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Remedies for nasal polyps

February 24th, 2017 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on Remedies for nasal polyps)

Nasal polyps are soft, painless and non-cancerous growths that develops on the nasal passage lining or even the sinuses. They are due to chronic inflammation caused by asthma, recurrent infection, sensitivity to drugs, allergies as well as some immune conditions.

Small-sized nasal polyps do not cause symptoms, but larger growths can cause blockage of the nasal passages or cause difficulty breathing, loss of sense of smell and infections. Adults are more susceptible but it can affect anyone.

Symptoms of nasal polyps

  • Persistent stuffiness
  • A runny nose
  • Postnasal drip
    Nasal polyps

    Small-sized nasal polyps do not cause symptoms, but larger growths can cause blockage of the nasal passages or cause difficulty breathing, loss of sense of smell and infections.

  • Diminished sense of taste
  • Decreased or absent sense of smell
  • Headache
  • Pain in the upper teeth
  • Sense of pressure over the forehead and face
  • Snoring

Severe symptoms such as difficulty breathing, sudden worsening of the condition, severe swelling and severe headache with fever requires immediate medical attention.

Conditions with high risk of developing nasal polyps includes sensitivity to aspirin, asthma, allergic fungal sinusitis due to allergies to airborne fungi and cystic fibrosis.

Treatment

  • Get plenty of sleep every night. Give the body enough time to rest to fight off illnesses and infection fast. Take at least 7-8 hours of sleep every night. Another alternative is taking a break when tired.
  • Use a saline solution or salt water in rinsing the nose and sinuses to lessen the inflammation in the nose and dry the mucus that cause blockage of the nasal passageways. Salt slows down the production of adiponectin of the body which is the chemical that cause inflammation.
  • Steam inhalation through the nose will open the nasal passages and thin out the thick mucus secretions due to congestion. There are ways in inhaling steam such as closing all windows and doors in the bathroom and run a hot shower to create steam and inhale the steam coming from the hot shower. Another alternative is pouring boiling water in a large bowl and place a towel over the head and neck and inhale the steam from the hot water. Make sure that the towel covers the head so that steam cannot escape. Breathe deeply until the steam can be felt in the nose. Continue inhaling the steam until the water becomes cool. Essential oils can be added to the hot water to improve nasal clearing effect.
  • Perform regular exercises for at least 30 minutes at 3-5 times every week for fast metabolism as well as boosting the immune system.

How to manage dry gangrene

February 24th, 2017 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on How to manage dry gangrene)

Dry gangrene is an uncommon condition where some areas of the body become dry and eventually turn black due to poor flow of blood in the area. The skin and tissues may slough off when it becomes severe.

Dry gangrene usually affects the lower extremities especially the feet and hands but it can also affect the muscles, limbs, and internal organs. People suffering from conditions such as diabetes, autoimmune disease and peripheral arterial disease are susceptible to develop the condition.

Causes of dry gangrene

Dry gangrene

Dry gangrene usually affects the lower extremities especially the feet and hands but it can also affect the muscles, limbs, and internal organs.

  • Diabetes is a condition that delays the flow of blood especially in the lower extremities which result to a non-healing wound.
  • Vascular problems such as peripheral arterial disease that lessen the supply of blood in the body.
  • Vasculitis is an autoimmune condition that cause the inflammation of the blood vessels.
  • Smoking
  • External injuries such as accidents, burns, wounds and surgeries
  • Exposure of extremities to very cold temperatures or frostbite
  • Improper treatment of a bacterial infection can result to death of the tissues

Symptoms

  • Claudication or cramping of the legs while walking
  • Numbness and coldness of the affected area and skin looks shriveled
  • Discoloration of the affected area. The area becomes purple, red, and pale and eventually becomes black if left untreated.
  • Dryness of the area
  • Pain

In case symptoms, such as low blood pressure, confusion, fever, lightheadedness and shortness of breath are present, it is vital to seek immediate treatment.

Treatment

  • Quit smoking to prevent blockage of blood flow to the blood vessels and gangrene. When blood stops flowing, the tissues will die and result to gangrene.
  • Consume a high protein but low in fat diet to avoid clogging of arteries. High protein foods include fish, turkey, cheese, lean pork and beef, tofu, eggs, beans and peanuts. Add dark leafy green vegetable to the diet. Protein rebuilds the damaged muscles.
  • Consume foods high in germanium and other antioxidants. Germanium is an antioxidant that improves the function of oxygen in the body and enhances the immune system. Foods rich in germanium include onions, garlic, whole wheat flour, shiitake mushrooms, green leafy vegetables as well as aloe vera.
  • If suffering from diabetes, minimize the intake of sugar. Regular checking of the extremities for any signs of cuts, redness, swelling or infections and should be treated properly. Watch for symptoms such as numbness in the arms, legs, fingers and toes since these are indications of improper blood circulation and affects the blood vessels.
  • Perform regular exercises such as walking on a treadmill for at least 30-40 minutes at 3-4 times in a week to lessen the symptoms of claudication or painful cramping of the legs due to improper flow of blood in the area.

Disclaimer / More Information

The material posted on this page on dry gangrene is for learning purposes only. Learn to recognize and manage circulatory conditions by taking a first aid and CPR class with one of our training providers.

Dealing with hematoma

February 24th, 2017 | Posted by corinne grace in Basic First Aid Skills - (Comments Off on Dealing with hematoma)

A hematoma is a localized accumulation of blood under the skin and looks like a reddish blue swelling or bruise. It is typically caused by a blunt disturbance to the body that results to bursting and leakage of the blood vessels.

A large-sized hematoma is a serious condition which puts plenty of pressure on the blood vessels and cause obstruction of blood flow in the area. This condition requires immediate treatment.

Symptoms of hematoma

Hematoma

A large-sized hematoma is a serious condition which puts plenty of pressure on the blood vessels and cause obstruction of blood flow in the area.

  • Pain and inflammation of the affected area.
  • The tissue is flooded with blood and results to swelling
  • Redness of the affected area due to accumulation of blood under the surface of the skin or subdermal hematoma.
  • Headaches and confusion
  • A lucid period where the individual eventually becomes unconscious. The lucid period is experienced right after the accumulation of blood and the flow of blood will result to loss of consciousness.
  • Weakness of the extremities

Treatment

  • Take plenty of rest during the first 48 hours.
  • Immobilize the affected area that keeps the person in a normal structural position such as lying on the back with palms and feet pointed forward. This position helps promote fast healing and prevents further damage if it occurs in the extremities and the joints.
  • Apply a cold compress on the area immediately after the injury on the first 24-48 hours. Apply an ice pack on the affected area after a hematoma starts to develop for at least 15-20 minutes. The cold temperature causes constriction of the blood vessels and lessens swelling and accumulation of blood under the skin.
  • Apply a warm compress after 24-48 hours during the recovery period. It dilates the blood vessels for increased flow of blood in the area and supply of nutrients needed for healing. The warm sensation lessens the pain. Another alternative is taking a warm bath which has a similar effect to a warm compress and dissolves blood clots from the affected area due to the increased blood flow.
  • Massage the affected area in a circular motion or long strokes for proper flow of blood. It also dissolves superficial clots. Stop the massage if pain is triggered.
  • Perform isotonic exercises. These exercises contract both muscles such as the flexors and extensors without producing movement. These contractions increase the return of blood by compressing the blood vessels.
  • Elevate the affected extremities above the level of the heart to lessen the flow and prevent the hematoma from becoming large. Use a couple of pillows in raising the affected area. It also lessens the swelling, proper lymphatic drainage, eliminate of exudates and lessens tissue pressure.
  • Take the prescribed over-the-counter pain medication such as ibuprofen every 4-6 hours.
  • Drink plenty of water to prevent dehydration and flush toxins out of the body.

Disclaimer / More Information

The material posted on this page on a hematoma is for learning purposes only. Learn to recognize and manage wounds by taking a first aid and CPR class with one of our training providers.

Treatment for heatstroke

February 24th, 2017 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on Treatment for heatstroke)

Heatstroke is a severe condition due to overheating of the body. It is the most severe condition brought on by heat. Heatstroke is a consequence of prolonged physical exertion that increases the temperature of the body above 104 degrees F. This condition requires immediate treatment. If not properly treated, it can cause severe damage to the heart, brain, kidneys and the muscles.

Symptoms

  • Severe headache
  • Absence of sweating
    Heatstroke

    Heatstroke is a consequence of prolonged physical exertion that increases the temperature of the body above 104 degrees F.

  • Dizziness and lightheadedness
  • Reddened, warm and dry skin
  • Muscle cramps and weakness
  • Fast heartbeat which can be strong or weak
  • Rapid and shallow breathing
  • Seizures
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Confusion, disorientation or staggering
  • Unconsciousness

Treatment

  • If the person has fever of 104 degrees F higher, medical care is required.
  • Apply an ice pack in the armpits, groin, and neck and back which have abundant blood vessels that are close to the skin to cool down the body.
  • Let the person sit under a cold shower or tub filled with cold water to cool down the body. If outdoor and a bathroom is not available, a pond, lake, stream or even a cold water from the hose can help in cooling down the temperature of the body.
  • Rehydrate the body by drinking sports drinks for fast healing of the condition. If there are no sports drinks available, mix ¼ teaspoon of salt and a tablespoon of sugar for every quart of water. Mix well and let the person drink slowly ½ of the mixture every 15 minutes.
  • Avoid energy drinks and soft drinks to prevent disruption of the ability of the body to regulate the temperature of the body.

Tips

  • Drink plenty of fluids during warm days especially when performing strenuous physical activities to remain hydrated and prevent heatstroke. Drink at least a quart of water every hour.
  • Avoid staying outdoors especially during the hottest times of the day. If there is a need to work outside, work early morning or late in the afternoon where the temperature is cool and lessens the risk for heatstroke.
  • Wear loose fitting, lightweight and light-colored clothing to prevent the risk of heatstroke. Avoid dark colored clothes since they can heat up the body and increase the risk for a heatstroke.
  • Apply sunscreen on any exposed skin to prevent sunburn.

Disclaimer / More Information

The material posted on this page on a heatstroke is for learning purposes only. Learn to recognize and manage heat-related conditions including heatstroke by taking a first aid and CPR class with one of our training providers.