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Back Pain

November 28th, 2013 | Posted by Ibrar in First Aid Programs - (Comments Off on Back Pain)

Back pain is one of the most common complaints worldwide. Almost everyone will experience this type of pain at one point of their lives. In fact, it is a common reason for skipping work or going to a doctor. back ain is most common among adults between 35 and 55 years of age. It is not a disease on its own but rather, it is a symptom for a variety of underlying conditions.Back pain is usually not serious and typically goes away on their own even with minimal home treatment. There is rarely a need for surgery in cases of back pain.

Back pain can either be acute or chronic. Acute pain pertains to an abrupt pain that usually lasts for several days to a few weeks. On the other hand, chronic back pain is pain that lasts for more than three months. It is not generally advised to rest the back for more than one to two days as it may cause more harm.

Causes of Back Pain

                As a common complaint, a wide range of conditions can lead to back pain. Some of the most common are the following:

  • Structural problems
    • Ruptured or bulging discs
    • Arthritis
    • Sciatica
    • Scoliosis
    • Osteoporosis
  • Strain
    • Strained muscles and ligaments
    • Awkward posture in lifting heavy objects
    • Muscle spasm
  • Everyday activities
    • Poor posture
    • Overstretching
  • Others
    • Spine infection and other infections
    • Spinal cancer
    • Bad mattress
    • Sleep disorder

Risk Factors for Back Pain

The following factors increase risks for developing back pain:

  • Pregnancy
  • Inactive lifestyle
  • Strenuous physical activity and work
  • Ageing
  • Mentally stressful job
  • Depression and anxiety
  • Obesity
  • Smoking

When to Seek Medical Care regarding Associated Symptoms with Back Pain

As the name suggests, the main symptom of back pain is aching anywhere in the back. However, it is most common in the lower back.

  • Back pain that is not relieved even when resting or lying down
  • Pain that radiates to the knees and legs
  • Swollen back
  • Loss of weight
  • Fever
  • Recent back injury
  • Urinary incontinence or difficulty urinating
  • Fecal incontinence
Back Pain

Back Pain

First Aid Management for Back Pain

In majority of back pain cases, it would typically go away on its own even without medical care and minimal home care. The following tips do not serve as medical advice or treatment. To learn how to properly treat and manage back pains, enrol in First Aid Courses offered by workplace approved all over the country.

  • Rest but only do this for one to two days at most. Continue performing light activities such as, walking, to avoid completely immobilizing the back. If pain persists upon doing activities, stop performing the specific activity.
  • Apply hot/ cold compresses to the affected area. For acute back pain, apply ice compress but for chronic back pain, apply hot compress.
  • Take over-the-counter pain medications, such as paracetamol and ibuprofen, to help resolve back pains.

Care of Individuals with Cough

November 20th, 2013 | Posted by Ibrar in Being Prepared | First Aid and CPR - (Comments Off on Care of Individuals with Cough)

Although coughing is a reflex that protects the lungs and the entire respiratory system from the accumulation of secretions or the inhalation of foreign bodies, it can also be a symptom of disorders of the pulmonary system or it can be suppressed in other disorders. The cough reflex may be impaired by weakness or paralysis of the respiratory muscles, prolonged inactivity, the presence of a foreign object such as a nasogastric tube, or depressed function of the medullary centers of the brain.

Care of Individuals with Cough

Care of Individuals with Cough

Coughing results from irritation of the mucous membranes anywhere in the respiratory tract. The stimulus that produces a cough may arise from an infectious process or from an airborne irritant such as smoke, smog, dust or gas. A persistent and frequent cough can be exhausting and can cause debilitating pain and discomfort. Cough, in general may indicate a serious pulmonary disease, although it may be caused by a variety of other problems as well including cardiac disease, medications, chronic smoking and gastro-esophageal reflux disease.

Clinical Significance of Cough

To help determine the cause of the cough, the health professional such as the nurse should be able to effectively assess the description of the kind of cough the individual may be experiencing. The nurse should be able to describe the cough whether is dry, hacking, brassy, wheezing, loose, persistent or severe. A dry, irritating cough is characteristic of an upper respiratory tract infection that would suggest a viral cause of origin, or it may be a side effect of a special kind of medication. Tracheal lesions produce a brassy cough. A severe or constantly changing cough may indicate malignant tumor growth along the tracheal lining. Pleuritic chest pain that accompanies coughing may indicate pleural or chest wall involvement of the musculoskeletal system.

Other Serious Medical Conditions Associated with Coughing

Persistent cough at night may herald symptoms of a possible left-sided heart failure or bronchial asthma. A cough in the morning with sputum production may indicate bronchitis. A cough that worsens when the patient is lying supine may also suggest post nasal drip (sinusitis). Coughing after food intake may indicate aspiration of food material into the tracheobronchial tree. A cough of recent onset is usually indicative of an acute respiratory infection which can be either viral or bacterial in nature.

A persistent cough can adversely affect an individual’s quality of life and may produce embarrassment, exhaustion, inability to sleep and discomfort. The effect of chronic cough on the patient and the patient’s view regarding the significance of the coughing episode especially the accompanying effects can be better appreciated during an intensive assessment of the individual’s health history.

Relief Measures for Coughing

Cough suppressants must be used in moderation and caution because they may relieve cough but do not address the primary cause of the cough. If used inappropriately, they may prevent the patient from clearing mucus from the airways and result in a delay in seeking indicated health care. If the cause of the cough has been properly diagnosed and addressed, it is only then coughing suppressants may be prescribed. If the cough is a result of irritation from smoke, pollution, and other air irritants strategies that limit exposure to the environment is encouraged.

 

Different Types of First Aid Training

November 12th, 2013 | Posted by Ibrar in First Aid Programs - (Comments Off on Different Types of First Aid Training)

First aid training is a very essential skill to have for every member of a flourishing community. You will find numerous training courses available to choose from all with their unique features. If you are searching for this course or you have no idea just what to select, check out below for six categories of first aid courses.

First Aid Training Classes

First Aid Training Classes

Safety in Sports

This course is directed on the treatment of wounds that normally happen in sports surroundings, for instance fractures, torn ligaments, sprains to name some. First Aid Training for safety in sports educates participants’ methods by which they may stop injuries from taking place. This course is ideal for sports fans, trainers or even athletes; though anybody can attend it.

Pet First Aid

In case you are the proud owner of a dog, cat or even, some other pet, you may think about enrolling in a unique kind of course which teaches you the way to look after these pets. Courses in pet first aid offer several methods that can help an owner look after the most popular health occurrences regarding sprained limbs, pets, injuries, chocking to name some.

Kids First Aid

The young can also start learning this course; therefore if you have children, you may think about registering them in this program. Most of the kids’ courses are meant for children of five years and older and even entail a couple of basic care values, which are simple to understand and put into practice.

First Aid In Emergencies

This course is helpful to participant as they can give instant care for affected individuals with serious injuries; evaluate emergency circumstances, and even appropriate ways of informing medical workers. This kind of course entails CPR training and it is also available to anybody interested; however, it is appropriate for those who come across emergency circumstances on their job routine, for instance mountain rescuers, lifeguards to name a few.

First Aid and CPR (Cardio-pulmonary Resuscitation)

This represents the most popular form that is intended for grownups and teenagers, irrespective of their type of job. Such a course brings together first aid techniques, for instance looking after open injuries, burns, fractures with, with CPR protocols. This class can also have extra info about the usage of automated external defibrillators (AEDs). This form of training is a standard necessity in several places of work these days, and so signing up for one will be a good idea.

Training for babysitters

This program is ideal for older kids between ten and fifteen year of age, and even entails fundamental first aid procedures which may be useful when carrying out babysitting duties.

These are only a few kinds of first aid training programs you may attend. You have many choices to select from, therefore, despite your needs; you will find a course that matches you perfectly.

Preventing Medical Emergencies and Injuries

November 2nd, 2013 | Posted by Ibrar in First Aid Injury Assessment | First Aid Programs - (Comments Off on Preventing Medical Emergencies and Injuries)
Preventing Medical Emergencies

Prevent medical emergencies such as severe choking by enrolling in first aid and CPR training programs.

Why wait for medical emergencies to happen, when you could prevent it? Read on and learn more about ways to prevent these unwanted events.

Every year, emergency departments across the U.S. provide care to around 120 million people. This means there are 222 emergency room visits every minute.

Emergency physicians, nurses and other health personnel treat a wide range of emergency situations, and medical emergencies account for a huge percentage of this number. For adults, chest pain and abdominal pain associated with different medical conditions are the most common reasons for ER visits; while for children, fever, cough and vomiting. Injury-related ER visits also account for a great number of

Although emergency departments provide lifesaving care 24/7, regardless of the patient’s capacity to pay, prevention remains top priority. Prevention is critical in reducing the number of ER visits. Aside from minimizing the risk of disabilities and preventing deaths, it helps reduce burden in the healthcare system.

Here are some important things to consider in preventing medical emergencies:

  • Getting yearly physical and diagnostic exams. Having a regular exercise and following a healthy diet.
  • Identifying risk for any life-threatening medical conditions. Follow your physician’s advice on how to manage or reduce these risks, such as quitting smoking or alcohol consumption.
  • Be sure to keep medicines out of children’s reach and stored in child-proof containers.
  • Lock all poisonous materials.
  • Installing safety devices in the home.
  • Drive safely. Make sure to always strap on seatbelts and children are on child-safety seats.
  • Never drive a vehicle under the influence of alcohol or drugs. Read prescription label to see if taking certain medications will impair your ability to drive or operate heavy equipment.

Be ready for Medical Emergencies

While you can prevent emergencies, some do happen despite preventive actions taken. It is important to know what to do during an emergency. The key to responding in emergencies is to remain calm and decide to act. Here are some things you can do to help prepare for possible emergencies.

  • Keep a list of emergency phone numbers near the phone. Include the local numbers for: nearest emergency department, fire, police, ambulance service, and family doctor.
  • Keep a well-stocked first-aid kit at home and in your vehicle. Regularly check your first aid kit for possible expired supplies.
  • If you have certain medical conditions, always wear medical identification device. Keep a list of your medications in your wallet. Also, list if you have allergies.
  • Have emergency contacts of family members in your wallet, usually behind the identification card.

Last and most importantly, take a first-aid class. This will provide you with the necessary knowledge and skills to handle various medical emergencies.

By having the right knowledge you can stay calm and make the right decisions in high stress situations, such as emergencies.

Aside from your local workplace approved chapter, you can also take first aid classes from accredited training providers. There are many accredited training providers that offer this course.