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Tendinitis of the wrist

February 19th, 2016 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on Tendinitis of the wrist)
aquagenic-urticaria

Tendinitis of the wrist is also called tenosynovitis which is a common condition which causes irritation and inflammation of the tendons around the joints of the wrist. There are many tendons that surround the joints of the wrist and the condition usually affects one or more tendons. Sometimes, tendinitis of the wrist happens when the tendons cross each other or passing over a bony prominence. The tendons slide on the smooth sheaths when passing the joint of the wrist.

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If an individual has tendinitis of the wrist, the tendon sheath or tenosynovium becomes thickened and tightens the gliding movement of the tendons. Obviously, the movements of the tendons become difficulty and painful due to the inflammation.

Common symptoms of tendinitis of the wrist include pain can be felt over the area and inflammation and swelling of the surrounding soft tissues.

Treatment

  • Take plenty of rest especially the affected wrist.

    Tendinitis of the wrist

    Wear a wrist splint or a cast to help the affected wrist rest. By resting the tendon, it helps lessen the inflammation.

  • Wear a wrist splint or a cast to help the affected wrist rest. By resting the tendon, it helps lessen the inflammation.
  • Use a cold compress or ice pack that is wrapped with a clean piece of cloth and apply it to the affected area at least 15-20 minutes to help lessen the pain and inflammation by numbing the affected area. If ice is not available, frozen foods or fruits can also be used as a compress several times every day for the best result. Applying cold on the wrist helps in cooling the inflammation and also in stimulating the flow of blood to the affected area.
  • Elevate the affected wrist above the level of the heart to help lessen the inflammation.
  • Take the prescribed non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) to help minimize of pain, inflammation and swelling of the tissues.
  • Mix Epsom salt and warm water well until fully dissolved and then soak the affected wrist for at least one hour for 2-3 times every week. An alternative is to mix Epsom salt with warm water and soak a face cloth in the solution to be used as a compress on the affected wrist for at least 15-20 minutes to help lessen the pain and discomfort caused by tendinitis of the wrist. Moisturize the skin after applying this treatment to prevent dryness of the skin.
  • Using apple cider vinegar can help with the condition. In a glass filled with warm water, mix it with honey and apple cider vinegar. Stir and drink the solution at least 2-3 times every day for the best result.
  • Perform regular stretching exercises to help maintain the flexibility and strength of the muscles of the wrist.

 

Stress fracture of the foot

February 13th, 2016 | Posted by corinne grace in Skeletal Injuries - (Comments Off on Stress fracture of the foot)
Achilles-tendon-rupture

Stress fracture of the foot is a common problem among athletes. A stress fracture is a crack in the bone with a width of a hair follicle, but causes discomfort especially when it is a weight bearing bone like in the foot. Stress fractures are common in the feet and usually among runners, dancers and basketball players. Stress fracture can be a serious condition if not properly treated, but it takes time to heal a stress fracture of the foot.

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Symptoms of stress fracture of the foot usually begin with slight discomforts on the front part of the foot where most of the force and pressure is being exerted. The pain is very mild and it becomes worse during long periods of exercises, working out and running. The pain normally disappears when the affected person stops performing long periods of strenuous activities.

Treatment

  • Stop performing exercises and running or whatever is causing the pain.
  • Get plenty of rest especially the affected foot. Wear a boot or use crutches to help promote fast healing of the area and keep weight away and pressure off the affected foot.

    Stress fracture of the foot

    Get plenty of rest especially the affected foot.

  • Apply an ice pack or pack of frozen vegetables wrapped in a towel and place on the affected foot for 20 minutes and avoid making it more than 20 minutes. Repeat the procedure at least 3-4 times every day to help lessen the swelling.
  • Wrap the affected foot using an elastic bandage and elevate the foot above the level of the heart in order to help lessen swelling and inflammation.
  • Take the prescribed pain medications such as acetaminophen in order to help lessen the pain.
  • Begin performing some low-impact exercises such as biking or swimming as well as strengthening exercises.
  • Seek the help of a physical therapist for the suitable rehabilitation program for strengthening exercises on the foot since weakness of these areas can be affected by foot-impact forces. Stretching the leg and muscles of the hip helps in restoring the flexibility of the area and performing balance exercises helps in improving stability of the whole body. There should be a rest period between exercises in order to help continue the repair of bone.
  • Wear properly cushioned footwear with proper support for the foot.
  • Eat a well balanced diet and adequate amounts of food rich in Vitamin D and calcium or take vitamin D and calcium supplements.

Tips

  • Avoid performing intense workouts to prevent foot stress fracture. Warm up and stretch thoroughly before performing a workout and take a rest between workouts in order to help rest the body and bones. Proper use of exercise equipment can help prevent stress fractures.
  • Avoid wearing worn-out shoes or with insufficient arch support when performing high-impact sports.

Avulsion fracture of the elbow

February 13th, 2016 | Posted by corinne grace in Skeletal Injuries - (Comments Off on Avulsion fracture of the elbow)
aquagenic-urticaria

Avulsion fracture happens when a ligament or tendon that is connected to a bone partially detaches by taking a bone fragment with it due to trauma or injury. These usually happen due to a strong contraction of the muscle. It develops at the ligament due to an external force to the body such as a fall or pulls at the tendon due to the contraction of muscles that is stronger than the force that is connecting the bones together.

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In children, avulsion fracture usually happens in areas of the bone that is made up of cartilages. Among adults, the ligaments and tendons are first to be injured while in children, the bone will weaken before the ligament or tendon is damaged. Children have a weak part in their skeleton called the growth plate which is the area of the bone that is still actively growing. The tendons or ligaments that are near a growth plate can be pulled strongly enough to cause the growth plate to be fractured. These fractures are not serious and easily treated unless the fracture has tendon or ligament damage.

Symptoms

  • Discomfort on the affected area
  • There is swelling and inflammation

    Avulsion fracture

    Pain that is mild to severe and the intensity depends on the amount of damage caused

  • Pain that is mild to severe and the intensity depends on the amount of damage caused
  • Sensitivity of the affected area when touched
  • Difficulty in moving the affected area

Treatment

  • Take plenty of rest especially the affected elbow in order to help promote fast healing of the affected area as well as minimizing the use of elbow.
  • Apply an ice pack on the affected area to help lessen the swelling and inflammation for at least 20-30 minutes for every 3-4 hours every day. Avoid applying ice directly on the skin, wrap the ice pack or bag of frozen vegetable using a towel and place it on the affected area.
  • Stabilize the joint of the elbow by using a splint, cast or compression bandage in order to help minimize movement as well as making the condition worse.
  • Seek the help of a physical therapist for some exercises in order to help restore the full range of motion to the affected area.
  • Keep the affected area elevated above the level of the heart to help in preventing the swelling and minimizing the pain.
  • Drink 2-3 glasses of herbal tea every day such as ginger tea, basil tea and chamomile tea. These can help lessen pain and inflammation of the affected area.
  • Seek medical help for follow-up appointments in order to help in assessing the healing of the affected area. The severity of the damage and fracture will be determined whether there is a need for surgery. Severe avulsion fractures of the tendons and ligaments needs surgery and areas which are not stable. There might be a need for the placement of pins, rods, wires, screws or plates in order to help connect the bones together as well as repair the damaged tendon and ligaments by sewing both ends together.

Ulnar nerve injury

February 13th, 2016 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on Ulnar nerve injury)

The ulnar nerve is found below the internal side of the elbow. Ulnar nerve or contusion can be caused by trauma to the ulnar nerve and sometimes bruising injury can occur near the surface of the skin. Ulnar nerve injury will make the capillaries surrounding the ulnar nerve to rupture and bleed. The blood coming from the ruptured capillaries slips through the nerve and if there is a direct injury to the ulnar nerve, it will cause temporary or permanent damage of the nerve.

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Causes

  • Ulnar nerve injury can be caused by a trauma or long periods of compression of the ulnar nerve which is a peripheral nerve that is found in the whole length of the arm. It functions in transmitting sensations from the little fingers to the spinal cord and control movements of the small muscles of the hand.
  • Ulna nerve is also called “funny bone” in which a mild blow to the elbow can result to numbness and tingling on the arms which is also called “hitting the funny bone”.
  • Elbow fracture or dislocation of the elbow can cause ulnar nerve injury.

    Ulnar nerve injury

    Ulnar nerve injury can be caused by a trauma or long periods of compression of the ulnar nerve

  • Long periods of pressure on the palm such as endurance cycling can also cause ulnar nerve injury.
  • Improper use of crutches
  • Repetitive overuse of the hand or arm and repetitive stress injury can result to ulnar nerve compression and ulnar tunnel syndrome.
  • Traction injuries
  • Bony growth found in the ulnar groove.
  • Playing contact sports such as football, soccer or rugby are susceptible to this injury

Symptoms

  • Pain and weakness of the affected hand
  • There is loss of feeling usually on the fourth and fifth fingers
  • Pain becomes worse when playing tennis and usually at night time
  • Weak grip and dexterity
  • Swelling of the elbow
  • Tenderness of the inner part of the elbow
  • Tingling, numbness or burning sensation can be felt in the fingers and hand.
  • Weakness and heaviness can be felt in the hand
  • Muscle atrophy in the hand
  • A sharp pain that spreads from the elbow to the wrist and hand

Treatment

  • Take plenty of rest especially the affected area of the elbow.
  • Change or minimize performing repetitive motion activities. Take a rest and change the activity of the hands, wrist and elbows in order to help in preventing ulnar nerve injury.
  • Bicycles should be properly fitted in order to help minimize pressure on the ulnar nerve.
  • Use proper crutch-walking technique when using crutches in order to help minimize ulnar nerve injury under the arms.
  • Proper use of the orthopedic elbow splints helps to lessen excessive flexion of the elbow which can result to ulnar nerve injury.
  • Apply a cold compress or ice pack wrapped in a towel and place on the affected area to minimize the pain, swelling and inflammation.
  • Take the prescribed anti-inflammatory medications such as ibuprofen and naproxen to lessen the swelling, inflammation and pain.
  • When pain is minimized, begin performing stretching and strengthening exercises.

If the symptoms still persists and becomes worse, seek medical help immediately.