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Author Archives: corinne grace

Treatment for lichen planus

October 18th, 2014 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on Treatment for lichen planus)

Lichen planus is a condition that causes inflammation of the skin and the mucous membranes. The appearance is purplish in color, itchy and has even-topped lumps. Lichen planus produces lace-like white patches and painful sores that can be found in the mouth, vagina as well as other areas of the body that are covered by mucous membrane.

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Lichen planus occurs when the immune system of the body attacks the cells of the skin or the mucous membranes. If lichen planus cause severe itching and pain, there is a need for medications in order to suppress the immune system.

Symptoms of lichen planus

Signs and symptoms of lichen planus usually depends on the areas that are affected by the condition.

  • A purplish, flat-topped bump can be found in the inner forearm, wrist and ankles but can also develop in the external genitals.
  • Painful ulcers can be found in the mouth and vagina
  • Itchiness
  • Blisters that breaks and formation of scabs or crusts
  • Discoloration of the scalp and hair loss
  • White spots or patches can be found in the mouth, inside the cheek or on the gums as well as the lips and tongue.
  • Nail loss and damage
Lichen planus

Painful ulcers can be found in the mouth and vagina

Causes

Certain diseases and medical conditions along with other factors can cause lichen planus such as hepatitis B, hepatitis C infections, flu vaccine, pigments like chemical and metals, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen and naproxen. Medications for heart disease, high blood pressure or arthritis can also cause lichen planus. Any individual can develop lichen planus but middle-aged adults are more susceptible to develop these infections.

Treatment and home remedies

  • If there is a presence of oral rash caused by lichen planus, the individual should avoid eating crunchy foods, zesty foods and all products made out of tomatoes. Drink only decaffeinated drinks.
  • Use colloidal oatmeal while soaking in a warm bath. This should be done for several days to help minimize the itchiness caused by lichen planus. By enrolling in a first aid class, you can effective manage this condition.
  • Apply a cold compress on the affected areas to make the rash cool and minimize the itchiness.
  • Apply topical ointments such as hydrocortisone cream that contain 1 percent hydrocortisone since this helps in keeping the rash moist and also reduce the itchiness.
  • Some over-the-counter medications such as Benadryl can help in reducing severe itchiness caused by lichen planus.
  • Flossing and brushing the teeth can help in reducing the signs and symptoms caused by lichen planus.

Other treatment options for infections caused by lichen planus include a sulfur-based bath, taking vitamin supplements, eating fruits and vegetables, taking cod liver oil supplements which is a source of Vitamins A and D as well as using topical and oral herbal medications such as aloe vera gel, lavender and tea tree oil.

How to treat blepharitis

October 18th, 2014 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on How to treat blepharitis)

Blepharitis is the inflammation of the eyelids usually the part of the eyelid where the eyelashes grow. Blepharitis develops when the tiny oil glands that are found near the base of the eyelashes do not function properly and this condition will cause inflammation, irritation and itchy eyelids.

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Symptoms of blepharitis

  • Gritty and burning sensation experienced in the eye
  • Watery and red-colored eyes
  • Crusted eyelashes upon waking up in the morning
  • The eyelids appears greasy and itchy
  • The skin surrounding the eyes are flaking
  • Eyelashes that grows abnormally or misdirected eyelashes as well as loss of eyelashes
  • Eyelids that are sticky, red in color and swells
  • Sensitivity to light and frequent blinking
Blepharitis

Blepharitis develops when the tiny oil glands that are found near the base of the eyelashes do not function properly and this condition will cause inflammation, irritation and itchy eyelids.

Causes of blepharitis

  • Bacterial infections
  • Malfunctioning of the oil glands in the eyelids
  • Seborrheic dermatitis also known as dandruff of the scalp and the eyebrows
  • Mites or lice in the eyelashes
  • A skin condition that is characterized by facial redness also known as rosacea.
  • Allergies including allergic reactions to some eye medications, contact lens solutions or eye makeup.
  • Isotretinoin which is a strong acne medication can cause an increase of bacteria in the eyelids and can also affect the production of tears.

People suffering from blepharitis can experience falling out or abnormal growth of the eyelashes or misdirected eyelashes. A scarring can happen in the eyelids caused by a long term blepharitis. There is abnormal secretion of oil and other debris coming from the eyelid such as flaking caused by dandruff, oil, water and mucus solution that will form a tear. If you want to learn more about this condition, read here.

There is also difficulty in wearing contact lenses. A sty is an infection that develops at the base of the eyelashes and will result to a lump that is painful and found at the edge of the eyelid. Another condition is a chalazion which develops when one of the oil glands found at the margin of eyelid is blocked. The gland can be infected with bacteria and will cause red and swelling eyelids. Blepharitis can also cause pink eye or conjunctivitis. Lastly, constant irritation of inflamed eyelids or misdirected eyelashes can cause a sore or ulcer that develops on the cornea.

Treatment and home remedies

  • Applying a warm compress on the closed eye for several minutes in order to loosen the crusty deposits on the eyelids.
  • Use a washcloth that is moistened with warm water and put a few drops of any baby shampoo to wash away any oil debris or scales that are found at the base of the eyelashes.
  • Oftentimes, there is a need to clean the edge of the eyelid where the eyelashes are found. All you have to do is to gently pull the eyelid away from the eye and wash it gently using a washcloth since this will help avoid damage to the cornea with the use of a washcloth.
  • Rinse the eyelid using warm water and pat it dry with a clean and dry towel.
  • Continue the treatment until signs and symptoms disappear and stop using makeup when the eyelids are still swelling. Makeup can cause bacteria to develop which can cause an allergic reaction.

Treatment for acute sinusitis

October 18th, 2014 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on Treatment for acute sinusitis)

Acute sinusitis causes the cavities found around the nasal passages to become inflamed and swollen which interferes with the drainage and cause the build-up of mucus.

There is difficulty in breathing through the nose, the areas found around the eyes and face is swelling along with throbbing facial pain and a headache. Acute sinusitis can also be caused by common cold, allergies, fungal and bacterial infections.

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Symptoms of acute sinusitis

  • Nasal obstruction or congestion that will cause difficulty in breathing through the nose.
  • Thick, yellow or greenish discharge coming from the nose or down at the back of the throat.
  • There is a reduced sense of taste and smell
  • A cough that attacks during night time
  • There is tenderness, pain, pressure and swelling around the eyes, cheeks, nose and the forehead.
  • Fatigue and fever
  • An aching sensation in the upper jaw and teeth as well as bad breath
  • Headache and ear pain
Acute sinusitis

Nasal obstruction or congestion that will cause difficulty in breathing through the nose.

Causes

  • An acute sinusitis can be caused by a viral infection like common cold.
  • When the upper respiratory tract infection last longer than 7-10 days, it can be caused by a bacterial infection.
  • If the individual has sinus abnormalities or an immune system that is weakened, it can be caused by fungal infections.

Some health conditions that can cause acute sinusitis infections include the following:

  • Some allergies such as hay fever which is an inflammation that happens with allergies that causes the blockage of the sinuses.
  • Tumors or nasal polyps are tissue growths that causes blockage of the nasal passages or sinuses.
  • A deviated nasal septum which is a crooked septum causes restriction or blockage of the sinus passages.
  • Acute sinusitis can also be caused by tooth infections.
  • GERD or gastroesophageal reflux disease is a condition that can cause blockage of the sinuses or make the individual susceptible to infection.

Treatment and home remedies

  • Drink plenty of fluids such as juice or water to help dilute secretions of mucus and promote drainage. The individual should avoid beverages that contain alcohol or caffeine since they can cause dehydration and alcohol can worsen the swelling of the lining of the sinuses and nose.
  • The individual should get plenty of rest to help fight infection and as well as promote faster recovery.
  • Drape a towel over the forehead as the person breathes in the vapor of the hot water from a bowl, just make sure to keep the vapor toward the face. The individual can also breathe in warm and moist air when taking a hot shower bath to help minimize pain and promote mucus drainage.
  • Apply warm compresses on the face, nose, cheek, and eyes to minimize facial pains. If you want to learn more about these treatment options, click here.
  • Clean the nasal passages by using a specially designed squeeze bottle or sinus rinse to clean the nasal passages.
  • When sleeping, the head should be elevated to help with the drainage of the sinuses and minimize the congestion.

Prevention of acute sinusitis

  • Avoid upper respiratory infection such as colds. Wash the hands with soap and water before eating a meal.
  • Treat allergy infections
  • Avoiding inhaling cigarette smoke and polluted air
  • Install a humidifier at home to add moisture in the air in order to prevent sinusitis.

Proper management for poisonous spider bites

October 10th, 2014 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on Proper management for poisonous spider bites)

Some spiders are dangerous to humans. The two spiders that are highly poisonous include the black widow spider and the brown recluse spider. They both prefer warm climates and dark and dry places where there is plenty of flies, but they sometimes live in dry, littered areas that are undisturbed like closets, piles of wood and under sinks.

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Black widow spider bites are not very lethal. It has a red hourglass mark found in its belly and the bites of this spider is like a prick of a pin and the person cannot feel that he/she has been bitten. There is a presence of a slight swelling and a faint red mark in the affected area. Within an hour, intense pain and stiffness will begin and some symptoms such as nausea and vomiting, chills, fever and severe abdominal pain.

The brown recluse spider has a violin-shaped marking found in its back and the bites can cause mild stinging that is followed by redness of the affected area and intense pain within eight hours. A blister will form that is filled with fluid at the affected area, then it will sloughs off leaving a deep, enlarging ulcer. Symptoms of a brown recluse spider bite include a mild fever and a rash. The individual who has been bitten by the spider can experience nausea and listlessness. Oftentimes, death can occur among children.

Spider bite

The affected area should be cleaned well with soap and water. Apply cold compress over the affected area.

If bitten by a spider, first identify the type of spider that bit the person. The affected area should be cleaned well with soap and water. Apply cold compress over the affected area. If the affected area is on the extremities, elevate it. Provide Tylenol and antihistamines to relieve signs and symptoms that occur in adults. By enrolling in a first aid course, you can learn how to handle a bite from these spiders.

If bitten by brown recluse or black widow spider, the following must be done:

  • Cleanse the wound using soap and water as well as the skin surrounding the affected area.
  • If the person was bitten in the arm or leg, place a secure yet comfortable bandage above the affected area and raise the limb in order to slow down or stop the spread of the venom. Do not tie the bandage too tight since it will cut the circulation of the arm and leg.
  • Apply a cold compress on the affected area
  • If the bite needs an anti-venom medication, seek medical help.

Preventing a spider bite

Black widows are not aggressive and will not usually bite humans unless people will destroy their webs or brush up against them, thus individuals especially children must be familiar and should avoid the black widow spider. This is the best way to prevent a bite. People should be vigilant in dark, secluded areas where there are many spiders such as the garage, attics, closets and piles of wood. People should watch out for spiders when in public or outdoor bathroom facilities, while on picnic or camping since these areas are where people get bitten by these spiders.

Treating menstrual cramps

October 3rd, 2014 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on Treating menstrual cramps)

Menstrual cramps also known as dysmenorrhea are agonizing or cramping pain in the lower abdomen and they are experienced before and during the menstrual period. Menstrual cramps are considered severe in some cases that they interfere with the regular activities of the individual for a few days every month. Menstrual cramps can be caused by conditions like endometriosis or uterine fibroids.

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Symptoms of menstrual cramps

  • The presence of dull and constant aches
  • An agonizing or cramping pain in the lower abdomen that may become intense
  • Pain that goes to the lower back and thigh
  • Some women may experience nausea, headache, dizziness and a loose stools
Menstrual cramps

An agonizing or cramping pain in the lower abdomen that may become intense

Causes of menstrual cramps

During the menstruation period, the uterus causes contraction to expel its lining. A hormone-like substance known as prostaglandins that generates the uterine muscle contraction and causes pain and inflammation, but high levels of prostaglandins can cause a more severe menstrual cramp.

A severe  contraction can constrict the blood vessels that feeds the uterus which results to pain that is similar to one that is experienced in chest pain that happens when a blocked blood vessels does not have enough flow of oxygen to the blood. Menstrual cramps can also be caused by the following:

  • Uterine fibroids – are non-cancerous growths found in the walls of the uterus that will cause pain
  • Endometriosis – is a painful condition where the tissue that is lining the uterus is implanted on the outside of the uterus usually in the fallopian tubes, ovaries or tissues that line the pelvis. It can also cause menstrual cramps.
  • Adenomyosis – is a condition where the tissues lining the uterus grow on the muscular walls of the uterus.
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease – an infection of the reproductive organs of females and caused by a sexually transmitted bacteria. It can also cause menstrual cramps.
  • Cervical stenosis – a condition where the opening of the cervix is so small, that it minimizes the menstrual flow, causing painful pressure inside the uterus.

Treatment and home remedies

  • Take over-the-counter pain reliever like ibuprofen. Take the pain reliever at the beginning of the menstrual period and continue taking the pain reliever for two to three days or until symptoms subside.
  • Take oral birth control pills that contain hormones in preventing ovulation and minimize the severity of menstrual cramps.
  • Encourage the individual to perform exercises every day to minimize the pain of menstrual cramps.
  • Soak in a hot bath or use a heating pad, hot water bottle or a heat patch that will be placed in the lower abdomen since it can minimize the menstrual cramps. If you want to learn more about the effectiveness of heat, click here.
  • Take some dietary supplement like vitamin E, omega-3 fatty acids; thiamine and magnesium supplements since they can reduce menstrual cramps.
  • Minimize the use of alcohol and tobacco since these can make menstrual cramps worse.
  • Reduce the stress level since it causes an increase of risk of having menstrual cramps and its severity.

How to treat corneal abrasions

October 3rd, 2014 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on How to treat corneal abrasions)

Abrasion of the cornea is one of the most prevalent injuries affecting the eye. The cornea is the lucid, shielding “window” located at the anterior part of the eye.  Dust, dirt, sand, shavings of wood, particles of metal or an edge of a piece of paper can cause abrasions or cuts in the cornea and if it becomes infected, it can result to a corneal ulcer which is a dangerous condition. Corneal abrasion that is caused by a pine needle will cause a delayed inflammation within the eye which is known as iritis.

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An individual can scratch the cornea in many ways like a tree branch strikes an individual in the face, being accidentally punched in the eye while playing with children or while engaging in any sports activity. Additionally, if there is something blown into the eyes or enters the eye such as paint chips, pieces of wood, grains of sand and metal fragments. Take note that all of these can cause corneal abrasions. By enrolling in a first aid class, you can learn more how to handle this condition.

Symptoms

A symptom of a scratched cornea is feeling as if there is something inside the eye. Other symptoms include eyes becoming prone to produce tears, blurred vision or in extreme cases, loss of vision. The eyes are also sensitive to light and tend to squint due to the sensitivity to light.

Corneal abrasion

A symptom of a scratched cornea is feeling as if there is something inside the eye. Other symptoms include eyes becoming prone to produce tears, blurred vision or in extreme cases, loss of vision.

Treatment and home remedies

  • Rinse the eye with clean water using saline solution if available. Use an eyecup or small drinking glass and position the rim resting on the bone at the base of the eye socket. By rinsing the eye, it washes out foreign objects out of the eye.
  • The individual should blink the eye several times since this movement removes small particles like dust or sand.
  • Pull the upper eyelid over the lower eyelid and the lashes of the lower eyelid will brush away the particles from the under surface of the upper eyelid.
  • Avoid removing embedded objects in the eyeball and avoid removing large objects that can make it difficult for the eyes to close eyes.
  • Avoid rubbing the eyes after an injury. Touching and pressing the eye can cause the abrasion on the cornea to worsen.
  • Do not touch the eyeball with tweezers, cotton swabs or other tools since this can make corneal abrasion worse. A minor corneal abrasion usually heals within 24 to 48 hours.
  • If rinsing of the water does not work, use artificial tears or lubricants. These are used by people with contact lenses in helping relieve dry eyes, but it can help in flushing out particles and provides a soothing relief to scratched corneas. Avoid wearing the contact lenses until the symptoms are completely healed.
  • An over-the-counter pain reliever can also help in minimizing the pain.
  • Resting the eyes can help in minimizing the symptoms of an eye abrasion. Reading or looking around it requires moving of the cornea which causes further irritation and damage. Instruct the individual to close the eye in a dark room for a short period of time to help the eyes heal.

Treating knee pain

October 3rd, 2014 | Posted by corinne grace in First Aid Injury Assessment - (Comments Off on Treating knee pain)

Knee pain is a common complaint that affects people of all ages. It can be a result of an injury, like a ligament that is torn and a ruptured ligament. Some medical conditions like arthritis, gout and some infections can also cause knee pain. Knee problems and some injuries occur during sports or recreational activities, home tasks as well as activities that are work related.

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The knees are the largest joints of the body and there are two discs also known as menisci that separate the upper and the lower bones of the knee. The ligaments, tendons and the muscles function in connecting the femur which is the upper bone leg while tibia and fibula are the lower leg bones. The articular cartilage covers the bone surface present inside the knee joint which helps absorb shock and provide a smooth, gliding surface for the movement of the joints. It is best that you are prepared to manage this condition by enrolling in a first aid course today.

Symptoms of knee pain

  • There is instability and weakness
  • Swelling and stiffness
  • There is redness and warmth sensation when touched
  • A popping sound and crunching noise
  • Difficulty in straightening the knees
Knee pain

Knee problems and some injuries occur during sports or recreational activities, home tasks as well as activities that are work related.

Causes of knee pain

  • Tendons or fluid-filled sacs called bursa, ligaments that cover the knee joint can be affected by a knee injury and also the cartilage, ligaments and bones that form the joints can also be affected by injuries.
  • An injury of the anterior cruciate ligament which is the tearing of one of the four ligaments that function in connecting the shinbone to the thighbone. This injury is common in people who play soccer, basketball and other sports that require sudden change in directions.
  • A torn meniscus which is a tough and rubbery cartilage that function in absorbing shock between the shinbone and the thighbone. It will tear due to sudden twisting of the knee while bearing weight on it.
  • Some knee injuries can cause inflammation in the bursa which is the small sacs of fluid that function in cushioning the outside part of the knee joint so that the tendons and ligaments can glide smoothly over the joint.
  • Knee pain can also cause tendinitis which is the irritation and inflammation of one of the tendons which is a thick and fibrous tissue that is responsible in attaching muscles to the bones. People who are susceptible to these injuries are skiers, cyclist and people who play sports that require jumping.

Treatment and home remedies

  • Take a rest for a day or two from normal activities in order to reduce repetitive strain on the knee.
  • Apply some ice packs to minimize the pain and inflammation like a bag of frozen peas is best because it covers the whole knee for about 20 minutes.
  • Applying compression to help prevent the build-up of fluids to the damaged tissues and maintain knee alignment and stability.
  • For the swelling, elevate the injured leg on a pillow or sit in a reclining chair.

How to treat a burning mouth syndrome

September 19th, 2014 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on How to treat a burning mouth syndrome)

Burning mouth syndrome is a chronic or recurrent burning in the mouth without a cause and it affects the tongue, gums, and lips, inside part of the cheeks, roof of the mouth or all the areas of the mouth. It is a feeling as if the mouth is scalded.

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Symptoms

  • There is a sensation of dry mouth with increased thirst.
  • A burning sensation affecting the tongue and also the lips, gums, throat, palate, or the whole mouth.
  • Changes in taste like bitter or metallic taste
  • There is loss of taste

The burning mouth syndrome has several patterns in which it can happen every day, with some discomfort upon waking up and becomes worse. In some cases, it can start upon waking up and will last the whole day.

Burning mouth syndrome

The burning mouth syndrome has several patterns in which it can happen every day, with some discomfort upon waking up and becomes worse.

Whatever pattern the person has, burning mouth syndrome may last for months to years. It does not cause any changes in the physical appearance of the tongue or mouth. It is best to enroll in a first aid course today so that you will learn how to properly manage this condition.

Causes of burning mouth syndrome may be classified as primary or secondary cause.

  • Primary – there is no clinical or laboratory abnormalities that can be identified. The condition is called idiopathic burning mouth syndrome which involves the both the sensory and taste nerves of the central or peripheral nervous system.
  • Secondary – can be caused by some medical conditions like xerostomia which is also known as dry mouth, oral thrush which is a fungal infection of the mouth, nutritional deficiency, ill-fitting dentures, allergies and reactions to foods, fragrances and dental work substances. Other conditions like GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease), high blood pressure medications and some psychological factors like stress, depression and anxiety.

Treatment and home remedies

  • Avoid foods and beverages that are acidic in nature such as tomatoes, soft drinks, orange juice and coffee.
  • Avoid eating foods which contains cinnamon or mint
  • Drinking more fluids to help minimize the feeling of dryness in the mouth and avoid drinking carbonated drinks.
  • Avoid smoking or using tobacco products
  • Avoid eating spicy-hot foods
  • Avoid alcohol and food or beverages with alcohol since they may irritate the lining of the mouth
  • Avoid stress if possible

Prevention

A person can prevent acquiring burning mouth syndrome by avoiding the use of tobacco, acidic foods, carbonated drinks and some spicy foods.  Additionally, the person should also avoid being stressed out.

Some foods that are good for people suffering from burning mouth syndrome

  • Cold foods like ice cream or chamomile tea
  • Non-acidic foods such as water and fresh milk
  • Eating foods rich in Vitamin B such as beans and whole grains

The foods that are good for a burning mouth syndrome depend on the cause of the condition. If the condition was caused by allergies to certain foods or food additives, the individual should eat fresh foods and avoiding eating processed foods.

What is muscular dystrophy?

September 19th, 2014 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on What is muscular dystrophy?)

Muscular dystrophy is a group of genetic disease where muscle fibres are susceptible to damage and eventually weakens. Some individuals with muscular dystrophy are even required to use a wheelchair.

There are different kinds of muscle dystrophy and some symptoms manifest during childhood and common among boys, but other types of muscle dystrophy symptoms does not occur until adulthood.

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People with this kind of condition have difficulty breathing and swallowing. The limbs of these people are drawn inwards and fixed in that position, which is a problem known as contracture. Other types of muscle dystrophy affect the heart and other organs of the body.

Symptoms

Muscles weakness is the main characteristic of muscle dystrophy and each form varies in terms of age at which the sign and symptoms begins.

Muscular dystrophy

Muscles weakness is the main characteristic of muscle dystrophy and each form varies in terms of age at which the sign and symptoms begins.

Duchenne muscle dystrophy are common in boys and the signs and symptoms usually happens when the child begins to walk such as difficulty getting up from a lying position, difficulty running and jumping, child always falls, child has large calf muscles and has a learning incapacities.

Becker muscular dystrophy is similar to Duchenne muscular dystrophy but milder and progresses at a slower rate. The symptoms occur during adolescence and can also occur even during mid-20s or later.

Other types of muscular dystrophy

  • It is known as Steinert’s disease which is the incapacity to ease the muscles. It occurs in early adulthood and the face is usually the first to be affected.
  • Limb-girdle. This type of muscular dystrophy affects the hip and shoulders and there is difficulty in lifting the front part of the foot.
  • This type of muscular dystrophy occurs at birth before reaching the age of 2.
  • This type of muscular dystrophy usually involves drooping eyelids, weakness of the eye muscles and difficulty in swallowing. These symptoms occur among individuals between their 40s and 50s.

Muscular dystrophy happens when there is a defect in one of the genes. Every form of muscular dystrophy can be caused by genetic mutation and some these mutations are inherited and some occurs in the mother’s egg or from the developing embryo.

Treatment of muscular dystrophy with physical therapy

  • The person should perform weight exercises in order to strengthen and improve the tone of the muscles.
  • Perform range of motion (ROM) and stretching to maintain flexibility and help minimize the severity of joint contractures. If you want to learn more about these exercises, click here.
  • Wear braces for the hands or legs in order to keep the tendons and muscles stretched and avoiding painful contractures.
  • Perform water exercises and swimming to help strengthen the muscles and joints without putting stress on the parts of body that is affected.
  • The goal of physical therapy is to provide the person independence by focusing on movement and developing large groups of muscles in order to make the body stronger and gain endurance.

Causes and treatment of compacted ear wax

September 19th, 2014 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on Causes and treatment of compacted ear wax)

The characteristic of a compacted ear wax is like hearing ringing in the ear, there is a feeling of discomfort and difficulty of hearing in the ear. There are several causes of a compacted ear wax:

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  • Overproduction of ear wax in the ear. The body produces greater amounts of wax than what is needed in preventing dirt and debris from getting into the ear. If the ear gets clogged with wax, it becomes hardened and causing blockage of the eardrum, loss of hearing and discomfort.
  • Improper methods of cleaning the ears in which the wax is pushed back into the ear canal that will cause impaction when the wax becomes hardened and causing clogging. Another wrong way is jamming a cotton swab or a finger into the ear canal can cause further impaction of the wax into the eardrum. You have to allow the wax to go out of the ear naturally and wipe the external part of the ear with a washcloth to clean it.
  • Placing an object inside the ear such as a hairpin or a paper clip can also cause the wax to be pushed into the ear drum, thus resulting to blockage and can also cause loss of hearing. It can also cause injury such as wounds inside the ear.
Compacted ear wax

Improper methods of cleaning the ears in which the wax is pushed back into the ear canal that will cause impaction when the wax becomes hardened and causing clogging.

Treatment and home remedies in removing compacted earwax

When managing compacted earwax, the following measures can be performed. By enrolling in a class on first aid, you can effectively deal with compacted earwax.

  • Use olive oil to soften the wax. It is done by tilting the head to one side and placing a few drops of warm olive oil into the ear. Allow it to stay for at least 10 minutes to slacken the wax. Do the same on the other ear and then clean both ears with a cotton ball. Use this routine daily to soften the wax. Mineral oil can be used if there is no olive oil available.
  • After the wax has softened, use a rubber syringe to rinse the ear with warm water. Pulling the rear part of the ear straight backwards when rinsing is done to straighten the ear canal. By using a bulb syringe, tilt the head over and let the water drain out and use a clean and soft cloth in wiping the ear dry.
  • After the ear wax has come out of the ears, use the hair dryer in the lowest setting to dry the ear canals by holding the hair dryer a few inches away from the head.

Do not use swab, hairpins or anything hard in trying to dig out hardened earwax since these will only push the wax further down the ear canal and will cause severe pain and damage to the ear canal.

Preventing earwax

  • Clean the outside parts of the ears regularly with a piece of clean cloth.
  • Apply a few drops of peroxide or warm water to each ear to keep the wax soft and preventing blockage.
  • Avoid sticking something into the ears in attempting to remove the earwax since this can cause impaction.