Standard First Aid Training, Courses and Re-Certifications.

How to treat a burning mouth syndrome

September 19th, 2014 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on How to treat a burning mouth syndrome)

Burning mouth syndrome is a chronic or recurrent burning in the mouth without a cause and it affects the tongue, gums, and lips, inside part of the cheeks, roof of the mouth or all the areas of the mouth. It is a feeling as if the mouth is scalded.

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  • There is a sensation of dry mouth with increased thirst.
  • A burning sensation affecting the tongue and also the lips, gums, throat, palate, or the whole mouth.
  • Changes in taste like bitter or metallic taste
  • There is loss of taste

The burning mouth syndrome has several patterns in which it can happen every day, with some discomfort upon waking up and becomes worse. In some cases, it can start upon waking up and will last the whole day.

Burning mouth syndrome

The burning mouth syndrome has several patterns in which it can happen every day, with some discomfort upon waking up and becomes worse.

Whatever pattern the person has, burning mouth syndrome may last for months to years. It does not cause any changes in the physical appearance of the tongue or mouth. It is best to enroll in a first aid course today so that you will learn how to properly manage this condition.

Causes of burning mouth syndrome may be classified as primary or secondary cause.

  • Primary – there is no clinical or laboratory abnormalities that can be identified. The condition is called idiopathic burning mouth syndrome which involves the both the sensory and taste nerves of the central or peripheral nervous system.
  • Secondary – can be caused by some medical conditions like xerostomia which is also known as dry mouth, oral thrush which is a fungal infection of the mouth, nutritional deficiency, ill-fitting dentures, allergies and reactions to foods, fragrances and dental work substances. Other conditions like GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease), high blood pressure medications and some psychological factors like stress, depression and anxiety.

Treatment and home remedies

  • Avoid foods and beverages that are acidic in nature such as tomatoes, soft drinks, orange juice and coffee.
  • Avoid eating foods which contains cinnamon or mint
  • Drinking more fluids to help minimize the feeling of dryness in the mouth and avoid drinking carbonated drinks.
  • Avoid smoking or using tobacco products
  • Avoid eating spicy-hot foods
  • Avoid alcohol and food or beverages with alcohol since they may irritate the lining of the mouth
  • Avoid stress if possible


A person can prevent acquiring burning mouth syndrome by avoiding the use of tobacco, acidic foods, carbonated drinks and some spicy foods.  Additionally, the person should also avoid being stressed out.

Some foods that are good for people suffering from burning mouth syndrome

  • Cold foods like ice cream or chamomile tea
  • Non-acidic foods such as water and fresh milk
  • Eating foods rich in Vitamin B such as beans and whole grains

The foods that are good for a burning mouth syndrome depend on the cause of the condition. If the condition was caused by allergies to certain foods or food additives, the individual should eat fresh foods and avoiding eating processed foods.

What is muscular dystrophy?

September 19th, 2014 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on What is muscular dystrophy?)

Muscular dystrophy is a group of genetic disease where muscle fibres are susceptible to damage and eventually weakens. Some individuals with muscular dystrophy are even required to use a wheelchair.

There are different kinds of muscle dystrophy and some symptoms manifest during childhood and common among boys, but other types of muscle dystrophy symptoms does not occur until adulthood.

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People with this kind of condition have difficulty breathing and swallowing. The limbs of these people are drawn inwards and fixed in that position, which is a problem known as contracture. Other types of muscle dystrophy affect the heart and other organs of the body.


Muscles weakness is the main characteristic of muscle dystrophy and each form varies in terms of age at which the sign and symptoms begins.

Muscular dystrophy

Muscles weakness is the main characteristic of muscle dystrophy and each form varies in terms of age at which the sign and symptoms begins.

Duchenne muscle dystrophy are common in boys and the signs and symptoms usually happens when the child begins to walk such as difficulty getting up from a lying position, difficulty running and jumping, child always falls, child has large calf muscles and has a learning incapacities.

Becker muscular dystrophy is similar to Duchenne muscular dystrophy but milder and progresses at a slower rate. The symptoms occur during adolescence and can also occur even during mid-20s or later.

Other types of muscular dystrophy

  • It is known as Steinert’s disease which is the incapacity to ease the muscles. It occurs in early adulthood and the face is usually the first to be affected.
  • Limb-girdle. This type of muscular dystrophy affects the hip and shoulders and there is difficulty in lifting the front part of the foot.
  • This type of muscular dystrophy occurs at birth before reaching the age of 2.
  • This type of muscular dystrophy usually involves drooping eyelids, weakness of the eye muscles and difficulty in swallowing. These symptoms occur among individuals between their 40s and 50s.

Muscular dystrophy happens when there is a defect in one of the genes. Every form of muscular dystrophy can be caused by genetic mutation and some these mutations are inherited and some occurs in the mother’s egg or from the developing embryo.

Treatment of muscular dystrophy with physical therapy

  • The person should perform weight exercises in order to strengthen and improve the tone of the muscles.
  • Perform range of motion (ROM) and stretching to maintain flexibility and help minimize the severity of joint contractures. If you want to learn more about these exercises, click here.
  • Wear braces for the hands or legs in order to keep the tendons and muscles stretched and avoiding painful contractures.
  • Perform water exercises and swimming to help strengthen the muscles and joints without putting stress on the parts of body that is affected.
  • The goal of physical therapy is to provide the person independence by focusing on movement and developing large groups of muscles in order to make the body stronger and gain endurance.

Causes and treatment of compacted ear wax

September 19th, 2014 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on Causes and treatment of compacted ear wax)

The characteristic of a compacted ear wax is like hearing ringing in the ear, there is a feeling of discomfort and difficulty of hearing in the ear. There are several causes of a compacted ear wax:

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  • Overproduction of ear wax in the ear. The body produces greater amounts of wax than what is needed in preventing dirt and debris from getting into the ear. If the ear gets clogged with wax, it becomes hardened and causing blockage of the eardrum, loss of hearing and discomfort.
  • Improper methods of cleaning the ears in which the wax is pushed back into the ear canal that will cause impaction when the wax becomes hardened and causing clogging. Another wrong way is jamming a cotton swab or a finger into the ear canal can cause further impaction of the wax into the eardrum. You have to allow the wax to go out of the ear naturally and wipe the external part of the ear with a washcloth to clean it.
  • Placing an object inside the ear such as a hairpin or a paper clip can also cause the wax to be pushed into the ear drum, thus resulting to blockage and can also cause loss of hearing. It can also cause injury such as wounds inside the ear.
Compacted ear wax

Improper methods of cleaning the ears in which the wax is pushed back into the ear canal that will cause impaction when the wax becomes hardened and causing clogging.

Treatment and home remedies in removing compacted earwax

When managing compacted earwax, the following measures can be performed. By enrolling in a class on first aid, you can effectively deal with compacted earwax.

  • Use olive oil to soften the wax. It is done by tilting the head to one side and placing a few drops of warm olive oil into the ear. Allow it to stay for at least 10 minutes to slacken the wax. Do the same on the other ear and then clean both ears with a cotton ball. Use this routine daily to soften the wax. Mineral oil can be used if there is no olive oil available.
  • After the wax has softened, use a rubber syringe to rinse the ear with warm water. Pulling the rear part of the ear straight backwards when rinsing is done to straighten the ear canal. By using a bulb syringe, tilt the head over and let the water drain out and use a clean and soft cloth in wiping the ear dry.
  • After the ear wax has come out of the ears, use the hair dryer in the lowest setting to dry the ear canals by holding the hair dryer a few inches away from the head.

Do not use swab, hairpins or anything hard in trying to dig out hardened earwax since these will only push the wax further down the ear canal and will cause severe pain and damage to the ear canal.

Preventing earwax

  • Clean the outside parts of the ears regularly with a piece of clean cloth.
  • Apply a few drops of peroxide or warm water to each ear to keep the wax soft and preventing blockage.
  • Avoid sticking something into the ears in attempting to remove the earwax since this can cause impaction.

Treating eczema around the eyes

September 19th, 2014 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on Treating eczema around the eyes)

Eczema or atopic dermatitis is a chronic disease. It is a condition that is caused by inflammation of the skin which becomes itchy, red and dry or even cracked and looks like a leather. This can happen in any part of the body.

Eczema is most common in infants and outgrows the condition when they reach adulthood. People suffering from eczema have high susceptibility to conditions like asthma and hay fever.  Atopic eczema is the common type of eczema.

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When eczema happens on the eyelids or the area around the eyes, rubbing and scratching the eyes can cause a serious infection or it can cause the loss of eyelashes and eyebrow hair. If you want to learn more on how to manage eczema, click here.


Eczema around the eyes

Applying cold compress to the eyes to calm the itchiness, discomfort and reduce the swelling.

  • Applying cold compress to the eyes to calm the itchiness, discomfort and reduce the swelling. All you have to do is to use a damp towel or a small piece of cloth with cool water and place in the eyes for 15-20 minutes.
  • Avoiding long, hot showers and using harsh soaps since these can make eczema worse and causes irritation of the skin and itching. Some oil based ointments are good for eczema but they cause clogging of the pores and will result to acne. Moisturizers that contain fragrances will also cause skin irritation and some allergic reaction.
  • Chemicals and perfumes in makeup and skin care products can cause flare-ups of eczema in some people who are highly sensitive to the elements of these beauty products.
  • Applying over-the-counter and a low dosage corticosteroid creams around the eyes can help in reducing the redness and irritation. It must be applied four times a week and avoid applying directly to the eyes.
  • Visit the dermatologist for further treatment of the disease if home treatment fails to respond to the condition.
  • Taking an antihistamine medication in order to relieve the itching that is caused by eczema. It causes drowsiness and should be taken during bedtime.
  • Using a prescribed immunomodulator medication in controlling the eczema symptoms like pimecrolimus and tacrolimus are used for the treatment of eczema for adults and children over 12 years old.

Preventing eczema

There are things to do in preventing and lessening the risk of flare-ups.

If the baby is at risk of acquiring eczema because of family history, it is best that the mother breastfeed the baby for the first three months of life or even longer if possible.

Advise mothers to continue breastfeeding their babies preferably during their six months of life or even until one year. Together with breastfeeding, the mother introduces solid foods to the baby and babies should be protected from allergens like pet hair, molds and mites.

If a person has eczema, he/she must avoid stress, take time to relax and perform regular exercise every day since it helps in increasing circulation and control stress.

Health And Safety Tips For Volleyball Athletes

September 15th, 2014 | Posted by Aris Eff in Muscle Injuries - (Comments Off on Health And Safety Tips For Volleyball Athletes)

Just like any other sports, volleyball also has its fair share of injuries, in which players might fall victim to.  Injuries are very important to take into consideration because they are a big part of every athlete’s lives, so taking the necessary precautions is the first step to reducing the risk of injuries.

What Injuries Are Usually Suffered By Volleyball Players?

The basics of volleyball involve constant landing, diving, jumping and ball receiving, which mean that the common sites of injury are located in the knees, shoulders, lower back, legs, feet, arms, hands and fingers.  Because of the nature of the sports itself, ankles and knees also get a lot of overuse injury without proper coordination, exercise and body mechanics.

Valuable and Safety Tips For Volleyball Players

  • As we have said overuse injuries and ankle rolls are common injuries for volley ball players, because of the constant and high jumping they do. In order to protect them from this, volleyball players should have good support and padding on their shoes, which will act as the “shock” absorber. Proper landing is also necessary; landing on toes is more preferable than landing on both feet, because it reduces the impact of the jump. Ankle rolls, on the other hand, can be prevented by wrapping the ankles with bandage to provide additional support, strength and mobility. Check out this post for more information about overuse injuries.
  • Aside from ankles and the feet, other areas of constant injury are the shoulder blades and lower back, because of constant bending, twisting, and diving, as well as spiking, tossing and receiving of ball. Unlike overuse injuries, injuries involving back and shoulders can become long-term if not given proper attention and emergency care. The best way to avoid shoulder and back injuries is to perform warm-ups, strengthening and conditioning exercises prior to the start of the game. This will help stretch and add more flexibility to the muscles. Careful and proper practice of shots is also necessary to avoid shoulder injuries.
  • Finger injury is another type of injury that often haunts volleyball players. Finger injuries are common for players who are placed in the front line and whose primary role is to block the oncoming ball, regardless of the ball’s speed. Injuries associated with the fingers include dislocations, fractures, and ligament and tendon tears. Players usually tape two to three fingers so that these would receive equal impact and force from the ball, which make them less prone to injuries.

Always make sure that you understand how injuries can affect your performance and your entire sports life. Take precautions to avoid them, so you can have a better chance of staying within the competitive scene. Check out this site for more information about sports injury prevention.

Related Video On Volleyball Injuries:

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“Preventing Volleyball Injuries.” Stop Sports Injuries. Retrieved online on September 9, 2014 from

“Avoid Volleyball’s Most Common Injuries.” About Sports. Retrieved online on September 9, 2014 from

Outdoor Emergencies – First Aid For Jellyfish Stings

September 14th, 2014 | Posted by Aris Eff in Poisons - (Comments Off on Outdoor Emergencies – First Aid For Jellyfish Stings)

Jellyfish underwater can be dangerous, especially when they group up together and start sneaking onto their victims. Although not all jellyfish species are dangerous, it is a common problem for divers and swimmers wading in salt waters. Jellyfish stings are not always life-threatening, but their tentacles can release thousands of venomous, minute barbs that cause a painful and reddish rash to the victims. There are even cases where the jellyfish sting cause illness and severe allergic reaction throughout the body.

Important Things To Do Immediately

  • Get Out Of The Water As Soon As Possible – There is always the likelihood that you will get stung again. Take note that jellyfish always swim in groups, so it is advisable to stay out of the water right away prior to treatment.
  • Call Emergency Assistance If Necessary – Jellyfish stings can be treated if the victim or someone with the victim has enough knowledge about treatment techniques. However, there are instances when professional medical help should be rendered to the victim. Call an ambulance if:
  1. The sting has covered half of or the entire arms, legs, torso, stomach, genitals or face.
  2. The sting has caused allergic reaction to the victim, such as nausea and vomiting, palpitations, dizziness, confusion, lightheadedness and shortness of breathing.
  • Neutralize The Pain and Stinging – The way to stop the stinging sensation is to wash the affected area with saltwater or seawater. In contrast, tap water or fresh water can just worsen the condition by reactivating the stinging cells.
  • Remove The Tentacles After Washing – Recommendations from the Red Cross state that washing with vinegar and soaking the affected area with hot water for a couple of seconds could lessen the pain before removal of the sting. Tip: The warmest temperature is the actual temperature that can be tolerated by the victim, so let the victim test the water first to avoid scalds. Do not attempt to remove the tentacles with bare hands. Always use protective measures when doing this so that the sting will not likely affect other parts of your body, especially your hands.
  • Treatments For Less Severe Cases – For stings that are less painful, you can treat it with ice pack application as well as with OTC pain relievers. If necessary, you can also treat it with antibiotics.
  • Antihistamines Can Also Help – If the sting causes itchiness and reddish spots, you can help relieve it with topical antihistamines along with ice packs, and pain relievers.

Knowing some important basic first aid skills can help you during accidental outdoor emergencies. Learn more about first aid tips from


Related Video On Jellyfish Stings:

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“How To Treat Jellyfish Stings.” WikiHow. Retrieved online on September 9, 2014 from

“Jellyfish Stings.” Mayo Clinic. Retrieved online on September 9, 2014 from

Treating dry macular degeneration

September 12th, 2014 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on Treating dry macular degeneration)

Dry macular degeneration is a lingering disease of the eyes causing loss of vision in the field of vision. It is a deterioration of the macula which is the middle of the retina which is the sheet of tissue on the rear wall of the eyeball.

Dry macular degeneration is one of the forms of age-related degeneration while the other is wet macular degeneration in which a blood vessel grows beneath the retina found at the rear part of the eye is leaking blood and fluids.

Dry macular degeneration can cause a blurred central vision or a blind spot in the central vision. Central vision is used for reading, driving and recognizing faces of people.


Symptoms of dry macular degeneration occurs gradually, and the person affected by these symptoms notices some vision changes adapting to a low level of lights such as when entering a dimly lighted pathway or a restaurant.

There is a need for a brighter light when reading or doing close work and an increased blurriness of printed words.

There is a decrease in the intensity or brightness of colors, curved central vision and an increasing haziness of the central vision. Dry macular degeneration can affect two eyes. If a single eye is affected, there are no changes in the vision because the other eye that is not affected compensate for the weak eye. You can enroll in a first aid class today if you want to learn how to handle this condition.

Dry macular degeneration

Symptoms of dry macular degeneration occurs gradually, and the person affected by these symptoms notices some vision changes adapting to a low level of lights such as when entering a dimly lighted pathway or a restaurant.


The cause of dry macular degeneration is not known, but if the person has this condition, it will develop as the eyes ages. Dry macular degeneration involves the macula which is situated at the middle of the retina and in control for proper vision in the direct line of the person’s sight. As the person ages the tissues in the macula thins out and may break down.

Treatment and home remedies

  • The antioxidants vitamins in fruits and vegetables are essential to the health of the eye. Eat colorful fruits and vegetables like kale, broccoli, spinach, peas and other vegetables which contain high levels of antioxidants and also lutein and zeaxanthin are very helpful in people with macular degeneration.
  • Fats found in olive oil helps protect the vision of the individual. Consume these beneficial fats instead of the saturated fats like butter, trans fats and some partly hydrogenated oils in packed foods.
  • Eating whole wheat bread, salmon, tuna and sardines that contain omega-3 fatty acids can help minimize the risk of losing vision. Omega-3 fatty acids can also be found in walnuts.


  • Have a routine eye check-up and manage other health conditions like taking the medications and following doctor’s advice in controlling his/her condition.
  • Stop smoking and maintain a healthy weight and exercise regularly.
  • Have a healthy diet with a variety of fruits, vegetables and leafy greens. These contain antioxidants that reduce the risk of acquiring a macular degeneration.

A salmonella infection

September 12th, 2014 | Posted by corinne grace in Poisons - (Comments Off on A salmonella infection)

A salmonella infection is a bacterial disease affecting the intestinal tract. These bacteria live in the human intestines and goes out with the feces. People are infected by drinking and eating contaminated water and foods.

People with salmonella infection will cause diarrhea, abdominal cramps, and fever within 8-72 hours but some people can recover for a few days without treatment.

Diarrhea due to salmonella infection can cause dehydration and needs immediate medical attention. A dangerous condition can also develop if the infection spreads beyond the intestines. If you want to learn how to manage dehydration, click here.

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A salmonella infection can be caused by eating raw or uncooked meats, egg and some products of eggs and poultry. The incubation period is from seven hours to two days, and the infections are classified as gastroenteritis. There are several symptoms of these infections like diarrhea and abdominal cramps, vomiting and nausea, and also fever, chills and headache, and presence of blood in the stool.

Salmonella infection

There are several symptoms of these infections like diarrhea and abdominal cramps, vomiting and nausea, and also fever, chills and headache, and presence of blood in the stool.

Salmonella infections last four to seven days, but it will take several months for the bowels to return to normal. Some salmonella bacteria can cause typhoid fever which is a deadly disease.


The salmonella bacteria lives in the intestines of human, animals and birds, thus people can be infected by these bacteria by eating foods and drinking water which are contaminated by feces. Some of these foods include raw meat, poultry and seafood such as shellfish. The contaminated feces contaminate the raw meat and poultry during the butchering process. People will acquire the infection from eating seafood if it was harvested from contaminated water.

Another cause is eating raw eggs that are contaminated by salmonella bacteria. Fruits and vegetables that were washed with contaminated water can cause infection. The infection can also happen in the kitchen when juice from raw meat and poultry comes in contact with uncooked foods like salads.

Foods can become contaminated when prepared by people who do not wash their hands after using the toilet and changing the diaper of an infant or elderly.

Infections can also occur by putting the hands into the mouth after touching pets, birds and some reptiles that are contaminated by the bacteria

Treatment and home remedies

Salmonella infection causes dehydration and the treatment is by replacing fluids and electrolytes.

Taking medications like Loperamide can help minimize cramping but they prolong the diarrhea caused by the salmonella infections.

Drinking plenty of liquids or sucking on ice chips as well as using oral rehydration solutions for children like Pedialyte.


  • Washing of hands after changing a diaper, cleaning of pet feces, using a toilet, handling raw meat and poultry, touching contaminated birds and reptiles.
  • Avoiding eating contaminated raw eggs.
  • Store separately raw meats, poultry and seafood from other foods in the refrigerator.
  • Use two cutting boards in the kitchen, one for raw meats, poultry and some seafood and the other for fruits and vegetables.

What are cluster headaches?

September 12th, 2014 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on What are cluster headaches?)

Cluster headaches are the most painful types of headache and occur in cyclical patterns or clusters. This headache usually happens in the middle of the night with an intense pain around an eye on one flank of the head.

Cluster headaches last from weeks to months and is followed by remission periods when attacks of headaches stops completely. During remission, there is a headache that will occur for months and sometimes even for years. This type of headache is rare yet is not dangerous.

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A cluster headache occurs quickly without warning and there is an excruciating pain around one eye and spreads to the other parts of the face, shoulders and neck. Pain on one side, edginess and excessive tearing can also occur. A stuffy nasal passage in the nostrils on the side of the face that is affected can also develop along with redness in the side of the affected eye. Sweaty and pale skin and swelling around the eye on the face and a drooping eyelid can also occur.

The pain of cluster headache is usually sharp, penetrating and the individual feels that the head is burning. The feeling is like an eye is being pushed out of its socket. People with this condition are restless and they avoid lying down during the attack because this position increases the pain.

Cluster headache

The pain of cluster headache is usually sharp, penetrating and the individual feels that the head is burning.

People suffering from cluster headaches should avoid alcohol for the duration of the cluster period and they have rare level of melatonin and cortisol during the attacks of cluster headache.

Cluster headaches are not related to the consumption of foods and there is no link found between cluster headaches and mental stress or anxiety. With alcohol, it is a cause when the individual is in the middle of a cluster period. If you want to learn how to manage a headache, click here.

Treatment and home remedies

Some measures to help avoid a cluster headache attack during a cluster cycle involve sticking to a regular sleeping schedule. A cluster headache occurs when there are changes in the normal sleeping schedule. Avoid drinking alcohol, beer and wine since it can cause a headache during a cluster period.

Prevention of cluster headaches

  • Avoiding alcohol during the period when headaches happen since it can cause an attack. Refraining from alcohol during this period will help minimize the number of headaches.
  • The person should avoid inhaling nitroglycerine since this treatment will cause the blood vessels to dilate or enlarge, thus causing a cluster headache.
  • Avoid doing exercise in hot weather since it can cause a cluster headache. People suffering from this condition should avoid these activities under hot weather condition since it can cause the body temperature to rise very fast.
  • Avoid smoking to help minimize cluster headache from happening.