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Overuse Injuries – What Are They And How Are They Treated And Prevented?

August 23rd, 2014 | Posted by Aris Eff in First Aid Injury Assessment | Muscle Injuries - (Comments Off on Overuse Injuries – What Are They And How Are They Treated And Prevented?)

Background to Overuse Injuries

From the term itself, overuse injuries mean that certain types of injuries are sustained from repetitive activities or actions. This is different from acute injuries that could happen because of an instant traumatic event. In contrast, overuse injuries are injuries that occur more subtly and develop over time. This means that the two basic types of injuries are acute and overuse.

With respect to overuse injuries, the kind of trauma received by a specific body part results from repetitive actions, but the most common sites of injury are the muscles, bones and tendons of the arms, wrists, ankles, legs and thighs.  Because of its repetitive action, overuse injuries are common among athletes engaged in various activities and contact sports.

What Is The Science Behind Overuse Injuries?

Physiologically speaking, the body has the tendency to adapt to tremendous physical stress. There are many benefits associated with this adaptation – exercise, for example, can make the muscles, ligaments, tendons, joints and bones more functional, more flexible and stronger. This adaptation happens because of the process known as ‘remodeling.” But remodeling does not only involve the build-up of tissues, because improper use of the body structures can result to tissue breakdown. Thus, there should be a clear balance between tissue break down and build-up, and if break down occurs more rapidly than build-up it results to damage, such as overuse injury and acute injury.

Overuse Injury can occur as a result of forcing the body to work more than it can handle, resulting in stress and imbalance.

Overuse Injury can occur as a result of forcing the body to work more than it can handle, resulting in stress and imbalance.

How Does Overuse Injury Occur?

Too much use of muscles, bones and other body structures for a prolonged period of time without proper training and condition can result to physical stress. If, for example, a person starts to play tennis for the first time, and he continues for several hours without proper conditioning and training, it can strain his muscles and end up in an overuse injury. This happens because that person is trying to stress his body, not allowing the muscles to fully recover from the stress. As beginners, it is very important to have basic knowledge about the sport and proper technique when executing movements.

How Can Overuse Injury Be Prevented?

Training and conditioning are keys to prevention. Overuse injuries can be prevented with proper use of muscles and execution of movements. It is important to give the body some time to recover after performing sports or other training programs and activities. Consulting the doctor or sports medicine provider could also help you have a well-laid training program.

Related Video On Overuse Injury:

Sources:

“Overuse Injuries.” Physioworks. Retrieved online on August 18, 2014 from http://physioworks.com.au/injuries-conditions-1/overuse-injuries

“Overuse Injury: How to Prevent Training Injuries.” Retrieved online on August 18, 2014 from http://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-living/fitness/in-depth/overuse-injury/art-20045875

 

Blood Pressure Basics – Your Numbers and Readings

August 23rd, 2014 | Posted by Aris Eff in Being Prepared | Circulatory Emergency - (Comments Off on Blood Pressure Basics – Your Numbers and Readings)

Understanding an individual’s blood pressure readings might seem complicated at a first glance, but it’s not. All you need to do is to familiarize what the upper and lower number means what these two indicate. By understanding what these readings mean, you can identify if a person is having a low or high blood pressure, as well as if a person’s blood pressure is within the healthy range or not.

What Does The Top Number Indicate?

Systolic is the number located at the top of a blood pressure reading. Systolic number is created by the force of the blood pushed from the heart through the different parts of the body. The normal systolic number is 120 and below. When this number increases more than 120, the person is likely at risk of having different forms of hypertension – a systolic that reaches 121 to 139 means that the person has pre-hypertension; systolic reading of 140 to 159 is considered as stage I hypertension; and systolic of 160 and above is called as stage II hypertension.

What Does the Lower Number Indicate?

Diastolic is the number at the bottom of the reading. Diastolic pressure is created by the arterial pressure that happens when the heart is at rest in between beats. The normal diastolic pressure is 80 and below. If the systolic reaches 81 to 89, it is considered pre-hypertension, but if it goes beyond 89, it is already considered as high blood pressure or hypertension.

Should you worry if your blood pressure reaches pre-hypertension?

Pre-hypertension, or the systolic between 121 and 139 and diastolic between 81 and 89, is a red flag for high blood pressure or hypertension. Although pre-hypertension is not technically a high blood pressure, if you are not going to maintain a healthy lifestyle, you are likely to end up having high blood pressure eventually. Basically, pre-hypertension should serve as a warning sign that you should start taking up healthy lifestyle changes, including diet and exercise.

If your blood pressure is normal, however, it does not mean that you should not engage in healthy lifestyle. As a matter of fact, adopting to or maintaining a healthy lifestyle is a must for adults, because it can likely delay or prevent the onset of hypertension, as well as other health problems related to high blood pressure, such as diabetes and kidney diseases.

Related Video on Blood Pressure Reading:

Sources:

“Blood Pressure Chart.” Mayo Clinic. Retrieved online on August 14, 2014 from http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/high-blood-pressure/in-depth/blood-pressure/art-20050982

“Understanding Blood Pressure Readings.” American Heart Association. Retrieved online on August 14, 2014 from http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/HighBloodPressure/AboutHighBloodPressure/Understanding-Blood-Pressure-Readings_UCM_301764_Article.jsp

Cardiac Health Conditions – Heart Attack

August 23rd, 2014 | Posted by Aris Eff in Circulatory Emergency - (Comments Off on Cardiac Health Conditions – Heart Attack)

Some are sudden and intense, while others are mild and slow – heart attacks come in various types and intensity, but most of them can be life-threatening if not given proper medical attention. Every year, many men and women die from the disease, making it one of the most common causes of deaths among adults.

 

How Does Heart Attack Happen?

Cardiac muscles need oxygen to function and survive. During a heart attack, the oxygen supply provided by the blood does not reach the cardiac muscles, because the pathway is severely obstructed by a plaque. These plaques are the result of too much fat and cholesterol accumulation in the arteries that, in the long run, cause obstruction in the blood pathway. Although this process is a long one, too much accumulation of plaque can eventually wear off in the arteries and this can clog in the blood supply of the cardiac muscles. Subsequently, the cardiac muscles become starved or deprived of oxygen and other important nutrients transported by the arteries. This is condition is known as ischemia. When ischemia causes damaged to a part of the heart or the cardiac muscles, it can result to myocardial infarction, which is more commonly known as heart attack.

Warning Signs of a Heart Attack

The most common symptom is chest pain or discomfort that lasts more than 5 to 10 minutes. Sometimes, though, the pain disappears and comes back intermittently. The kind of pain usually felt by patients include a squeezing sensation followed by shortness of breathing. Victims cannot usually go deep breathing, because the pain becomes more severe. Other common symptoms include pain or discomfort in one or both arms, stomach, back and jaw, lightheadedness, nausea, and cold clammy skin.

Important Questions to Ponder:

Can it Permanently Injure the Heart – Heart attack can cause injury to the heart muscle, which can eventually lead to death if not given prompt treatment. But the injury can be reverted as long as management and treatment is started early. The injury may depend on the depth and severity of the affected heart muscles, which means that the healing process can be slow or fast. The length of healing time, therefore, depends on the extent of the injury.

Other Possible Causes Aside from Blockage – Even though there are no blockages in the arteries, heart attack can still occur as a result of the arteries contracting or going into spasms. When this happens, the blood pathway narrows down, decreasing the blood flow going to and from the heart.

Related Video on Heart Attack:

Sources:

“Heart Attack.” American Heart Association. Retrieved online on August 14, 2014 from http://watchlearnlive.heart.org/CVML_Player.php?moduleSelect=hrtatk

“Warning Signs of Heart Attack, Stroke & Cardiac Arrest.”  American Heart Association. Retrieved online on August 14, 2014 from http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/911-Warnings-Signs-of-a-Heart-Attack_UCM_305346_SubHomePage.jsp

 

Common Types of Skin Rashes

August 23rd, 2014 | Posted by Aris Eff in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on Common Types of Skin Rashes)

What You Should Know About Skin Rashes

A skin rash is not a medical diagnosis. It is rather a term used to identify the outbreak or development of discoloration and inflammation on the skin, changing the skin’s overall appearance. There are a wide range of rashes – some are infectious, some can cause fever, and some may last shorter than the others.

Listed below are some of the most common forms of skin rashes:

  • Atopic dermatitis – Often called as eczema, atopic dermatitis is a skin rash usually developed during childhood. It produces most and itchy rashes on skin folds, such as the neck, ankles, wrists, on the inner portions of the elbows, and at the back of the knee. Children who have allergies and asthma are more susceptible to developing atopic dermatitis.
  • Seborrheic dermatitis – Unlike atopic dermatitis, seborrheic dermatitis is more common among adults. This rash produces itchy and scaly lesions on the scalp, cheeks, eyebrows, forehead and outer ear. Exposure to sunlight is one cause of seborrheic dermatitis.
  • Contact dermatitis – This kind of rash usually develop when exposed to certain objects with chemical contents to which the patient is allergic. Contact dermatitis irritates the part of the skin that had been exposed or had come in direct contact with the object. The characteristic of the rash is oozy, moist, reddish and usually itchy.
  • Psoriasis – This rash is caused by infection and produces dry and scaly bumps, unlike the different kinds of dermatitis that are moist and oozy. The dry scale usually become flake in the long run until it falls off. Common areas affected by psoriasis include the knees, elbows, scalp and feet.
  • Diaper rash – another common type of rash among infants is the diaper rash. This develops when the sensitive skin of the baby is in contact with diapers (filled with feces or urine) for a long period of time. The swelling and reddish rash is painful and warm to touch. The older adult population may also be susceptible to diaper rash if they are wearing adult diapers for long periods.
  • Heat rash – Heat rash produces skin eruptions that are swollen, reddish, painful and warm to touch. This usually happens when the person is exposed to extremely hot temperatures or direct sunlight. Common sites of heat rash are the upper chest, around the neck, elbow skin folds, and groins. As a preventive measure, the person is usually removed from a hot environment to a cooler place.

Related Video on Skin Rashes:

Sources:

“Psoriasis Self-Care.” My Doctor. Retrieved online on August 18, 2014 from http://www.mydr.com.au/pharmacy-care/psoriasis-self-care

“How are common skin rash diagnosed?” Medicine Net. Retrieved online on August 18, 2014 from http://www.medicinenet.com/rash/page2.htm

What Is Frost Bite And How Do You Treat It?

August 23rd, 2014 | Posted by Aris Eff in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on What Is Frost Bite And How Do You Treat It?)

How Does Frostbite Occur?

Frostbite happens when the tissues in the body freeze, because of the contraction of blood vessels which reduce the flow of oxygen and blood to and from the different parts of the body. This condition usually happens when a person is exposed to extreme cold, making the underlying tissues and skin freeze. The commonly affected areas of frostbite are the ones that are usually exposed to direct cold temperature, such as the hands, ears, nose and even feet.

What Are The Signs And Symptoms of Frostbite?

If, for instance, you have been exposed to cold temperature for a long period of time and you notice that your skin changes color into yellowish-gray, very cold to touch, and has a waxy and hard surface, you may be having a frostbite. As frostbite becomes severe, there may be a numbing, itching or burning sensation on the affected part. In the long run, the frostbitten skin will harden and become blistered. When the frostbite finally thaws, the skin becomes painful, red and inflamed. In some cases of frostbite, however, the blood flow can be permanently cut, damaging not only the skin, but also the muscles, blood vessels, nerves and bones.  This can result in permanent tissue death and the affected site may be amputated accordingly.

Frostbite First Aid Tips

It is very important to assess the degree of frostbite to be able to determine the kind of first aid to be given.

If symptoms of frostbite are noticed during its early stage, it can easily be treated by gradually warming the affected area.

Frostbite can also be prevented by wearing thick clothing, gloves, as well as head and ear protection when going outdoors during extremely cold weather. Protection is the key to preventing frostbite from advancing further – never touch cold objects against the frostbitten skin.  Stay indoors if possible, especially if you notice that some parts of your skin have frostbites.

On the other hand, if the frostbite is severe it is necessary to call emergency assistance as soon as possible. If the victim is wet, remove clothes and replace with dry ones. Although it is important to gradually warm the victim, it is not advisable to place the frostbitten part in direct heat or hot water, as it can cause further injuries or burns even if the skin feels numb.

Avoid further damage to the tissues by reducing mobility. Do not walk if the feet or toes are frostbitten. If the digits (fingers and toes) are frostbitten, keep the skin separated from each other by placing clean, dry cloth in between them.

Related Video on Frostbite First Aid:

Sources:

“Stages of Frostbite.” Mayo Clinic. Retrieved online on August 17, 2014 from http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/frostbite/multimedia/stages-frostbite/flh-20078312

“Frostbite: First Aid.” Mayo Clinic. Retrieved online on August 17, 2014 from http://www.mayoclinic.org/first-aid/first-aid-frostbite/basics/art-20056653

Treating a broken shoulder blade

August 13th, 2014 | Posted by corinne grace in Skeletal Injuries - (Comments Off on Treating a broken shoulder blade)

A shoulder blade is a flat, large triangular-shaped bone at the rear part of the shoulder, and is also known as the scapula. The shoulder blade is positioned over the second up to the the seventh rib on each side of the back, and it is a component of the pectoral girdle that helps connect the arm to the chest area. It connects the humerus which is the arm bone, with the clavicle, known as collar bone. The scapula has a large area for muscle attachment. There are 18 muscles that are attached to the scapula; they are attached either by insertion or by origin points. The injuries to these areas are in the form of pulled muscles, due to a large number of muscles that are attached to it. If a scapula is injured or broken it is a severe sign of trauma.

A broken shoulder blade can be caused by direct pain that involves a large amount of force or violence. There are common causes of a broken shoulder blade:

  • Vehicular accidents
  • Falling from a tree or anywhere that hits your shoulders
  • Falling onto an outstretched arm
  • A direct pain from a baseball bat or hammer or anything hard that hits your shoulders

Symptoms of a broken shoulder blade

  • There is swelling, pain and bruising over the shoulder blade
  • There is pain in moving the arm
  • Difficulty in lifting the arm
  • There is pain with each breath caused by the movement of the chest wall with each breath, and this movement makes the shoulder blade to move and causes pain
  • The shoulders looks flattened and deformed
Shoulder blade

A broken shoulder blade can be caused by direct pain that involves a large amount of force or violence.

Treatment of broken shoulder blade

  • First thing to do is to control the bleeding. If there is bleeding, apply steady and direct pressure with a clean cloth or bandage for 15 minutes. If the blood seeps through the cloth, put another cloth over the first.
  • Make a sling to support the affected arm, put a triangular bandage beneath it and over the unaffected shoulder, and then tie it adjacent to the neck.
  • Treat the symptoms by applying ice to the injury to relieve pain and inflammation.
  • Provide the individual with over-the-counter pain reliever acetaminophen (Tylenol) for relieving pain.

Prevention

Aside from the first aid measures that you can perform, there are ways to prevent the injury from occurring in the first place.

Broken shoulder blades can be prevented by avoiding activities like:

  • Activities with dangers in causing a fall like rock climbing, hand-gliding, or skydiving
  • Contact sports like football, baseball, and basketball
  • Driving a vehicle without seatbelts

A physical therapy for a broken shoulder blade is very important because it helps regain the mobility of the joints, and preventing condition like “frozen shoulder” from happening. It also helps strengthen the shoulder and preventing future injuries and will restore proper mobility in the areas of the arm.

How to treat mouth and dental injuries

August 13th, 2014 | Posted by corinne grace in Basic First Aid Skills - (Comments Off on How to treat mouth and dental injuries)

A mouth injury are common in young children and involves the teeth, lips, jaw, inner cheeks, tongue, roof of the mouth, tonsils, gums and neck. Occasionally, these injuries looks worse than they are, even a small cut or puncture inside the mouth can cause so much bleeding because there are so many blood vessels in the neck and head area.

Injury in the teeth can be caused by a fall or in a sports activity or it can be knocked out (avulsed). It can be replaced with a permanent tooth in its socket by replanting. If the tooth was knocked out or torn away from the socket, immediate first aid and dental treatment should be given to the person.

A crack, chip, or break a tooth, or changes in color of the tooth can also be caused by a tooth injury. A tooth that loses or moves out of position is called dental luxation, or a tooth that is jammed into the gums is called intruded.

Grinding of teeth at night can also cause dental injuries. A broken or a loose dental appliance that is attached to the teeth or an orthodontic wire or bracket will rub the inside of your mouth and making it sore.

Mouth injuries

Injury in the mouth and lips causes large, loose tissues or a gaping wound that will need stitches.

Injury in the mouth and lips causes large, loose tissues or a gaping wound that will need stitches. A wound in the lip can be stitched. A piece of broken tooth or an orthodontic wire that is attached to the wound would require medical care.

When a person falls on a pointed object like a pencil or a Popsicle stick in his or her mouth, it will cause injury to the roof of the mouth, the back of the throat or a tonsil can cause damage to the tissues in the head and neck.

Treatment for mouth and dental injuries

  • Applying a cold compress to the injured area or the person will suck on a piece of ice or flavored ice pop like Popsicle.
  • Rinse the wound with warm water after eating meals. Use saltwater to promote healing by mixing 1 teaspoon of salt to a cup of water.
  • Eating soft foods that can be easily swallowed like milk, shakes, ice cream, yogurt. Other recommended foods include custards, cottage cheese and sherbets, mashed potatoes, chicken, tuna, eggs and peanut butter.
  • Avoiding foods that are spicy, salty, citrus fruit juices and tomatoes.
  • Avoid smoking or use tobacco products, avoid drinking alcohol.
  • If an orthodontic wire or bracket is stabbing the gums or teeth, create a roll or ball of molten candle wax or orthodontic wax and apply it the area that is prodding the gums or teeth.

Preventive measures

  • Have the teeth and gums checked by the dentist regularly
  • Using a seat belt when riding in a vehicle to prevent or reduce injuries in the mouth during motor vehicle accidents.
  • Wearing a mouth guard when playing some sports, it can be made by the dentist.
  • Wearing a helmet and face guard in sports to protect the face, mouth, or head if accidents might happen.
  • Proper wearing of the orthodontics appliances, like the retainer or headgear.
  • Using orthodontic wax in protecting the inside of the mouth from poking wires.

Treating ringworm

August 13th, 2014 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on Treating ringworm)

Ringworm is a condition of the skin that is characterized by the development of swollen, raised circle or oval-like patches with a presence of a ring. Ringworm is caused by fungal infection of the skin that usually occurs in the scalp, groins, hands or feet. This infection can happen in both children and adults.

Ringworm is caused by dermatophytes and is also known as tinea. An individual can have an infection by direct contact with an infected person. A person can also have an infection from infected animals, from soil or formites. These fungi can cause swelling of the skin that result in the formation of a ring on the skin.

Ring worm can also found in other parts of the body like tinea barbae – ringworm found in the beard area, tinea cruris – ringworm found in the groin, perineum and the perineal areas, tinea pedis – ringworm in the feet, tinea manuum – ringworm in the hands, and tinea ungums – ringworm in the nails.

Ringworm

Ringworm is caused by fungal infection of the skin that usually occurs in the scalp, groins, hands or feet.

Symptoms of ringworm

Ring worm of the scalp known as tinea capitis are commonly found in school children. It is characterized by circular patches of hair loss on the scalp that is not associated with inflammation of the scalp. A dandruff formation can be a sign of tinea capitis. Adults and children living in warm and humid temperatures are most susceptible to tinea corporis known as ringworm of the body. This kind of ringworm affects only the skin excluding the scalp, hairy area, hands and the groin. The characteristic of this ringworm is the raised reddish rings on the skin that are asymptomatic and are spreading rapidly. They maybe sometimes infected by a bacteria that can cause a formation of a pus filled eruptions.

Treatment of ringworm

Ringworm infections are treated with antifungal agents in the form of tablets or skin cream or lotions. Commonly used fungal medications are griseofulvin, terbinafine, itraconazole and fluconazole. Anti-fungal creams and lotion are only applied for mild cases of ringworm, use tablet if there is a moderate to severe ringworm infections. If you want to learn more about treating ringworm, click here.

Ringworms can also be treated vinegar, garlic, ginger, lemon and iodine, salt, and even Vicks Vaporub to minimize itching.

Raw papaya can also be used in treating ringworm. Slice the fruit and rub on the ringworm rashes. Another way is making a paste separately from mustard seeds, butea seeds or cassia leaves. They are rubbed on the infected areas.

Prevention

  • Avoid direct contact with the infected adults and children.
  • Avoid sharing of personal belongings with the infected person
  • Early identification of symptoms and treatment to prevent spreading and complications.
  • Stay in dry places and avoid from becoming overheated since these are the best places for breeding of the fungal infections
  • Avoiding animals that are infected. Make sure the household pets are treated immediately if they show symptoms of ringworm infections, and not passing it to other members of the household.

How to treat sore throat

August 13th, 2014 | Posted by corinne grace in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on How to treat sore throat)

A sore throat can be very painful and annoying. Most cases of sore throats are caused by minor illnesses. Sore throats are also known as pharyngitis and are caused by virus and bacteria, substances like alcohol, tobacco and some pollutants. A mild sore throat is slightly painful when swallowing and an appearance of red and irritated throat. A person suffering from sore throat has a low grade fever.

Some conditions that can cause sore throat

Viral illness

  • Common cold – the most common type of viral infection
  • Laryngitis – the infection of the voice box
  • Mumps and influenza
  • Mononucleosis – known as “the kissing disease” which is an infection that causes persistent sore throat

Bacterial infections

Sore throat

Seek medical help if the person developed difficulty in breathing and there is pain, the person has inability drinking fluids, a rash and fever develops.

  • Tonsillitis – an inflammation or infection of the tonsils and sometimes adenoiditis is the inflammation of the adenoids
  • Strep throat – does not happen with congestion or a cough
  • Peritonsillar abscess – the infection of tissues around the tonsils
  • Uvulitis – inflammation of the uvula
  • Epiglottitis – inflammation of the epiglottis
  • In some rare cases gonorrhoea or chlamydia if engaged in a high-risk sexual behavior.

Cases of sore throats that last more than a week are caused by irritants and injuries such as the following:

  • Irritations from low humidity, air pollution, smoking, yelling or post nasal drip
  • People who have allergies and breathing through the mouth or a stuffy nose.
  • An injury at the back of the throat like a cut or a puncture
  • Chronic fatigue syndrome – it is a condition that causes extreme tiredness.

Treatment of sore throat

The following first aid measures can help relieve the discomfort caused by sore throat. By enrolling in a first aid course today, you will learn how to effectively manage this condition.

  1. Gargle with warm water to reduce the swelling and relieving discomfort at least once every hour with 1 tsp. of salt dissolved in 8 oz. of warm water. Gargle often if the person is having post nasal drip to prevent irritations.
  2. Prevent dehydration by drinking hot fluids like tea or soup and it also helps minimize throat irritation.
  3. Put a vaporizer or humidifier in the bedroom to make the person feel more comfortable. It also relieves hoarseness and do not make the room become very damp and uncomfortably cold.
  4. If a humidifier is not available, use a shallow pan of water to provide moisture by evaporation. Place the pan in a safe place to prevent accidents to other people.
  5. Avoid smoking or using tobacco products and avoiding any source of second hand smoke.
  6. Seek medical help if the person developed difficulty in breathing and there is pain, the person has inability drinking fluids, a rash and fever develops. The symptoms that last more than 2 weeks or becoming more severe would also require medical attention.

Prevention

  • Drink plenty of water to prevent dehydration
  • Washing of hands often, especially in contact with people who are sick.
  • Avoiding irritants like smoke, fumes or yelling that causes a sore throat.
  • Avoiding smoking or using tobacco products and avoiding exposure to second hand smoke.
  • Minimize sharing of eating or drinking utensils to prevent spreading of the virus to other people.

 

Fire Safety Tips – What is “Stop, Drop and Roll?”

August 4th, 2014 | Posted by Aris Eff in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on Fire Safety Tips – What is “Stop, Drop and Roll?”)

Background of the “Stop, Drop and Roll”

As part of the practical fire safety prevention, the term “stop, drop and roll” became one of the most commonly taught fire safety procedures taught to industrial workers, household, and children at school. But most importantly, this is also a major component health and safety technique taught to emergency service personnel.

The main goal of the Stop, Drop and Roll is to extinguish a fire off of an individual’s hair or clothes without the use of some traditional firefighting equipment like fire extinguisher. It is considered as a psychological tool when effectively utilized, because it could help increase awareness of the people on how to properly extinguish fire during emergency situations, thereby, decreasing panics that could disorient a person and make him/her more prone to injuries or burns. This is particularly helpful for children at school and for industrial workers working at hazardous factories.

How is the “Stop, Drop and Roll” performed?

From the title itself, this technique is performed in three steps.

  • Stop – First, the victim needs to stop. Staying still and avoiding any movements can help avoid flames from further scattering on the affected part of the body. It could also help any nearby standers put the fire out more easily.
  • Drop – If in case there are no bystanders around, the victim must drop on the ground. The best position is to lie down the ground, covering the face and upper bodies to avoid possible facial burns or injuries.
  • Roll – the final procedure is to roll on the surface in order to extinguish the fire. The rationale for doing this is for the fire to become deprived of oxygen, making it easier to put out. If in case the victim is nearby a cloth, rug or other things that could be used to cover the fire-affected part of the body, they can cover themselves with it while rolling for faster results.

Additional helpful firefighting tips:

  • The effectiveness of the Stop, Drop and Roll procedure could be further enhanced if it is combined with other firefighting techniques, such as using a fire extinguisher, placing a damp cloth on the site of the fire, or patting the fire with any materials.
  • Remember that the burnt clothes can still cause injuries to the skin, so it is recommended to remove burnt clothes before they do additional damage to the body.
  • If in case the burn has injured the skin or any other part of the body, it is necessary to call for emergency assistance as soon as possible.

 

Performing this simple technique can help save someone’s life. Learn more important life-saving techniques by enrolling in a first aid course. Check this site for more information.

Related Video about Stop Drop and Roll:

 

Sources:

“Stop Drop and Roll.” About.com First Aid. Retrieved online on July 29, 2014 from http://firstaid.about.com/od/softtissueinjuries/qt/08_StopDropRoll.htm

“Know when to Stop Drop and Roll.” National Fire Protection Association. Retrieved online on July 29, 2014 from http://www.nfpa.org/safety-information/for-public-educators/education-programs/learn-not-to-burn/learn-not-to-burn-grade-1/know-when-to-stop-drop-and-roll