Standard First Aid Training, Courses and Re-Certifications.
Header

Remedies for retrolisthesis

July 31st, 2017 | Posted by corinne grace in Skeletal Injuries - (Comments Off on Remedies for retrolisthesis)

Retrolisthesis is a rare medical condition usually happens in the lower area of the spine, but can also happen in the cervical area and rarely in the thoracic region. This condition happens when the disc found between the vertebrae is damaged.

Retrolisthesis happens when one vertebra slides and moves back throughout the intervertebral disc under or over it.

Types of retrolisthesis

retrolisthesis

Uneasiness in one area of the back.

  • Complete retrolisthesis, when a vertebra moves backward to the spinal segments above and below.
  • Partial retrolisthesis, when a vertebra moves backwards either to the spinal segment above or below.
  • Stair stepped retrolisthesis when a vertebra moves backwards to the body of spinal segment found above and ahead of the one found below.

Symptoms of retrolisthesis

  • Distortion of the spine or a bulge in the back
  • Uneasiness in one area of the back
  • Limited range of motion
  • Back pain
  • Other forms of pain in area of displacement
  • Numbness, tingling or a severe and pinched pain felt in the buttocks, hips, thigh, neck, shoulder, legs and arms.

Causes

  • Stress and traumatic fractures
  • Birth defects in children
  • Injury to the spine or around the spine
  • Arthritis, osteoporosis and rickets which makes the bones weak
  • Nutritional deficiencies of materials for maintenance of bone strength, and repair of disc, cartilage and nerves.
  • Weak core muscles that do not give stability on the back
  • Infections in the blood or bone

Treatment

  • Quit smoking to prevent further damage and deterioration of the joint.
  • If overweight, lose some weight to lessen the pressure placed on the vertebra and for fast healing of the condition.
  • Take prescribe vitamin supplement with manganese, copper, vitamin A, C and Zinc.
  • Using myofascial release with the help of the physical therapist. It is an applied kinesiology treatment that involves placing pressure on myofascial which result in restorative function. Myofascial release or massages restores the muscle tone and increase blood circulation in the area.
  • Using microcurrent therapy to lessen the pain and repair of the tissue. it utilizes low-level electric currents to lessen the inflammation, the swelling and the pain. It also releases muscle trigger points and improve regeneration of the soft tissue.
  • Apply a warm compress on the affected area for at least 10-15 minutes to lessen the pain.
  • Seek the help of the physical therapist for some proper techniques in lifting, bending and sitting. Exercises and physical therapy helps with losing weight and improve flexibility, mobility, strength and lessen the pain caused by the retrolisthesis.
  • Drink plenty of water. Water is a constituent of spinal disc cartilage and supports the height of the intervertebral disc.

 

How to treat a stingray sting

July 6th, 2017 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on How to treat a stingray sting)

A stingray is flat-bodied cartilaginous fish with one or more barbed stingers found midway on the tail. They live in coastal tropical and subtropical marine waters which makes it easy for them to encounter humans. They are not aggressive, but will use their stingers in self-defense when they are accidentally stepped on and secrete venom into the sting site.

Symptoms of a stingray sting

  • Muscle cramps and seizures
  • Pain
  • Swelling
  • Headache
  • Bleeding
  • Weakness
    stingray-sting

    If there is bleeding, apply direct pressure on the affected area for a few minutes until the bleeding is reduced.

  • Nausea, vomiting and diarrhea
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Dizziness and lightheadedness
  • Fainting
  • Palpitations
  • Allergic reactions such as swelling of the tongue, lips, neck and other areas of the body, shortness of breath or wheezing and red and itchy rash.
  • Elevated heart rate, low blood pressure and rapid breathing

Treatment

  • While still in the water, irrigate the wound using sea water and remove all debris and foreign bodies from the area. Use a tweezer if needed. Once the area is already irrigated, move out of the water and dry the area using a towel. Avoid removing any remaining debris found in the neck, chest and abdomen.
  • If there is bleeding, apply direct pressure on the affected area for a few minutes until the bleeding is reduced.
  • Soak the wound in hot water as tolerated for at least 30-90 minutes or until the pain has subsided. Soaking in hot water lessens the pain by eliminating the venom protein complex.
  • Elevate the affected body part for a few days to lessen the swelling.
  • Take the prescribed over the counter anti-inflammatory medications such as ibuprofen or naproxen to lessen the pain and the swelling. If there is profuse bleeding, take acetaminophen to thin out the blood and lessen the clotting ability of the body.
  • Maintain cleanliness of the affected area and keep dry all the time. Apply the prescribed antibiotic every day and keep the area uncovered.

Tips

  • When swimming in tropical waters, be cautious with sharks, stingrays and other dangerous sea animals that might be around.
  • Drag or shuffle the feet when walking in water, so that you can only bump on the stingray instead of stepping on them.
  • When the affected area becomes itchy, avoid scratching or rubbing the area to prevent the condition from getting worse.
  • Hot sand can be used as a medium in soaking the wound. Clean the wound properly after the soak.

More Information

The details posted on this page on a stingray sting is for learning purposes only. To learn to recognize and manage marine animal stings, enroll in a first aid course with one of our training providers.

Managing Achilles tendon rupture

July 6th, 2017 | Posted by corinne grace in First Aid Injury Assessment - (Comments Off on Managing Achilles tendon rupture)

Achilles tendon rupture is an injury affecting the back of the lower leg and usually common among people playing recreation sports. It enables a person to stand on tiptoe and point the foot and for running, walking and jumping.

The Achilles tendon is a strong fibrous cord that attaches the muscles found in the back of the calf to the heel bone. Overstretching the Achilles tendon will result to a tear or partial or complete rupture. A popping sound can be heard when the tendon ruptures and severe pain can be felt at the back of the ankle and the lower leg that results to difficulty walking. When starting an activity such as pushing strongly from the toes while starting a race can result to the rupturing of the tendon.

Achilles-tendon-rupture

Apply an ice pack on the affected area for at least 20-30 minutes every 3-4 hours to lessen the swelling and the pain.

Causes

  • Lack of activity or exercise
  • Weakening of the Achilles tendon due to age
  • Falling from a great height or suddenly stepping into a hole or on a curb that stretches the tendon.
  • Previous tendinitis of the Achilles tendon
  • Performing activities that requires strong jumping or running such as tennis, basketball, badminton and racquetball.
  • Suffering from conditions such as diabetes and arthritis
  • Using medications such as corticosteroids and certain antibiotics

Symptoms of Achilles tendon rupture

  • A snapping or a popping sound can be heard after the injury
  • Difficulty walking and standing on tiptoe
  • Severe swelling of the area
  • Severe pain can be felt at the back of the calf or ankle
  • A gap can be felt in the tendon
  • Weakness and bruising of the ankle

Treatment

  • Take plenty of rest especially the Achilles tendon. Avoid performing activities that puts plenty of stress on the tendon such as climbing stairs or running. Perform mild impact activities such as swimming while the tendon is still in the healing process for at least a month.
  • Apply an ice pack on the affected area for at least 20-30 minutes every 3-4 hours to lessen the swelling and the pain. Continue applying ice on the area for at least 2-3 days until pain disappears.
  • Compress the leg using an elastic bandage wrapped around the lower leg and ankle to lessen the swelling of the area. Avoid wrapping it too tight to prevent problems with circulation.
  • Elevate the leg above the level of the heart. Raise the leg on a pillow when lying down to keep it elevated.
  • Take the prescribed non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAIDs) such as acetaminophen to lessen the pain and the inflammation.
  • Seek the help of the physical therapist for some rehabilitation exercises such as stretching and strengthening and restoring the range of movement of the affected area.
  • Cessation of smoking.

Disclaimer / More Information

The material posted on this page on Achilles tendon rupture is for learning purposes only. Learn to recognize and manage tendon injuries by taking a first aid and CPR class with one of our training providers.

Treatment of hypermobility syndrome

July 4th, 2017 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on Treatment of hypermobility syndrome)

The hypermobility syndrome is a condition where the joints moves easily beyond the normal range expected for a joint. It is a benign condition and usually affects children especially girls.

Conditions that puts on at high risk of developing this condition includes tendinitis, bruising, carpal tunnel syndrome, scoliosis, osteoarthritis, joint instability, ankle sprains, fibromyalgia, pelvic dysfunction, fractures and exocrine gland dysfunction.

Symptoms of hypermobility syndrome

  • Pain in the knees, fingers, hips and the elbows
  • Joint dislocation and sprain on the affected joint
  • Scoliosis or curvature of the spine that result to back pain
  • Fatigue
    hypermobility-syndrome

    Pain in the knees, fingers, hips and the elbows.

  • Anxious mood
  • Insomnia
  • Depression
  • Headaches
  • Exercise-induced pain
  • Joint stiffness
  • Clicking sound can be heard in the affected area
  • Poor coordination

Causes of hypermobility

  • Muscle tone or strength
  • Bone shape or the depth of the joint sockets
  • Poor sense of proprioception
  • Family history of hypermobility

Treatment

  • Take the prescribed anti-inflammatory medications such as ibuprofen and acetaminophen to lessen the joint pain.
  • Elevate the affected joint to lessen the swelling and the flow of blood in the area. Raise the injured joint in a couple of pillows to keep it elevated.
  • Take plenty of rest especially the affected joint. Avoid placing stress on the area for at least 24-48 hours for fast healing of the condition.
  • Apply heat on the affected joint for at least 15-20 minutes to lessen the pain in the joint. Heat can be in the form of a hot water bottle or heating pad set on low or medium heat.
  • Alternately, apply cold therapy on the affected area in the form of an ice pack or a bag of frozen vegetables for at least for 10 minutes intervals to lessen the swelling and the pain.
  • Maintain a regular sleeping routine and plenty of good sleep for the fast healing of the condition. Be aware of the sleeping position. Avoid lying on positions that puts plenty of stress on the joints to prevent waking up feeling sore or unrested. Place pillows between the knees to support the hips and the back. Stretch out the muscles thoroughly upon waking up.
  • Perform low-impact exercises regularly such as swimming or biking.
  • Drink plenty of fluids especially water to prevent dehydration and worsen the condition.

Tips

  • Avoid overextending the joints to prevent the development of arthritis which is the inflammation of the joints. It can also cause the dislocation of the joints due to minor trauma or self-manipulation.
  • Use braces or orthotics when performing exercises to protect the joints. If the joint is sensitive or loose, tape or wrap the affected area before stressing it.

How to treat pneumonia

July 4th, 2017 | Posted by corinne grace in Breathing Emergency - (Comments Off on How to treat pneumonia)

Pneumonia is a condition of the lungs in which the air sacs in the lungs becomes inflamed and there is accumulation of fluid and pus that results to chronic cough and shortness of breath. This condition can be mild or dangerous especially for the elderly and the children. Pneumonia can be caused by virus, bacteria or fungi.

What are the types?

Community-acquired pneumonia is the most common type usually caused by bacteria, virus and fungi.

  • Pneumonia caused by bacteria happens after having common cold or flu and it affects a single lobe of the lung. It is called sleeping pneumonia and does not need any treatment.
    pneumonia

    Take the prescribed over-the-counter antibiotics to treat symptoms of bacterial pneumonia.

  • Pneumonia caused by fungi usually happens due to droppings of birds present in contaminated soil. People with underlying conditions and compromised immune system are susceptible to this condition.

Hospital-acquired pneumonia affects people after being confined in the hospital for periods. This condition is difficult to treat because the bacterium that causes the infection is resistant to antibiotics. It is common in people who are under mechanical ventilation.

Another category which is called aspiration pneumonia is caused by inhaling food, drink or saliva into the lungs. It usually happens after excessive drinking of alcohol or drugs or having problems with swallowing.

Symptoms of pneumonia

  • Fever
  • Chills
  • Excessive sweating
  • Muscle pains
  • Chest pain when coughing
  • Low body temperature
  • Fatigue
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Cough with sticky sputum
  • Diarrhea
  • Headaches

Treatment

  • Take the prescribed over-the-counter antibiotics to treat symptoms of bacterial pneumonia. It takes about a couple of days to lessen the symptoms.
  • Take the prescribed antiviral medications to lessen the symptoms of viral forms of pneumonia. It takes about several weeks to lessen the symptoms.
  • Take the prescribed over-the-counter medications such as aspirin or ibuprofen to lessen the pain and the inflammation.
  • Take the prescribed cough medications to lessen the severity of the cough.
  • Take plenty of rest. Stay away from school/work for at least a few days until the symptoms are minimized
  • Drink plenty of liquids at least 6-8 glasses of water regularly to keep the body hydrated.
  • Take a hot and steamy shower for easy coughing up of the mucus and clearing the lungs. Another alternative is using a humidifier inside the room.

Tips

  • Get the pneumonia and seasonal flu vaccination
  • Cessation of smoking
  • Maintain good hygiene
  • Eating a well-balanced diet

Disclaimer / More Information

The material posted on this page on pneumonia is for learning purposes only. Learn to recognize the indications of this respiratory condition by taking a first aid and CPR class with one of our training providers.