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March 29th, 2018 | Posted by A. Jones in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on Frostbite)

A frostbite is an injury caused by prolonged exposure to cold temperatures, this kind of injury freezes the skin and its underlying layers. Frostbite can lead to serious issues and may cause a limb to cease functioning and lead to gangrene which requires amputation.

Frostbite commonly occurs on extremities such as your fingers, toes, nose, ears but can also affect your cheeks, chin or lips and so on. Frostbite can also affect skin that is covered by gloves or thick clothing if the cold penetrates it.

Signs and symptoms of frostbite

  • Cold, prickly feeling on the skin
  • Numbness
  • Discoloration of the skin to either a reddish, bluish, whitish or yellowish color

    Frostbite commonly occurs on extremities such as your fingers, toes, nose, ears but can also affect your cheeks, chin or lips and so on.

  • Joint or muscle stiffness

Because frostbite causes skin numbness, you may not notice it until it has been pointed out to you.

There are also numerous factors that can contribute to increasing the risk of frostbite:

  • Under the influence of alcohol
  • Exhaustion or dehydration
  • Spending too much time outside in the cold climate, such as the homeless, those who are hiking, hunters, etc.

Different stages

  1. The first stage is frostnip. This is where the only the surface of the skin is frozen. This stage can be identified with signs of pain and itching then eventually numbness. Frostnip does not cause permanent damage to the skin because only the top layers are frozen.
  2. The second stage is superficial frostbite. In this stage, tissues may have ice crystals and you may start to feel warm. When you rewarm yourself, your skin may appear discolored and blisters may form after a few hours, typically a day later.
  3. The third stage is deep frostbite and can be life-threatening and lead to complications. At this stage, the freezing affects muscles up to nerves which can completely paralyze and disable limbs. If limbs or extremities are destroyed by this stage, they can lead to gangrene and must be removed through amputation.

The most effective method to prevent yourself from being affected by frostbite is by wearing thick clothing if you are living in very cold places, once you feel the cold its best to move indoors and warm yourself. It’s also best to keep yourself dry and have your extremities covered, such as your ears, hands and feet.

Disclaimer / More Information

The material posted on this page on frostbite is for learning purposes only. Learn to recognize the indications of this condition by taking a first aid and CPR class with one of our training providers.


Remedies for juvenile idiopathic arthritis

March 19th, 2018 | Posted by A. Jones in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on Remedies for juvenile idiopathic arthritis)
juvenile idiopathic arthritis

Juvenile idiopathic arthritis is a disease that causes inflammation and swelling of joints. Generally, it is a childhood disease that causes stiff and painful joints. Some children outgrow this condition after treatment but others still continue treatment until adulthood.

Types of juvenile idiopathic arthritis

  • Oligoarticular – the common and mildest form where 1-4 joints are affected. Generally, there is pain in the ankles, knees, toes, fingers, elbows, hips and wrist.
  • Polyarticular – affects 5 or more joints and becomes severe overtime. It is similar to rheumatoid arthritis in adults.
  • Systemic – the most severe, pain in many joints and spreads to the organs.
  • Enthesitis – affects areas of the ligaments and tendons that are connected to the bones. It also affects the joints.
  • Psoriatic – a combination of tenderness of the joint and inflammation with psoriasis of skin.

What are the causes

juvenile idiopathic arthritis

Take non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) to lessen the inflammation and the pain.

  • A very active immune system attacking tissues of the joint
  • A certain gene mutations making a person prone to factors such as the virus which causes the disease.


  • At first, pain, stiffness and swelling of the joints
  • Difficulty sleeping
  • Problems with walking
  • Fever
  • Rashes
  • Lastly, development of inflammatory eye disease


  • Apply heat on the affected area for at least 20 minutes to lessen the stiffness and the pain of the joints. In addition, another alternative is soaking a clean towel in water or placed in a microwave for 15 to 30 seconds. Place hot water bottles in the area. Place a damp cloth between the skin and the hot water bottle to prevent burning the skin and delays the healing. Avoid using heat if the affected area is warm and red.
  • Let the child wear footed pajamas and thermal underwear to lessen stiffness of the area in the morning. Sleeping in a sleeping bag, using electric blanket or a heated waterbed is also good for the condition.
  • A warm bath or shower after waking up in the morning to relieve of the stiffness and after taking a bath perform gentle stretches.
  • Take non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) to lessen the inflammation and the pain.
  • The joints can be injected with prescribed corticosteroid to lessen the inflammation especially with oligoarticular juvenile idiopathic arthritis. Generally, steroid medication given orally or through an IV with severe pain in the joints, having a fever or pericarditis.
  • Performing regular exercises with the help of the physical therapist to restore range of movement of the joints, muscle strength and prevention of muscle contractures. Muscle contracture is the shortening of a joint or a muscle permanently especially if the muscles and tendons become very tight for too long.
  • Lastly, seek the help of the occupational therapist by providing the child ways of protection from playing and performing school activities without worsening the symptoms.


Close look on mucus in the eye

February 28th, 2018 | Posted by A. Jones in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on Close look on mucus in the eye)
mucus in the eye

Mucus in the eye is a composed of skin cells, oil, mucus and other debris that builds up at the corners of the eyes when sleeping. Generally, it can be sticky or wet and sometimes crusty and dry.

Mucus forms during sleeping, because the eyes are kept close and mucus accumulates. In daytime, the eyes are frequently blinked and the eyes are washed and there is no accumulation of mucus. A small amount of discharge from the eye after waking up in morning is normal but excessive mucus discharge and colored green or yellow is a serious condition.

Causes of mucus in the eye

  • Allergic conjunctivitis– dry and small particles of mucus
  • Styes causes watery mucus and formation of lump in the eyelid
  • Eye infection – mucus looks green or gray
  • Dacryocystitis – mucus is white and stringy due to inflammation of the tear sac
  • Viral conjunctivitis – mucus is crusty and thick
  • Dry eye syndrome – mucus is white or yellow and shaped like a ball
  • Wearing old and dirty contact lenses
  • Blepharitis – mucus is yellow
    mucus in the eye

    Wash hands properly before touching the affected area to prevent the risk of developing further irritations.


  • At first, pain
  • Itchiness
  • Problems with vision
  • Dryness
  • Fever
  • Burning sensations
  • Sensitivity to light
  • In addition, nasal congestion
  • Redness
  • Cough
  • Bloodshot eyes
  • Problems with the cornea
  • Blurred vision, loss of vision
  • Lastly, dry eyes


  • Wash hands properly before touching the affected area to prevent the risk of developing further irritations.
  • Soak a clean paper towel in lukewarm water and then wipe the mucus from both affected eyes. Use clean paper when wiping the area to avoid dirt into the eyes and worsen the condition.
  • Apply warm compress on the eyes to soften the mucus, to lessen the inflammation and the pain. Soak a clean washcloth in warm water, and then place the cloth to the affected eye and let it remain in the area for at least 3-5 minutes. After the compress wipe gently the eyes using clean paper towel.
  • Clean contact lenses properly and throw away old contacts.
  • Throw away contaminated old eye makeup and avoid sharing them with other people.
  • Open a fresh aloe Vera leaf. Dip a cotton ball on the gel and apply it directly on closed eyes. Aloe Vera is rich with antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties.
  • Wash eyelids using baby shampoo or mild detergent. Massage the lids in downward direction to drain out the oils. Massage the upper lids and use a clean tissue in removing excess oil in the area.
  • Use the prescribed eyelid scrubs to remove mucus from the eyelids and relieved of the itchiness and flaking of the eyelids at least 2-3 times every day.
  • Avoid sharing towels and washcloths with other people to prevent spreading of infection.


Dealing with chronic pelvic pain in women

February 12th, 2018 | Posted by A. Jones in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on Dealing with chronic pelvic pain in women)
pelvic pain

Chronic pelvic pain arises below the belly button of the woman. It is a mild ache that comes and goes. Sometimes, the pain is very severe that it working and sleeping hard to do.

Symptoms of chronic pelvic pain

  • Weight or pressure is felt on the pelvis due to a growing cyst. When the cyst becomes enlarged it places plenty of pressure on the pelvis.
  • Persistent, intermittent, constant, dull, and cramping or aching pain felt in the affected area which will depend on the cause.
  • Pain with bowel movement and urination due to exerted pressure
  • Pain with long periods of standing and sitting.
  • Discomforts when performing activities which can be mild or severe and can be relieved after lying down.


pelvic pain

Persistent, intermittent, constant, dull, and cramping or aching pain felt in the affected area which will depend on the cause.

  • A condition in which the tissue that lines the uterus grows outside of the uterus known as endometriosis.
  • Conditions that affects the joints, bones and connective tissues such as pelvic floor muscle tension, fibromyalgia and pubic symphysis or inflammation of the pubic joint.
  • Chronic pelvic inflammatory disease usually due to sexually transmitted disease.
  • After surgical removal of the uterus, a small piece of ovary can be accidentally left inside and can develop a cyst and cause severe pain.
  • Non-cancerous growths in the uterine or fibroids.
  • Interstitial cystitis or pain bladder syndrome
  • Symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome such as constipation, bloating or diarrhea
  • Enlarged varicose-type veins around the uterus and ovaries
  • Chronic stress, depression and history of sexual or physical abuse


  • Take the prescribed over-the-counter medications such as ibuprofen, aspirin or acetaminophen to alleviate the pain and the inflammation.
  • Use birth control pills or other hormonal medications to lessen the pelvic pain.
  • Take the prescribed antibiotics if pain is caused by bacterial infections.
  • Apply heat or ice on the pelvic area. Heat can be in the form of a hot compress or heating packs. Wrap the hot compress in a towel before placing to the area. Heat lessens the pain and the cramping and also relaxes the muscle. Ice lessens the pain and the inflammation.
  • Exercise regularly by performing strenuous exercises to increase the production of endorphins or “happy hormone”. This hormone increases the mood, lessen the depression and anxiety and also lessen the pain. Brisk walking, cycling, jogging, swimming, weightlifting and stair stepping is also good for the condition.
  • Seek the help of the physical therapist for some stretching exercises, relaxation techniques and massage to lessen the pain.
  • Consume foods rich in omega-3 fatty acids to lessen the production of prostaglandins which activates pain receptors in the body. Foods rich in omega-3 fatty acids are sardines, shrimps, tofu, soybean and cauliflower at least 3 grams every day.


Dealing with an infected ear piercing

January 1st, 2018 | Posted by A. Jones in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on Dealing with an infected ear piercing)
infected ear piercing

An infected ear piercing occurs when organisms infects the piercing hole and starts causing problems that result to different varieties of symptoms. A piercing is essentially an open wound.

Causes of an infected ear piercing

  • Using unsterilized piercing equipment
  • Touching the piercing area or around the area of the ears with dirty hands.
  • Inserting unsterile posts
  • Allergic reactions to the materials of the posts usually nickel which result to itchiness of the affected area.
  • Wearing tight earring especially or the clasp is closed tightly or having a short post which affects normal flow of blood on the earlobe and makes the affected person susceptible to infections.
  • Using bad quality of earrings such as earrings with rough post tends to scratch the piercing channel or the hole when wearing them.
  • Inserting the earrings to a new piercing without using a mirror and cause pain while still in the healing stage.
  • Inserting earring at a wrong angle especially done by children.
    infected ear

    Wash hands properly before touching or cleaning the piercing to prevent further irritation and worsen the condition.


  • Red and inflamed streaks or marks on the skin that spreads from the piercing area.
  • Severe redness, pain, swelling, heat or tenderness around the affected area.
  • Tender or swollen lymph glands above or below the piercing area.
  • Mild drainage or bleeding from the site which is in the process of healing, but sometimes there will be swelling with thick yellow-green pus-like that drains from the affected area and redness.
  • Sore and swelling glands in the neck around the jawline
  • Fever
  • Itching and burning sensations


  • Wash hands properly before touching or cleaning the piercing to prevent further irritation and worsen the condition.
  • Do not remove the piercing, to prevent closing of the hole and trap the infections.
  • Avoid using hydrogen peroxide, alcohol or antibiotic ointment to prevent further irritation on the skin and slow down the healing of the affected area.
  • Apply a warm compress or moist compress on the area which can be in the form of a clean warm washcloth. Wring out excess water and place it on the area for at least 20 minutes every day to eliminate the pus.
  • Avoid swimming in pools, rivers, lakes, hot tubs and other places that might harbor harmful bacteria and worsen the condition.
  • Keep clothing away from the area to prevent excessive rubbing or friction and further irritated the skin and worsen the condition.


  • To avoid infection, piercing of the ears should be done by a professional. Avoid doing it at home
  • The tools used for piercing should be sterile and the earring should be new and in a sterile package.
  • After the piercing the ears should be cleaned at least two times every day using sterile saline solution. Avoid turning the jewelry to prevent further damage and cause an infection. Clean around the piercing without removing the earrings.


Treatment for anal itching

December 18th, 2017 | Posted by A. Jones in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on Treatment for anal itching)

Anal itching or pruritus ani causes a persistent urge to scratch the bottom. It can happen at any age but usually common between ages 30 and 50. Generally, anal itching can be caused by skin related disorders that includes psoriasis, atopic dermatitis, excessive pressure in the anal area, excessive sweating and moisture around the anus, improper wiping of the area after a bowel movement and exposure to chemical-based perfumed.

Causes of anal itching

  • Foods that cause irritation in the anus during bowel movement includes chocolate, caffeine, nuts, beer, dairy products spicy foods
  • Infections from pinworms or yeast
  • Genital warts
  • Hemorrhoids can cause swollen blood vessels in the anal region


  • At first, itchiness after a bowel movement at night.
  • Development of rashes in the anal with breaks in the skin or a weeping discharge
  • Strong urge to scratch the affected area
  • Dryness, redness, burning and soreness
  • Lastly, swelling ulcers and development of rashes around the anal area



Itchiness after a bowel movement at night.

  • Use over-the-counter measures such as creams with hydrocortisone 1 % or zinc oxide to reduce the itchiness of the area. apply hydrocortisone cream for at least two weeks to prevent damage on the skin
  • Take the prescribed anti-parasitic medication to stop pinworms and bacterial infections.
  • Increase consumption of fiber to prevent anal constipation. Generally, fiber is good for healthy digestion and softens and increase bulk of stool. Foods rich in fibers such as potatoes, beans, brown rice, prunes, fresh fruits, peas and broccoli. Another alternative is taking the prescribed fiber supplements
  • Use apple cider vinegar to lessen anal itching due to yeast and fungal infection.
  • Oatmeal is rich in anti-irritating and anti-inflammatory properties that lessen the inflammation and the itchiness of the affected area.


Dealing with ligamentous laxity

December 11th, 2017 | Posted by A. Jones in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on Dealing with ligamentous laxity)
ligamentous laxity

Ligamentous laxity is condition where an individual has loose ligaments that cause chronic pain in the body. Generally, it usually involves all the joints in the body and known as generalized joint hypermobility. In addition, the joints are easily extended far from its normal range of movement.

The ligament which connects the joints becomes severely loose. It can also be due to weak muscles that surrounds the joints. Furthermore, the joints in the knees, shoulders, wrist, elbows and fingers are usually affected by this condition. Children are susceptible to this condition because their connective tissues are not yet fully developed. As the child becomes older the ability to hyperextend and the laxity of the joints becomes reduced.

Causes of ligamentous laxity

  • Bone shape or the depth of the sockets of the joint
  • Poor sense of proprioception, or the ability to sense how far he/she is stretching.
  • A family history of hypermobility

    Take the prescribed over-the-counter pain medication to lessen the inflammation and the pain.

  • Injuries that cause damaging or overstretching the ligaments.
  • Lastly, some conditions such as cleidocranial dysostosis, Marfan syndrome, Down syndrome and Ehlers-Danlos syndrome can affect the elasticity of the ligaments.


  • At first, inability of the loose ligaments to support the joints and increases the risk of having injuries with ligamentous laxity
  • People over 40 yrs old will have recurrent problems with the joint and usually suffer from chronic pain.
  • Poor limb position can result to degenerative conditions of the joint.
  • Frequently suffering from sprained ankle, shoulder dislocations, back problems and knee effusions.
  • People with sedentary lifestyle usually have back pain
  • High risk of bone dislocation
  • Lastly, capable of bending the elbows, knees or hips beyond the normal range of movement.


  • Allow the site. Generally, avoid engaging in vigorous activities to prevent overextending and dislocating the joints.
  • Apply ice pack on the area to lessen the pain and the inflammation.
  • Cover the site using compression bandage to reduce the discomfort and the swelling. Generally, avoid wrapping it too tight to prevent problems with circulation. If the skin turns blue or violet under the wrap, loosen the wrap.
  • Elevate the area above the level of the heart to alleviate the discomfort and inflammation. In addition, raise the area in couple of pillows to keep it elevated.
  • Take the prescribed over-the-counter pain medication to lessen the inflammation and the pain.
  • Apply heat on the area to lessen the stiffness and the spasms of muscles. Generally, heat can be in the form of a hot water bottle or a hot compress.
  • Lastly, consult a physical therapist for suitable rehabilitation exercises to restore the range of movement of the area.


Dealing with fibrositis

November 20th, 2017 | Posted by A. Jones in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on Dealing with fibrositis)

Fibrositis is an inflammation of the small, tough and muscular nodules found between the shoulder blades. When these muscles are stressed and become tense, tiny buds of tissue protrude through the weak areas in the membranous capsule of the muscle and become pinched and short of blood. Generally, the nodule will cause pain, press the nerves and result to toothache-like pain or neuralgia down the arm.

Fibrositis usually affects the muscular regions of the lower back, shoulder, arms, neck hips, chest and the thighs. People aged between 30 and 60 are prone to this condition. It affects women more than men.

Symptoms of fibrositis

  • At first, weakness and stiffness
  • Presence of nodules on areas which are tender when touched or called trigger points
  • Fatigue
  • Sudden and painful spasms of muscles when performing activities
  • Painful muscles
  • Lastly, difficulty remaining asleep

    Sudden and painful spasms of muscles when performing activities.


  • Autoimmune disorder or an imbalance in brain chemicals
  • Sleep disturbances
  • Injury to the muscle
  • Stress
  • Viral infections
  • Poor nutrition
  • Exposure to cold or dampness
  • Fatigue or overworking
  • History of the disorders which result to inflammation of the joint such as polyarteritis.


  • Take plenty of rest especially the affected area for fast healing of the condition.
  • Apply heat on the affected area to lessen the pain. Heat can be in the form of an electric heating pad, heat lamps, and hot compresses. Another alternative is taking a hot shower is also good for the condition.
  • Perform exercises such as swimming in a heated pool to lessen the spasm and stiffness of the affected muscles.
  • Use the prescribed non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as acetaminophen, ibuprofen and aspirin or clycooxygenase-2 inhibitors to lessen the pain and the inflammation.
  • Massage gently the painful areas to lessen the inflammation and the pain.
  • Perform some relaxation and breathing techniques such as yoga to prevent stress.
  • Biofeedback for the condition to relax the contracted muscles. Biofeedback uses different relaxation exercises that includes deep breathing, meditation, which focusing the thought and letting go of negative emotions, and guided imagery, which is concentrating on specific image such texture and color of an orange to focus the mind and feeling more relaxed.
  • Injection of the prescribed cortisone to the affected area to lessen the pain and the inflammation.


  • Perform general conditioning exercises and stretching is needed to lessen the pain caused by fibrositis.
  • Avoid drinking alcohol and caffeine to prevent difficulty in sleeping.
  • Do not strain the muscles of the shoulder such as lifting heavy weights.
  • Avoid spasms and cramping of shoulder muscles by performing measures that lessens the stress.


How to treat ischiogluteal bursitis

November 20th, 2017 | Posted by A. Jones in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on How to treat ischiogluteal bursitis)

Ischiogluteal bursitis is a condition that happens in the hip joint. In this condition, the affected bursa is found between the ischial tuberosity or part of the pelvic bone and the tendon of the hamstring muscle. Generally, the hamstring muscle is found at the bottom of the pelvic bone and is connected at the top end of the tibia or the lower leg bone.

Causes of ischiogluteal bursitis

  • Prolonged and repetitive activities that puts plenty of stress on the affected area.
  • Prolonged sitting on hard surfaces
  • Performing activities that requires repetitive kicking, jumping and running
  • Direct blow to the ischiogluteal bursa such as falling down on hard surface
  • Poor core stability
  • Stiffness of the joint of the hips
  • Inappropriate and excessive training

    Pain while flexing the knee against resistance.

  • Neural tightness
  • Poor biomechanics such as excessive length of stride
  • Chronic gout and ischial pain
  • Inadequate rehabilitation from previous injury on the buttock
  • Inadequate warm up
  • Leg length discrepancy


  • Pain while stretching the hamstring
  • Tenderness and pain in the ischial tuberosity
  • Pain while flexing the knee against resistance
  • Pain becomes severe when sitting
  • Severe pain while walking, running, kicking, jumping, climbing stairs and sitting on hard surface
  • Pain while accelerating speed during running


  • Take plenty of rest especially the affected area during the first 72 hours after the symptoms of bursitis is appears.
  • Use a cane for a short period to lessen pressure placed on the affected area when moving around.
  • Apply ice pack on the affected area for at least 3-4 times every day for the next 24-48 hours to lessen the inflammation and the swelling. Avoid ice directly on the skin. Wrap the ice pack using a towel or a piece of cloth before placing to the area to prevent frostbite and worsen the condition.
  • Apply heat to the area in the form of hot packs. Heat increases flow of blood and oxygen tension. Wrap heat packs in a towel before placing for at least 30 minutes, 2 times every day to lessen the spasms and the stiffness of the affected area.
  • Gradually increase movement of the injured joint to prevent stiffness or become frozen. With the help of the physical therapist perform strengthening exercise to restore the normal range movement of the affected area. the therapeutic rehabilitation exercises includes stretching exercises for flexibility of a tight hamstring muscles and lessen the pressure placed on the bursa and strengthening exercises to restore muscle imbalances and lessen the symptoms.
  • Prescribed corticosteroid injection where it is injected into the bursa to lessen the pain and the inflammation. Corticosteroid is a hormonal substance that lessens the inflammation. This medication is mixed with a local anesthetic and works on the joint within five minutes.
  • In a glass filled with warm milk add 2 tablespoons of turmeric. Consume this mixture at least two times every day. Turmeric is rich with anti-inflammatory properties that lessen the pain.


Dealing with hypothermia

October 9th, 2017 | Posted by A. Jones in Being Prepared - (Comments Off on Dealing with hypothermia)

Hypothermia is a condition where the temperature of the body drops down. This condition usually happens due to severely cold temperatures especially during winter season. The temperature of the body is below 95 degrees F and when it becomes severe, it goes down to 82 degrees F. If the condition is not properly treated it will result to total malfunction of the heart, respiratory system, nervous system and eventually death.

Causes of hypothermia

  • Wearing clothes not properly suited, not warm enough for the given cold weather condition.
  • Incapable of getting out of wet clothes
  • Staying in cold for long periods of times
  • Falling accidentally in cold water

    Wrap the affected person in warm blankets, coats or towels whatever is available.

  • Inadequate heating measures at home


  • Dizziness
  • Shivering
  • Nausea
  • Feeling hungry
  • Confusion
  • Rapid breathing
  • Difficulty speaking
  • Coordination difficulties
  • Weak pulse
  • Fatigue
  • Fast heart rate
  • Drowsiness
  • Shallow breathing



  • If the person was in the water move the affected person out of the cold gently, avoid excessive movement to prevent cardiac arrest. Avoid rubbing or massaging the body to prevent further damage and worsen the condition.
  • Wrap the affected person in warm blankets, coats or towels whatever is available.
  • Observe the breathing pattern of the person, if it is too slow; begin applying CPR or cardiopulmonary resuscitation immediately.
  • Warming the blood, this is done by taking the blood out, warmed up and then circulated again in the body by using a dialysis machine. Another alternative is using warm intravenous solution of salt water which can be injected to warm the blood.
  • Let the person sip warm, non-alcoholic and caffeine-free liquid such as warm milk, broth, soup and decaffeinated tea to prevent dehydration and is good for the condition. Consume carbohydrate rich foods to give energy into the bloodstream and build up heat as the body metabolizes it.
  • Sip a cup of warm ginger tea to stimulate blood flow in the area and warm the body. Drink ginger tea 3-4 times every day with a gap of time of 30-45 minutes.


  • Check the weather forecast before going out, but sometimes forecast can be wrong and be prepared for the situation. Set up a shelter.
  • Wear appropriate clothing for the weather. Layering is a way of protecting the body from hypothermia. Wear several layers of clothing and bring extras just in case there is a need for them. Wear layers of socks and gloves to protect the hands and feet from frostbite. Avoid wearing cotton clothes in cold weather, it holds moisture against the body and makes the condition worse.
  • Use sleeping bags for cold temperature.
  • Keep the body dry as much as possible to prevent moisture such as sweating by overexerting the body. It causes dropping of body temperature and becomes cold again and worsens the condition.

More Information

The details posted on this page on hypothermia is for learning purposes only. To learn to recognize and manage this cold-related ailment, enroll in a first aid course with one of our training providers.

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