days, and so signing up for one will be a good idea.

Training for babysitters

This program is ideal for older kids between ten and fifteen year of age, and even entails fundamental first aid procedures which may be useful when carrying out babysitting duties.

These are only a few kinds of first aid training programs you may attend. You have many choices to select from, therefore, despite your needs; you will find a course that matches you perfectly.

Preventing Medical Emergencies and Injuries

November 2nd, 2013 | Posted by Ibrar in First Aid Injury Assessment | First Aid Programs - (Comments Off on Preventing Medical Emergencies and Injuries)
Preventing Medical Emergencies

Prevent medical emergencies such as severe choking by enrolling in first aid and CPR training programs.

Why wait for medical emergencies to happen, when you could prevent it? Read on and learn more about ways to prevent these unwanted events.

Every year, emergency departments across the U.S. provide care to around 120 million people. This means there are 222 emergency room visits every minute.

Emergency physicians, nurses and other health personnel treat a wide range of emergency situations, and medical emergencies account for a huge percentage of this number. For adults, chest pain and abdominal pain associated with different medical conditions are the most common reasons for ER visits; while for children, fever, cough and vomiting. Injury-related ER visits also account for a great number of

Although emergency departments provide lifesaving care 24/7, regardless of the patient’s capacity to pay, prevention remains top priority. Prevention is critical in reducing the number of ER visits. Aside from minimizing the risk of disabilities and preventing deaths, it helps reduce burden in the healthcare system.

Here are some important things to consider in preventing medical emergencies:

  • Getting yearly physical and diagnostic exams. Having a regular exercise and following a healthy diet.
  • Identifying risk for any life-threatening medical conditions. Follow your physician’s advice on how to manage or reduce these risks, such as quitting smoking or alcohol consumption.
  • Be sure to keep medicines out of children’s reach and stored in child-proof containers.
  • Lock all poisonous materials.
  • Installing safety devices in the home.
  • Drive safely. Make sure to always strap on seatbelts and children are on child-safety seats.
  • Never drive a vehicle under the influence of alcohol or drugs. Read prescription label to see if taking certain medications will impair your ability to drive or operate heavy equipment.

Be ready for Medical Emergencies

While you can prevent emergencies, some do happen despite preventive actions taken. It is important to know what to do during an emergency. The key to responding in emergencies is to remain calm and decide to act. Here are some things you can do to help prepare for possible emergencies.

  • Keep a list of emergency phone numbers near the phone. Include the local numbers for: nearest emergency department, fire, police, ambulance service, and family doctor.
  • Keep a well-stocked first-aid kit at home and in your vehicle. Regularly check your first aid kit for possible expired supplies.
  • If you have certain medical conditions, always wear medical identification device. Keep a list of your medications in your wallet. Also, list if you have allergies.
  • Have emergency contacts of family members in your wallet, usually behind the identification card.

Last and most importantly, take a first-aid class. This will provide you with the necessary knowledge and skills to handle various medical emergencies.

By having the right knowledge you can stay calm and make the right decisions in high stress situations, such as emergencies.

Aside from your local workplace approved chapter, you can also take first aid classes from accredited training providers. There are many accredited training providers that offer this course.

Smoke inhalation is a serious medical problem that is often associated re-certification courseswith incidents of fires. Prompt and proper first aid can help minimize the problems related with smoke inhalation.

Smoke inhalation is the most common cause of death in many cases of fires. It is a serious problem associated with chemical and thermal burns. Regardless of the fire source, smoke generated by any combustible material contains many poisonous substances. Modern buildings and furnishings are made of plastics and other synthetic materials that have the potential of releasing toxic gases when they are overheated or are burned. Aside from being dangerous for the lungs, substances found in smoke can burn the skin, injure the airway, irritate the eyes, and even lead to death (respiratory arrest and/or cardiac arrest).

When responding in cases of fire, you can expect to see irritations of the eyes and injury to the airways due to the smoke. Your top priority is to ensure patent airway and adequate breathing. Usually, victims of smoke inhalation will have difficulty breathing or have bouts of cough. Some victims will have breath that smells “smoky” or the odor of the burned chemicals. Others may have black residue in the mouth or nose. In case of irritations to the skin and eyes, you can simply flood the affected part with water.

First aid actions taken for smoke inhalation include:

  1. Call 911 or your local emergency phone number. Contact your fire safety department if not yet available.
  2. Remove the victim from the burn site and move to a safe area.
  3. Check airway, breathing and circulation. Be ready to provide life support measures such as CPR and rescue breathing, as needed.
  4. If available, administer high concentration of oxygen. Use of humidifier and nonrebreather mask is preferred. These are advanced first aid skills that can be learned through workplace approved training courses such as advanced life support or oxygen administration course.
  5. Check for possible spinal injuries and any other illness or injury requiring immediate care.
  6. Check for shock and provide care for shock. Conscious
    victims are able to breathe well when they are in semi-seated position.
  7. Stay alert for change in consciousness or behavior. Some
    victims may become violent or irritable as they recover from the

    effects of smoke. The contents of the smoke can have unpredictable
    effects on the brain.

  8. Continue monitoring the victim while waiting for help or transporting the victim.

Some cases of smoke inhalation do not appear serious. This is because the effects of certain toxic gases can be delayed. As much as possible, a person who has been exposed to toxic gases should be seen a healthcare professional for further evaluation.

Hemoptysis or coughing up blood may be due to a wide range of lung conditions. Coughing up blood comes from the respiratory tract, either the Hemoptysislungs or the throat. Blood present in cough may range from frothy to pink or bright red or mixed with sputum. Coughing up blood is not always caused by a serious underlying disease. It is fairly common to produce a sputum tinged with little blood from time to time and does not usually connote call for alarm. Emergency medical services should be called if coughing up blood occurs frequently or blood appears in large quantities.

Types of Hemoptysis

                The common types of hemoptysis are mentioned below.

  • Blood-tinged sputum (very common)
    • Usually harmless
    • In the form of blood streaks or spots or clots in white mucus or yellow purulent sputum
    • Caused by pneumonia, bronchitis or laryngitis
    • Pure coughing up blood (very common)
      • In the form of blood without sputum
      • Caused by vascular rupture, bronchial hemorrhage, pulmonary tuberculosis, bronchial tuberculosis, etc.
      • Large amount of coughed up blood
        • Caused by vascular rupture and bronchial hemorrhage
        • May lead to immense bleeding
        • Rusty sputum (prune-juice sputum)
          • In the form of blood or blood pigments in reddish-brown sputum (similar to prune juice in appearance)
          • Contains bacteria, mucus and sloughed necrotic lung tissues
          • Caused by lobar pneumonia
          • Gelatinous blood sputum (currant-jelly sputum)
            • In the form of brick red jelly-like blood in thick, bloody, mucoid sputum
            • Characteristics of sputum is due to combination of endobronchial plug of blood, mucus, debris and bacteria
            • Caused by Klebsiella pneumonia
            • Pink frothy sputum
              • In the form of pink blood in frothy (air) sputum
              • Frothy appearance is due to mixing with secretions of alveoli
              • Cause by acute pulmonary edema or heart disease (resulting to acute left heart failure)

Causes of Hemoptysis

Many potential diseases can lead to hemoptysis as seen above. Some of the other causes of hemoptysis not mentioned above include:

  • Bronchiectasis
  • Tumors in the lungs
  • Lung cancer
  • Pulmonary embolism
  • Anticoagulation medications
  • Use of cocaine
  • Trauma, such as gunshot wound

Tests for Hemoptysis

Many tests can be performed to determine the bleeding rate and if there poses danger to breathing. These tests will determine the cause for hemoptysis:

  • Bronchoscopy
  • Chest CT scan
  • Chest x-ray
  • Lung biopsy
  • Lung scan
  • Sputum culture and smear
  • Blood chemistry profile
  • Coagulation tests
  • And many more

Treatment for Hemoptysis

Treatment will always vary depending on the underlying cause of hemoptysis. Some of the most common treatment includes:

  • Antibiotics for tuberculosis and pneumonia
  • Chemotherapy for lung cancer
  • Steroids for inflammatory conditions
  • Bronchoscopy
  • Bronchial artery embolization
  • If intense and fatal, surgery.

No direct remedy can be given to treat hemoptysis. Although understanding hemoptysis can aid when taking first aid training, as knowledge on these matters can help recognize symptoms, especially when discussing airway obstruction.

Bleeding Wounds

July 26th, 2013 | Posted by Ibrar in First Aid Programs - (0 Comments)

First Aid Classes – Severe Bleeding from Wounds

Some wounds bleed more than others however if bleeding is severe workplace approved Training explains it can be very distressing for both passers by and the patient. As a first aider your aim is to firstly control the bleeding.

It is well known that applying pressure can help to control bleeding, however you must first establish if there is anything embedded in the wound as the treatment will be slightly different.

The aims are the same for both wounds with embedded objects and wounds that are clear, however when trying to control the bleeding, you would do so without pressing the object further into the wound.

The aims stated in workplace approved First Aid manual for all patients with bleeding wounds are:

  • To control the bleeding
  • Prevent and minimise the effects of shock
  • Minimise risk of infection
  • Arrange urgent medical assistance

Firstly, you should put on disposable gloves if there are any available. This is to protect both yourself and the patient. If required, you should remove or cut any clothing away in order to expose the wound.

Bleeding WoundsAs previously stated, applying pressure over the wound will help to control the bleeding. For a wound with no object(s) embedded within it, do this using your fingers or palm, however it is best practice to do this over a sterile dressing or a non-fluffy (so it doesn’t stick or leave fluff in the wound) clean pad, or you could ask the patient to apply pressure themselves if they are able. Secure the wound with a dressing and bandage if available, ensuring it is applied tight in order to maintain compression, however check to ensure there is still adequate blood flow to the limb.

However, if there is an object in the wound, First Aid Classes state you must compress the wound on either side of the object, to push the wound edges together. The dressing for a wound with an embedded object is also different. The wound should not just be covered and pressure applied to it. Instead, you should use padding on either side of the object and then bandage over the object, taking care not to press it into the wound.

To help to reduce the bleeding you should also elevate the injured body part above the level of the chest, whilst continuing to maintain pressure. If available, you could support the injured body part in an elevated position using a sling or bandaging. This will also minimise the swelling and this will in turn help ease any pain.

If the bleeding is not controlled, the patient is at risk of developing shock. This is a severe condition and can be fatal if not treated. As a first aider you must try to prevent and minimise the effects of shock by elevating the patients legs above the level of their chest. Ideally, workplace approved Training suggests laying them down on a blanket, both for their comfort and to protect them from cold.

Continue to monitor the patient for signs of shock whilst waiting for medical assistance, as well as observing their responsiveness, pulse and breathing.  It is important not to allow the patient to eat, drink or smoke during this time, in case surgery is needed.

You should also check the bandage for further bleeding coming through; you may need to apply a second dressing on top of the first. If it continues to strike through, First Aid Classes say you should completely redress the wound, ensuring that accurate pressure is applied to the site of bleeding.


First Aid Manual (The Authorised Manual of St. John Ambulance, St Andrew’s Ambulance Association and the British workplace approved), 2006.

Toe Walking in Children

June 16th, 2013 | Posted by Ibrar in First Aid Programs - (0 Comments)

Walking on toes or the balls of the feet is common in kids who have just started to walk. Toe walking is usually outgrown in many children and children who still continue doing so just do it due to habit. As long as your child is healthy and growing normally, toe walking is not a problem at all.

Toe walking may occasionally result from muscular dystrophy, cerebral palsy or other diseases of the muscles or nerves. Autistic children may also walk on their toes; however, in most cases this is unlikely.

Signs and symptoms

  • Walking on the toes or the balls of the feet.

When to seek medical attention

During your child’s upcoming checkup, make sure you mention toe walking to your doctor. It is ideal to make a sooner appointment if toe walking accompanies symptoms such as stiff leg muscles or reduced muscle coordination.


Usually toe walking is a child’s habit as he or she learns how to walk and grows and develops. Occasionally, toe walking may be caused by an underlying medical condition requiring prompt treatment, such as:

  • A short Achilles tendon. The Achilles tendon joins the leg muscles at the back of the heel bone. if the Achilles tendon is shorter than normal, it may prevent the child’s heel from touching the ground, thus enabling him or her to walk on toes
  • Cerebral palsy. This is a disorder associated with movement, posture or muscle tone resulting from abnormal development of the brain or injury.
  • Muscle dystrophy. This is a genetic disease which causes the muscle fibers to become vulnerable to damage, thereby, leading to progressive muscle weakness. Your child will most likely have to be diagnosed if he or she walked normally before walking on toes.
  • Autism. Some experts also link toe walking with autism which affects a person’s ability to interact and communicate with other people


For children who are toe walking, treatment is not required because the child will most probably outgrow it. During regular checkups, your child’s walking or gait will be simply monitored and diagnosed to ensure that there is no cause for concern.

If toe walking occurs due to a physical condition, treatment options may include the following:

  • Physical therapy. This includes performing subtle stretching exercises of the leg and foot muscles to improve gait
  • Splints and leg braces. these may help encourage proper gait
  • Surgery. If conservative or nonsurgical treatment methods are ineffective in improving gait, your may be referred to a surgeon or specialist in order to rectify the underlying problem, such as lengthening the short tendons or muscles at the back of the leg.

In case, other conditions such as autism or cerebral palsy contribute to toe walking, treatment will focus on these conditions.

CPR classes can play an important role given the uncertainty of the events in the world. Some might learn different CPR procedures just to serve humanity while others might want to get a career in healthcare as well as take care of such people. Either way, knowing CPR and applying it on right time, in right way can save someone’s life because doctors and other medical professionals are not around all the time.If you’re thinking to take CPR classes then you might as well know some facts about CPR classes before doing so, these facts can be found in the rest of the article.

Online or Traditional

Since everything is going online, how can education and training stay behind? Online education has become quite popular in the past few years due to people being busy and online classes provide flexible schedules at convenience of the learners and sometimes people go for online training because they are too lazy to attend traditional ones. But on a brighter side, online classes can be good for early phase and getting basic knowledge and then you can move to traditional route.

Traditional classes are always better than online, especially when it comes to get some hands-on practice. Since CPR requires practical experience it is advised to take traditional classes as well. Online classes can provide theoretical knowledge but it’s like learning to drive by reading only, so when you’ll have to actually drive that will result in panic, however, panicking while saving someone’s life will lead to different consequences.


Is it important that the provider of the course or trainer is accredited by a reputable organization? A simple answer would be, yes and the importance cannot be stressed more if you are looking for career in healthcare because if your training is not recognized then there are quite high chances of getting rejected by your prospective employers. Moreover, an accreditation also ensures that the organization is fit to provide training and has met all the required standards of providing proper training. Therefore, you should check the accreditations of an organizations providing CPR training.


Certifications are also important if you want to shine your resume and impress your prospective employer. However, it is not necessary to have certifications if you just want to save people’s life and help them. Getting a certification is not a bad idea, but if an organization isn’t offering it and you don’t want to enter into healthcare then it is fine to let it go or not have it.

Level and Type of Training

This is also important. Level of training means whether you just want to learn basic techniques or you are willing to take an extra mile and go to advanced level and want to know about CPR in more detail, there are different types of CPR trainings such as for infants, kids, adults and elderly. These are just main ones; there are also other types as well. You should know what type of training and at what level you want to learn it.

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