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A. Jones

About A. Jones

Albert Jones is a registered nurse with experience in the healthcare field, specifically emergency care. With years of experience, Albert Jones shares knowledge on necessary first aid measures during emergency scenarios whether at home, school or in the workplace. One way to share this is by working as an online contributor to several websites that focuses on first aid care. A combination of both medical knowledge and superior writing skills ensures that the information Albert Jones shares are accurate and very useful to individuals in various fields.

Asthma attack

April 9th, 2018 | Posted by A. Jones in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on Asthma attack)
Asthma attack

An asthma attack is a condition where the symptoms of asthma become worse. During an asthma attack, the muscles adjacent the airways constrict, thus the lining of the airways also become distended and production of thicker mucus occurs. An asthma attack occurs if your asthma is not controlled or is caused by being exposed to something that triggers your asthma.

Signs and symptoms of an asthma attack

  • Difficulty breathing.
  • An increased pace of breathing.
  • Excessive coughing and wheezing.
  • A feeling of chest tightness.
    Asthma attack

    There is an increased pace of breathing.

  • Anxiety and fear.
  • Discoloration of lips or fingernails to a bluish color.
  • Pale face.
  • Difficulty in talking due to shortness of breath.

Common forms of asthma attacks are mild asthma attacks, these occur more common and the airways open within a few minutes to a few hours after being treated but in severe cases, these occur less but happen for a long period of time and require immediate medical attention.

There are early warning signs that you can spot to know that an asthma attack is coming. These happen before the general symptoms of asthma occur and is a sign that your asthma is becoming worse.

You can determine that an asthma attack is coming with these early warning signs:

  • You experience tiredness or feel weak while exercising.
  • Wheezing or coughing after exercising.
  • Shortness of breath.
  • You are in a moody state.
  • You are having difficulty in sleeping due to nighttime asthma.

If you are in an asthma attack, sit up straight and don’t do anything then try your best to relax. Use your inhaler every minute until you use it ten (10) times. If your symptoms fail to get better, it is time to dial your emergency medical service hotline. While waiting for an ambulance, it is best to continue using your inhaler until the ambulance arrives.

Most symptoms of an asthma attack are treated by the inhaler, however, if symptoms fail to cease after using the inhaler at least ten (10) times then it is time to seek medical attention. Failure to treat the symptoms of an asthma attack may result in the lungs to tighten and your lips may discolor to a bluish hue, which is a sign of a severe asthma attack and you must receive immediate medical attention, if left untreated it may eventually lead to death due to the lack of oxygen intake.

FACT CHECK

https://www.asthma.org.uk/advice/asthma-attacks/

https://www.webmd.com/asthma/guide/asthma-attack

https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/asthma-attack/symptoms-causes/syc-20354268

Ankle fracture

April 9th, 2018 | Posted by A. Jones in Skeletal Injuries - (Comments Off on Ankle fracture)
Ankle fracture

An ankle fracture is a condition where one or more bones that make up the ankle joint are damaged or broken. Generally, this kind of fracture has varied severity ranging from a minor ankle fracture that won’t affect your ability to walk to the point where your ankle appears out of place and may get you unable to use the injured leg for months.

Because an ankle fracture can range from a small number of bones broken to several pieces, the instability of the ankle joint and the damages to the ligaments that surround it can vary.

Causes of an ankle fracture

  • Twisting or rotating your ankle
  • Suffering from a fall
  • Tripping
  • An impact from a car accident
    Ankle fracture

    Inability to stand or put weight on the leg with the injured ankle.

There are several signs and symptoms that may appear if you have an ankle fracture, they include:

  • At first, severe ankle pain
  • Swelling and bruising
  • Inability to stand or put weight on the leg with the injured ankle
  • A deformity of the ankle

Generally, if an ankle fracture occurs, it is important that you get immediate medical attention and undergo assessment to prevent any more injury and start proper treatment.

Diagnosis

Your doctor will perform an x-ray to determine if and how many broken bones are present after the injury has occurred. In addition, the x-ray may also cover the entire leg to determine if not only the ankle sustains damage.

Your doctor may also perform a stress test to determine the severity of the damage by the ankle fracture by applying pressure on the ankle and taking an x-ray test to determine if surgery is necessary.

A CT scan may also be necessary to determine any damage to the ankle fracture. This type of diagnosis is useful in cases where the fracture extends to the ankle joint. Generally, an MRI scan may also be necessary to reveal bones and ligaments to check how much damage.

Surgery may not be necessary to treat the injury if the broken bone is not or is minor dislocation. Furthermore, there are different methods for treating an ankle fracture to let it heal naturally, such as applying a leg cast.

But if your ankle is deemed unstable, surgery will be needed to repair the ankle fracture. During surgery, the bone fragments will be adjusted and repositioned to their natural alignment. In addition,  they are held by special screws and plates to the outer surface of the bone. In addition, there are also cases where a screw or a rod inside the bone may be used to keep the bone fragments together while they naturally heal.

Disclaimer / More Information

The material posted on this page on an ankle fracture is for learning purposes only. Learn properly manage this injury by taking a first aid and CPR class with one of our training providers.

FACT CHECK

https://www.webmd.com/fitness-exercise/ankle-fracture#1

https://www.foothealthfacts.org/conditions/ankle-fractures

https://orthoinfo.aaos.org/en/diseases–conditions/ankle-fractures-broken-ankle/

Tonsil infection

April 9th, 2018 | Posted by A. Jones in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on Tonsil infection)
Tonsil infection

A tonsil infection is inflammation of the tonsils. Tonsils are two tissues that are found on both sides of the throat. They function as defense mechanism and prevent the body from developing viral or bacterial infections before affecting the respiratory tract and other parts of the body. The tonsils have cells that trap any infections that enter the body.

Sometimes, the tonsils can become infected and cause inflammation, swelling, discomforts and pain. Tiny white spots forms on the surface of the tonsils which is sign of an infection.

Types

  • Recurrent tonsillitis or having several episodes of severe tonsillitis per year.
  • Chronic tonsillitis is an infection that last longer than severe tonsillitis with symptoms that includes severe sore throat; halitosis or bad breath and tender lymph nodes in the neck

Symptoms

Tonsil infection

Tenderness of the jaw and neck due to swelling lymph nodes.

  • Difficulty or painful swallowing
  • Severe sore throat
  • Fever and chills
  • A scratchy-sounding voice
  • Earaches
  • Bad breath
  • Tonsils that looks swollen and red
  • A stiff neck
  • Stomachache
  • Headaches
  • Tonsils with white or yellow spots
  • Tenderness of the jaw and neck due to swelling lymph nodes
  • Irritability, poor appetite and excessive drooling in children

Treatment of a tonsil infection

  • Take plenty of rest and install a vaporizer or humidifier inside the room for fast healing of the condition.
  • Use throat lozenges to lessen the pain due to sore throat. Avoid giving lozenges to small children to prevent the risk of choking.
  • Take the prescribed pain medications to lessen the pain and the inflammation.
  • Take the prescribed antibiotics to lessen the pain, the inflammation and for fast healing of the condition.
  • Gargle with warm salt water to eliminate infections or bacteria and lessen the inflammation and the pain. In a cup filled with warm water, add a teaspoon of table salt, mix them well until salt is totally dissolved. Gargle the solution for at least a minute and then spit it out. Avoid swallowing the solution. Repeat the process several times every day for fast healing of the condition.
  • Drink plenty of fluids to prevent dehydration.
  • Turmeric is rich in anti-inflammatory and antiseptic properties that lessen the infection and the irritation caused by tonsillitis. Put ½ teaspoon turmeric and ½ teaspoon salt in a cup filled with hot water. Gargle the solution for at least in the morning and in the evening especially before going to sleep at night. Another alternative is mixing turmeric powder and a pinch of ground black pepper in a glass filled with warm milk. Drink the mixture at night for at least 2-3 days for fast healing of the condition.

Tips

  • Avoid direct contact with sick people.
  • Wash hands properly; avoid sharing personal belongings such as toothbrush, eating utensils with other people.
  • Cover mouth especially when sneezing or coughing.
  • Avoid smoking.

FACT CHECK

https://www.healthline.com/health/tonsillitis

https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/156497.php

https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/tonsillitis/symptoms-causes/syc-20378479

Remedies for mumps

April 9th, 2018 | Posted by A. Jones in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on Remedies for mumps)
mumps

Mumps is a disease of the salivary glands that is very contagious caused by paramyxovirus. Infections are caused by direct contact with nasal discharge through sneezing or coughing and saliva from an infected person. The virus can be spread on surfaces usually touched such as handles of doors, cutlery, bowls or plates. The condition causes swelling salivary glands or parotid gland found in the neck.

Mump not properly treated can cause complications such as orchitis which is inflammation of the testicles and cause sterility and other parts of the body which includes the reproductive organs and the brain. Women infected with mumps during pregnancy have a high risk of miscarriage. It can also cause meningitis which is swelling of the membranes of the brain and spinal cord and encephalitis is the inflammation of the brain which is a very dangerous condition if left untreated.

Symptoms of mumps

  • Body aches
    mumps

    Take plenty of rest when feeling tired or weak for fast healing of the condition.

  • Fatigue
  • Loss of appetite
  • General malaise
  • Headache
  • Low-grade fever
  • Incubation period of mumps is 7-18 days but usually only 10 days after exposure
  • Swollen neck
  • Pain in the ear especially when chewing.
  • Sour taste in the mouth
  • Difficulty in swallowing
  • Problems with hearing

Treatment

  • Take plenty of rest when feeling tired or weak for fast healing of the condition.
  • Take the prescribed pain medications to lessen the fever and the pain.
  • Apply warm or cold compress to the swelling glands. Wrap ice pack in a towel and place to the area to lessen the pain and the swelling. Apply heat using a heat pack. Place a wet damp cloth between the skin and the heat pack to prevent burns and delays the healing. Another alternative is soaking a clean wash cloth in warm water, wring out excess water and then place the cloth on the affected area is also good for the condition.
  • Wear the prescribed athletic supporter to lessen the pain in the groin. Apply ice packs wrapped in a towel in the groin to relieve of the swelling and the pain. You can also use a bag of frozen vegetables on the area.
  • Apply cold compress on swelling breast or abdominal pain to lessen the pain and the inflammation.
  • Drink plenty of fluids to prevent dehydration caused by fever. Water is best fluid to relieve of the mumps and for fast healing of the condition.

Tips

  • Vaccination against mumps is necessary especially when travelling to other parts of the world where the condition is common.
  • Infants and children should be vaccinated against mumps between the ages 12-15 months and second vaccination between 4-6 years old.

FACT CHECK

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mumps

https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/mumps/symptoms-causes/syc-20375361

https://www.healthline.com/health/mumps

Treating sun allergy

April 3rd, 2018 | Posted by A. Jones in Basic First Aid Skills - (Comments Off on Treating sun allergy)
sun allergy

A sun allergy is a reaction of the immune system to sunlight usually causes a red and itchy rash. It affects the “V” of the neck, outside area of the arm, back of the hands and the lower legs. Sometimes it causes severe reactions such as development of small blisters and hives that spread to other areas of the skin which are covered with clothing.

Types of sun allergy

  • Polymorphous light eruption is an itchy rash on the affected area of the skin.
  • Actinic prurigo or hereditary PMLE – the symptom is more severe and begins earlier usually during childhood or adolescence. A family history of the condition
  • Photoallergic eruption – caused by effect of sunlight on a chemical applied on the skin such as fragrances, sunscreen, cosmetics and antibiotic ointments. Tetracyclines and sulfonamides used for psychiatric medications can also cause this condition.
  • Solar urticaria – develops hives or large, itchy and red bumps on exposed areas of the skin. It usually affects young women.

Symptoms

sun allergy

Apply cold compress on the affect to lessen the burning sensations, redness of the area and for fast healing of the condition.

  • Redness, itching and pain
  • Small bumps that becomes raised patches
  • Blisters or hives
  • Inflamed skin
  • Pain and tingling sensations
  • Fever and chills
  • Swelling of the face
  • Fatigue
  • Dehydration
  • Nausea
  • Headache and dizziness

Treatment

  • Apply cold compress on the affect to lessen the burning sensations, redness of the area and for fast healing of the condition. Soak a clean towel in cool water and place it directly on the blisters. Another alternative is taking a cool water bath is good for the condition. After taking a bath, apply aloe Vera gel on the blisters to relieve of the symptoms.
  • Cover the blisters using clean and dry bandages to prevent development of bacterial infections.
  • Drink a glass of cold water to keep the body hydrated. It helps in restoring the fluids lost due to sun burns. Eat fruits such as watermelon which is good in hydrating the body.
  • Use the prescribed cortisone cream to lessen the itchiness and pain of the affected area.
  • Prescribed oral histamine to heal hives and lessen the itchiness and the redness of the skin.
  • Apply a cold milk compress to the affected area. Soak a clean cloth in cold milk and then dab the cloth on the affected areas for at least 30 minutes to lessen the itchiness and the pain. Rinse off the milk using cold water, pat the area dry and then apply moisturizers in the area to prevent drying of the skin.
  • Apply lip balm on the lips with SPF 30 and above to lessen effects of sun allergy on the area.
  • Apply sun block on the skin with sun protection factor or SPF of 15 or higher. It protects the skin from exposure to both ultra violet A or UVA and ultraviolet B or UVB rays.

FACT CHECK

https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/17681-sun-allergy

https://www.health.harvard.edu/a_to_z/sun-allergy-photosensitivity-a-to-z

https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/sun-allergy/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20378082

Dealing with elbow collateral ligament injury

April 2nd, 2018 | Posted by A. Jones in Muscle Injuries - (Comments Off on Dealing with elbow collateral ligament injury)
elbow collateral ligament injury

Elbow collateral ligament injury is common among athletes. Generally, the ligament is found in the inside or medial part of the elbow or the small finger side of the arm. It connects bone together and control movements of the joints. It functions for the stability of the elbow.

Elbow movements that cause bending and twisting of the elbow such as javelin throwing, throwing of a baseball, ice hockey and racquet sports results to excessive stressing of the elbow. Furthermore, this condition can also happen to non athlete people such as falling on an outstretched arm or strong twisting of the arm and cause tearing of the ligaments of the elbow.

Symptoms of ulnar collateral ligament tear

  • At first, bruising at interior elbow after the injury
  • Pain, tenderness and swelling of the affected elbow
    elbow collateral ligament injury

    Stiffness or incapable of making the elbow straight.

  • Weakened grip or numbness and tingling sensations in the fingers.
  • Stiffness or incapable of making the elbow straight
  • Severe elbow pain
  • A popping sound can be heard when moving the elbow
  • Incapable of throwing normally
  • Tingling or numbness sensations that spreads down the ring and the small fingers
  • A sense of looseness or instability of the elbow
  • Incapable of performing regular activities such as lifting small objects or carrying something by the hand.

Treatment

  • Take plenty of rest especially the affected elbow. Avoid performing activities that cause pain in the area for fast healing of the condition.
  • Apply ice using an ice pack. Wrap the ice pack using a towel or a cloth before placing to the area for at least 10-15 minutes to lessen the bleeding, the swelling and the inflammation on the first 48 hours after the injury. The coldness will numb the skin and lessen the pain. Another alternative is soaking a clean washcloth in cool water, and then wrap it around the pack of ice and place on the area is also good for the condition.
  • Compress the area using an elastic bandage. It gives gentle pressure on the tissue around the affected area. It also supports the affected area, lessen the swelling and for proper flow of blood in the area. Do not wrap too tightly to prevent problems with circulations. Take off the bandages at least 2 times every day. Rest the area for a few minutes and then wrap it again.
  • Elevate the affected elbow above the heart to lessen the swelling of the area and increase flow of blood. When resting, prop the area in couple of pillows to keep it in a raised position.
  • Take the prescribed pain medications to reduce the inflammation and the pain.
  • When pain subsides perform gentle exercises with the help of the physical therapist for some strengthening exercises around the affected joint of the elbow, restore range of movement of the elbow and lessen the pain.

Disclaimer / More Information

The material posted on this page on elbow collateral ligament injury is for learning purposes only. Learn to recognize the indications and how it is managed by taking a first aid and CPR class with one of our training providers.

FACT CHECK

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ulnar_collateral_ligament_of_elbow_joint

https://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1230902-overview

https://www.orthobullets.com/shoulder-and-elbow/3079/medial-ulnar-collateral-ligament-injury-valgus-instability

Treating skier’s thumb

April 2nd, 2018 | Posted by A. Jones in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on Treating skier’s thumb)
skier’s thumb

Skier’s thumb is an injury to the soft tissue or ligament that attaches the bones of the thumb together. This condition is also called gamekeeper’s thumb. It is a chronic injury that develops due to repeated stretching if the ulnar collateral ligament in the thumb.

Scottish fowl hunters, gamekeepers, athletes playing volleyball are susceptible to this condition. People falling onto an outstretched hand while holding a ski pole usually on skiers.

Causes of skier’s thumb

  • Falling on outstretched hand and jams into a packed snow at high speed.
  • Falling on outstretched hand while holding a ski pole on the palm of the hand.
  • Vehicular accidents with the thumb on the steering wheel
  • The thumb is bent in abnormal position

Symptoms

skier’s thumb

Pain at the bottom of the thumb in the web space between the thumb and the index finger.

  • Swelling of the thumb
  • Pain at the bottom of the thumb in the web space between the thumb and the index finger
  • Wrist pain
  • Incapable to grasp or weakness when grasping between the thumb and the index finger
  • Tenderness along the index finger on the side of the thumb
  • Blue or black discoloration of the skin on the affected thumb
  • Severe pain when moving the thumb in all directions

Treatment

  • Rest the affected thumb as much as possible.
  • Immobilize the thumb by wrapping the area using an ACE wrap or use a wrist brace. Put the thumb in the neutral position to keep it immobilized. It will prevent unnecessary movement, lessen the pain and for fast healing of the condition.
  • Apply ice compress on the affected thumb for at least 35 minutes at a time, 4 times every day to lessen the pain and the inflammation. Wrap ice compress in a small cloth or a face towel before placing to the area to prevent further irritation and worsen the condition. Another alternative is using a bag of frozen vegetable such as peas or corn is also good for the condition.
  • Wrap the affected thumb using an elastic wrap to maintain pressure on the sprain.
  • Elevate the affected area above the level of the heart to lessen the swelling and internal bleeding. When lying raise the hand in couple of pillows to keep it elevated.
  • Take the prescribed anti-inflammatory medications to lessen the inflammation and the pain.
  • Seek the help of the physical therapist for some rehabilitation exercises for strength, flexibility, restore range of movement and lessen the pain

Tips

  • Skiers should discard their ski pole during falls. Falling with outstretched hand without the ski pole will minimize the chances of an injury.
  • Use poles with finger-groove grips and not putting restraining devices such as closed grip or a wrist strap.
  • When driving, keep the thumbs along with the other fingers outside of the steering wheel.
  • Stretch the hand and the muscles of the finger every day.
  • Wear a thumb stabilizer for protection of the ulnar collateral ligament without limiting the functions and movement of the hand.

FACT CHECK

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ulnar_collateral_ligament_injury_of_the_thumb

https://www.webmd.com/a-to-z-guides/skiers-thumb#1

https://www.emedicinehealth.com/skiers_thumb/article_em.htm

Avulsion

March 30th, 2018 | Posted by A. Jones in Basic First Aid Skills - (Comments Off on Avulsion)

An avulsion is a serious injury where the skin has been partially or fully torn off. These wounds can bleed heavily and rapidly and must be treated immediately. This is commonly caused by a fall, accident, or another injury. In this case, the skin that was torn must be removed as the skin is too damaged to be naturally repaired by the body. Because the skin is torn off, stitching of this wound is not possible because of missing tissue. These wounds are usually large and leave scars because of the missing tissue.

It is recommended to immediately seek medical attention when you receive an avulsion wound.

Taking care of an avulsion

  • Wash the wound to disinfect it, remove any dirt and debris from the wound
  • Control and stop the bleeding by applying pressure and elevation to the wound
  • Wrap the wound with a clean bandage

You can also take painkillers to ease the pain that is accompanied by the wound, but you may need to talk to your doctor about what kind of medication you should take if you have an allergy to medication or complications.

Avulsion

Wash the wound to disinfect it, remove any dirt and debris from the wound.

Keep the wound and your bandage clean and dry for at least a week, ensure that you have enough nutrition and rest for the wound.

While most wounds can be treated at home without the need to see a doctor, you may be required to see one if the injury is serious and can be determined by some factors.

When to see a doctor

  • The wound is large and is deeper than half an inch
  • The bleeding doesn’t stop even after you’ve applied pressure
  • The bleeding has continued for more than half an hour
  • The injury was a result of a serious accident

There are numerous techniques for treating the wound. Your doctor may close the wound by using stitches, sutures or skin glue. You may also receive a tetanus shot to prevent you from contracting tetanus.

If you’ve received bandages or dressings as suggested by your doctor, you should keep your hands clean always to prevent infection as you change your bandages or dressings. Do this in a clean or sterile environment, disinfect the wound and keep it dry before applying a new bandage or dressing. Safely dispose of your used bandages or dressings in a plastic bag.

Disclaimer / More Information

The material posted on this page on an avulsion is for learning purposes only. Learn how it is managed by taking a first aid and CPR class with one of our training providers.

FACT CHECK

https://www.drugs.com/cg/skin-avulsion-aftercare-instructions.html

https://www.healthline.com/health/open-wound

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Avulsion_injury

Frostbite

March 29th, 2018 | Posted by A. Jones in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on Frostbite)
Frostbite

A frostbite is an injury caused by prolonged exposure to cold temperatures, this kind of injury freezes the skin and its underlying layers. Frostbite can lead to serious issues and may cause a limb to cease functioning and lead to gangrene which requires amputation.

Frostbite commonly occurs on extremities such as your fingers, toes, nose, ears but can also affect your cheeks, chin or lips and so on. Frostbite can also affect skin that is covered by gloves or thick clothing if the cold penetrates it.

Signs and symptoms of frostbite

  • Cold, prickly feeling on the skin
  • Numbness
  • Discoloration of the skin to either a reddish, bluish, whitish or yellowish color
    Frostbite

    Frostbite commonly occurs on extremities such as your fingers, toes, nose, ears but can also affect your cheeks, chin or lips and so on.

  • Joint or muscle stiffness

Because frostbite causes skin numbness, you may not notice it until it has been pointed out to you.

There are also numerous factors that can contribute to increasing the risk of frostbite:

  • Under the influence of alcohol
  • Exhaustion or dehydration
  • Spending too much time outside in the cold climate, such as the homeless, those who are hiking, hunters, etc.

Different stages

  1. The first stage is frostnip. This is where the only the surface of the skin is frozen. This stage can be identified with signs of pain and itching then eventually numbness. Frostnip does not cause permanent damage to the skin because only the top layers are frozen.
  2. The second stage is superficial frostbite. In this stage, tissues may have ice crystals and you may start to feel warm. When you rewarm yourself, your skin may appear discolored and blisters may form after a few hours, typically a day later.
  3. The third stage is deep frostbite and can be life-threatening and lead to complications. At this stage, the freezing affects muscles up to nerves which can completely paralyze and disable limbs. If limbs or extremities are destroyed by this stage, they can lead to gangrene and must be removed through amputation.

The most effective method to prevent yourself from being affected by frostbite is by wearing thick clothing if you are living in very cold places, once you feel the cold its best to move indoors and warm yourself. It’s also best to keep yourself dry and have your extremities covered, such as your ears, hands and feet.

Disclaimer / More Information

The material posted on this page on frostbite is for learning purposes only. Learn to recognize the indications of this condition by taking a first aid and CPR class with one of our training providers.

FACT CHECK

https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/frostbite/symptoms-causes/syc-20372656

https://www.healthline.com/health/frostbite-stages

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frostbite

Laceration

March 28th, 2018 | Posted by A. Jones in Basic First Aid Skills - (Comments Off on Laceration)
Laceration

A laceration is a skin injury where the tissues or skin opens forcefully. Lacerations come in various sizes, length, and depth, depending on how severe the impact was from the sharp object. Small lacerations don’t require medical attention and can heal naturally without the use of stitches.

Lacerations can be due to objects that strike the skin with such force that it tears the skin apart, these can be due to sharp objects like knives or from car accidents. Wounds come in various sizes, length, and depth – the bigger the more severe.

A small wound can be minor wound and will not require much medical attention and heals within a few days only while a large wound requires medical attention with numerous treatments ranging from stitches to tissue glue to sealing the wound.

While most lacerations are minor and heal naturally without stitches, there are cases that stitches are necessary for the wound to heal.

Laceration

Wounds come in various sizes, length, and depth – the bigger the more severe.

Signs and symptoms of a laceration

  • A deep cut on your body that may reveal underlying layers like fat or muscles
  • Bleeding coming from the wound

Caring for the wound varies on how severe the cut is. First to do is to clean the wound and remove any debris or dirt, most wounds won’t require an antibiotic unless there is an infection present. If the wound is minor, the doctor secures a bandage or dressing on the wound but if it is large then a visit to the doctor is necessary to seal the wound.

Minor wounds usually heal within a week or so and won’t leave without too much scarring.

Your doctor may suggest a tetanus shot if the wound has been caused by an animal bite or a dirty pointed object, such as a rusted metal object like a knife.

Your doctor may advise stitches to secure and seal the wound but may also seal the wound using other methods such as skin glue. Secure the wound by a bandage of dressing. Replace the bandage or dressing when you notice it becomes dry or dirty to prevent infection. Do this at least once a day.

Disclaimer / More Information

The material posted on this page on a laceration is for learning purposes only. Learn to properly manage this type of open wound by taking a first aid and CPR class with one of our training providers.

FACT CHECK

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wound

https://medlineplus.gov/ency/imagepages/19616.htm

https://www.webmd.com/first-aid/cuts-or-lacerations-treatment