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Author Archives: corinne grace

Treatment for thrombophlebitis

December 19th, 2014 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on Treatment for thrombophlebitis)

Thrombophlebitis happens when a blood clot causes blockage on one or more of the veins found in the legs, and sometimes it can also affect the veins found in the arms and neck. The affected veins can be found close to the surface of the skin and cause a superficial thrombophlebitis or deep into muscles, it will cause deep vein thrombosis. Thrombophlebitis can be caused by surgery, trauma, long periods of inactivity and people with varicose veins are susceptible to this condition.

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Symptoms of superficial thrombophlebitis

  • There is warmth, tenderness and pain in the affected areas
  • There is redness and swelling

Symptom of deep vein thrombosis

  • Swelling and pain
Thrombophlebitis

There is warmth, tenderness and pain in the affected areas.

In a vein that is close to the surface of the skin that is affected, there is presence of red, hard and tender cord found under the surface of the skin. If it affects the deep veins found in the legs, it will become tender, swelling and painful.

Thrombophlebitis can be caused by an inherited blood clotting disorder, an injury that is caused to a vein and being immobile for long periods like during staying in a hospital.

Some complications that can be caused by thrombophlebitis including the following:

  • Post-phlebetic syndrome is a condition which is also known as post-thrombotic syndrome and can happen in months or even for years if the person had thrombosis in the past years. It causes lasting and disabling pain, a feeling of heaviness in the affected leg and swelling.
  • Pulmonary embolism is a condition where part of a deep vein clot becomes dislocated and it will travel to the lungs, where it will cause blockage of an artery or embolism and cause a serious problems.
  • Edema or swelling of the legs
  • The pooling of blood in the veins and cause them to form a balloon and result in varicose veins.
  • Chronic swelling and an increased pressure on the skin. Discoloration of the skin can happen, sometimes skin ulcers can occur.

Treatment and home remedies

If he/she has superficial thrombophlebitis, the following measures can be performed:

  • Use a warm washcloth or warm compress and place it to the affected area several times a day. If you want to learn the effectiveness of this measure, click here.
  • Elevate the leg
  • Take nonsteroidal, anti-inflammatory medications like ibuprofen

If he/she has deep vein thrombosis, you can perform the following:

  • Take the prescribed anticoagulant medications in order to prevent complications
  • Elevate the leg if it is swelling
  • Wear compression stockings

Preventing thrombophlebitis

The inactivity of a person like sitting for hours in a flight or riding in a car can cause swelling of the ankles and calves and it increases the risk of thrombophlebitis in the veins found in the legs. In order to help prevent a blood clot from forming, he/she should observe the following:

  • If riding in an airplane, walk around the airplane cabin at least once an hour or so and if driving a vehicle, stop every hour and walk around.
  • If seated, flex the ankles or press the feet against the floor or footrest in front of the person at least 10 times every hour.
  • Avoid wearing clothing that are tight, and keep hydrated by drinking plenty of fluids.

Treating asthma using lavender oil and mustard oil

December 12th, 2014 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on Treating asthma using lavender oil and mustard oil)

Asthma is a condition in which the airways becomes narrow and swell and produces mucus. There is difficulty in breathing and results to coughing, wheezing and shortness of breath. If you want to learn how to manage the symptoms, click here.

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What is lavender oil?

There is more than one type of lavender that is used for making lavender oil and the most common is Lavendula angustifolia. Only its flowers are used to make high quality lavender essential oils. Lavender oils have a relaxing, peace-inducing property that is effective for both the physical and emotional aspect. It is also used to clean skin wounds.

Lavender oil is useful in relaxing the nerves and mind as well as encourage sleep. It is also useful in relieving stress and symptoms of mild depression like depression with nervous anxiety.

Symptoms of asthma

Asthma

There is tightness of the chest, pain and shortness of breath

  • There is tightness of the chest, pain and shortness of breath
  • There is trouble sleeping that is caused by coughing or wheezing
  • Coughing and wheezing becomes severe cause by a respiratory virus like cold and flu.

Causes of asthma

Exposure to substances that causes allergies or allergens and some irritants can cause symptoms of asthma such as the following:

  • A respiratory infections like the common cold
  • Some airborne allergens like pollen, animal dander, mold and dust mite and air pollutants like smoke.
  • Strong emotions and stress
  • GERD or gastroesophageal reflex disease is a condition where the stomach acid goes back into the throat
  • Some preservatives that are added to certain foods and drinks such as dried fruit, shrimp, processed potatoes, wine and beer.
  • Cold air

Treatment using lavender oil

  • Before applying lavender oil, smell the lavender oil and make sure that the fragrance does not make the asthma worse and will cause other allergic reactions.
  • There are two ways of treating asthma by using lavender oil. First is by boiling water in a kettle and add a few drops of lavender oil, then place a towel over the head and lean over the kettle and slowly inhale the steam. A humidifier can also be helpful. Another way is apply lavender oil as a chest rub during bed time whenever the person is having trouble with breathing or congestions.

Treatment using mustard oil

Mustard oil is made by grinding the mustard seeds in extracting the oil. It is commonly used in the kitchen, but it has some medicinal uses. It is used to treat symptoms of asthma.

Steam treatment using mustard oil

  • Heat water in a kettle until it boils and then mix in a few drops of mustard oil along with caraway seeds. Measurements are not necessary.
  • Inhale the steam from the boiling water by keeping the head directly over the pot or kettle and breathe slowly and deeply. The steam works by dilating the bronchial tubes so that it will be easier to breathe during an asthma attack.

Using brown mustard oil for treatment

  • Massage the brown mustard oil into the chest during attacks of asthma. The mustard oil increases the airflow going to the lungs during an attack of asthma.
  • Mix 1 tsp. of sugar with 1 tsp. of brown mustard oil and then swallow the mixture several times a day. For the best result, consume the mixture on an empty stomach.

How to treat rheumatoid arthritis

December 12th, 2014 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on How to treat rheumatoid arthritis)

Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic inflammatory disorder affecting the small joints in the hands and feet as well as affecting the covering of the joints. It causes sore inflammation and will result to bone erosion and deformity of the joints.

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Rheumatoid arthritis happens when the immune system of the body attacks the tissues of the body and can sometimes affect other organs of the body like the skin, eyes, lungs and the blood vessels. Rheumatoid arthritis can occur at any age and usually begins after age 40 and women are more susceptible to the condition.

Symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis

  • Morning stiffness that can last for hours
  • Tender, warm and swelling joints
  • Presence of bumps of tissue found under the skin of the arms also known as rheumatoid nodules
  • There is fever, fatigue and loss of weight
Rheumatoid arthritis

Tender, warm and swelling joints

Rheumatoid arthritis affects the smaller joints first, especially the joints that attaches the fingers to the hands and the toes to the feet. As the condition progresses, the symptoms can spread to the wrist, ankles, knees, elbows, shoulders and hips in the same joints on both sides of the body. Rheumatoid arthritis symptoms may vary in severity and just come and go. There are periods of increased disease activity called flare ups, alternating with periods of remission where the swelling and pain disappear. Over time, rheumatoid arthritis can cause deformity of the joints and shifts out of place.

Causes of rheumatoid arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis happens when the immune system attacks the synovium which is the lining of the membranes that are surrounding the joints. It will cause inflammation that will thicken the synovium which can destroy the cartilage and bones found within the joints. The tendons and ligaments that functions in holding the joints together will weaken and stretch and eventually the joint will lose its shape and alignment.

Complications that can be caused by rheumatoid arthritis like some medications used for treating rheumatoid arthritis can increase the risk for developing osteoporosis, a condition that cause weakening of the bones and making them prone to fractures. Another is carpal tunnel syndrome which is an inflammation that compresses the nerves found in the hands and fingers. Rheumatoid arthritis can also cause hardening and blockage of arteries and the inflammation of the sac that encloses the heart and an increased risk of inflammation and scarring of the tissues of the lungs which can result to shortness of breath.

Treatment and home remedies

  • Do some gentle exercises every day in order to help strengthen the muscles found around the joints and help minimize fatigue that can be felt. Avoid exercising injured and severely inflamed joints.
  • Apply heat compress in order to minimize the pain and relax tense and painful muscles. Cold compress can also be applied in order to numb the muscles and minimize spasms of the muscles. You can learn more about the effectiveness of cold by enrolling in a first aid course
  • Avoid stress.
  • Take fish oil supplements in order to reduce rheumatoid arthritis pain and stiffness.
  • Do some Tai chi which is a movement therapy like a gentle exercises and stretches together with deep breathing, it helps in relieving stress.

How to treat Morton’s neuroma

December 5th, 2014 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on How to treat Morton’s neuroma)

Morton’s neuroma is an abnormal thickening of the nerve tissue found between the third and the fourth toes. There is a feeling as if standing on a pebble in the shoe or on a fold in the sock. Bunions, flat feet, tight shoes and hammertoes cause this condition. A person suffering from Morton’s neuroma experiences toe cramping, tingling sensations, sharp and shooting foot pain and becomes severe over time.

You can enroll in a first aid class so that you can properly manage the symptoms of this condition.

Symptoms of Morton’s neuroma

  • Experiencing burning pain in the balls of the foot that spreads into the toes.
  • There is a feeling as if standing on a pebble in the shoe
  • A tingling sensation or numbness can be felt in the toes.
Morton's neuroma

A person suffering from Morton’s neuroma experiences toe cramping, tingling sensations, sharp and shooting foot pain and becomes severe over time.

There are factors that can cause Morton’s neuroma like wearing high-heeled shoes or shoes that are ill-fitting can give extra pressure on the toes and ball of the foot. Doing high-impact activities like jogging or running can cause the feet repetitive trauma and also wearing tight shoes used in snow skiing or climbing rocks can put pressure on the foot. People who have hammertoes, high arch or flat feet and bunions have high risk of developing a Morton’s neuroma.

Treatment and home remedies

  • Take over-the-counter nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medicine in order to reduce the swelling, inflammation and pain caused by Morton’s neuroma.
  • Put cold water on a paper cup and freeze it overnight, then the next day tear off the cup and use the ice to massage the bottom portion of the foot, to make the affected nerves numb, and minimize the symptoms.
  • The person should avoid wearing shoes that cause compression of the third and fourth toes. Wear shoes with a broad toe box that has an extra depth
  • Minimize doing activities like jogging, aerobic exercises or dancing that puts the feet under high impact.

Other treatments and exercises

  • A non-surgical treatment like cortisone shots and prescriptions for anti-inflammatory drugs.
  • Some exercises like pounding of the feet can help minimize the pain and also swimming or rowing exercises makes a good workout and do some weight machines that are good for the upper body. Avoid exercises like jumping, running, brisk walking or dancing and wear comfortable and non-binding shoes.
  • Treat the foot exercises for relieving pain like soaking the foot in hot water, then after soaking, flex and stretch the toes. During the day, massage the ball of the foot for several minutes until the pain is minimized. Do some stretching exercises before other types of exercises in order to help prepare the foot for the pounding.
  • Keep the foot elevated in order to minimize the pain. Do some exercises that stretch the toe while the foot is propped on a cushion or pillow. If these treatment options could not effectively relieve the pain, seek medical help.

Causes and treatment of breast pain or mastalgia

December 5th, 2014 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on Causes and treatment of breast pain or mastalgia)

Breast pain or mastalgia is breast tenderness, piercing burning pain or tautness in the breast tissue and the pain can be persistent or happens irregularly. Breast pain can usually range from mild or severe. Breast pain can affect a person before the menstrual period or it can continue throughout the menstrual cycle. Sometimes, the breast pain can also affect postmenopausal women and perimenopausal women. If you want to learn pain management measures, you can register for first aid training.

Causes of breast pain or mastalgia

  • Breastfeeding can be a cause of mastalgia in women, after giving birth, like when the milk comes a few days after giving birth, it causes the breast to be painful and engorged.
  • Mastitis which is a bacterial infection of the breast and happens during breastfeeding. The symptoms include redness or red streaks that occur across the breast and a lump can be felt caused by a clogged milk duct.
  • Women taking hormonal medications, oral contraceptives, fertility drugs and hormonal replacement therapy for symptoms of menopause.
  • Mastalgia can happen in women during their periods due to premenstrual syndrome where there is swelling of both breasts and are sensitive to touch.
  • Mastalgia that occurs during pregnancy will just go away after giving birth, and pregnancy usually causes the breast to grow by one cup size bigger or more.
  • Mastalgia can also occur during puberty stage and happens off and on for several years up to the adolescence stage
  • Women with large breast can also lead to mastalgia and back pain
Breast pain

Breast pain can affect a person before the menstrual period or it can continue throughout the menstrual cycle.

Symptoms of mastalgia

Cyclic breast pain symptoms

Cyclic mastalgia pains are linked to the menstrual cycle which is more severe during the first two weeks before the menstrual period. The pain is dull, heavy and aching that happens along with swelling of the breast and “lumpiness” which affects both the breast, especially the upper and outer areas. Cyclic mastalgia affects premenopausal women ages 20s and 30s and perimenopausal women in their 40s.

Noncyclic breast pain syndrome

The pain is not linked to the menstrual cycle. The pain just comes and goes or can be constant and there is a feeling of tightness, burning and soreness. Noncyclic mastalgia is felt in one area of the breast, but the pain can spread throughout the breast. Noncyclic mastalgia affects women in their 40s and 50s.

Straining a chest muscle causes pain in the chest wall which is coming from the breast like an extra mammary breast pain.

Treatment and home remedies

  • Apply a hot or cold compresses on the breast
  • Wear a sports bra when doing some exercises, especially when the breast is sensitive to touch.
  • Wear a firm bra that can support properly the breast
  • Do some relaxation therapy that can help in controlling the high levels of anxiety that is caused by severe breast pain.
  • Limit the use of caffeine
  • Eat a low-fat diet and complex carbohydrates that can help women suffering from breast pains or mastalgia.
  • Take over-the-counter pain medications like acetaminophen or ibuprofen

You can learn more about these treatment options by simply enrolling in a class on first aid today.

Treating a propane burn

November 21st, 2014 | Posted by corinne grace in First Aid for Burns - (Comments Off on Treating a propane burn)

Propane is a highly flammable, odorless and colorless gas. Odorants are just added to propane gas in order to avoid unnoticed leaks and spills. Propane gas is commonly used to heat homes, water and for cooking foods. Propane is safe for everyday use, but if it is not handled properly is can cause some harmful effects.

When handling a pressurized propane gas and it gets in contact with the eye of the individual, it can cause momentary freezing and leads to swelling and damage to the eye.

Contact of pressurized propane gas to a person’s skin can cause cryogenic burns or frostbite which will cause damage to skin and tissues caused by extreme cold and other injuries and this happens due to poor or unsafe handling such as spilling on the skin accidentally.

Using propane gas in a confined places can lead to overexposure and there is danger of inhaling high concentrations of gas and can cause serious problems such as unconsciousness, seizures, incapacitation and cardiac arrest. In some cases inhalation of propane gas, it can cause death by asphyxiation or suffocation because there is lack of oxygen. It is best that you prepared to handle an exposure to this gas by enrolling in a first aid course today.

Propane burn

In some cases inhalation of propane gas, it can cause death by asphyxiation or suffocation because there is lack of oxygen.

Propane gas can also be used for drying clothes, water heaters, patio heaters, fireplaces, furnaces and for gas grills

Treatment and home remedies

  • Cover or drape the affected area with a clean cloth or other types of dressing.
  • Fill a basin or tub with water that has neutral temperature that is neither hot nor cold and then immerse the affected area in order to relieve of the pain.
  • If eyes were in contact with propane gas, flush the eye with warm water, while holding the eyelids apart at least 15 minutes. Wear protective goggles when handling propane gas in order to prevent the possibility of eye contact with propane gas.
  • Avoid rubbing frostbitten or burned skin caused by propane gas. You have to immerse the affected area in lukewarm water until a sensation can be felt on the affected area.
  • The skin must be clean and dry and if any blister will form, you have to sterilize the affected area and cover it with bandages.
  • Wear thermal insulating gloves and a shield in order to avoid a contact of propane gas to the skin.
  • Seek medical help if the person is overexposed to propane gas. The person should be moved into a place where there is fresh air and away from the source of the exposure.
  • In order to avoid a possible overexposure to propane gas, the person should wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in areas where the supply of oxygen is insufficient.
  • Allow the injured person to slowly work or exercise the affected area, and give him/ her warm, non-alcoholic drinks and stay away from cold or heat, such as snow, hot or cold water and heating lamps.

What are pemphigus and its treatment?

November 21st, 2014 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on What are pemphigus and its treatment?)

Pemphigus is a group of rare skin disorders that causes blisters on the skin and mucous membranes such as the mouth or on the genitals. There are two types – pemphigus vulgaris and pemphigus foliaceus. Pemphigus can happen at any age, but middle aged and older people are more susceptible to these disorders. Pemphigus is controlled by early diagnosis and treatment and similar to those used to treat severe burns.

Symptoms of pemphigus

Pemphigus is characterized by blisters on the skin and mucous membranes, and the blister will break easily and leaving open sores that can become infected.

  • Pemphigus vulgaris – It starts with a blister found in the mouth, which will break in the skin. This blister can also be found in the mucous membranes of the genitals and are very painful, but it does not cause itchiness. Blisters found in the mouth or throat makes it hard to swallow and to eat.
  • Pemphigus foliaceus – this type of pemphigus does not affect the mucous membranes and the blisters are found on the face and scalp and later will break on the chest and on the back. They are not painful, but they are itchy and crusty.

Some possible complications of pemphigus include infections that spread through the bloodstream also known as sepsis, side effects of medications like an increased risk of infection, certain infections of the skin and rare death from infection.

Pemphigus

Avoid exposure to sunlight for a long period of time since ultraviolet lights can activate new blisters.

Treatment and home remedies

  • Avoid engaging in activities which can cause the skin to be touched or bumped such as contact sports.
  • Take care of wounds can help prevent infection and scaring. You can learn proper wound care by enrolling in a first aid class
  • Sprinkle talcum powder on the sheets in order to help keep creaking or oozing skin from sticking to the sheets.
  • Apply lotions or dressings in order to minimize discomfort, for reducing sores and blisters with drying lotions or using wet dressings.
  • Avoid eating spicy or acidic foods and foods containing garlic, onions and leeks. These food cause irritations and blisters.
  • Avoid exposure to sunlight for a long period of time since ultraviolet lights can activate new blisters.
  • Maintain good oral health, if blisters are inside the mouth it would be difficult to brush the teeth properly.

ome foods that causes pemphigus

  • Foods that contain tannins are found in foods and drinks such as bananas, blackberries, raspberries, pears, apples, cherries, mangoes, cranberries, grape skins, eggplants and avocados. Other foods that cause tannins are walnuts, cocoa seeds, black pepper, ginger, ginseng and arrowroot, and some beverages like coffee, soft drinks, wine and beer should be avoided.
  • Foods that contains isothiocyanates which are mustard oils that are found in some vegetables like broccoli, cauliflower, turnips, cabbage, Brussels, radish and horseradish. Seasoned sauces that contain synthetic mustard oils used for flavoring can cause irritation of the mucous membranes.
  • Foods that contains thiols, like onion, garlic and leeks they can cause blisters with people suffering from pemphigus.

How to treat swelling lymph nodes

November 21st, 2014 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on How to treat swelling lymph nodes)

Swelling lymph nodes happens when the body is exposed to bacteria or viruses and when it is caused by infection, it is known as lymphadenitis. The lymph nodes function to combat viruses, bacteria and other possible causes of illness. Areas where a swelling lymph node occurs are the neck under the chin, in the armpits and in the groins.

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Symptoms of swelling lymph nodes

Swelling lymph nodes are signs that something is wrong in certain parts of the body and once it swells the signs include the following:

Lymph nodes

There is tenderness and a painful lymph nodes

  • Swelling lymph nodes that are the size of a pea or a kidney bean or even larger
  • There is tenderness and a painful lymph nodes
  • There is runny nose, sore throat, fever and other infections of the upper respiratory system.
  • A swelling lymph node which can be caused by an infection such as HIV, an immune disorder such as lupus or rheumatoid arthritis.
  • The limb are swelling which can be caused by a swollen lymph nodes
  • A rapidly growing hardened and fixed nodes, possibly a tumor
  • There is fever and sweating at night
  • Seek medical help if the swelling lymph node just occurred for no obvious reason, the nodes continue to grow for two to four weeks, the swelling is accompanied by a fever, sweating at night, losing weight. The nodes feel hard or rubbery and there is sore throat and difficulty in swallowing or breathing.

Causes of swelling lymph nodes

The cause of swollen lymph nodes is an infection, mostly a viral infection like the common cold, but there are other types of infections like parasitic and bacterial as well as other possible causes of swelling lymph nodes such as the following:

  • Measles and ear infections
  • Strep throat and infected or abscessed tooth
  • Mononucleosis
  • Cellulitis or erysipelas which are skin or infections of the wound
  • The virus that causes AIDS which is the human immunodeficiency virus or HIV.

Some uncommon infections include the following:

  • Syphilis which is a sexually transmitted disease
  • Tuberculosis
  • A parasitic infection caused by a contact with the feces of a cat or eating uncooked meat which is also known as toxoplasmosis.
  • A bacterial infection caused from a cat scratch or bite also known as cat scratch fever.

A swollen lymph node that is left untreated can lead to the development of complications such as the following:

  • Formation of abscess which is a localized collection of pus that is caused by an infection and it contains fluid, white blood cells, dead tissue and bacteria and some other invaders. An abscess can cause a severe damage if it involves the vital organs.
  • Bacteremia which is a bloodstream infection and it occurs anywhere in the body and can develop into sepsis that is caused by a devastating infection of the bloodstream. It can cause organ failure and even death.

Treatment and home remedies

  • Apply warm and wet compress or a washcloth placed in hot water and wrung out, and placed to the affected area.
  • Take over-the-counter pain relievers like aspirin and ibuprofen in order to lessen pain and fever.
  • Have an adequate rest for a quick recovery.

You can learn more about these treatment options by enrolling in one of the first aid courses being offered.

How to treat varicose veins

November 14th, 2014 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on How to treat varicose veins)

Varicose veins are twisted and enlarged veins found near the surface of the skin and common in the legs and ankles. They can cause some other health issues that you should be familiar with.

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Varicose veins are caused by weakened valves and veins found in the legs and one way valves in the veins that keeps blood flowing from the legs going toward the heart. When these valves do not work properly, it will cause the build-up of blood and pressure in the legs and the veins will be weakened, thus becoming large and twisted.

Causes of varicose veins

  • There is damage to the veins found in the legs
  • Increased pressure in the veins of the legs
  • Venous insufficiency, like varicose veins runs in the family, a individual might have faulty valves or weakened vein walls. Women are more susceptible to varicose veins than in men and it develops during pregnancy.
  • Blood clots or obstruction found in the deep veins
  • Damage to the deep veins and anomalous blood vessels found between the veins and arteries.
  • Tumors
Varicose veins

Varicose veins are caused by weakened valves and veins found in the legs and one way valves in the veins that keeps blood flowing from the legs going toward the heart.

Symptoms of varicose veins

Mild symptoms

  • There is mild swelling, usually in the feet and ankles
  • A dull pain, burning or weight on the legs and is noticed later in the day or after standing or sitting for an extended period.
  • Itchy skin can felt over the location of the varicose vein.

Severe symptoms

  • Severe swelling and pain in the calf after standing or sitting for a long time
  • Swelling and build-up of fluid in the leg
  • Colour of the skin changes or stasis pigmentation around the ankles and the lower legs and the skin is dry, stretched, swelling, itching and scaling.
  • A blood clot and inflammation will occur in a small vein near the surface of the skin or also known as superficial thrombophlebitis.
  • There are ulceration or open wounds
  • There is bruising and bleeding after a minor injury

Symptoms become more severe a few days before and during a women’s menstrual period.

Some factors that can increase the risk of having varicose veins include the following:

  • Being female with repeated pregnancies and advancing age.
  • Having a family history of varicose veins
  • An overweight woman which is a strong factor in women.
  • Long periods of standing or sitting
  • Blood clots and vein injuries

Treatment and home remedies

  • Do some exercises and maintaining a healthy weight
  • Wear compression stockings
  • Avoid long periods of standing and sitting
  • Elevate the legs when sitting

After an injury such as bruising or bleeding when scratched or cutting a skin over a larger vein, small clots will form and can be treated with the following:

  • If the skin is cut or scratched over a vein, elevate the leg and apply ice or ice compress to minimize the bleeding. You can learn more about bleeding control by enrolling in a first aid class
  • Apply firm pressure using a clean bandage over the affected area for 15 minutes and if there is still bleeding, you have to apply pressure again for another 15 minutes.

Treatment for neurodermatitis

November 14th, 2014 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on Treatment for neurodermatitis)

Neurodermatitis begins with a patch of itchy skin. Once the individual frequently scratches the area, it makes the area even itchier and cycle of chronic itching and scratching can cause the skin to become thick and leathery. Neurodermatitis is also known as lichen simplex chronicus. If you want to learn more about this skin condition, click here.

Symptoms of neurodermatitis

  • An itchy skin found in a single limited area and the texture of the skin is leathery and scaly.
  • An elevated and rough patch and the color are red or darker than the rest of the skin.
  • The itchy patch of skin can be found in the neck, forearm, wrist, thigh and ankle and sometimes it can also affect the vulva and the scrotum. The itchiness is very intense but only comes and goes.
Neurodermatitis

An itchy skin found in a single limited area and the texture of the skin is leathery and scaly.

Causes of neurodermatitis

Dermatitis can occur with something that rubs or cause irritation to the skin like tight clothing or a bite from an insect or continuous rubbing or scratching of the area until it becomes itchier. Dermatitis can also be caused by some conditions like dry skin, psoriasis or eczema. Stress and anxiety can also cause the itchiness.

Some factors that can increase the risk of acquiring neurodermatitis include the following:

  • Women between the ages 30 to 50 are more susceptible to acquire neurodermatitis.
  • Some people suffering from eczema, psoriasis or other skin conditions can have the possibility of developing neurodermatitis.
  • Stress and anxiety can start the itch linked with neurodermatitis.
  • Persistent scratching can cause bacterial skin infections and some permanent scars or changes in the color of the skin as well as disrupting the sleep pattern of the individual.

Treatment and home remedies

  • Over-the-counter medications like anti-itch cream or lotion to be applied to the affected area. Some non-prescription hydrocortisone cream can also relieve the itchiness. Oral antihistamine like Benadryl can be used if there is severe itching.
  • Cover the affected areas with bandages or dressing in order to protect the skin and to prevent scratching the skin during sleep.
  • Trimmed nails can cause less damage to the skin especially when scratching the skin during nighttime.
  • Take a cool bath and sprinkle the water with baking soda or oatmeal.
  • Use smooth clothing made of cotton to help avoid skin irritation.
  • Use mild soaps not containing perfumes or dyes and be sure to rinse the soap entirely from the body then apply an unscented moisturizer in order to protect the skin.
  • Minimize getting stressed since it can trigger the itchiness.

Prevention of neurodermatitis

In order to prevent neurodermatitis, the individual should wash his/her face with a facial cleanser or soap substitute and apply a facial moisturizer that is non-comedogenic.  It is also advised to use hypoallergenic make-up and sunscreens.

Avoid using hot water in taking a bath because it can cause drying of the skin. Instead, take a short and warm shower. Once the skin starts to itch, avoid scratching since it can break the skin and bacteria can enter and start an infection.