Standard First Aid Training, Courses and Re-Certifications.

First Aid For Asthma Attack

February 13th, 2014 | Posted by vanfirstaid in Basic First Aid Skills - (Comments Off on First Aid For Asthma Attack)

Patients suffering from asthma have high chances of getting asthma attack. Some of the common symptoms that will show you that a patient has the attack include difficulty in talking, breath shortness and change of lips or fingernails to blue color. Read the article to understand how you can handle such emergency situations.

Follow Asthma plan

If the victim has a personal asthma action plan from a doctor it is advisable to follow it strictly. Follow the directions used to provide the medication and in case of an acute asthma attack seek medical help immediately.

Provide asthma attack first aid

If the patient does not follow any action plan, you need to offer first aid for asthma to rescue him or her from the fatal situation.

  • Make the patient sit upright in a comfortable manner and make any tight cloth loose.
  • If the patient has medications such as an inhaler, help him to use it.
  • In case an inhaler is not available, use the one in your first aid kit or borrow from another person.

There are two types of inhalers, then one with a spacer and one without the spacer.

Using an inhaler with a spacer

first aid for asthma attack

Using an inhaler

  • Remove the cap and shake it well.
  • Insert it into the spacer.
  • Make sure that the victim breathe out fully and put his mouth firmly around the mouthpiece of the spacer.
  • Press the inhaler instantly in order to deliver a puff.
  • Then, allow the patient to breathe in a slow manner through the mouth and then make him hold breath for ten to twelve seconds.
  • Give four fluffs and wait for a minute between each of them.

Follow similar steps even when using an inhaler without the spacer.

If breathing is still an issue even after using the inhaler, follow these steps to deal with the asthma attack.

  • After the four puffs, wait for extra four minutes. If the breathing does not normalize, giver more four puffs.
  • If there are no changes continue giving four puffs until the emergency service provider arrives. In case the victim has severe asthma attack provide seven to nine puffs after every five minutes.

Monitor the victim until the emergency service provider arrives. If you recognize drowsiness, this means that the problem may be getting worse. You should also not assume that there is some improvement if no wheezing can be heard from the victim. This can also show that the asthma attack is going to another dangerous level.


Home care – foreign object in the eye

January 31st, 2014 | Posted by A. Jones in Basic First Aid Skills - (Comments Off on Home care – foreign object in the eye)

In case you suspect that you or a family member has a foreign object in the eye, it is important to perform first aid measures at home right away in order to avoid infection and the possibility of damage to the vision.

foreign object in the eye

Foreign object in the eye

A foreign object in the eye can range from eyelashes, dust, sand, sawdust, metal particles, cosmetics and dirt. These objects can enter the eye through daily activities and do not actually cause severe damage as long as they are quickly removed from the eye. In doing so, damage to the eye structures can be prevented.

Precautions if there is a foreign object in the eye

  • Instruct the individual not to rub or apply pressure on the affected eye
  • Avoid using any instruments or utensils such as cotton swabs or tweezers on the surface of the eye
  • If the individual wears contact lenses, do not remove unless there is abrupt swelling or due to chemical injury

Preliminary steps before performing home care

  • Always wash your hands thoroughly
  • Check the affected eye in a location that has bright light
  • When examining the eye, instruct the individual to look up while pulling the lower lid down and then instruct the individual to look down while flipping up the interior of the upper lid

Steps when removing a foreign object in the eye

Always remember that the safest method for removing a foreign object in the eye tends to differ depending on the type of object being removed and its location in the eye.

The most common location for foreign objects is under the upper eyelid. If this is the case, there are steps to follow:

  • Initially immerse the side of the face of the individual in a flat container of water. Once the affected eye is underwater, instruct the individual to open and close the eye several times in order to flush out the foreign object.
  • Similar results can be achieved if an eyecup will be used. An eyecup can be purchased in any drugstore.
  • In case the object is still embedded, simply pull out the upper lid and stretch it over the lower lid in order to loosen the object.

Foreign object lodged beneath the lower eyelid

  • You have to pull out the lower lid or press down on the skin beneath the eyelid in order to see underneath it.
  • If the foreign object is visible, you can tap it using a damp cotton swab.
  • In case the object is difficult to remove, you can flush it out by using flowing water on the eyelids while holding it open.
  • An eyecup can also be used to flush out the object.

In case there are several miniature fragments from a particular substance such as sand, it is important to flush them out instead of removing them one at a one.

  • With a wet cloth, use it to remove any particles for the surrounding area of the affected eye.
  • Immerse the side of the face of the individual that has the affected eye in a flat container of water. Once the eye is submerged in water, instruct the individual to open and close the eye several times in order to flush out the particles.
  • For young children, simply pour a glass of warm water into the eye while holding the child face up. Keep the eyelid open while pouring water into the eye to flush out the particles.

First Aid for Fever – Simple Steps

January 13th, 2014 | Posted by A. Jones in Basic First Aid Skills - (Comments Off on First Aid for Fever – Simple Steps)

When one has a fever, it can indicate a variety of conditions, including infection. The normal temperature slightly differs from the average body temperature of 37 C or 98.6 F. For infants and young children, especially

Temperature monitoring is vital for fever

Temperature monitoring is vital when a person has fever.

the newborns, a slight elevated temperature can indicate a serious condition. As for the adults, a fever is not dangerous until it goes up to 39.4 C or higher. Adults who are suffering from fever below 38.9 C or 102 F should not be treated using any medications unless it is instructed by your doctor. For fever of 38.9 C or 102 F or higher, your doctor usually recommends over-the-counter medications such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen.

Adults can use aspirin but not suitable for adolescents and children below 19 years old. Take note that it might trigger Reye’s syndrome, which is a rare but fatal disorder. Additionally, do not give ibuprofen to infants below 6 months old.

Taking the temperature

If you are using the latest thermometers, most of them provide a digital reading. Some take the temperature in the ear canal quickly, making them useful for older adults and young children. Other thermometers are used orally, under the arm or rectally. If you are going to use a digital thermometer, make sure that you have carefully read the instructions so that you can take the temperature accurately. On normal circumstances, there is a rise in the temperature at 4-6PM and at its lowest around 6AM.

Oral route

Taking the temperature orally is simple. All you have to do is to position the bulb of the thermometer under the tongue. Instruct the individual to close the mouth for the required length of time or once you hear a beep, usually in a minute.

Axillary route

Even though this method could not provide accurate results, an oral thermometer can be used. Simply position the thermometer on the axilla with the arm down. The person holds the arm across the chest. Wait for the results for one minute or when there is a beep.

Rectal route for infants

For young children, take the temperature rectally. Initially, apply a lubricant on the bulb of the thermometer and position the child on his/her stomach.  Insert the bulb carefully ½ – 1inch into the rectum and hold in place for a minute or until the beep sounds.

When to seek medical attention

It is important to seek medical help for fever if a child younger than 2 years old has fever for more than a day or more than 3 days as well as babies older than 3 months with a temperature of 38.9 C or 102 F or higher. As for adults, temperature higher than 39.4 C or 103 F or fever for more than 3 days should seek medical attention. It is important that you learn all about fever and the causes. Taking the temperature is an important part of  advanced first aid training that you have to be familiar with.



September 25th, 2013 | Posted by Ibrar in Basic First Aid Skills - (0 Comments)

Keratosis pilaris is a general skin condition that causes uneven patches and tiny, acne-like bumps, especially on the arms, cheeks and buttocks.

Keratosis pilaris can frustrate a person since it is usually difficult to treat. These bumps usually do not hurt or itch and are usually white or red in color. However, this condition is not serious and disappears by the age of thirty. Should a person contract this condition, prescription medications and self care measures can improve the appearance of the condition.

Keratosis pilaris signs and symptoms

Keratosis pilaris is mostly common in young children although it can occur at any age. Signs and symptoms include but are not limited to dry, rough and sometimes itchy skin in the areas with bumps, small white or red bumps, characteristically on the upper arms, buttocks, cheeks or legs. This skin condition also worsens in winter when the humidity is low and the kin tends to be drier, it might be limited to individual, sandpaper-like bumps resembling goose flesh. In other cases though, bumps may become inflamed and cause scarring, particularly on the face. Keratosis pilaris gradually resolves on its own.

When to seek medical attention for keratosis pilaris

It is worth noting that keratosis pilaris is often not a serious medical condition therefore its treatment isn’t necessary. Should one get concerned about the appearance of the skin, he or she ought to consult the family doctor or a specialist in skin diseases.

Keratosis pilaris causes

Keratosis pilaris comes about as a result of buildup of a keratin. This hard protein that usually protects the skin from dangerous substances and infections forms a scaly plug that blocks the opening of the hair follicle. Most often than not, the plugs form, causing patches of uneven, bumpy skin. The reason why keratin builds up still remains unknown, yet it may occur in association with genetic diseases or with other skin conditions. Keratosis pilaris also occurs in otherwise healthy people and dry skin usually makes this condition worse.

Keratosis pilaris treatment

First Aid CoursesKeratosis pilaris has no universal treatment as most options, including self-care measures and medicated creams usually focus on softening the keratin deposits in the skin. Using medications on a regular basis may improve the appearance of one’s skin but when he or she stops, the condition returns. Even with medical treatment, keratosis pilaris may persist for many years thus; individuals are advised to take steps that keep their skin moist and healthy such as use of warm water and limiting bath time to about 10 minutes or less, avoiding deodorant and antibacterial detergents that are usually harsh and drying soaps. In the contrary, choose mild soaps that have added oils and fats. Lastly, one can use a humidifier to add moisture inside the homes since low humidity dries out the skin.

People should always be wary of any bump-like growths in their body especially on their limbs and buttocks as that may be a case of keratosis pilaris. If keratosis pilaris worsens, seek the medical advice from a doctor.

Part if your role as a first aider is to communicate with others, particularly the

emergency services. First Aid Classes will give you the skills and knowledge required to give an appropriate handover of the right information in order to get the response you need from the service you require.

Many countries have a national number to dial for emergency services. The emergency services number for the Canada and the United States of America (US) is 911, the UK is 999, and the European Union (EU) is 112.

If possible, when you are a first aider at an incident, try to get help from others who may be able to make the area safe, telephone for help or get first aid equipment. St Mark James First Aid manual suggests that they may also be able to control traffic or onlookers, help control bleeding or support a limb, help maintain the patients privacy or assist in transporting the patient to a safe place if they are in danger where they were found.

Whilst they are doing all of this, you can be commencing essential first aid treatments, therefore acting quicker and hopefully getting a better outcome or response as the patient may be treated before they deteriorate too much.

However, remember that bystanders may not react as well as you hope, they may be in shock, or if they have no first aid training they could feel helpless or frightened. They could be distressed if they are witnessed of an incident, or could be a concerned relative or even involved in the incident themselves. If they have been involved be aware that they could also have injuries.

workplace approved Training recommends that you remember to stay calm in this situation, and ask others to help you in a firm but gentle manner. Be clear when giving instructions as they may not have the same level of understanding as you do.

If no one else is available, you may need to telephone for help yourself. You will need to state your name clearly and let them know that you are a first aider. The operator will firstly need your telephone number and the exact location of where you are. Try to give a road name or number, and be as specific as possible naming any junctions or nearby landmarks.

You can then give them further information on the incident itself. Give them any information you have on the patient(s); if possible include details on the number of patients, their sex, age or approximate ag

First Aid Classes

First Aid Classes

e, and anything you know about their condition or suspect. Also notify them of any potential hazards like gas, toxic substances, power-line damage, or even bad weather conditions like fog or ice.

Remember, as per workplace approved First Aid manual, always stay calm and try to keep a clear head in order to give the best treatment, organise helpers at the scene, and be able to give clear practical information to the emergency services operator or when handing over to the professionals when they arrive.


First Aid Manual (The Authorised Manual of St. John Ambulance, St Andrew’s Ambulance Association and the British workplace approved), 2006.

This position will help an unconscious or semi-unconscious casualty to breathe and allow his body fluids to drain from the natural openings of the body such as the mouth, ears and nose so that they are not choked on while being breathed in. After you have administered first aid and have completed everything in the emergency action plan that comes before treating unconsciousness, move the person so that he rests in the recovery position while help is on its way.

Do not allow the person to rest in the recovery person—in fact, do not even recovery positionmove him if the injury has affected the neck, spine or hip areas.

How to place your victim into the Recovery Position

For adults, follow these steps to move the casualty to a recovery position:

  1. Allow the casualty to rest on his back. Kneel down beside the casualty and position the arm closest to you, extended straight out from the casualty’s body. The arm should make a 90 degree angle with the person’s back.
  2. Move the arm that is farthest from you so that the back of the casualty’s hand is placed next to his cheek that is near you.
  3. Grab the casualty’s knee that is farthest from you and bend it.
  4. Secure the casualty’s head with one hand and carefully, roll the casualty over by pulling the knee you just bent towards the ground.
  5. Tilt the head slightly to permit the airway to open.
  6. Make sure that the casualty’s far hand is under his near cheek. The other arm should remain extended.
  7. Cover the casualty with a blanket so that he is kept warm (unless he is suffering from a heat illness or fever). Stay with the casualty until medical assistance has arrived.

For infants, the recovery position is different. Follow these steps:

  1. While carrying the infant, make sure he is face down on your arm.
  2. Tilt the baby gently so that his face is lower than the body.
  3. Secure the baby’s head and neck with your hand and make sure the mouth and nose are clear.
  4. Wait until help arrives.

More Information

To learn how to place a victim in the recovery position or how to manage unconscious patients in a variety of circumstances using “hands on” training enrol in a workplace approved first aid course near you.

Related Video to Recovery Position


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